The CMYK color codes, used in printers, are C:90 M:69 Y:0 K:35. Naupa Iglesia: An Egyptian Portal in the Andes? One of the naturally blue objects that the Egyptians had access to was lapis lazuli, a deep blue semi-precious stone  which could be ground up into powder, although this was a luxury item and had to be imported from Afghanistan. Norimitsu Odachi: Who Could Have Possibly Wielded This Enormous 15th Century Japanese Sword? Its color is due to a calcium-copper tetrasilicate CaCuSi4O10 of the same composition as the naturally occurring mineral cuprorivaite. 3 Problems to Remember When Trying to Find Atlantis. In addition, Egyptian blue was used to produce a ceramic glaze known as Egyptian faience. Fig 2: Hunting in the marshes (fragment) , tomb chapel of Nebamun (1400-1300 BC). The mythical mushroom portals of the supernatural, The origins of human beings according to ancient Sumerian texts, The Cat Came Back: A More Than Mythical History – Part I, Floki and the Viking Discovery of Iceland. [Online] Available at:, McCouat, P., 2014. If the pigment is ground coarsely, it produces a rich, dark blue, while very finely-ground pigment produces a pale, ethereal blue. If we read from... What's your favourite Fairy Tales (and their possible origins), What’s Behind Increasing Paranormal Activity? Sum of RGB (Red+Green+Blue) = 35+66+154=255 (33% of max value = 765).Red value is 35 (14.06% from 255 or 13.73% from 255); Green value is 66 (26.17% from 255 or 25.88% from 255); Blue value is 154 (60.55% from 255 or 60.39% from 255); Max value from RGB is … Elsheimer’s Flight into Egypt: how it changed the boundaries between art, religion and science, The rescue of the fabulous lost library of Deir al-Surian, Lost masterpieces of ancient Egyptian art from the Nebamun tomb-chapel, Floating pleasure worlds of Paris and Edo, Toulouse-Lautrec, the bicycle and the women's movement. Ancient Egyptian Pigment's Future Now Even Brighter. this brown is of different shades starting from light honey to dark brown . lightness. Fig 3: Egyptian faience hippopotamus. There’s a long list of things we can thank the ancient Egyptians for inventing, and one of them is the color blue. Egyptian blue was widely used in ancient times as a pigment in painting, such as in wall paintings, tombs and mummies’ coffins (Fig 2), and also as a ceramic glaze known as Egyptian faience (Fig 3).The fact that it was not available naturally meant that its presence indicated a work that … A German research team has produced new nanosheets for near infrared imaging from ancient ‘Egyptian blue pigment’.. it is most doubted a similar idea of such chemical research back at that time was developed separately, I have noticed this kind of difference viewing images from some tombs of ancient Egyptian especially the one in Dendera and Medinet Habu temple in Luxor, both have really strange BLUE. many have blue eyes . Now, scientists have found it to hold unique qualities that can “reduce building energy consumption and... We have all been told to be ‘careful what we wish for’ or that we ‘only see what we look for’ and maybe some of you have had past partners who claimed that you ‘took them for granted and made them... Egyptian Blue is one of the first artificial pigments known to have been used by man. Etruscans Transported Bees by Boat to Reach the Best Flowers! An Egyptian male, for example, was always depicted with a reddish-brown skin which was achieved by mixing a certain amount of the standard red paint recipe with standard brown. Fig 4: Marble head, Temple of Artemis, Ephesus. This means not only that the presence of Egyptian blue can be identified - as in the detection of the originally blue eyes of the figure in in Fig 4 - but also that decorative patterns which would otherwise have been lost may possibly be able to be detected and reconstructed. The Ghost Ship is a shipwreck that was discovered in the middle of the Baltic Sea. there are many with light green eyes . Egyptian Blue. Scientists now believe that its unique properties may make Egyptian Blue suitable for a variety of modern applications. [Online] Available at:, Hill, J., 2010. British Museum. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained. This emission is extraordinarily powerful and long-lived, but cannot be seen by the naked eye, because human vision does not normally extend into the infrared range of the light spectrum. [Online] Available at:, Choi, C. Q., 2013. In the 19 th century, Egyptian Blue was re-discovered. Its characteristic blue colour, resulting from one of its main components — copper — ranges from a light to a dark hue, depending on differential processing and composition. 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Egyptian Blue RGB Color Code: #1034A6. Therefore, the race to artificially produce a stable blue colourant began rather early. HTML, CSS or hex color code for Egyptian blue is #1034a6. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. The decimal RGB color code is rgb(16,52,166). So called "Egyptian blue" gives color to the night sky in paintings on the walls of Ancient Egyptians’ tombs. My interests range from ‘conventional’ to ‘radical’ interpretations of the archaeological/textual/pictorial data set. This code is composed of a hexadecimal 10 red (16/256), a 34 green (52/256) and a A6 blue component (166/256). Fig 7: Horus, reconstruction of possible original colouring. Variations in the mix would occur in different eras but, overall, remained more or less the same. Egyptian faience (natively called tjehenet; modern archeological terms include sintered quartz, glazed frit, and glazed composition) is not, technically, faience.It is a sintered-quartz ceramic, with a surface vitrification which creates a bright lustre of various colours (blue-green being the most common). Over time, Egyptian blue can discolor due to breakdown of the glass components of the material; in these cases, the bright turquoise color turns to a dark greenish black and the particles often crumble. Its first use could be as early as 3200 B.C. Mode of citation: Philip McCouat, "Egyptian blue: the colour of technology", High quantum yield of the Egyptian blue family of infrared phosphors (MCuSi,,,,,, Egyptian blue was a brilliant blue color first created in ancient Egypt over 4000 years ago. Egyptian blue can also be produced with a violet tone, a manufacturing process that was known to the Assyrians who prepared a purple frit for a glaze, but it is not known if it was ever used as a pigment. Get sample codes, similar colors and more in this page. That is, the almost legendary battle fought between Greeks and Trojans. The equivalent RGB values are (16, 52, 166), which means it is composed of 7% red, 22% green and 71% blue. Blue Colors in Ancient Egypt. The Indian Sage who developed Atomic Theory 2,600 years ago, The Odessa Catacombs: Lost in Eternal Darkness, The Nile: How One River Helped Build a Civilization – 10 Amazing Facts. In the RGB color model, Egyptian blue has red values 16, green value 52 and blue value 166. Egyptian Blue may one day be utilized for communication purposes, as its beams are similar to those used in remote controls and telecommunication devices. Many … That being said, Egyptian Blue forever marks the beginning of the history of the color blue. [Online] Available at:, Gayle, D., 2013. 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Color information #112CB4 (or 0x112CB4) is unknown color: approx Egyptian Blue.HEX triplet: 11, 2C and B4.RGB value is (17,44,180). Messiah on Temple Mount: Are We Nearing the End of Time? Others, however, state that the earliest evidence of the use of Egyptian blue is from the Fourth Dynasty and the Middle Kingdom, around 4,500 years ago. Megalithic Origins: Göbekli Tepe and Ancient Peru - The Same Architects? I believe that intellectual engagement by advocates from both ends of the spectrum would serve to... Read More. Variations in the mix would occur in different eras but, overall, remained more or less the same. Production of Egyptian Blue. In addition, scientists unexpectedly discovered that Egyptian Blue will split into ‘nanosheets’ – a thousand times thinner than a human hair – if stirred in warm water for several days. Egyptian faience hippopotamus. Experiments found that Egyptian Blue has the highly unusual quality of emitting infrared light when red light is shone onto it. Fig 8 :Giovanni Battista Benvenuto, St Margaret, oil on wood 1524. The pigment is made by combining quartz, chalk (calcium carbonate), malachite (copper carbonate) and soda ash (sodium carbonate) and heated from 900° to 1000° C. Permanence and Compatibility. i believe the ancient silk road connected china to egypt and soon after india and turkey was how the formula spread. It was also associated with water and the Nile. Boddy-Evans, A., 2014. It is the oldest synthetic pigment known to Man and its composition, properties, and color are similar to Han blue (BaCuSi 2 O 6) known in they mostly have Turkish blood . Were Other Humans the First Victims of the Sixth Mass Extinction? Baboons were often depicted as blue to emphasise their connection with Thoth whose primary totem was the Ibis bird with its blue plumage. Brief description of Egyptian blue: Very stable synthetical pigment of varying blue colour. Thus, blue was the colour of life, fertility and rebirth. British Museum. Egyptian blue can be mixed with a binder to create paint; it is also often used as a glazing material. Researchers in Serbia have studied a collection of ancient petroglyphs revealing the relationship between a medieval nomadic culture and animals. The oldest known example of the exquisite pigment is said to be about 5000 years old, found in a tomb painting dated to the reign of … Featured image: Left: Egyptian blue shown in an image of Ramses III 1170 BC. It is a copper calcium silicate that was the first synthetic pigment and the most extensively used from the early dynasties in Egypt until the end of the Roman period in Europe. Egyptian Blue, also known as calcium copper silicate, is one of the first artificial pigments known to have been used by man. It has a hue angle of 225.6 degrees, a saturation of 82.4% and a lightness of 35.7%. In the HSL color space #1034a6 has a hue of 226° (degrees), 82% saturation and 36% lightness. Credit: British Museum. Nevertheless, by the New Kingdom, Egyptian Blue was used plentifully as a pigment in painting and can be found on statues, tomb paintings and sarcophagi. It seemed to imply a very ancient trade route. Fig 5: Iris, messenger goddess, Parthenon. Given budgetary constraints, however, we prioritized the Egyptian blue color and used blue instead of red in different areas to accentuate the prosperity and era of peace during Hatshepsut's regency. The phoenix, symbolising the primeval flood and rebirth, was based on the heron. The hexadecimal color code for Egyptian blue is #1034A6 and the RGB color code is rgb(16,52,166). 300,000 years ago, nine human species walked the Earth. The tale of Egyptian blue’s discovery, ‘disappearance’ and rediscovery is a fascinating one, and illustrates beautifully how art can act as a facilitator for the advancement of chemistry. In the HSB/HSV color space, Egyptian blue has a hue of 225.6° (degrees), 90.4 %. The color egyptian blue with hexadecimal color code #1034a6 is a medium dark shade of blue. In the HSV/HSB scale, Egyptian Blue has a hue of 226°, 90% saturation and a … " Egyptian blue" (irtiu, sbedj) was made combining iron and copper oxides with silica and calcium. By bringing together top experts and authors, this archaeology website explores lost civilizations, examines sacred writings, tours ancient places, investigates ancient discoveries and questions mysterious happenings. Each color was created by mixing various naturally occurring elements and each became standardized in time in order to ensure a uniformity in art work. a few have black eyes . Egyptian blue is completely stable in all vehicles. We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives. Meaning of Blue in Ancient Egypt. British Museum. They found that painted in the underground tomb city. Each color was created by mixing various naturally occurring elements and each became standardized in time in order to ensure a uniformity in art work. In fact, the latest blue pigment was discovered by accident in the last decade. In the RGB color model #1034a6 is comprised of 6.27% red, 20.39% green and 65.1% blue. Foursquare uses this color … National Gallery of Denmark. Although heron actually have blue-grey plumage, in Egyptian art they were given bright blue feathers. Color information #23429A (or 0x23429A) is unknown color: approx Egyptian Blue.HEX triplet: 23, 42 and 9A.RGB value is (35,66,154). It was first synthesized in Egypt during the Fourth Dynasty and used extensively until the end of the Roman period in Europe, after which its use declined significantly. This color has an approximate wavelength of 467.9 nm. In a RGB color space, hex #1034a6 (also known as Egyptian blue) is composed of 6.3% red, 20.4% green and 65.1% blue. Talk like an Egyptian: Ancient paint used to decorate Pharoahs' tombs is set to be the basis of telecommunication devices. 3250 BC).,,,,,, Eco-Architecture in Egyptian Blue: Scientists Discover Modern Usage for the 4000-Year-Old Pigment, Investigating the Invisible Color that Ancient People Couldn’t See, Experts discover traces of rare artificial pigment on Egyptian mummy portraits and panel paintings. This color fo… When people from western culture see this color, Egyptian blue (#0c369e), used in advertisements, they may think of some of these attributes: peace, appetite-curbing, self-expression, finance, and maturity. This four-color theory has persisted despite abundant archaeological and analytical evidence to the contrary. as i bet many colors were produced soon after by sharing ideas. Blue was symbolic of the sky and of water. Boggling Bannerstones of Ancient Americans: Were They a Function of Flight or More a Flight of Fancy? Hex Color and RGB Code for Egyptian blue, with Hex Code #1034A6 and RGB code 16, 52, 166 The color is categorized as "dark blue". From the Rokeby Venus to Fascism Pt 1: Why did suffragettes attack artworks? The actual composition of samples found at ancient sites varies considerably. After 2500 BCE, the Ancient Egyptians went into mass manufacture of blue pigments and produced three different hues of blue. Now there’s just one. you see we are a people with all sorts of eye color . British Museum. The Neanderthals, Homo neanderthalensis, were stocky hunters adapted to Europe’s cold steppes. there was extensive research done by egyptians to come up with this invented color or paint. Was the Chinese earlier or a copy of this? This color fo… Credit: British Museum. saturation and 35.7 %. The Ancient Greek historian Herodotus, who visited Egypt in the 5th century B.C.E., saw the Egyptians face-to-face and described them as black-skinned with woolly hair. The Carnac Stones have been one of the most puzzling archaeological artifacts in the world for hundreds of years. Egyptian Blue has been found in numerous Greek and Roman objects, including statues from the Parthenon in Athens and wall paintings in Pompeii. Our open community is dedicated to digging into the origins of our species on planet earth, and question wherever the discoveries might take us. Egyptian blue is an artificial copper calcium silicate with the assumed chemical formula of CaCuSi 4 O 10. Fig 6: Horus, sun god, Roman Egypt. The manufacture of Egyptian Blue eventually spread beyond Egypt’s borders, and can be found throughout the Mediterranean. Considering that Egyptian blue was the principal blue pigment used in ancient Egypt, this was our first guess. Egyptian Blue, also known as calcium copper silicate, is one of the first artificial pigments known to have been used by man. Egyptian blue—the first color to be synthetically produced—was invented in Ancient Egypt around 2,200 B.C., around the same time the Great Pyramids were built. I remember seeing some documentary on this and the Chinese pigment. The oldest known example of the exquisite pigment is said to be about 5000 years old, found in a tomb painting dated to the reign of Ka-Sen, the last pharaoh of the First Dynasty. The pigment Egyptian blue was always a manufactured product. The origins of Western alchemy can be traced back to Hellenistic Egypt, in particular to the city of Alexandria. Hunting in the marshes (fragment), tomb chapel of Nebamun. British Museum. This question continues to go unanswered by the academic and archaeological world. Was there ever a Trojan War? Egyptian blue, a copper calcium silicate (CaCuSi 4 O 10), is a glassy blue pigment with a hue ranging from light to dark, depending on the size of its grains, that is made by firing quartz, sand, lime, natron or plant ash, and copper or bronze at 900 to 1,000 degrees Celsius for more than 24 hours, probably in a cylindrical open vessel. For example, the British Museum has a set of six paint pots excavated from what is believed to have been an artist’s studio in the Fayum basin; in one of the pots is a blue pigment that has been identified as Egyptian blue. Ancient Origins © 2013 - 2020Disclaimer - Terms of Publication - Privacy Policy & Cookies - Advertising Policy - Submissions - We Give Back - Contact us. In the HSL colour scale, it has a hue of 225.6° (degrees), 82.4 %. [Online] Available at:, I am a university student doing a BA degree in Archaeology. Egyptian Blue remained one of the only blue coloring agents until the mid-300s BC. RGB Right: Egyptian Blue pigment. Yellow (khenet or kenit), symbolized the sun and eternity. [Online] Available at:, Pigments through the Ages, 2014. While the use of Egyptian blue in modern high-tech applications is still in its infancy at this stage, it does seem that its future is a bright one. The hydraulic telegraph of Aeneas – long-distance communication of antiquity. Most likely, it was shared as result for need of trade, the silk road provided that connection. Spectacular and Ancient Dacian fortresses in the Mountains of Romania, Altai Rock Art Images Reveal Insights Into Ancient Nomadic Culture, Recent Dig Unearths Eight Tombs at Ancient Elis Necropolis, The Prehistoric Survivors of the Doggerland Tsunami Event, Runriket, Where the Power Struggle of a Viking Ruler is Written in Stone. Egyptian Blue has the hex code #1034A6. Moreover, Egyptian blue could be used in advanced biomedical imaging, as its near-infrared radiation is able to penetrate through tissue better than other wavelengths. This produced a rich color however it was unstable and sometimes darkened or changed color over the years. Egyptian blue is a synthetic pigment, one of the first synthetic pigments ever produced, made by heating together copper, silica (sand), lime (calcium oxide) and an alkali such as natron (sodium sesquicarbonate). the most common eye color is brown . Image source. An Egyptian male, for example, was always depicted with a reddish-brown skin which was achieved by mixing a certain amount of the standard red paint recipe with standard brown. Both seemed to have unusual properties. The Nephilim: Giant Offspring of the Sons of God and the Daughters of Man? 'Egyptian Blue: The Colour of Technology', in Journal of Art in Society. In October 2018, I wrote an Ancient Origins article about Egyptian blue, a brilliant blue color first created in ancient Egypt over 4000 years ago and used to adorn the crown of the world famous bust of Nefertiti. The excavations at Pompeii revealed that many wall paintings had Egyptian Blue on them, and this prompted scientists to investigate the exact composition of this pigment. 1 The Egyptian artists wanted a cheap, mass-produced pigment that mimicked the beauty of this precious mineral, and production of Egyptian Blue met those requirements perfectly. This color isn't popular for cars. It is made by heating a mixture of a calcium compound (typically calcium carbonate), a copper-containing compound (metal filings or malachite), silica sand and soda or potash as a flux, to around 850-950 C. In Egyptian belief, blue was considered as the colour of the heavens, and hence the universe. Artisans eventually created new formulations for more affordable blue pigments. Image source . The hexadecimal RGB code of Egyptian Blue color is #1034A6. these are mostly in Mansoura and Menya in Upper Egypt . At Ancient Origins, we believe that one of the most important fields of knowledge we can pursue as human beings is our beginnings. As an ink solution, Egyptian blue opens up new ways for its incorporation into modern appliances, such as the development of new types of security ink and possibly as a dye in the biomedical field. Therefore, it is not too surprising that the Egyptians sought to produce a synthetic pigment to use as a substitute for the blue lapis lazuli. Whereas in a CMYK color space, it is composed of 90.4% cyan, 68.7% magenta, 0% yellow and 34.9% black. It is completely light fast. Since then, researchers have gained a much deeper understanding of its unique properties. In fact, the earliest evidence of the first-known synthetic pigment, Egyptian blue, has been dated to the pre-dynastic period (ca. Despite its extensive application in art, Egyptian Blue ceased to be used, and its method of production was forgotten when the Roman era came to an end. Egyptian blue is a synthetic blue pigment made up of a mixture of silica, lime, copper, and an alkali. The goal of Ancient Origins is to highlight recent archaeological discoveries, peer-reviewed academic research and evidence, as well as offering alternative viewpoints and explanations of science, archaeology, mythology, religion and history around the globe.