There are important similarities between remedies used to treat humans and other animals: two thirds of the remedies used in ethnoveterinary medicine are also used in human health care, and these represent half of the human health treatments. These results highlight the interest of coriander by-products as raw materials for producing fiberboards with low impact on indoor air quality. Cumin has an overpowering smell and should be used very sparingly, yet it is considered non-toxic, non-irritant and non-sensitizing. Further, the valorization of these oils as functional ingredients in moisturizing cream formulas showed a positive impact on the overall emulsions structure and quality. ; Chemat, F.; Smadja, J. CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITIES OF BLACK SEED OIL (NIGELLA SATIVA L.) S. Dinagaran 1, S. Sridhar *1 and P. Eganathan 2. A higher moisture content and lower hardness were observed after bread fortification, the influence was more evident with the defatted cake than with seed powder. The major compounds in all cumin oils were the monoterpenes beta-pinene, p-cymene and gamma-terpinene and the terpenoid aldehydes cuminic aldehyde and the isomeric menthadien carboxaldehydes. ; Parvardeh, S.; Ghafghazi, S.; Samadi, S.; Khazaei Poul, Y.; Pouriran, R.; Amiri, S. Antinociceptive and antineuropathic effects of cuminaldehyde, the major constituent of, Dwivedy, A.K. The percentage yields of the essential oils from seeds were 0.81%, 1.28%, 0.64% and 0.52% v/w, respectively. Antimicrobial property, antioxidant capacity, and cytotoxicity of essential oil from cumin produced in Iran. CUMINALDEHYDE 2. ↑ Bettaieb I, Bourgou S, Sriti J, Msaada K, Limam F, Marzouk B. Ramadan, M.F. For MAE method, whole cumin seeds were grinded and suspended in distillated water (1:6 w/v) for 30 min, after this, the sample was extracted at two power levels: 650 and 750 W for 50 min. This research received no external funding. ; Aona, L.Y.S. ; Gan, Z.L. Sayed Ahmad, B.; Talou, T.; Saad, Z.; Hijazi, A.; Merah, O. Evaluation of Nutritional and Technological Attributes of Whole Wheat Based Bread Fortified with Chia Flour. However, the bacteria used in the present study were less sensitive to hydrodistillated cake extracts, since the antibacterial activity of seeds is generally due to essential oils, which play a key role in the defense mechanism of seeds against pathogenic bacteria. The oil was colourless to pale-yellow in colour. Black cumin seeds, frequently known as Black Seeds The pharmacological activities of. Moreover, infection index rates of macrophages revealed remarkable anti-amastigote performances of Bio-AgNPs. ; Zebib, B.; Merah, O.; Talou, T. Essential Oil Composition of, Bettaieb Rebey, I.; Bourgou, S.; Rahali, F.Z. This is the first report evaluating the relationship between the chemical compositions of cumin seeds (based on the analysis of the content of catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, proline, protein, terpenic compounds, alcohol/phenols, aldehydes, and epoxides) and the induction efficiency of somatic embryogenesis in two Iranian superior cumin landraces (Golestan and North Khorasan). ; investigation, B.S.-A., P.E., and O.M. chemical composition was determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Its warm aroma is due to its essential oil content. A research note lipid composition of cumin (. Hasan Khan, M.M. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Interestingly, Cumin extract gave rise to no inhibitory effects against AU565 cells. B. Nat. ; Bendif, H.; Ouabea, A.; Rebbas, K.; Ait Hammou, M.; Amirat, M.; Greene, A.; Teixidor-Toneu, I. Ethnoveterinary remedies used in the Algerian steppe: Exploring the relationship with traditional human herbal medicine. The cakes resulting from both delipidation and hydrodistillation were treated using a Soxhlet extraction apparatus, and ethanol as extracting solvent. The nobility of this study was to assess cuminaldehyde effect on nociceptive and neuropathic pains; furthermore, evaluation of its possible mechanisms of action. Pradeep, K.U. The quality of cumin treated with gamma and microwave irradiation. Different sources of cakes have been used for protein fortification in bread and therefore increased the nutritional and technological attributes [, Moreover, with respect to the biorefinery concept, one other original application of cumin cakes could be the production of binderless fiberboards through hot pressing, with proteins acting as natural binder and fibers as mechanical reinforcement. Name of the compound RT Cumin oil extracted from whole seeds (%) Plants used in ethnoveterinary medicine were compared to those used in human health care using a Chi square test, and ethnoveterinary use was predicted using a generalised linear model with use for human care and plant family as predictive variables. Proc. Moreover, studies on oil fatty acid composition and essential oil were always conducted separately. ; Suma, P.F. Coriander seed oil has been proposed as novel food ingredient in the European Union. The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results. species is present (traditional cultivation) is located in southern Algeria. These residues revealed interesting antioxidant and antibacterial activities. When cytotoxic and anticancer characteristics of Cumin extract were investigated, it was established that it did not show any inhibitory effect on J774 cells, while killing the half of MCF-7 cells at investigated concentrations. Samatha, T.; Shyamsundarachary, R.; Srinivas, P.; Swamy, N. Quantification of total phenolic and total flavonoid contents in extracts of. Sixty-six plant species from 32 botanical families and ten non-vegetable remedies were documented. Use for human health and plant family both predict the use of a medicinal plant in veterinary medicine, but no correlation is found regarding specific therapeutic applications. Results showed that delipidated cake was richer in nutrient than cake obtained after hydrodistillation. Sowbhagya et al. Cumin packs a lot of health benefits into a few tiny seeds. The chemical composition of cumin essential oil used in this study was depicted in Table ... Cumin seeds are used locally in Iran as a fragrant agent for medicinal and aromatic purposes. Rosa, M.; Prado, C.; Podazza, G.; Interdonato, R.; González, J.A. Spent residue from cumin—A potential source of dietary fiber. ; data curation, B.S.-A., S.G., M.C. Emam, O. Data on lipids and essential oils from Lebanon, France, Algeria and Syria have not yet been undertaken. Essential oils from Cuminum cyminum and Pimpinella anisum are toxic to insect pests and vectors without affecting non-target invertebrates, Implications des changements climatiques dans l’agriculture et le développement durable : Cas des hautes plaines sétifiennes, Mustard breeding program for Burgrundy (France). Roche, J.; Bouniols, A.; Cerny, M.; Mouloungui, Z.; Merah, O. Fatty acid and phytosterol accumulation during seed ripening in three oilseed species. ; writing—original draft preparation, B.S.-A., O.M. De plus, l’utilité du tourteau d'extraction comme (ii) substrat pour la fabrication d'agromatériaux par thermopressage et comme (iii) un ingrédient dans des formulations de pain de blé entier a été examinée. The authors declare no conflict of interest. ; Saxena, S.N. biomolecules Article Biochemical Composition of Cumin Seeds, and Biorefining Study Othmane Merah 1,2,* , Bouchra Sayed-Ahmad 1,3, Thierry Talou 1, Zeinab Saad 3, Muriel Cerny 1, Sarah Grivot 1, Philippe Evon 1 and Akram Hijazi 3 1 Laboratoire de Chimie Agro-industrielle (LCA), Université de Toulouse, INRA, INPT, 31030 Toulouse, France; (B.S.- The chosen probability level was 5%. Ethnopharmacological relevance In vitro comparison of antioxidant capacity of cumin (, Bettaieb Rebey, I.; Bourgou, S.; Ben Slimen Debez, I.; Jabri Karoui, I.; Hamrouni Sellami, I.; Msaada, K.; Limam, F.; Marzouk, B. ; Wang, Y.; Zhang, S.M. the chemical composition of essential oil, which compared with other works showed a great similarity8,9. Bread supplementation with chia flour improves its nutritional value, especially in the case of chia cakes. All obtained results validate the health promoting effect of cumin composition as well as its industrial importance along with the residues. The analysis of the biological activity of the cakes shows that the process of delipidation does not affect their antioxidant and antibacterial capacities. ; Dholakia, H.; Kaul Tiku, P.; Vishveshwaraiah, P. Enhancement of digestive enzymatic activity by cumin (, Sowbhagya, H.B. Cumin seed is used as a spice for its distinctive flavour and aroma. In recent years, the progress in the field of green nanotechnology provides the development of green nanoparticle-based treatment methods for Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. Allahghadri, T.; Rasooli, I.; Owlia, P.; Nadooshan, M.J.; Ghazanfari, T.; Taghizadeh, M.; Astaneh, S.D.A. Choice of methods will depend upon the materials analyzed and the purpose for which the values are to be used. Proximate composition and mineral contents of spices. The estimation of carbohydrates in plant extracts by anthrone. However, lead, cadmium and arsenic were not detected in the seeds. The percentage yields of the essential oils from seeds were 0.81%, 1.28%, 0.64% and 0.52% v/w, respectively. This study aims at the investigation of lipid composition of cumin seeds. Juergen Wanner . Essential oils from, Bagirova, M.; Dinparvar, S.; Allahverdiyev, A.M.; Unal, K.; Abamor, E.S. The essential oils of seeds of anise, cumin, fennel and parsley provided from Saudi Arabia were extracted by hydrodistillation, and analysed by GC and GC-MS. reported that partially delipidated cumin residues contain 20% proteins and 5% minerals [, Thus, cumin cakes may have potential uses in various food formulations, showing improved digestibility and good nutritional composition. ; Novruzova, M. Investigation of antileshmanial activities of, Dinparvar, S.; Bagirova, M.; Allahverdiyev, A.M.; Abamor, E.S. The value of this species as a source of healthy oil rich in -3 acid and its effects on cardiovascular disease risk are discussed. ; Silva, L.S. Singh, G.; Singh Kapoor, I.; Pandey, S.K. Methods Antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of caraway (. Obtained results indicated high antileishmanial potential of green nanoparticles on L. tropica parasites, causative agents of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. The GC-MS parameters were 250 °C for the injector temperature, 280 °C for the ion source temperature, 70 eV for the electron ionization, 30–300 amu and 2.77 scan/s for the mass spectra range, 1/100 for the split ratio, and 1 μL pentane solution for the injection volume. Chemical and microbiological characterization of Egyptian cultivars for some spices and herbs commonly exported abroad. The capillary column was a CP-Select CB fused silica WCOT one, with following characteristics: 50 m length, 0.25 mm internal diameter, and 0.25 µm film thickness. Moreover, origins differed for these traits (, The high mineral content found in Lebanese cumin is close to that of Iranian one (9.5%) [, Protein content ranged from 20.9% to 24.7%, depending on origin (, Soluble sugars presented a large variation between the four tested origins (, The observed results were specific to this study and comparisons could be indicative. Antibacterial activity and chemical composition of the essential oil of. Precautions. Chemical composition. ; Prakash, B.; Chanotiya, C.S. These boards could possibly be usable as furniture or building materials, with respect to the indoor air quality. The implementation of renewable resources in the industrial production processes appears to be the most ef- fective way to achieve sustainable development. Petroselinic acid is known to be a general characteristic of the seed oils of Apiaceae species, representing up to 72.6% in the case of a coriander vegetable oil [ 3, 8, 51 ]. The present study reports the anticancer activities of Cuminum cyminum L. (Cumin) seed extract, chemically synthetized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and biosynthesized silver nanoparticles (Bio-AgNPs) from Cumin seeds on human breast adenocarcinoma cell line (MCF-7) and human breast adenocarcinoma metastatic cell line (AU565). Determination of lignin and cellulose in acid-detergent fiber with permanganate. Aims The oil was colourless to pale-yellow in colour. Moreover, this Apiaceae species exhibited high levels of petroselinic fatty acid (an isomer of oleic acid) and sterols. K.K. A rapid procedure for determining cellwall constituents of plants consists of the determination of the fiber insoluble in neutral detergent and is applicable to all feedstuffs. ; Singh, B.; Sharma, L.K. GC-MS analysis identified a total of 32 compounds among which 9-eicosyne (63.04%), linoleic acid (13.48%), palmitic acid (9.68%) were the major constituents. In South Asian cooking it is often combined with coriander seeds in a powdered mixture called dhana jeera. A new biorefining approach of cumin seed has been established (. Forty-six camps and ten weekly animal markets were visited. Indicators chosen to compare the materials were physical properties (density, bending properties, surface hardness, thickness swelling and water absorption) and VOC emissions. Composition of Nigella Sativa (Black Seed). Simon, V.; Uitterhaegen, E.; Robillard, A.; Ballas, S.; Véronèse, T.; Vilarem, G.; Merah, O.; Talou, T.; Evon, P. VOC and carbonyl compound emissions of a fiberboard resulting from a coriander biorefinery: Comparison with two commercial wood-based building materials. The essential oils of seeds of anise, cumin, fennel and parsley provided from Saudi Arabia were extracted by hydrodistillation, and analysed by GC and GC-MS. Cumin seeds are nutritionally rich; they provide high amounts of fat (especially monounsaturated fat), protein, and dietary fibre. Nevertheless, it is important to mention that the chemical composition of cumin seeds varies considerably depending on the variety, the cultivation practices, the planting season, the stage of development, and the climatic conditions [, Chemical characterization of cakes resulting from delipidation and hydrodistillation was performed. EOs contents were found higher than the maximum limits for cumin (1.5% - 2.5% on dry weight basis), but the within the limits for coriander (0.1% - 0.5% on dry weight basis) as indicated by the ES and ISO for cumin and coriander seed oils. ; Semwal, A.D.; Vishwanathan, K.R. ; Maggi, F.; Neko, H.T. 2011 Aug 30;91(11):2100-7. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.4513. Hence more knowledge about composition of lipids of cumin seeds was felt necessary. Cumin seed oil consists of numerous chemical compounds and the major ones among them are aldehydes, monoterpenes hydrocarbons and oxygenated sesquiterpenes that include cumin aldehyde, α-pinene, safranol, linalool, thymol, myrcene, limonene, 1-8-cineole, p-menth-3-en-7-ol, p-mentha-1, 3-dien-7-ol , caryophyllene , β-bisabolene , β-pinene, P-cymene, β-phellandrene, D-terpinene, … DOI: 10.1007/BF02494130. The results indicated that mustard, black cumin, and cress seeds had higher fat content of (38.45%), (31.95%), and (23.19%), respectively, as compared to clove (16.63%), black pepper (5.34%), and fenugreek (4.51%) seeds. and H. axyridis. Cakes and aromatic water also presented high levels of proteins, fibers, sugars and phenols. ; Sun, M.; Corke, H. Antioxidant capacity of 26 spice extracts and characterization of their phenolic constituents. ; software, O.M. Sayed Ahmad, B.; Talou, T.; Saad, Z.; Hijazi, A.; Cerny, M.; Chokr, A.; Kanaan, H.; Merah, O. Fennel oil and by-products seed characterization and their potential applications. Higher temperature resulted in higher emissions which decreased over time, except for formaldehyde. Stefanie Bail. Chemical composition of extracted cumin oil and market cumin oil under study: - The identification of chemical composition of extracted as well as market cumin oil was performed using GCMS. A ce sujet et en se basant sur le concept que les consommateurs partagent la responsabilité de la pollution et de l'épuisement des ressources et leur coût, la mise en oeuvre des ressources renouvelables dans. However, different composition with cuminyl alcohol (30.0%), cuminaldehyde (25.9%), β-pinene (16.3%), p-cymene (15.5%) and α-terpinene (5.6%) in cumin oil were also reported from Pakistan [10]. However, lead, cadmium and arsenic were not detected in the seeds. Higher value was observed for the Syrian origin. Please let us know what you think of our products and services. Oil was conserved in a dark bottle at 4 °C. In this study a review of variation of chemical composition of cumin seed oil from different countries is also evaluated. Composition of Nigella sativa Seeds. The plants most often cited by interviewees are all harvested from the wild (Echinops spinosissimus Turra, Atriplex halimus L., Artemisia campestris L., Juniperus phoenicea L. and Peganum harmala L.). Abstract. However, the fortified bread showed better values than control in terms of sensory profile. Essential oils, phenolics, and antioxidant activities of different parts of cumin (. Studies on essential oils-part thirteen: Natural antioxidant for sunflower oil. Many studies have focused on the analysis of the antioxidant activity of extracts and cumin essential oils [, Antibacterial activities of residual cakes and aromatic water from cumin seeds of French origin were investigated, and the results showed an effective inhibition of pathogenic bacteria for methanolic extract of delipidated cake (, Interest in plants with antimicrobial properties has been revived because of drug resistance associated with the use of antibiotics. You can buy its seeds as well as a ground powder in ready-made packs. Results were defined as mean values ± standard deviations. Juergen Wanner. This research paper is divided into 5 parts and these are 1) introduction – in which basic information of cumin seeds is This review paper may help upcoming research activities on Apiaceae family membersby giving up to date information on their main common features, their origins and traditional backgrounds. and B.S.-A. The fruit, rich in oil, is used in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases. Gopalan, C.; Rama Sastri, B.V.; Balasubramanian, S.K. TPC were determined using the Folin-Ciocalteu [, Aluminum chloride assay through colorimetry [, A modified method from Brand-Williams et al. Biorefining process of cumin seeds applied in the present study. INFLUENCE OF CERTAIN DIETARY PLANT CONSTITUENTS ON PLATELET AGGREGATION . Derakhshan, S.; Sattari, M.; Bigdeli, M. Effect of subinhibitory concentrations of cumin (. … Logistic regressions were also used to test if any specific medicinal application predicts shared use in human and veterinary medicine. Volatile components of cumin seed oil have been reported (Varo and Heinz, 1970), but little information is available on the lipid content and composition of cumin seeds. in bio-refinery system will be crucial. Potassium, phosphorus, sodium and iron were the predominant elements present. Field experiments were performed at Auch (France) during two seasons (2010 and 2011). CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF VOLATILE OIL OF THE SEEDS OF CUMINUM CYMINUM L We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience. Identification of Essential Oil Components by Gas Chromatgraphy/Mass Spectrometry, Oilseeds-Determination of Moisture and Volatile Matter Content, Oilseed Residues-Determination of Total Ash, Animal Feeding Stuffs–Determination of Nitrogen Content and Calculation of Crude Protein Content-Part 1: Kjeldahl Method, Help us to further improve by taking part in this short 5 minute survey, Vitamin D Prevents Pancreatic Cancer-Induced Apoptosis Signaling of Inflammatory Cells, Coumarin Ameliorates Impaired Bone Turnover by Inhibiting the Formation of Advanced Glycation End Products in Diabetic Osteoblasts and Osteoclasts, Subcritical Methanol Extraction of the Stone of Japanese Apricot, Application of Biotechnological Techniques Aimed to Obtain Bioactive Compounds from Food Industry By-Products, The entire chemicals were intraperitoneally injected. Conceptualization, O.M., B.S.-A., T.T., Z.S., and A.H.; methodology, B.S.-A., M.C., S.G., and O.M. The new permanganate lignin method is intended as an alternative procedure to the 72% sulfuric acid method over which it offers definite advantages as well as certain disadvantages. Sect. French and Syrian residues showed the highest antioxidant activities whatever the residual samples (, The antioxidant activity is one of the most important functional activities of cumin that has been noticed in several studies. Essential oils and fatty acids composition of Tunisian and Indian cumin (, El-Ghorab, A.H.; Nauman, M.; Anjum, F.M. This work suggests potential applications for practical uses of cumin seed extracts and their by-products that could then be implanted as a low-cost renewable source in various industrial areas. The field study was conducted in spring 2018 with 201 local knowledge holders in five provinces in the central part of the Algerian steppe. The saponification of vegetable oil (100 mg test sample mass) was conducted at 75 °C and for 20 min by adding 2 mL of a KOH solution, 10% in ethanol. Damasius, J.; Skemaite, M.; Kirkilaite, G.; Vinauskiene, R.; Venskutonis, P.R. les processus industriels apparait comme une clé décisive. Chemical analysis has further revealed that the Black Cumin (Nigella sativa) Seed contains carotene, which is converted by the liver into vitamin A. Our results also highlight that bread making could be an unconventional alternative for the exploitation of defatted chia seed. ; Salama, O. Cuminaldehyde (100 and 200 mg/kg) significantly decreased the latency to nociceptive response in the hot plate test. Chemical composition of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) seed extracts obtained by supercritical carbon dioxide at two different conditions that result in total extract (28 MPa/50°C, SFE 1) and major volatile part (12 MPa/40°C, SFE 2) and essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation of SFE-1 (HD SFE). ; project administration, O.M., Z.S., A.H. and O.M. These results suggest that the addition of chia seed powder and defatted cake can enhance the overall whole wheat bread quality. The chemical composition of the essential oil was examined by GC and GC–MS; 37 components, representing 97.97% of the oil, were identified. Two fused-silica capillary columns were used in this study: a HP-5 MS one, and a Carbowax one, both having the same characteristics (i.e., 30 m length, 0.25 mm internal diameter, and 0.25 μm film thickness). Chemical composition and biological activity of, Sayed Ahmed, B. Etude de L’agroraffinage des Graines d’Apiaceae, Lamiaceae et Chenopodiaceae Pour la Production de Molécules Bio-Sourcées en vue D’application en Industrie Cosmétique. Materials and Methods. The essential oil of the seeds of Cuminum cyminum L. from China was isolated by hydrodistillation in a yield of 3.8%. ; Saxena, S.N. It was attained magnificently that cuminaldehyde exerts antinociceptive and antineuropathic effects through the involvement of opioid receptors, L-arginine/NO/cGMP pathway, and anti-inflammatory function. Chemical pigments are behind these, but what changes to cause peppers to travel through this spectrum of colours? These results represent a milestone to manufacture and commercialize green formulations to be used in crop protection and to combat insect vectors of public importance. ; Bisht, D.; Dubey, N.K. ; Pentti, O.H. Chemical composition of the essential oils obtained from some spices widely used in Mediterranean region. Notre étude met l'accent sur l'évaluation de divers paramètres influençant le rendement et la qualité de l’huile dans les graines d'ATOC, y compris leurs origines géographiques et le procédé d'extraction, et leur impact sur l'activité biologique des extraits de résidus. La renouvelabilité, la recyclabilité, la durabilité, la biodégradabilité sont les concepts de base sur lesquels nous pouvons compter pour protéger la nature et l’environnement. ; Solanki, R.K.; Vishal, M.K. Conclusions SINGH, T. K. GOSWAMI. Similarly, we determined that 87.5% and 96% of MCF-7 and AU565 cells were respectively inhibited when they were exposed to the highest concentrations of Bio-AgNPs. ; Zhao, J.H. [, Bacteria used in this study were (i) three Gram-positive strains (CIP 444. Both the injector and the detector had the same temperature setting, i.e., 250 °C. This difference in the diversity of therapeutic applications and remedies should be the object of future research. In a study on the chemical compositions of the landraces of Indian cumin, the main ingredients of essential oil of terpenic hydrocarbons and aldehydes were reported [2]. Formalin- and acetic acid-induced nociception was significantly inhibited by cuminaldehyde (12.5–50 mg/kg). (Cuminum cyminum) and anise (Pimpinella anisum), which are not only cheap, readily available, generally recognized as safe (GRAS) but also produces larger amounts of essential oils, are gaining interest for botanical insecticide development. The synthetized nanoparticles were characterized by dynamic light scattering (DLS), UV–visible spectroscopy (UV–Vis), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning electron microscopy (SEM). (LC⁠50=25.4 μl L⁠−1) and S. littoralis (LD⁠50=57.3 μg larva⁠−1), whereas cumin was more active on adults of M. persicae (LC⁠50=3.2 ml L⁠−1) and M. domestica (LD⁠50=31.8 μg adult⁠1). Our overall results indicate a good quality of cumin oil that could be used for functional food applications as well as for cosmetic, scented and pharmaceutical applications. Zlatanov, M. Studies on sterol composition of some glyceride oils from family Apiaceae. Cumin Coriander Basil GC-Fractionation Chemical Physical Microbiological Analysis Spices Herbs A comprehensive study was carried out to assess the microbiological, nutritional, biochemical and essential oil characteristics of three Egyptian traditional cultivars seeds, namely, cumin (Cuminum cyminum) and coriander (Coriandum Authors; Authors and affiliations; Hamid Mukhtar; Muhammad Waseem Mumtaz; Tooba Tauqeer; Syed Ali Raza; Chapter. Formaldehyde emission was 300 to 600 times lower for coriander boards (< 0.2 µg m-2 h-1), making them significantly more environmentally friendly materials in comparison with MDF and chipboard. Cumin seeds are extensively used as a condiment and are an essential ingredient in all mixed spices and curry powders; they are also candied. Oil content and fatty acid composition were determined by Soxhlet extraction. ; Hamrouni, I.; Limam, F.; Marzouk, B. Benelli, G.; Pavela, R.; Petrelli, R.; Cappellacci, L.; Canale, A.; Senthil-Nathan, S.; Maggi, F. Not just popular spices! Good-quality cumin shouldrelease pleasant yet peppery flavor when squeezed between index and thumb fingers. Oil accumulation began earlier after flowering (2 DAF) in 2011. it is important to mention that the chemical composition of cumin seeds varies considerably depending. [. and Sayed Ahmad, Bouchra and Talou, Thierry [, (2020) Biomolecules, 10 (7). cumin seeds (3.762%), while both coriander and basil herb had lower amounts (0.285% and 0.686%, respectively). … Potassium, phosphorus, sodium and iron were the predominant elements present. Nowadays; although pentavalent antimonials are used as the basic treatment option for Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, high cost, toxicity and resistance of the parasites to the medication over time are some important limitations causing several problems in the treatment. Brand-Williams, W.; Cuvelier, M.E. Variations in fatty acid composition during maturation of cumin (, Sharma, L.K. ; Li, J.M. Chia flour was added to whole wheat bread rich in vital wheat gluten for the first time. However, the largest areas where this, La croissance démographique, la consommation incontrôlée des ressources naturelles ainsi que l’activité industrielle jouent un rôle déterminant dans la dégradation de l'environnement mondial. Lipid studies of, Hemavathy, J.; Prabhakar, J.V. For example, recently the use of cumin seed as a natural preservative agent in processed cheese is expanded. The seeds … These promising findings are of great economic interest as they can lead to a wild range of novel, bio-based industrial applications from fennel seeds. Moreover, nutrient contents were significantly affected by the geographical origin of the seeds. Cumin seeds are extensively used as a condiment and are an essential ingredient in all mixed spices and curry powders; they are also candied. The major compounds in all cumin oils were the monoterpenes beta-pinene, p-cymene and gamma-terpinene and the terpenoid aldehydes c … Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of Cumin Oil (Cuminum Cyminum, … Health Benefits For generations, people have used cumin to treat conditions ranging from indigestion and diarrhea to headaches. Helium was used as carrier gas at flow rate of 0.6 mL/min. The seeds were collected randomly from Djelfa (300 km South of Algiers, Algeria). Thy, P.; Jenkins, B.M. Cumin is an herb. Conclusion The major fatty acids were oleic (39–49%), linoleic (23.6–31%), and palmitic (21.3–26.6%) acids. As for cholesterol, it has been also detected by Atta (2003) in black cumin seeds from Egypt where it represented 7.2% of TSs, whereas this component is not detected by Ramadan and Mörsel (2002) in N. sativa L. seeds from Turkey.