“Centrifugal forces” are forces within a country that work to pull that country apart. Centrifugal forces originate in the same dimensions as centripetal forces, but the forces pull the population apart instead of bringing it together. Centripetal forces in the cultural realm can be the most powerful unifying force all. Create a Poor regions of a country can feel disadvantaged by wealthier ones. Activities: You can expect a FRQ on this topic since it has been part of past AP® Human Geography exams. Centrifugal forces alter and weaken a state by disrupting the internal order of the country. Due to its status as a majority French-speaking province within an English-speaking state Quebec has many distinct cultural features that distinguish it from the rest of Canada. Areas with strong centripetal forces tend to be more cohesive and less likely to experience devolution. Centripetal force may be considered the center-seeking force. The Human Development Index (HDI) was derived with which of the following purposes in mind? The term “Balkanization” comes from the Balkans region of Southeastern Europe. If you're an educator interested in trying Albert, click the button below to learn about our pilot program. A strong and charismatic leader can mitigate this division. Mountain range that cuts across the country. A nation is a group of unified people with a common culture. Hopefully, this AP® Human Geography study guide has helped you understand this concept more clearly so you can apply what you have learned when you take the AP® Human Geography. Nationalism, or the strong love of and loyalty to one’s country, is also a powerful centripetal force and can create solidarity among the populace. The term “Balkanization” refers to __________. Balkanization (A) is the breakdown of a state, often violently, into separate parts, and is therefore, the most incorrect answer. partisan political debates that upset balances of power, one region of a country getting preferential treatment over another, a paramilitary group specifically targeting an ethnic minority. We’ll give you challenging practice questions to help you achieve mastery in AP® Human Geography. When internal centrifugal forces threaten to divide the country, the central government may break down and fail. The most important centripetal force in Yugoslavia before its breakup was the Naim 02:59 AP Human Geography Chapter 7. These divisions can lead to separatist movements like the Sikhs in India or the Kurds in Turkey. This question is an example of question 3 on the Human Geography exam. For many hundreds of years, the Balkans have been home to a large number of disparate and often hostile nationalities, usually governed under the administration of one empire (Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian, Yugoslavian). Centripetal forces can include religion or language. 3. What are centripetal and centrifugal forces? When there is a good transportation system that is available to all citizens, all the resources of the country are accessible, making life easier for the everyone. 6 years ago. They are more common in larger states, particularly states that contain a large number of different nationalities competing for control and/or self-determination. We have learned that divisive forces are a reality in our world, but that there are also forces that unite countries and strengthen the state. The concepts of political geography and the state are important to understand when we discuss centripetal and centrifugal forces, because they may affect the future of a country. These symbols reinforce a national awareness and instill in the population a sense of pride and loyalty. The term comes from the Latin words centrum for "center" and petere, meaning "to seek." web hosting provider php hosting cheap web hosting, Web hosting, domain names, front page hosting, email hosting. Students will also analyze the examples of centrifugal and centripetal forces. 2 points: Centripetal forces unify a state (provide stability, strengthen, bind together, create solidarity) Centrifugal forces divide a state (lead to balkanization/devolution, disrupt internal order, destabilize, weaken). A classic example of a centripetal force is any kind of attack on a nation, as it usually serves to create a mentality that the entire country was attacked. The course description even dedicates a learning objective to these forces. This AP Human Geography study guide will explore those forces that divide (centrifugal) or unify (centripetal) a country. Which of the following is not a centripetal force? AP®HUMAN GEOGRAPHY 2006 SCORING GUIDELINES. As we learned, to survive, there must be centripetal forces of greater than the centrifugal force in a state. Centrifugal forces alter and weaken a state by disrupting the internal order of the country. Let’s look at what those forces are. Nationalistic forces that tend to bind a country together are called __________. Centrifugal forces originate in the same dimensions as centripetal forces, but the forces pull the population apart instead of bringing it together. He argued that the integration of a state’s geographical area involved two competing forces. Albert.io lets you customize your learning experience to target practice where you need the most help. Religious differences can be an overriding centrifugal force in a country. RUKHSAR ALI 15171515-012 2. Mention you heard about us from our blog to fast-track your app. Be sure you have a thorough understanding of both forces and can give examples and specific details based on the three dimensions of centrifugal and centripetal forces: political, cultural and economic. Hey! In this section, we'll go through the answer to a sample free-response question from the 2020 AP Human Geography Course and Exam Description. Denmark is a good example of a nation-state because nearly all Danes […] Part G Select a point value to view scoring criteria and/or examples, and to score the response. Japan and Lesotho are good examples of nation-states. Centrifugal force definition is - the apparent force that is felt by an object moving in a curved path that acts outwardly away from the center of rotation. The opposite of “centripetal forces” are “centrifugal forces,” which divide a country. Centrifugal forces divide a state (lead to balkanization/devolution, disrupt internal order, destabilize, weaken). States draw on unifying forces to rally its citizens behind forces common to its national identity. The concept that nationalities have the right to govern themselves is known as the right of self-determination. The geographic center of the physical country is the most common place to find a national capital because it's easier to connect it to the entire population. We are gradually updating these posts and will remove this disclaimer when this post is updated. Hopefully, this AP® Human Geography study guide has helped you understand this concept more clearly so you can apply what you have learned when you take the AP® Human Geography Exam. Countries occupy a defined territory and have a permanent population. The viability of any state depends on a balance between centripetal and centrifugal forces. Cultural diversity in many countries is deeply rooted and can create powerful divisions within the population. Thank you for your patience! If you use cultural difference or separatist movements as a centrifugal force, you can discuss the Sikhs in India, the Muslims in Kashmir, or the Maoist rebels in Nepal. Religious differences, for example, can split people of the same culture. The political organization of the world is an important unit of study in AP Human Geography. Centripetal forces pull a country together- like a common language, shared culture, or spirit of nationalism do. Check out our other articles on AP Human Geography. Albert.io offers the best practice questions for high-stakes exams and core courses spanning grades 6-12. CENTRIPETAL FORCE IN GEOGRAPHY 1. In Israel, Modern Hebrew was created to unify a wave of global immigrants looking for a new life in the Jewish homeland. 3. Hinduism in Nepal and India brings people together as they feel a sense of unity. For Part A of the question, make sure you reference the viability of the state in each definition. Before we look at forces that can divide or unite a country, let’s review the concepts of political geography and the state. Cultural diversity in many states creates powerful divisions among the people. So, what stops a country from falling apart? He argued that the integration of a state’s geographical area involved two competing forces. Political geography is how humans define and control land and its resources through the establishment of states. 2 points: Centripetal forces unify a state (provide stability, strengthen, bind together, create solidarity) Centrifugal forces divide a state (lead to balkanization/devolution, disrupt internal order, destabilize, weaken). South Africa had just broken free from more than 400 years of racial inequality. The Brazilian government built a new capital, Brasilia, in the heart of the Amazon rainforest to try to unite the country. Human-made concepts like differences in religious beliefs, culture, and economic activity also act as centrifugal forces. You can also find thousands of practice questions on Albert.io. Another example is the ideological differences between the Shiite and Sunni Muslims, acting as a centrifugal force because their differences in ideology are polarizing rather than unifying. National institutions and symbols can also rally a country together in spite of division. You need to make sure you understand the differences between centrifugal and centripetal forces and how they can unite and divide a country’s population. retry. Richer areas of the country can also feel put upon by having to provide subsidies to poorer ones. Despite subsidies, the development gap is growing. Religion and language are tied closely with culture and emote strong, sometimes overpowering feelings of unity and are examples centripetal forces within in a state. Attention: This post was written a few years ago and may not reflect the latest changes in the AP® program. Ethnicity is important because it is a bulwark for diversity in the face of the globalization of culture. AP Human Geography: Practice Tests and Flashcards, Devolution Of Countries: Centripetal & Centrifugal Forces, Nationalistic forces that tend to bind a country together are called, Pakistan recently moved its capital from Karachi, in the South, to Islamabad in order to encourage growth in the country and in the region around Islamabad in particular. Learn how your comment data is processed. This AP® Human Geography study guide will explore those forces that divide (centrifugal) or unify (centripetal) a country.