See more. composite (definition) simply means. It provides space, for cargo, controls, accessories, passengers, and other equipment. composite (definition) simply means. A Primary Category, special airworthiness certificate is issued to operate aircraft that have been type certificated in the primary category. The improved welding processes and higher-strength weldable alloys developed during the past decade offer new possibilities for welded primary structures. Which of the following does an ailurophile like? On aluminum light aircraft, their structure is often similar to an all-metal wing. Which of the following does a philatelist like? two or more materials. Proteins form the structural and function of life. "made of several parts". Various aircraft with flaps in the extended position; There are various kinds of flaps; plain flaps, split flap, fowler flaps. This rule should be considered the minimum requirement since some regulatory organizations are more restrictive than the others. The primary factors to consider in aircraft structures are strength, weight, and reliability. noun. Edge of Part. The pilot sits in a harness suspended below a hollow fabric wing whose shape is formed by its suspension lines, the pressure of air entering vents in the front of the wing and the aerodynamic forces of the air flowing over the outside. The biological function of a protein is due to its conformation, which is defined as the three dimensional arrangement of the atoms of a molecule. Primary structure includes all the portions of the aircraft, the failure of which during flight or on the ground would cause catastrophic structural collapse and loss of control. This type of construction was called the monocoque, which is a French term for single shell (or hull). (14) Replacing safety belts. A good example is the fuselage of the De Haviland Mosquito (which is all the more impressive as it was made of plywood). (15) Replacing seats or seat parts with replacement parts approved for the aircraft, not involving disassembly of any primary structure or operating system. This does not imply that all the aircraft maintenance organisations will look the same, but the core departments must be organised as … There are several secondary or auxiliary flight control surfaces. It includes wing structure, controls, engine mounts,etc ... Aircraft Structures: CH 1 ( Antelope Valley College-Lancaster,Ca) 57 Terms. The primary function of an aircraft electrical system is to generate, regulate, and distribute electrical power throughout the aircraft. Examples of Primary Structure include: Wings Fuselage Tail Landing Gear Wings. I think this is an excellent example of a case where there can be a lot of opinions, but only one correct answer. In multi-engine aircraft the engines may either be in the fuselage, attached to the fuselage, or suspended from the wing structure. Which of the following does a philhellene like? Stresses include the weight of fuel, crew, and payload; Although similar in concept, aircraft can be classified as fixed and rotary wing structures Edge of Part. This information is typically in ATA chapter 51. ... civil aircraft primary structures interiors aero-engines defence aircraft helicopters space. (Aerospace Parts Brochure) Park’s objective is to use its design, materials and manufacturing expertise to assist its customers in developing the best possible solutions for their aerospace requirements. Airbus would urge EASA to not change a definition which is worldwide accepted, but keep the traditional definition: Primary Structure is structure that carries flight, ground, or pressurisation loads. The fuselage is the main structure or body of the aircraft. Which of the following does a logophile like? In multi-engine aircraft the engines may either be in the fuselage, attached to the fuselage, or suspended from the wing structure… This structure is typically considered to include the fuselage, undercarriage, empennage and wings, and exclude the propulsion system. (13) Replacing side windows where that work does not interfere with the structure or any operating system such as controls, electrical equipment, etc. the basic parts of an aircraft, damage to which would be dangerous. Aircraft Structures Ch.4 (Antelope Valley College, … Which of the following does an epicurean like? Are You Learning English? The fuselage is the main structure or body of the aircraft. Primary Structure is structure that carries flight, ground, crash or pressurisation loads. The characteristic sequence of amino acids forming a protein or polypeptide chain, considered as the most basic element of its structure. Additionally, virtually all repairs (other than straight parts replacement) on transport aircraft to Principal Structural Elements or Primary structures are classified as Major Repairs thus necessitating the use of Approved rather than Accepted data to accomplish the repair. This provides directional control and thus points the nose of the aircraft in the direction desired. ... civil aircraft primary structures interiors aero-engines defence aircraft helicopters … primary structure carries flight, ground, or pressurization loads, and whose failure would reduce the aircraft’s structural integrity; secondary structure that, if it was to fail, would affect the operation of the aircraft but not lead to its loss; and 1Biochemistry The characteristic sequence of amino acids forming a protein or polypeptide chain, considered as the most basic element of its structure. Typically most aircraft structural repair manuals contain guidance through charts or diagrams that define what parts of the aircraft  are classified as Principal Structural Elements – PSE’s, Primary or Secondary structure. sarahs032587. No similar capability exists for civilian aircraft. ... a structure, also referred to as mold, that provides a specific size and shape in or over which a lay-up is formed,shaped and cured. chər] (aerospace engineering) The main framework, of an aircraft including fittings and attachments; any structural member whose failure would seriously impair the safety of the missile is a part of the primary structure. A typical early form of this was built using molded plywood. Airbus, through the Thermoplastic Affordable Primary Aircraft Structure (TAPAS) consortium, intends to demonstrate a TPC torsion box, such as that used in horizontal tails, featuring induction welded butt-joint stiffening ribs. "made of several parts". STRUCTURAL STRESS LEARNING OBJECTIVE: Identify the five basic stresses acting on an aircraft. They vary [Figure 2-5] The most popular types of fuselage structures used in today’s aircraft are the monocoque (French for “single shell”) and semimonocoque. Excess. PSE’s are those elements of primary structure which contribute significantly to carrying flight, ground, and pressurization loads, and whose failure could result in catastrophic failure of the airplane. Everything else on the aircraft is classified according to its primary … Park’s Advanced Composite PARTS and ASSEMBLIES for Aircraft and Space Vehicles. Semi-monocoque also has "stringers" running horizontally down the plane to … The aircraft manufacturer is the final authority and Mooney says it is primary structure, so that's the answer. Excess. aircraft construction to work in an aviation rating. Primary Structure Secondary Structure Tertiary Structure Primary Structure: Primary structure includes all the portions of the aircraft, the failure of which during flight or on the ground would cause catastrophic structural collapse and loss of control. Principal Structural Elements. Examples of Primary Structure include: When dealing with aircraft parts, it is important to know the different condition codes and terms when it comes to purchasing and selling aircraft parts. (15) Replacing seats or seat parts with replacement parts approved for the aircraft, not involving disassembly of any primary structure or operating … Primary structure - the parts of the plane in which failure will be causing fatal danger for the passengers Primer - first coat of paint or diluted adhesive material Pylon - slender compound of structure for attachment of engines No similar capability exists for civilian aircraft. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Living in the age of Airplanes – National Geographic, SROV – Service Ready Operational Validation. Those portions of the airplane, whose failure would seriously endanger the safety of the airplane. PSE’s are those elements of primary structure which contribute significantly to carrying flight, ground, and pressurization loads, and whose failure could result in catastrophic failure of the airplane. For example, EASA regulations (Commission Regulation European Community [EC ] 2042/2003 Annex I Part M require “approved” data for both minor and major  repairs. (14) Replacing safety belts. Normally the structure of an organisation follows its strategy. Basic Aircraft Structure ... MONOCOQUE In this method, the exterior surface of the fuselage is also the primary structure. Which of the following does a galanthophile like? These Foreign Words And Phrases Are Now Used In English. The mechanical structure of an aircraft is known as the airframe. Repair techniques for aircraft primary structures made of composite materials have been developed but are oriented mainly toward military aircraft. Primary control surfaces are usually similar in construction to one another and vary only in size, shape, and methods of attachment. The airframe is the basic structure of an aircraft and is designed to withstand all aerodynamic forces, as well as the stresses imposed by the weight of the fuel, crew, and payload. Here Are Our Top English Tips, The Best Articles To Improve Your English Language Usage, The Most Common English Language Questions. Biochemistry. Older types of aircraft design utilized an open truss structure constructed of wood, steel, or aluminum tubing. primary structure carries flight, ground, or pressurization loads, and whose failure would reduce the aircraft’s structural integrity; secondary structure that, if it was to fail, would affect the operation of the aircraft but not lead to its loss; and the basic sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide or protein. These factors determine the requirements to be met by any material used to construct or repair the aircraft. Which of the following does a shutterbug like? A monocoque fuselage has its skin holding the skeleton structure together while the semi-monocoque has both the skin and the skeleton holding together. Learn how your comment data is processed. Which of the following does a jazzbo like? P3 define, primary, secondary and tertiary aircraft structure M3 explain how the provision of drains, materials selection, jointing compounds, surface protection and stringer design help reduce the risk of corrosion damage to the base of an aircraft fuselage P4 explain the provision for protecting the aircraft airframe and its systems in An … ‘The certification of the 737 Composite Horizontal Stabilizer was the first large commercial aircraft primary structure in the world certified for commercial aircraft.’ ‘Primary structure for present transport aircraft is designed, based on average expected operational conditions and average fatigue test results, for 120,000 hrs.’ Tertiary structure definition, the way in which the helixes or beta structures of a polypeptide are folded or arranged into a three-dimensional configuration. This is is in contrast to the FAA  that requires “approved” data for only major repairs and “acceptable” data for minor repairs. Examples of Principal Structural Elements typically include: (a) Control surfaces, slats, flaps, and their mechanical systems and attachments (hinges, tracks, and fittings); (e) Skin or reinforcement around cutouts or discontinuities; (a) Circumferential frames and adjacent skin; (e) Skin and any single frame or stiffener element around a cutout; (f) Skin or skin splices, or both, under circumferential loads; (g) Skin or skin splices, or both, under fore and aft loads; (i) Skin and stiffener combinations under fore and aft loads; This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Aircraft in this category are of a simple design and intended … In single engine aircraft, it also houses the powerplant. However, in the case of aircraft maintenance the core structure of the organisation is mandated by the regulatory authorities. Also in process is a TPC fuselage panel with integrated stiffeners. Furthermore, now that composites have permeated primary aircraft structures — i.e. In single engine aircraft, it also houses the powerplant. A later form of this structure uses fiberglass cloth impregnated with polyester or epoxy resin, instead of plywood, as the skin. ... a structure, also referred to as mold, that provides a specific size and shape in or over which a lay-up is formed,shaped and cured. Which of the following does an arctophile like? Four basic struct ural levels are assigned to proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quarternary structures. For example, the weldability and strength of alloys 2219 and 7039, and the brazeability and strength of X7005, open new avenues for design and manufacture of aircraft structures. Does English Have More Words Than Any Other Language? Primary structure is that structure which carries flight, ground, or pressurization loads, and whose failure would reduce the structural integrity of the airplane. The mechanical structure of an aircraft is known as the airframe. Areas classified as PSE’s must  be designed (by regulations) with a level of Damage Tolerance that maintains residual strength, fail safe ability, limits damage growth rates and resists a catastrophic failure due to the effect of manufacturing defects or typical damage scenarios. 2Aeronautics The parts of an aircraft whose failure would seriously endanger safety. Primary Structure: Structural components or assemblies that are necessary to sustain design ultimate flight and ground loads. Later, the aircraft structure was designed so that the the skin itself was a mainload carrying member. This is appropriate because the primary control surfaces are simply smaller aerodynamic devices. (biochemistry) The sequence of amino acids in the molecule of a … P3 define, primary, secondary and tertiary aircraft structure M3 explain how the provision of drains, materials selection, jointing compounds, surface protection and stringer design help reduce the risk of corrosion damage to the base of an aircraft fuselage P4 explain the provision for protecting the aircraft airframe and its … two or more materials. The rudder is the primary control surface that causes an aircraft to yaw or move about the vertical axis. (13) Replacing side windows where that work does not interfere with the structure or any operating system such as controls, electrical equipment, etc. A paraglider is a lightweight, free-flying, foot-launched glider aircraft with no rigid primary structure. The airframe is the basic structure of an aircraft, design to withstand aerodynamic forces and stresses imposed. This will avoid any misunderstanding, confusion, or customer frustration allowing you to have a smooth transaction. EOP. Repair techniques for aircraft primary structures made of composite materials have been developed but are oriented mainly toward military aircraft. those required for flight including fuselage and wing components and doors — the quality of the repair, compaction of the repair patch and integrity of the bondline in adhesively bonded repairs becomes critical, driving a range of new … Engineering design and damage evaluation – repair criteria for aircraft structures are location dependent depending on whether the structure is considered and classified as either Primary, Secondary or as a PSE (Principal Structural Element). It provides space, for cargo, controls, accessories, passengers, and other equipment. Engineering design and damage evaluation – repair criteria for aircraft structures are location … Below we have included the most used aviation acronyms and terms involved in aircraft … Primary structures are those structures that bear flight loads and are critical to flight such as the wings, load-bearing portions of the fuselage, the empennage and control surfaces, crew and passenger seats, and doors of pressurized aircraft. Primary Structure. Primary and secondary structures are structural systems within the aircraft that have a primary or secondary purpose of transferring a load. Most aircraft have a single rudder hinged to the trailing edge of the vertical stabilizer. The parts of an aircraft whose failure would seriously endanger safety. Large aircraft secondary or auxiliary flight control surfaces names, locations, and functions; typically, flaps can extend up to 45–50°. EOP.