rang again] Cp. Hannah gives Samuel to Israel’s chief priest, Eli, to be raised as a Nazirite. There fell of Israel thirty thousand foot soldiers: Not only did Israel lose, they lost far worse than they did before taking the ark into battle. True faith in God may express itself with leaping and with shouting; and it is a happy thing when it does: but it can also sit still before the Lord, and that perhaps is a happier thing still.” (Spurgeon). (12-18) Eli hears of the loss of the Ark of the Covenant of God and dies. But do not be so foolish as to suppose that because there is loud noise there must also be faith. They had the courage of desperate men. They are routed and the Philistines capture the ark. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. Then the man said to Eli, “I am he who came from the battle. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. 1 And Samuel’s word came to all Israel. The Philistines were an immigrant people from the military aristocracy of the island of Crete (Amos 9:7). According to an unfounded Jewish tradition, this unnamed messenger from the tribe of, Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God. 2 Then the Philistines put themselves in … iv. First, He allowed it as a righteous judgment upon Israel as a nation and the family of Eli. : The priests who were supposed to supervise the ark were killed in the battle. Secondly, God allowed it as a correction to the nation, so they would not trust in the ark of God, instead of trusting in the God of the ark. They were organized into five city-states. God is a Person, not a genie to be summoned at the will of man. To reflect her anguish and the national tragedy upon Israel she named the child Ichabod, meaning, “The glory has departed from Israel.”. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched beside Ebenezer: and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. Yet the Israelites thought and acted just like pagans, thinking they could manipulate God and force Him into doing what they wanted Him to do. Then she named the child Ichabod: For a Jewish woman, the birth of a son was wonderful news – but not for the wife of Phinehas on this day. Trivia . 1 Samuel 4 The Philistines and the Israelites have a war. (1:2) Hannah 3) How often did Elkanah go to worship and sacrifice to the Lord? Knowledge wasn’t their problem. It wasn’t the news of Israel’s loss in battle, or the slaughter of the army, or even the news of the death of his own sons that killed him. ii. The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. 1 Samuel Study Guide Chapter 1 1) How many wives did Elkanah have? The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. They looked to the ark to save them, not to the LORD. No doubt, it seemed like a brilliant suggestion. Under Eli and his sons (1 Samuel 2:22-25; 1 Samuel 4:17-18) and also under the two sons of Samuel (1 Samuel 8:1-2) the office of the judge crumbles into pieces. g And the word of the Lord was rare in those days; there was no frequent vision.. 2 At that time Eli, h whose eyesight had begun to grow dim so that he could not see, was lying down in his own place. Instead of humbly repenting and seeking God, they turned to methods that God never approved. God did not announce that Eli would also die the same day. Then she named the child Ichabod, saying, “The glory has departed from Israel!” because the ark of God had been captured and because of her father-in-law and her husband. “Thus as God was no loser by this event, so the Philistines were no gainers by it; and Israel, all things considered, received more good than hurt by it, as we shall see.” (Poole), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. (1:3) Shiloh 5) Who would Elkanah give a double portion to? V 19 Each year his mother made him a little robe and took it to him when she went up with her husband to offer the annual sacrifice. If they really believed their gods were greater than the God of Israel, they should not have been worried. But for all the appearances, it was really. If He was not willing to do it for their sake, He would have to do it for His honour’s sake.” (Ellison). We should compliment the Philistines for understanding that the Ark of the Covenant represented the presence of God, and on their knowledge of Israel’s history. c. The glory has departed: The glory of God, displayed by the Ark of the Covenant, had departed from Israel. i. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas. “And he died”: As was the case with Hophni and Phinehas, Eli died. a. Israel was defeated: There were three reasons for this great defeat. 4. And Jonathan spake good of David.] b. he who came from the battle. There was a very great slaughter, and there fell of Israel thirty thousand foot soldiers. Yet, even a good thing like the ark can be made an idol, and God won’t tolerate our idols. Eli was rightly more concerned about the fate of the ark than the fate of his sons. Now his daughter-in-law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, to be delivered; and when she heard the news that the ark of God was captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and gave birth, for her labor pains came upon her. i. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, and the Philistines at Aphek. (1 Samuel 4:1), and it was at least 20 miles from Aphek to Shiloh. (19-22) Commentary on 1 Samuel 4:1-9 (Read 1 Samuel 4:1-9) Israel is smitten before the Philistines. The book starts with the miraculous birth of Samuel in answer to his mother’s earnest prayer. You can check these in your browser security settings. Stand Up, Stand Up for Jesus; We are living, we are dwelling; Here Am I, Send Me; Hymns for 1 Samuel 5 Hymns for 1 Samuel 6 Hymns for 1 Samuel 7. It was hearing the Ark of the Covenant of God was captured. The word of the Samuel came to all Israel… now Israel went out to battle: This doesn’t mean the battle was initiated by Samuel. Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, : During this time there was no great world power (such as Egypt or Assyria) seeking to dominate the region. We may request cookies to be set on your device. : Instead of trusting in the ark, they should be more concerned that the ark was served and carried by priests who had forsaken the LORD. The decay in the house of Eli is so much graver as the priesthood is concerned also which ought to be the medium between God and the people. The Book of 1 Samuel Chapter 4. (10,11) The death of Eli. Chapter Overview: Israel smitten by the Philistines, ver. Samuel was a priest because he came from the *tribe of Levi (1 Chronicles 6:33-38). Finally, though it seemed so terrible to man, was it all that terrible to God? And when the people had come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, “Why has the LORD defeated us today before the Philistines? Eli was ninety-eight years old, and his eyes were so dim that he could not see. To her, the loss was total, and she even lost the desire to live. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave … They hoped it would give confidence that God was really with them. ii. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. give up. Hebrew-English Text I. That may not be true at all. “No sword of a Philistine could have slain him any more powerfully; neither can you say whether his neck or his heart were broken first.” (Trapp). True faith in God may express itself with leaping and with shouting; and it is a happy thing when it does: but it can also sit still before the Lord, and that perhaps is a happier thing still.” (Spurgeon), Now when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, “What does the sound of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews mean?” Then they understood that the ark of the LORD had come into the camp. “There are plenty of Christians, like these elders, who, when they find themselves beaten by the world and the devil, puzzle their brains to invent all sorts of reasons for God’s smiting, except the true one, – their own departure from Him.” (Maclaren). 1. the word of Samuel came to all Israel --The character of Samuel as a prophet was now fully established. 1 Samuel 4 – “The Ark is Captured” David Z. Moster 08A - 1 Samuel January 2, 2010 January 2, 2010. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD from Shiloh to us, that when it comes among us it may save us from the hand of our enemies.” So the people sent to Shiloh, that they might bring from there the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD of hosts, who dwells between the cherubim. But they were wrong in the way they sought help. And about the time of her death the women who stood by her said to her, “Do not fear, for you have borne a son.” But she did not answer, nor did she regard it. The Philistines Capture the Ark. Under Eli and his sons (1 Samuel 2:22-25; 1 Samuel 4:17-18) and also under the two sons of Samuel (1 Samuel 8:1-2) the office of the judge crumbles into pieces. (1:2) Two 2) Which of Elkanah's wives had no children? The very “thing” they thought would win the battle was captured. There fell of Israel thirty thousand foot soldiers, : Not only did Israel lose, they lost far worse than they did, taking the ark into battle. 1. 10, 11. Eli and his daughter-in-law die when they hear the disturbing news. He told them to put the tablets of the law, a jar of manna, and Aaron’s rod that budded, in the ark. Instead, God was just, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . 4. The loss which prompted them to take the ark resulted in the death of. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines. Now his daughter-in-law, Phinehas’ wife, was with child, due to be delivered; and when she heard the news that the ark of God was captured, and that her father-in-law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and gave birth, for her labor pains came upon her. (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. Though to the hazard of his own life, as 1 Samuel 20:32; 1 Samuel 20:37. i. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. Samuel 1-3 Bible MCQ Quiz: Trivia! Now when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, “What, the sound of this great shout in the camp of the Hebrews, ?” Then they understood that the ark of the LORD had come into the camp. So, Samuel led the people as the judges did in the book of Judges. God showed He was greater than the ark. i. With the ark more than seven times as many men of Israel were killed. Brief Summary: The book of 1 Samuel can be neatly divided into two sections: the life of Samuel (chapters 1-12) and the life of Saul (chapters 13-31). : Eli anxiously waited back at the tabernacle for news of the battle. They only cared if it, i. Instead of humbly repenting and seeking God, they turned to methods that God never approved. It was important to Israel. Some is only seen in its fullness after it is fulfilled. ( B) 2 The Philistines deployed their forces to meet Israel, and as the battle spread, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand of them on the battlefield. 2 He had two wives; one was called Hannah and the other Peninnah. 1 Samuel 4:18 "And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that he fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. And she said, “The glory has departed from Israel, for the ark of God has been captured.”, : Poor wife of Phinehas! Woe to us! (5) Israel’s confidence in the Ark of the Covenant. 10, 11. The Israelites recognized that their victory really came from God. The Philistines Capture the Ark. First, He allowed it as a righteous judgment upon Israel as a nation and the family of Eli. Instead of giving up when things look bad we should trust the LORD and fight all the harder and decide we will not give up. Some manuscript traditions (evident in the Septuagint) make it clear the Philistines started this conflict. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. We think if God is on our side, the work will be easy. (12-18) The birth of Ichabod. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. “Their idea was that God should be, to fight for them. The first part is a contrasting character study of Saul and David, showing the importance of humility in God’s people. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. 12 - 18. Certainly, this would be considered a great church service, and many would think Israel really trusted God. But the glory left when Israel stopped repenting and trusting God and started superstitiously trusting in the ark itself. Soon after, Samuel was brought to the tabernacle to serve God. The Israelites probably felt they were better than the Philistines because the Philistines were pagans, worshipping false gods. “Instead of attempting to get right with God, these Israelites set about devising superstitious means of securing the victory over their foes. (1-2) Israel is defeated before the Philistines. Read chapter 4, then discuss these questions: (1) What are the right attitudes for a person who prays for God’s help? How could God allow something so terrible to happen? Israel beaten and the ark taken, ver. a. Christians need to show more of this courage. Eli was ninety-eight years old, and his eyes were so dim that he could not see. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. there with the Ark of the Covenant of God. When Eli heard the noise of the outcry, he said, “What, ?” And the man came quickly and told Eli. The king will take their land and give to his own servants, this is what the kings of other nations do. At that moment, did God wring His hands in heaven, worried about how things would turn out? Nevertheless, the battle ended in disaster: Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men. 16:1-13), who, although he also falls (2 Sam. ii. Come, Thou Fount of Every Blessing; God Is My Strength! Summary 1 Samuel 5: The Philistines, who have the ark in their possession, are afflicted with hemorrhoids. God raises up Samuel as prophet and judge (1 Sa 1–7). They bring the ark into the camp, which affrights the Philistines, ver. announce that Eli would also die the same day. All of the people in Israel heard about Samuel. Instead, God was just beginning to show His glory. In addition, the Philistines had a competent general who ordered them to calm down and fight like men. The Israelite army went out to fight back. Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave their enemies all the advantage they could wish for. 5. “The glory of God had indeed departed, but not because the ark of God had been captured; the ark had been captured because the glory had already departed.” (Ellison), ii. : There were three reasons for this great defeat. ii. The story of Samuel begins with, funnily enough, the birth of Samuel. With the ark more than seven times as many men of Israel were killed. And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. The word— That is, the word of the Lord revealed to Samuel, and by him to the people. 1 Samuel 1-4 New International Version (NIV) The Birth of Samuel 1 There was a certain man from Ramathaim, a Zuphite [ a ] from the hill country of Ephraim, whose name was Elkanah son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite. Second, the Israelites felt the battle would be easy with the ark of the Covenant there and did not try as hard. (10,11) The death of Eli. As it turned out, God did not feel obligated to bless the Israelites just because they took the ark into battle. First, the Philistines fought with the courage of desperate men. Then the man said to Eli, “I. In verse 6, ‘ruled’ also means ‘judged’ (see notes on 4:18). The ark of God was captured, but the God of the ark was still on the throne in heaven and guiding these circumstances for His glory. ii. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. a. 1, 2. : They regarded the ark as the ultimate “good luck charm” and believed they could not lose with it there. All Israel shouted so loudly that the earth shook, : Someone passing by Israel’s camp would think something tremendous was happening. Your email address will not be published. Commentary for 1 Samuel 4 . d. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died: The priests who were supposed to supervise the ark were killed in the battle. Also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead; and the ark of God has been captured.” Then it happened, when he made mention of the ark of God, that Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died, for the man was old and heavy. The loss which prompted them to take the ark resulted in the death of about four thousandmen of Israel (1 Samuel 4:2). God tells us much in prophecy, but not everything. There was nothing wrong with the ark itself. Now the Israelites went out to fight against the Philistines. Faith is a still water, it flows deep. c. Be strong and conduct yourselves like men, you Philistines: The presence of the ark did not make the Philistines feel like giving up. Secondly, God allowed it as a correction to the nation, so they would not trust in the ark of God, instead of trusting in the God of the ark. God has come into the camp! A different location from the one mentioned (in 4:1 and 5:1). 1 Samuel 19:4 And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works [have been] to thee-ward very good:. And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. 1 Samuel 4 - NIV: And Samuel’s word came to all Israel. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. They looked to the ark to save them, not to the LORD. (1-9) The ark taken. Instead, it made them feel they had to fight all the harder to overcome the odds. The Philistine people beg their leaders to return the ark to the Israelites. The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. In the late 1970’s, a five-line inscription was found on a grain silo in the ruins of Izbet Sarteh. Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, and encamped beside Ebenezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines, and encamped beside Ebenezer; and the Philistines encamped in Aphek. A man of Benjamin ran from the battle line the same day, and came to Shiloh: The battle was fought near Aphek (1 Samuel 4:1), and it was at least 20 miles from Aphek to Shiloh. Israel thought they could ignore the God of the ark and find deliverance in the ark of God. Pregnant, she heard of the death of her husband, her brother-in-law, her father-in-law, a slaughter among the soldiers of Israel, a lost battle, and the capture of the Ark of the Covenant all on one day. Samuel meets with Saul (1-27) 10. The travail and death of his daughter - in - law, 19 - 22. 11-20), receives an eternal covenant promise (2 Sam. The Philistines now held it. But she did not answer, nor did she regard it: Her grief was so great, it overcame her maternal joy at the birth of her son. Up until this point in biblical history, the Israelites have not had a king. 1. But the glory left when Israel stopped repenting and trusting God and started superstitiously trusting in the ark itself. More books related to 1 Samuel. 1 Samuel Chapter 4 Summary. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. 1 Samuel Summary One King to Rule them All? ISRAEL OVERCOME BY THE PHILISTINES. Study 1 Samuel 4 using John Darby’s Synopsis to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. 1st & 2nd Samuel, Kings And Chronicles 1st & 2nd Samuel, Kings And Chronicles . Hymns for 1 Samuel 4. The people of Israel selfishly chose Saul to rule over them as king (1 Sam. (6-9) The Philistines’ fear of the Ark of the Covenant. These, the gods who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness. These are the gods who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness. The very “thing” they thought would win the battle was captured. They are routed and the Philistines capture the ark. If He was not willing to do it for their sake, He would have to do it for His honour’s sake.” (Ellison). Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. (10,11) The death of Eli. i. These were some of the traditional signs of mourning. God raises up David to be king of Israel (1 Sa 16–20). The Ark of the Covenant was the representation of the throne of God in Israel. : Even though they did not understand much about God, the Philistines recognized the superiority of the God of Israel. 3 f Now the boy Samuel was ministering to the Lord in the presence of Eli. Israel made an idol of the ark and God often deals with our idolatry by taking the idol away. Let us bring the Ark of the Covenant… it may save us from the hand of our enemies, : The elders of Israel, after the battle with the Philistines, decided the next battle could be won if they took the. Lucky for the Philistines, God was against Israel in this cause. So, Israel’s battles were waged against her near neighbors, such as the Moabites, the Ammonites, or as here, the. Conduct yourselves like men, and fight!”. The Philistines came to fight with the Israelites. And when they joined battle, Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men of the army in the field. All the noise and excitement meant nothing because it wasn’t grounded in God’s truth. Nevertheless, the battle ended in disaster: Israel was defeated by the Philistines, who killed about four thousand men. At that moment, did God wring His hands in heaven, worried about how things would turn out? Only the high priest entered and saw the ark, and only once a year. The … ii. Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? The priesthood in Israel is in a general state of decline, and Eli’s sons are disobeying God’s laws. God promised the two sons of Eli would die on the same day as proof of His ultimate judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). The earth shook: “Now, beloved, when you are worshipping God, shout if you are filled with holy gladness. ii. So the Philistines were afraid, for they said, “God has come into the camp!” And they said, “Woe to us! We should compliment the Philistines for understanding that the Ark of the Covenant represented the presence of God, and on their knowledge of Israel’s history. The Philistines, strengthened not merely by a constant influx of immigrants, but by the importation of arms from Greece, were fast reducing Israel to the condition of a subject race.” (Smith, Pulpit Commentary). But for all the appearances, it was really nothing. . was the representation of the throne of God in Israel. Summary . These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. i. Then the Philistines put themselves in battle array against Israel. Instead, it made them feel they had to fight all the harder to overcome the odds. (10-11) The ark goes into battle and Israel is defeated worse than before. Finally, God did not bless Israel’s superstitious belief in the power of the ark instead of the power of God. I Bless His Name; It Is God Who Holds the Nations; Hymns for 1 Samuel 8 Hymns for 1 Samuel 9. Part 4 - 1 Samuel chapter 4 - Philistia’s army defeats Israel’s army and takes away the sacred object called the ark. : The glory of God, displayed by the Ark of the Covenant, had departed from Israel. Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave their enemies all the advantage they could wish for. Who will deliver us from the hand of these mighty gods? The glory of God had departed in one sense. 1 Samuel 4 The Philistines and the Israelites have a war. The Ark in Kiriath-jearim (1) Samuel urges: ‘Serve only Jehovah’ (2-6) Israel’s victory at Mizpah (7-14) Samuel judges Israel (15-17) 8. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. 1, 2. Yet, they did not submit to God, but simply determined to fight against Him all the more. The elders wanted to take this representation of the throne of God out of the holy of holies (it could be moved when the tabernacle was to be moved), cover it, and bring it into battle with them. Quick outline of 1 Samuel. Worried about His reputation? God commanded them to make it. The king they appoint will take their daughters to work his palace as cooks, bakers, and confectionaries, and he will slightly oppress the people. They bring the ark into the camp, which affrights the Philistines, ver. The Philistines came to fight with the Israelites. Worried about the Philistines and their gods? , but the God of the ark was still on the throne in heaven and guiding these circumstances for His glory. The Israelites camped at Ebenezer, ( A) and the Philistines at Aphek. . a. We think of a thousand inventions; but we neglect the one thing needful… They forget the main matter, which is to enthrone God in the life, and to seek to do His will by faith in Christ Jesus.” (Spurgeon), ii. All the noise and excitement meant nothing because it wasn’t grounded in God’s truth. Test your knowledge of the bible passage: 1 Samuel 4-8. The Philistines were camping in the place called Aphek. (1-9) The ark taken. 3 - 9. : This was worse than just losing a battle. i. God raises up two kings, one proud and the other humble. When deciphered, it was found to contain a Philistine account of this battle, the capture of the ark, even specifically mentioning the priest Hophni. Now Israel went out against the Philistines to battle, and pitched … the cherubim. Book Summary: This book begins the 500 year period of the Kings of Israel – approximately between 1050 and 586BC. The Ark is captured. Verses: Click on the different category headings to find out more. They were probably pleased to arrive at such a great solution. i. The news brought to Shiloh and the death of Eli, ver. And he had judged Israel forty years. Samuel was also a *prophet because God spoke to him (chapter 3; 4:1). These mighty gods: Even though they did not understand much about God, the Philistines recognized the superiority of the God of Israel. If they believed the God of Israel was greater than their gods, they should have submitted to Him. When Eli heard the noise of the outcry, he said, “What does the sound of this tumult mean?” And the man came quickly and told Eli. God promised that Eli’s two sons would die on the same day as a sign of judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). Sin, the accursed thing, was in the camp, and gave their enemies all the advantage they could wish for. These were some of the traditional signs of mourning. note on 1 Samuel 4:21. the two sons of Eli … were there with the ark] It seems best to follow the Sept. and Vulg. Now when he came, there was Eli, sitting on a seat by the wayside watching, for his heart trembled for the ark of God. First, the Philistines fought with the courage of desperate men. God tells us much in prophecy, but not everything. This was a difficult period for Israel. Israel’s next judge, Samuel, is born to Hannah, a previously barren woman. The Philistines, strengthened not merely by a constant influx of immigrants, but by the importation of arms from Greece, were fast reducing Israel to the condition of a subject race.” (Smith, The word of the Samuel came to all Israel… now Israel went out to battle. c. The ark of God was captured: This was worse than just losing a battle. God promised the two sons of Eli would die on the same day as proof of His ultimate judgment on the house of Eli (1 Samuel 2:34). The messenger had a long way to go, the route was mostly uphill, and he carried very bad news. with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. We, like them, often know God is greater and deserves our submission. 2 Samuel … : The presence of the ark did not make the Philistines feel like giving up. All of the people in Israel heard about Samuel. Yet, they did not submit to God, but simply determined to fight against Him all the more. The anguish was too great, and labor pains came upon her. Courage and persistence win many battles, even sometimes for the wrong side. This day he also became the leader of the *Israelites. Kept in the most holy place of the tabernacle, the people never saw it. Eli and … iii. 2. a. Israel went out to battle against the Philistines: During this time there was no great world power (such as Egypt or Assyria) seeking to dominate the region. A study of the book of 1 Samuel 4: 1 – 22 1 Samuel 4: 1 – 22 I’m Outta Here 1 And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. The Philistines now held it. The Book Of First Samuel Quiz! “Never did time seem more hopeless than when Samuel arose. Ver. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. The decay in the house of Eli is so much graver as the priesthood is concerned also … 4. And he had judged Israel forty years." And when the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel shouted so loudly that the earth shook. And I fled today from the battle line.” And he said, “What happened, my son?” So the messenger answered and said, “Israel has fled before the Philistines, and there has been a great slaughter among the people. All Rights Reserved. All Israel shouted so loudly that the earth shook: Someone passing by Israel’s camp would think something tremendous was happening. It wasn’t the news of Israel’s loss in battle, or the slaughter of the army, or even the news of the death of his own sons that killed him. Yet we often resist God as well, instead of submitting to Him. (1-9) The ark taken. (19-22) Commentary on 1 Samuel 4:1-9 (Read 1 Samuel 4:1-9) Israel is smitten before the Philistines. d. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were with the Ark of the Covenant of God: Instead of trusting in the ark, they should be more concerned that the ark was served and carried by priests who had forsaken the LORD. The messenger brought bad news, and he let his appearance reflect how bad the news was. But since his death is recorded in chapter 25, it’s unlikely that he wrote both books that bear his name. The two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, died. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. They only cared if it worked. Israel demands a king (1-9) Samuel warns the people (10-18) Jehovah grants the request for a king (19-22) 9. “Had they humbled themselves, and prayed devoutly and fervently for success, they would have been heard and saved. Summary . 1 Samuel Overview During this time, the Israelites are in a vicious battle with the Philistines and they lose the Ark of the Covenant, which is captured by the Philistines. (19-22) More tragedy among the family of Eli. (1-9) The ark taken. Traditionally, Samuel played some role in writing the narrative we find in 1 Samuel. They believed the presence of the ark would make God work for them. The ark went in front of the marchers around the city of Jericho (Joshua 6:6-8). So, Israel’s battles were waged against her near neighbors, such as the Moabites, the Ammonites, or as here, the Philistines. John Trapp Complete Commentary. c. Eli fell off the seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck was broken and he died: Eli fell over and died at the news of the ark (when he made mention of the ark of God). According to other passages, after the Philistines defeated the Israeli army they went on to destroy the city of Shiloh itself (Psalm 78:60-64, Jeremiah 7:12 and 26:9). The Israelites overcome by the Philistines. As a child, Samuel lived and served in the temple.