He tells them that finally they have a chance to rid themselves of the Romans. Ambiorix defends himself in reference to his share in the Gallic combination.—XXVIII.-XXXI. The Gauls, about 60,000 strong, turn to meet the Romans, and Cicero dispatches a lightning swift lad to Caesar, warning him that the enemy has turned in a great tide and is rushing toward him. All the Britains, indeed, dye themselves with wood, which occasions a bluish color, and thereby have a more terrible appearance in fight. When they near Ambiorix, they are told to put down their arms and while Ambiorix discusses peace with Sabinus, they are all surrounded and killed. The Gaul apprehending danger, throws his spear as he has been directed. Sabinus' plan to march is accepted and it is announced that the troops will march at dawn. 5 Gallōs ab AquÄ«tānÄ«s Garumna fl … I. Caesar orders a large fleet of peculiarly constructed ships to be built; proceeds against the Pirustae; they submit.—II. After launching these, because he had a large number of prisoners, and some of the ships had been lost in the storm, he determines to convey back his army at two embarkations. English Translation: Latin Text: 1.1 All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, another the Aquitani, the third those who by their language are called Celts, by ours Gauls. 32 But the enemy, after they had made the discovery of their intended departure by the noise during the night and their not retiring to rest, having placed an ambuscade in two divisions in the woods, in a suitable and concealed place, two miles from the camp, waited for the arrival of the Romans: and when the greater part of the line of march had descended into a considerable valley, they suddenly presented themselves on either side of that valley, and began both to harass the rear and hinder the van from ascending, and to give battle in a place exceedingly disadvantageous to our men. His state wars, he says, because of Gallic pressure. The defeat destroys Indutiomarus' plans but Caesar wants to make sure that the enemy does not reorganize. from your Reading List will also remove any The mission is successful; Caesar does receive the message late in the day and in turn sends a quick message to Crassus, twenty-five miles away, instructing him to start at midnight and join Caesar's troops. Varenus rushes on briskly with his sword and carries on the combat hand to hand, and having slain one man, for a short time drove back the rest: while he urges on too eagerly, slipping into a hollow, he fell. 37 Sabinus orders those tribunes of the soldiers whom he had at the time around him, and the centurions of the first ranks, to follow him, and when he had approached near to Ambiorix, being ordered to throw down his arms, he obeys the order and commands his men to do the same. The bold resistance of the Britons; they are defeated.—X. The rest of the army is too far away to help in time, so Caesar decides to use 400 horsemen from the nearest cantonments. The climate is more temperate than in Gaul, the colds being less severe. Caesar goes to port Itius; his policy in taking certain Gallic chieftains with him to Britain.—VI. Pullo dashes outside and Vorenus, not wanting to be outdone, joins him. 29 In opposition to those things, Titurius exclaimed, �That they would do this too late, when greater forces of the enemy, after a junction with the Germans, should have assembled; or when some disaster had been received in the neighboring winter-quarters; that the opportunity for deliberating was short; that he believed that Caesar had set forth into Italy, as the Carnutes would not otherwise have taken the measure of slaying Tasgetius, nor would the Eburones, if he had been present, have come to the camp with so great defiance of us; that he did not regard the enemy, but the fact, as the authority; that the Rhine was near; that the death of Ariovistus and our previous victories were subjects of great indignation to the Germans; that Gaul was inflamed, that after having received so many defeats she was reduced under the sway of the Roman people, her pristine glory in military matters being extinguished.� Lastly, �who would persuade himself of this, that Ambiorix had resorted to a design of that nature without sure grounds? To him Caesar had restored the position of his ancestors, in consideration of his prowess and attachment toward him, because in all his wars he had availed himself of his valuable services. Thither he proceeds with his legions: he finds the place admirably fortified by nature and art; he, however, undertakes to attack it in two directions. He easily gains over the Nervii by this speech. He offers great rewards for those who should kill him: he sends up the cohorts as a relief to the horse. The Romans are in trouble immediately and Sabinus panics. Caesar demands forty hostages from them, and corn for his army, and sends Mandubratius to them. Irtaza_Fiaz. Cotta and the others oppose Sabinus, and Sabinus seemingly consents to their pressuring arguments, but tells them that if they are wrong that the troops will need an explanation. Pompey and M. Crassus were consuls), those Germans [called] the Usipetes, and likewise the Tenchtheri, with a great number of men, crossed the Rhine, not far from the place at which that river discharges itself into the sea. The Senones, however, which is a state eminently powerful and one of great influence among the Gauls, attempting by general design to slay Cavarinus, whom Caesar had created king among them (whose brother, Moritasgus, had held the sovereignty at the period of the arrival of Caesar in Gaul, and whose ancestors had also previously held it), when he discovered their plot and fled, pursued him even to the frontiers [of the state], and drove him from his kingdom and his home; and, after having sent embassadors to Caesar for the purpose of concluding a peace, when he ordered all their senate to come to him, did not obey that command. Rebekahgracew. 4:1 The following winter (this was the year in which Cn. "). He orders the legion to set forward in the middle of the night, and come to him with dispatch. He appoints Crassus over Samarobriva and assigns him a legion, because he was leaving there the baggage of the army, the hostages of the states, the public documents, and all the corn, which he had conveyed thither for passing the winter. Sabinus, of course, has not expected this move and is quite unprepared and ineffective in the chaotic scene. The quarters of Cicero attacked by the Eburones; he sends intelligence to Caesar.—XLIV. SUBSCRIBE TO READ OR DOWNLOAD EBOOK FOR FREE. The enemy, having remained only a short time, did not sustain the attack of our soldiers, and hurried away on the other side of the town. The enemy soldiers, naturally enough, are encouraged and, hoping mightily for booty, keep their position and fight with new courage. Next day, small parties begin attack on the Roman horsemen. Immediately the whole host turn from Pulfio to him, supposing the other to be pierced through by the javelin. 23 When he had received the hostages, he leads back the army to the sea, and finds the ships repaired. Still, however, they resent having their actions made defensive by the enemy. The flame having abated a little, and a tower having been brought up in a particular place and touching the rampart, the centurions of the third cohort retired from the place in which they were standing, and drew off all their men: they began to call on the enemy by gestures and by words, to enter if they wished; but none of them dared to advance. Two of the centurions, Titus Pullo and Lucius Vorenus, are confirmed rivals and have long competed with each other during the fight. 14 The most civilized of all these nations are they who inhabit Kent, which is entirely a maritime district, nor do they differ much from the Gallic customs. 22 While these things are going forward in those places, Cassivellaunus sends messengers into Kent, which, we have observed above, is on the sea, over which districts four several kings reigned, Cingetorix, Carvilius, Taximagulus and Segonax, and commands them to collect all their forces, and unexpectedly assail and storm the naval camp. In the mean time, while they treat upon the terms, and a longer debate than necessary is designedly entered into by Ambiorix, being surrounded by degrees, he is slain. There, as in Gaul, is timber of every description, except beech and fir. And it so happened, that out of so large a number of ships, in so many voyages, neither in this nor in the previous year was any ship missing which conveyed soldiers; but very few out of those which were sent back to him from the continent empty, as the soldiers of the former convoy had been disembarked, and out of those (sixty in number) which Labienus had taken care to have built, reached their destination; almost all the rest were driven back, and when Caesar had waited for them for some time in vain, lest he should be debarred from a voyage by the season of the year, inasmuch as the equinox was at hand, he of necessity stowed his soldiers the more closely, and, a very great calm coming on, after he had weighed anchor at the beginning of the second watch, he reached land at break of day and brought in all the ships in safety. These things were reported to Caesar by several persons. 35 Which command having been most carefully obeyed, when any cohort had quitted the circle and made a charge, the enemy fled very precipitately. Probably, he decides, troops have been there, but they have no doubt been frightened by the sight of the massive Roman fleet. ‎Commentarii de Bello Gallico (English: Commentaries on the Gallic War) is Julius Caesar's firsthand account of the Gallic Wars, written as a third-person narrative. 52 Caesar, fearing to pursue them very far, because woods and morasses intervened, and also [because] he saw that they suffered no small loss in abandoning their position, reaches Cicero the same day with all his forces safe. 45 In proportion as the attack became daily more formidable and violent, and particularly, because, as a great number of the soldiers were exhausted with wounds, the matter had come to a small number of defenders, more frequent letters and messages were sent to Caesar; a part of which messengers were taken and tortured to death in the sight of our soldiers. He has more reason than to consider talking as Sabinus did; he is in a situation of disadvantage but sticks to an intelligent plan and refuses to leave his camp. Many Britons are killed simply because there is no time for them to get out of their chariots. The first load leaves, but there is bad weather on the return trip to Britain and very few of the ships, including the new ones built by Labienus, make the rendezvous. More messages, meanwhile, continue to be sent to Caesar, but the bearers continue to be captured, tortured, and killed within sight of the camp. Ambiorix quickly tells his troops to keep at a safe distance in case of another Roman charge. These having advanced a little way, when already the rear [of the enemy] was in sight, some horse came to Caesar from Quintus Atrius, to report that the preceding night, a very great storm having arisen, almost all the ships were dashed to pieces and cast upon the shore, because neither the anchors and cables could resist, nor could the sailors and pilots sustain the violence of the storm; and thus great damage was received by that collision of the ships. But they know they can withstand the enemy from their entrenchment; this they have already demonstrated, and they have enough food and can send for aid, so their courage is bolstered. Our men were equal to them in fighting, both in courage and in number, and though they were deserted by their leader and by fortune, yet they still placed all hope of safety in their valor, and as often as any cohort sallied forth on that side, a great number of the enemy usually fell. He then sends his cavalry and foot soldiers out in a sudden charge. An epic battle follows, in which the Romans own and Ambiorix flees. In Sections 21 and 22 of Book I, Caesar receives valuable information and acts immediately to gain a favorable battle position.