Since Locust honey is the first honey produced in the season, the bees need to be strong and ready for the nectar flow from the black locust trees. He also holds a bachelor's degree in English from Iowa University. In the course of your forays into various types of wood, you may come across the locust tree and its lumber. The heartwood is usually a deep russet brown, while the outer wood is light yellow, sometimes with a greenish tint. New leaves also come out earlier in the honey locust than the black locust. The black locust, on the other hand, looks to be a good species, tough, rot resistant, good grain, I think I'd like to try working with some of that. firewood: call it a draw. Comparing their differences is somewhat like trying to tell white oak apart from red oak. However, one differentiating factor is the presence and quantity of tyloses. Once you compare honey locust vs. black locust, you will be able to determine which type of locust lumber might best suit the project you have in mind. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This article reviews the nutrition, benefits, and potential downsides of acacia honey. Both can have thorns, although Honey locust thorns tend to be in groups of 3 whereas black are in groups of 2 (directly opposite one another on branch). black locust has very slightly higher energy/volume, while honey locust has very slightly higher energy/mass. Another good way to tell is by the thorns themselves. Often times, the spring rains wash the nectar away before the bees get a chance to collect it themselves. Type above and press Enter to search. In crystallized form it is milk-white in color and syrup like in texture. For example, if working with wood is your thing, you will find that there is a seemingly endless variety of wood types that you can use for structural elements, trim and molding, furniture, cabinetry, and much more. Some woodworkers like turning honey locust for various projects. The Black Locust apparently was abundant when the country was founded, and is being farmed again. Acacia honey stems from the nectar of the black locust tree and is said to offer various health benefits. I don't know about axe handles but Honey and Black locust are both used for making all wood bows and based upon "The Wood Engineering Handbook" they are very tough woods, so they should work well. Sometimes HL can appear from a distance as being 'hairy' with thorns, perhaps because they are. Like its companion, the black locust, honey locust lumber can be a bit tricky to deal with. Locust Trees and Honeybees. Both the black and honey locust have smooth, thin, shiny seedpods. It is also responsive to gluing and to finishes of various kinds. In Hungary, Black Locust is the basis of commercial honey production. However, it tends to grow in swamps in the southern regions of the USA. The black locust is also known as the false acacia or yellow locust and there are about 10 species. In appearance, the honey locust has wood with very similar coloring to the Kentucky Coffeetree. Black locust belongs in the Robinia genus, and honey locust belongs in the Gleditsia genus. While the black locust tree is a native of the south eastern US, the honey locust tree is native to central eastern region. Finding a honey locust … In France, Italy and Hungary it is known as Acacia honey. It’s somewhat harder and bears more resistance to weathering and rot. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail, Written by : Prabhat S. Young BL trees will have trunk AND branch thorns (generally less than 1") but spaced farther apart than HL. The black locust tree is fast growing and larger than the honey locust. When you are comparing black locust and honey locust, you will find many similarities in the overall color, appearance, and other aspects. Black locust lumber is also somewhat similar in appearance to the lumber of the Osage Orange tree. The black locust tree’s botanical name is Robinia pseudoacacia and the honey locust tree’s is Gleditsia triacanthos. However, its grain is somewhat straighter than that of the honey locust. Lathe turning or steam bending are both preferred ways to work with this type of wood. Often these anomalies result from stress or damage to a woody plant. Black locust is compound, while honey locust is bi-pinately compound as already stated. So if you are looking to select wood purely based on its level of hardness and durability, you may want to go with the black locust lumber for your project. I've tried growing them from pods I took from our park. The black locust has very simple compound leaves where honey locust trees have bipinnate compound leaves. T he black locust tree, Robinia pseudoacacia, is famous for producing a fruity and fragrant honey that ranges from water white to lemon yellow to yellowish green.A batch of monofloral black locust honey with little cross-contamination from other flowers can be as clear as a glass jar. Black locust is often sold at prices comparable to those of white oak. Robinia pseudoacacia, commonly known in its native territory as black locust, is a medium-sized hardwood deciduous tree, belonging to the tribe Robinieae.It is endemic to a few small areas of the United States, but it has been widely planted and naturalized elsewhere in temperate North America, Europe, Southern Africa and Asia and is considered an invasive species in some areas. These are not rules just trends. The black locust has very simple compound leaves where the honey locust has bipinnate compound leaves. Its straight grain is attractive and can be helpful during the machining process, but since it is so hard, it may cause cutting edges of tools to become blunted on a regular basis, so be prepared to deal with that. Comments: Black Locust is a very hard and strong wood, competing with Hickory (Carya genus) as the strongest and stiffest domestic timber: but with more stability and rot resistance. It is often used as fence posts, like honey locust; but it may also be found in mine timbers, railroad ties, and flooring. It is useful as utility lumber. Cite The leaves are very different. However, honey locusts develop new leaves, slightly earlier than the black ones. Hardness is measured on the Janka scale and is quantified by pound-feet, represented as lb-ft or lbf. For the honey locust, the wide sapwood bears a pale yellow hue. One major identifier is the long compound leaves with up to 19 leaflets which present the typical and unique locust leaf profile (not to be confused with the twice compound leaves of honey locust). It doesn’t crystallize for a very long time due to its high fructose content. But if you look at the seedpod, there are minor differences. Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia L.) is a legume belonging to the pea (Fabaceae) family. Black locust honey has a fruity, floral and delicate aroma and pleasant taste. Black locust trees produce one of the rarest types of honey in Indiana due to the need for the perfect weather and the short time frame that the nectar remains on the trees. Black locust and honey locust lumber are often so similar that buyers confuse them with each other. Most of them don't germinate though. In this guide, we will take a look at two common types of locust and compare their differences. Black locust lumber has a slightly different color palette. The honey locust’s bark is brown or grey in colour and the tree has  bunches of thorns. By contrast, the honey locust wood has few if any such anomalies. There is another key consideration that is generally very important to woodworkers and homeowners, and that is the color of the wood. It’s well-liked for turned objects, and boat builders tend to appreciate its qualities as well. This video is unavailable. However, keep in mind that the price of honey locust will be in the mid-tier or upper tier of what you can expect to pay for a domestic hardwood. Long, nasty tire popping, barefoot throbbing thorns= HONEY LOCUST! January 14, 2011 < http://www.differencebetween.net/science/nature/difference-between-black-and-honey-locust-trees/ >. In fact, despite the similarity in their names, the black locust and honey locust are not technically in the same genus. The black locust’s bark is dark in colour with grooves that resemble an intertwining rope. The black locust’s botanical name is Robinia pseudoacacia and the honey locust’s is Gleditsia triacanthos. When it comes to deciding between black locust or honey locust, the first thing you probably want to consider is the hardness of each type of lumber. The black locust has smaller thorns. DifferenceBetween.net. A black locust has a rough dark brown bark whereas a honey locust tree has a bark that is gray to brownish colour. The black locust tree or false acacia, is native to eastern North America and widely planted in Europe. It comes in at 1700 lbf on the Janka scale. The honey locust, Gleditsia triacanthos, has many more thorns on the bark and the thorns get up to 8" in clusters of three. The color of a tree’s wood typically varies depending on the area from which the lumber is cut. Locust Tree Identification. Red elm, black walnut, apple, black cherry, box elder (red and normal grain), American beech, butternut, ash, black locust, red oak. The tree grows from 30 to 70 feet and blossoms in May to June. Although it shares a similar common name with Honey Locust, the two aren’t … Exceptionally resistant: black locust, red mulberry, osage orange, and Pacific yew. When you are choosing between black locust or honey locust, you may find it helpful to look at other types of lumber with which these cousin trees are often compared. As you work on various projects around your home, you will become more and more familiar with the various materials that are available for each application. Sometimes it is crafted into veneer. The black locust reaches a height of about 50 to 75 feet with a diameter of up to 36". Some older black locust trees have been known to grow to about 50 meters tall. This is the most liquid honey of all. Specializing in building and renovating homes, Thomas Luttrell has worked in homebuilding since 2002. From contributor G: I'm not sure if this is honey locust or black locust. Identifying species of locust trees can be done by features such as their … Since black locust is so hard and durable, it can be a bit more difficult to manipulate and craft, compared to other types of wood. Other times it is made into beautiful furniture. Skyline Honey Locust. Many people on YouTube, including some nursery owners (who should know better! The black locust reaches a height of about 25 to 30 meters with a diameter of one metrer. If you do not have a specific reason for choosing honey locust for a project, you may want to simply go with the black locust instead. The black locust reaches a height of about 25 to 30 meters with a diameter of one meter. Honey locust leaflets are a little smaller than black locust. • Categorized under Nature | Difference Between Black and Honey Locust Trees. Honey locust thorns are much longer and alot of them will have thorns growing out of each side. Like its sister locust tree, its wood has a medium luster and texture. Honey locust trees have thorns surrounding the bark whereas a black locust tree has grooves on it that resembles ropes but not thorns. The black locust’s seedpods grow to a length of two to four inches where the seedpods of the honey locust grow to a length of about 12 to 14 inches. Although honey locust is not considered a threatened species, it is still not widely available, and the cost is higher due to limited quantities. And its wood contains many more tyloses than honey locust. Its crown is narrow with an open, irregular form and contorted branches. Both types of lumber are suitable for a wide variety of uses. There are a variety of black locust cultivars available. Resistant or very resistant: old-growth bald cypress, catalpa, cedar (either eastern or western red cedar), black cherry, chestnut, junipers, honey locust, white oak, old-growth redwood, sassafras, and black walnut. Black Locust is also denser and … There is a similar kind of tree known as the water locust, or Gleditsia aquatica, which shares some aspects with the honey locust and black locust. From an engineering perspective (and being kinda picky about definitions) and updated on January 14, 2011, Difference Between Similar Terms and Objects, Difference Between Black and Honey Locust Trees, Difference Between Distilled Water and Boiled Water, Difference Between McDonalds and Burger King, Differences Between Black Oak and Red Oak, Difference Between White and Red Mulberry, Difference Between Armadillo and Anteater, Difference Between Vitamin D and Vitamin D3, Difference Between LCD and LED Televisions, Difference Between Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates, Difference Between Civil War and Revolution. Black locust has a similar grain. Many black locust trees have pores that are full of tyloses. Once honey is ready, the bees cap over the top with wax. Overall, both honey locust and black locust are fairly appealing to the eye. While the black locust tree is a native of the south eastern US, the honey locust tree is native to central eastern region. Leaves on a black locust are simple compound while a honey locust has feather shaped compound ones. However, it is important to consider how your location and the availability of the wood in your area may affect pricing. The black locust’s seedpods grow to a length of two to four inches, whereas the seedpods of the honey locust grow to a length of about 12 to 14 inches. The bright green leaves turn yellow during early autumn. There is no need to resubmit your comment. Ultimately, black locust has some advantages over the honey locust. Black Locust vs Honey Locust The clearest difference between Black Locust and Honey Locust is the difference in their thorns. Ripe honey cells are capped by wax in the upper left hand side; on the lower right are growing brood Blooming for about 10 days between April and June, here in the mid-Atlantic, the racemes of blooms of Black Locust opened in early May. Its heartwood is quite a bit darker, with a reddish-brown ranging from lighter to fairly vivid. Black locust is often in competition with hickory, while honey locust is sometimes compared to the Kentucky Coffeetree. Its wood tends to be a bit darker, especially at the heart. While the black locust tree is a native of the south eastern US, the honey locust tree is native to central eastern part. If the black locust lumber has to be imported, it will cost a lot more. That is, the heartwood, or wood cut from the very center of a big, mature tree, may have a slightly different hue from the outer wood, or wide sapwood. The honey is high in fructose so it can be stored for long periods without crystallizing. The other ID marker is a small stout briar spine on branches, often curved and in pairs at each leaf node. However, like black locust, it handles staining, gluing, finishing, and turning very well, and you will likely be pleased with the beautiful result. Black Locust Identification . These swollen areas can affect the overall appearance of the wood. Its hardness and density make the machining process longer, and you may have to keep sharpening your tools if you are working with a lot of it. Some older black locust trees have been known to grow to about 150 feet tall. So by this measure, we can see that black locust is harder, tougher, and more durable. This number represents how strong, tough, and impact-resistant the wood is. Slabs, round, and flare cuts from $4 per board foot Custom metal work also available: hair pin legs with large mounting plates, legs brackets for 3”x4” leg stock. How Tell the Difference Between Snap Peas & English Peas Vegetable Garden The Leaves on Honey Locust are supposedly rounder and do not come to a point at the end as with Honey Locust. Prabhat S. "Difference Between Black and Honey Locust Trees." The leaves are very different. The honey in the US is sometimes labeled “American Acacia” or “Locust Honey”. Please note: comment moderation is enabled and may delay your comment. Morphology Size and shape: It is a medium-sized tree, averaging 12 to 30 m in height and 30 to 60 cm (up to 150 cm) in diameter. The two main varieties of locust trees in Indiana are the honey locust, easily identified by the collection of thorns on the trunk, and the black locust, which boasts heavy loads of fragrant white flowers in the spring. Plus, the colors of the two trees are slightly different. Both black and honey locust trees produce new leaves during late spring. Softer trees tend to be easier to damage, and they may not take stain well due to the looser texture of their wood or their odd coloring. When it comes to LONG, nasty thorns, that is the HL. By contrast, the black locust has an even higher ranking. The black locust and honey locust are trees that grow in warm climates. The black locust’s bark is dark in colour with grooves that resemble an intertwining rope. Watch Queue Queue. This fact does not generally affect the overall appearance of the finished wood, however. One key difference between honey locust vs. black locust is the presence of tyloses. Honely locust can make a sweet bow. The high-density wood is the most rot resistant wood we can grow in our climate, making it an ideal material for fenceposts, hope poles, outdoor furniture, decks, and other projects that require weatherproof materials. It is also more widely available and therefore, it is usually cheaper. The honey locust’s bark is brown or grey colour and the tree has bunches of thorns. Unlike black locusts, most of the leaves of honey locusts have no leaflet at the tip. Because of its extra level of hardness, its weathering abilities, and its resistance to rot, black locust has even more extensive uses. Honey locust wood makes excellent furniture, and it may also be used to create sturdy fence posts. Tylosis is distension of a plant cell. Fresh black locust honey is light in color and very transparent. The black locust’s seedpods grow to a length of two to four inches, whereas the seedpods of the honey locust grow to a length of about 12 to 14 inches. As far as grain appearance goes, the honey locust tree usually has a fairly straight grain, though it may be naturally wavy or irregular in places. On the Janka scale, the honey locust has a hardness of 1580 lbf, which is actually quite high. Both the black and honey locust have smooth, thin, shiny seedpods. Honey locust produces a long twisted pod containing many seeds. Both trees appear in the Fabaceae family. Comparing their differences is somewhat like trying to tell white oak apart from red oak. The honey locust is a minor nectar source, flowering in late spring/early summer. The black locust has very simple compound leaves where honey locust trees have bipinnate … Within the natural range of honey locust trees, you should be able to find some of the wood available. So the amount of Locust Honey produced around this region is at a record low this year due to all the bee losses this past winter. The picture below is a large specimen honey locust. Press Esc to cancel. The texture is moderately even, and the wood has a natural luster of its own, which is moderate in comparison to the innate luster of other trees. In fact, despite the similarity in their names, the black locust and honey locust are not technically in the same genus. Honey Locust has large branching thorns, whereas Black Locust has individual spines, typically at the base of leaves. But if you look at the seedpod, there are minor differences. One can also tell the two trees apart by just looking at the bark. Black locust belongs in the Robinia genus, and honey locust belongs in the Gleditsia genus. However, it is also a bit harder to machine and tougher to work with overall. Watch Queue Queue There are about 12 species  of honey locust. At least seven or eight pods, and didn't get a tree. Scientific Name: Gleditsia triacanthos ‘Skycole’ This is another variety of the … Eventually, you will be comfortable moving beyond the more familiar, less expensive woods like oak, poplar, pine, and fir, and you will probably try experimenting with more costly wood like cherry, maple, mahogany, ash, and elm. if the energy/mass measurement is used, though, there are plenty of other woods with higher marks. Honey locust is often more expensive than black locust because it is rarer and more difficult to find and import. Hardwoods can be more difficult to work with, but they accept stain well and often include beautiful grain patterns, which make them more desirable to woodworkers and homeowners.