Constantly soggy soil can and often will cause root rot or other harmful or deadly plant diseases. The second reason for lack of fertilization could be due to the fact that this plant is a garden hybrid and that cross-pollination is required to effect fertilization. He thought that there are several reasons why good yields might not always be obtained: The names "Russian Olive" and "Oleaster" apply to many species of the Eleagnus genus. The fruit does contain a rather large seed, however, but this is no real problem since the seed is also edible, with a very mild flavour. All other species of Laurel hedging are poisonous to horses and we recommend choosing Bay Laurel hedging if it is likely that horses may come into contact with your hedge. Let us return to the species that this chapter is mainly concerned with. They are also very easy to pick, and a single plant may produce several hundred fruits. The only problem that they do seem to suffer from is that sometimes whole branches die out for no apparent reason. This is taken in lengths 10 - 12cm long with a heel during winter and placed in a shady position in a frame. The Silverthorn is also closely related to the Autumn Olive and Russian Olive, both of which have edible fruit as well (E. umbellata, E. angustifolia. Answered by Alisma on November 6, 2016 Certified Expert . Nevertheless they should be treated with some caution. It is a large, bushy, rounded shrub that typically grows to 8-10' tall and as wide. A dense evergreen shrub with upright, spineless branches densely cloaked with silver-scaled green foliage. Yes, excluding Bay Laurel. Is this natural? Plants are fairly hardy in temperate areas, though they are probably not suited for the coldest. When grown in orchards, for example, they can increase the yields of fruit trees by up to 10% (this is especially the case with plums and nuts which respond more to nitrogenous fertilization). E. pungens. Bamboo . Very small, intensely fragrant flowers open in fall and are followed by small red berries. No idea, all I can tell you is the fruits of Elaeagnus are edible, and the plants are not considered toxic to humans. It is an extremely resilient plant able to tolerate a variety of conditions, and is often grown as a windbreak.. Silvery new growth adds seasonal interest to this evergreen shrub. They take about 12 months to root. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Also, several Asiatic species of Elaeagnus have become established as introduced species in North America, with some of these species being considered invasive, or even designated as noxious, in portions of the United States. Many Elaeagnus species harbor nitrogen-fixing organisms in their roots, so are able to grow well in low-nitrogen soils. Either put them in individual pots and leave them for 12 months, or put them all into one pot and then pot them up into individually as soon as roots are seen (towards the middle of spring in warmer parts of Britain). They can become invasive in many locations where they are established as exotic species. Evergreen or semi-deciduous shrub, 8-10 ft (2.4-3 m) high and wide, upright, dense. Clusters of inconspicuous, yet highly fragrant yellow flowers appear in summer. Elaeagnus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Coleophora elaeagnisella and the Gothic moths. However, he felt that this is probably not a reason for poor yields since some of the plants he monitored for several years produced exceptional crops every year in both mild and harsh winters. There are also a number of closely related species with exactly the same uses, though perhaps without all of the potential of E. x ebbingei. Are eleagnus plants poisonous to horses. Plants are, in general, better suited to milder areas and they may not fruit that far north. Elaeagnus pungens NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. E. x ebbingei is an evergreen shrub growing perhaps 5 metres high and eventually about the same wide. It is also fairly common for small plants growing in pots to flower and fruit quite well, but then stop flowering when planted in the open ground. Elaeagnus ebbingei 'Gilt Edge' We are waiting for our young plants to settle down before we know if they will fruit in the open ground. Tiny, fragrant, silvery flowers in fall are followed by red ornamental berries. Leaves are 24 inches long; they are silvery on both sides … The Elaeagnus Ebbingeii suits hedges of four to eight feet in height, and we would recommend planting this hedge eighteen to twenty-four inches apart. These include: Let us return to the species that this chapter is mainly concerned with. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is an invasive shrub in central and eastern United States. A superb hedge or low screen that tolerates heat and wind, and requires little maintenance. This means that all members of the family are excellent companion plants. It has cool bi-colored green and gold leaves and it's just as tough as it's relatives. 5m (16ft) by 5m (16ft) Whilst this does seem to be a possibility with some of the plants that observed, it is by no means a general rule, as some isolated plants still produce very good yields of fruit. Before we go into specific details of this plant, it is interesting to consider some of the plants that are related to it. Within a few years the Elaeagnus had filled in the gaps, restoring shelter from the winds. A splendid combination of golden yellow margins on bright green foliage provides wonderful year-round interest in the landscape. There still needs to be much research, however, in order to determine the best conditions for obtaining regular and large crops of fruit. One of the toughest evergreens on the planet. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. However, Ken tended to disregard this possibility because he had seen fruits formed without the flower even opening, suggesting some sort of self-fertilization. Elaeagnus × submacrophylla, formerly known as Elaeagnus × ebbingei, is a hybrid between Elaeagnus macrophylla and Elaeagnus pungens.Several cultivars, including 'Gilt Edge', are grown in gardens as ornamental plants. The flowers are small, with a four-lobed calyx and no petals; they are often fragrant. I have seen small pot- grown specimens with quite good yields, but once the plants are put into the open ground they seem to put more energy into vegetative growth and do not flower for a while. Vibrant foliage edged in gold creates a striking display in the sunny border. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Any dead branches should be removed from the plant. Silverberry is a very beautiful ornamental evergreen shrub.. It’s native to the Americas and is a perfect alternative to invasive Russian Olive.. Summary: key silverberry facts. We will not sell or share your email address. There are a few varieties of Silverberries available, but the most common is 'Gilt Edge'. Ebbengei Elaeagnus is an upright, dense, evergreen shrub with spineless branches that matures at 8 to 10 feet tall and wide. The Silverthorn, Elaeagnus pungens, came from China and Japan to North America some 200 years ago in the early 1800’s.It’s an ornamental landscape plant often used for hedges and barriers. Most, if not all, of the species in the family have edible seeds. E. macrophylla. Stems and new growth are accentuated by brown scales. They have shown considerable resistance to honey fungus and, apart from slugs eating out the young shoots of small plants, they are not usually attacked by insects, pests or diseases. The family as a whole contains many plants of interest. [2], The vast majority of the species are native to temperate and subtropical regions of Asia. The plant is very tolerant of site conditions, the only situation that is a definite no-no is one that becomes waterlogged. Height – 6 to 10 feet (2 to 3 meters) depending on the variety Exposure – full sun, part sun Soil – ordinary As soon as the seedlings are large enough to handle they should be planted into individual pots and then grown on in a cold greenhouse or frame at least until the following spring before planting out into their permanent positions. Elaeagnus ‘Limelight’ (Elaeagnus x ebbingei ‘Limelight’) is a variety of Oleaster that is primarily grown as a garden ornamental.It could also be grown as part of an edible garden or permaculture landscape.. Otherwise, you may prefer to choose an alternative species. It is commonly grown in gardens and there are many named forms, most of which are variegated. A tough pollution tolerant shrub that makes an ideal informal hedge or screen. It is in leaf all year, in flower from October to January, and the seeds ripen from April to May. Plants can be a little slow to establish in their first year (do not buy bare-rooted plants since they do not like the disturbance) but then settle down and can make new growth of 75cm or more in a year. The three genera are: Whilst all members of this family produce edible fruits, those of Shepherdia contain saponins and can cause poisoning. Left to its own devices, a wild disorganised thing so whatever we do with it, clipping is always involved. The fruit is a fleshy drupe containing a single seed; it is edible in many species. The beauty of the elaeagnus is subtle but powerful: a slight silver shimmer on the green leaves, the almost invisible flowers with a knockout fragrance. A combination of the very ornamental variegated cultivar Gilt Edge, together with the closely related E. pungens Variegata alongside E. x Ebbingei led to very good yields in a couple of sites. Apart from producing edible fruits, most species also have a wide range of other uses. Excellent as a hedge, backdrop or specimen, Olive Martini provides sturdy structure and stable color. It does have an inedible fibrous protective coat - you can either eat both fruit and seed together and then spit out the fibrous remains or you can just eat the fruit, spit out the seed then peel it before eating it. Elaeagnus x ebbingei 'Gilt Edge' Sku #3193. It is hardy to zone (UK) 6 and is not frost tender. Elaeagnus x ebbingei Bulleen Art & Garden Uncategorized July 1, 2016 October 28, 2019 Edible Gardening Info , Fragrant Plants , Fruiting Vines & Shrubs , Hedging & Screening Plants My main use for this shrub is using it where nothing else will survive, or when everything I try just limps along, not quite dying, but certainly not thriving. Thornless. Unusually, Elaeagnus ebbingei (Oleaster) produces subtly fragrant white flowers in autumn and small orange fruits in spring. Stored seed usually germinates quite well if you are patient. Weather conditions. However, we have since read that to get fruit it needs to have a different variety close by for pollination. Elaeagnus growing in pots appreciate a moist, but well-drained soil. Fragrant silvery flowers appear in autumn followed by orange berries in spring. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Pet-Friendly Plants. * Important announcements and news The true species is not often grown, though the very similar hybrid E. x reflexa is often wrongly labelled as this plant. SALCOMBE SEEDLING This, to my eyes at least, seems to be identical to the type species. See how RHS can give expert advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. The leaves are dark green with silver speckles and silver coloured undersides, which look stunning where the wind will blow the leaves to expose the undersides. It can fix Nitrogen. These bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Height and spread: 10-15ft (3-4.5m). Its leaves have silver scales on the underside of the leaf surfaces. Placing it in a plastic bag with moist sand and then giving it four weeks warmth at around 15 -20C followed by 12 weeks cold stratification at about 1C can help. Elaeagnus x ebbingei. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Keep the slugs and snails away, or they will decimate the plants. Several species are cultivated for their fruit, including E. angustifolia, E. umbellata, and E. multiflora (gumi). Many of these seedlings will not succeed, but you should end up with about 40 - 60% of vigorous plants. [2] Elaeagnus triflora extends from Asia south into northeastern Australia, while E. commutata is native to North America, and Elaeagnus philippinensis is native to the Philippines. Olive Martini™ Elaeagnus. The database has more details on these plants: Elaeagnus x ebbingei, Hippophae rhamnoides, Hippophae rhamnoides turkestanica. The plants are said to be hardy to about -20 C, though of course this is an arbitrary figure and the actual cold hardiness will also depend on other factors such as wetness and exposure. Elaegnus x ebbengii ‘Viveleg’ PP20177. These fruits are the shape of a rugby ball and can be 2cm or more long and 1cm wide. * Exclusive content not on the website The simple answer to this is to only trim the hedge in the spring, after harvesting the fruit. They grow well at Edinburgh Botanic Gardens in Scotland though are defoliated in harsh winters. Branchlets lack spines. Some plants are so exciting and have so much potential for the permaculture grower, that it is surprising they are not better known. We have lots of 10 litre stock turned yellowish colour. These seeds have a mild flavour, can be eaten raw or cooked and are a rich source of protein and fats. Ken Fern knew of several plants, however, that regularly produced heavy crops, including one superb hedge. Unless fully ripe, these fruits can be quite astringent, but as they ripen they develop a very acceptable flavour and at their peak of ripeness they become very pleasant, almost delicious. EBBENGEI ELAEAGNUS Elaeagnus ebbingei AKA: Silverberry. They take 3 -8 weeks to root and must be put into individual pots as soon as possible. It is best to sow fresh seed in the spring in a cold greenhouse and this will usually germinate freely within a month or two. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. When planted under trees it will adopt a semi-climbing habit and will reach its way up into the bottom branches. Our plants are too young and have not flowered as yet. 8 Jun, 2010; Answers. cherry elaeagnus E.ebbingei. Seed does, however, offer the opportunity to develop improved cultivars. Rating Content; Neutral: On Oct 10, 2009, whyteboy_9 from Pueblo, CO (Zone 6a) wrote: There seems to be some confusion about the russian olive/oleaster names and which species is invasive. Too rich a soil. It is very tolerant of pruning, however, and can be easily kept much smaller. [6], The fruit is acid and somewhat astringent. Elaeagnus x ebbingei NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. ... Elaeagnus X Ebbingei 'Coastal Gold' £12.00 at Burncoose . We chose it to give us some privacy from the road, but also because the berries of this hedge are apparently edible. This hybrid species of garden origin, the result of a cross between E. macrophylla and E. pungens (or perhaps E. x reflexa), is commonly grown as a garden ornamental - in the future we hope it will be extensively grown as a multi¬purpose plant in many permaculture systems or woodland gardens. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby. The Elaeagnus plant genus (Elaeagnus spp.) The thorny shrubs can also provide good nesting sites for birds. It was introduced in the 1930s and promoted in the 1950s as a great food for wildlife. Just one such plant is Elaeagnus x ebbingei. Elaeagnus x ebbingei is a fast-growing evergreen shrub with large leaves that have a silvery underside. Elaeagnus x ebbingei. [4], Genus of flowering plants in the family Elaeagnaceae, "Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council Invasive Plant Lists", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Elaeagnus&oldid=960949883, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 June 2020, at 20:14. Stored seed can be very slow to germinate. Leaves alternate, simple, 5-10 cm long, margins ruffled, glabrous and dark green above with silver scales on the surface, the lower leaf surface covered with translucent scales giving a silver sheen and also brown scales (dots), mid-rib brown. It has been seen planted under a line of mature pine trees that had been planted as protection from maritime winds. Tolerant of dry soils and salt, it’s perfect for growing in exposed, coastal gardens. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. LIMELIGHT Another variegated form, this time with a more silvery appearance to the leaves. The thorny shrubs can also provide good nesting sites for birds. Even without taking into account all of the uses that were listed earlier, Elaeagnus x ebbingei is a popular and very useful plant for the garden or farm. With the passage of time these pines had lost their lower branches and the wind was funnelling through, causing considerable problems in the garden. consists of large shrubs or small trees with bushy forms and silvery-gray foliage. Hybrid derived from Elaeagnus pungens. Zones MS, LS, CS; USDA 7-9. E. x ebbingei belongs to the family Elaeagnaceae. Buy Ebbengei Elaeagnus online. Therefore, we recommend a container with a drainage hole(s), and a quality potting soil … Perhaps the leaves are yellowing in preparation for winter (if you are in the northern hemisphere). Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. You will receive a range of benefits including: Sku #3190. Two species (E. pungens and E. umbellata) are currently rated as category II noxious, invasive species in many world regions[2] and by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council. It is as happy in full sun as it is in quite deep shade. It is important to make sure when choosing a hedge that it will suit your garden or property appropriately, especially with pets around - this is where our animal-friendly hedging comes in. Apart from the basic hybrid, there are also a number of ornamental cultivars, most of them displaying some degree of variegation. Elaeagnus ebbingei Hedge Plants Description. The fruit of many members of this family is a very rich source of vitamins and minerals (especially vitamins A, C and E), flavanoids and other bioactive compounds. It is also possible to increase stock by layering plants in the early autumn. All of the species in cultivation are quite wind resistant, indeed the majority of them will grow successfully even in severe maritime exposure. Elaeagnus x ebbingei ‘Gilt Edge’ is an evergreen shrub, bearing leaves with contrasting dark green centres and gold-coloured margins. [2] It makes good tarts. Since most of the species can also be grown as hedges, they can provide a superb protection for windy gardens. Saponins are in fact to be found in several of the foods that we eat (including beans). If the plants are trimmed in late summer (when being grown as a hedge for example) then you will be removing most of the plant's potential for producing fruit. E. x ebbingei flowers and fruits most freely on the current year's growth, though it does also produce short fruiting spurs on old wood. The frost hardiness plus the ability to withstand salty winds is what makes this so outstanding. E. glabra. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database [2][3][4], Elaeagnus plants are deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees. Also, one of the hedges that he monitored was in such a position (in the middle of 6 lanes of constantly congested roadway) that it discourages insect fertilization - yet this hedge always produces a superb crop of fruit. Elaeagnus Ebbingei 4-5ft (120-150cm) in a 15lt pot ... (please do not eat them though as they are poisonous to humans). E. x ebbingei produces insignificant but exquisitely scented flowers in the autumn and then ripens its very attractive fruits in spring. This approach needs more attention - place the cuttings in pots in a closed frame in a shady position and keep them humid by spraying occasionally with water. E. umbellata contains the carotenoid lycopene. One of the Asian species, E. angustifolia, may also be native in southeasternmost Europe, though it may instead be an early human introduction there. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. In order to produce plants that are true to type, it is essential to propagate plants vegetatively. If you think that your animal is ill or may have ingested a poisonous substance, contact your local veterinarian or our 24-hour emergency poison hotline directly at 1-888-426-4435. Firstly, it is possible that there are insufficient pollinating insects around in late autumn to effect fertilization. Elaeagnus ebbingei is the kinder gentler version with nice smooth stems. Elaeagnus Angustifolia £11.50 at Burncoose . Elaeagnus hedges can be maintained at any height from 120-250cm tall and 50-100cm wide. [5], Elaeagnus species are widely cultivated for their showy, often variegated, foliage, and numerous cultivars and hybrids have been developed. All of the species, for example, have potentially edible fruits, though in some cases they are not that desirable. Q. Elaeagnus ebbingei. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. This is a fairly small family comprising just three genera and fifty or so species, yet it contains a very high percentage of plants suitable  for permaculture. Name – Elaeagnus x commutata Family – Elaeagnaceae Type – shrub. It can grow right next to the sea and in such a position would give very good wind protection. It is quite possible that, when grown in very good conditions the plants see no need to reproduce themselves by seed, putting all their energies instead into vegetative growth. "[7], Notable species and hybrids in cultivation include:-, The hybrid Elaeagnus × submacrophylla[8] and the cultivar 'Gilt Edge'[9] have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[10]. The plants are usually very easy to grow. There is also much potential for breeding improved cultivars with larger fruits (though with care to make sure that the nutritional value is not compromised). An excellent hedge, foundation shrub or small accent tree. These species are: Since E. x ebbingei is a hybrid, it will not breed true from seed. Evergreen shrub. [2] This ability results in multiple ecological consequences where these Elaeagnus species are present. Most of the research to date has been with the genus Hippophae, but the fruits of all other members of the family also contain these compounds. This species has huge potential as a commercial crop. Elaeagnus /ˌɛliːˈæɡnəs/,[1] silverberry or oleaster, is a genus of about 50–70 species of flowering plants in the family Elaeagnaceae. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. On plant Elaeagnus. More upright (to 1012 feet high and wide) than its parent, with thornless branches. They are poorly absorbed by the body and are also destroyed by heat so cases of poisoning are rare. How to Root Elaeagnus. Fertilization. These are often too small and fiddly to be worthwhile, though several of the evergreen Elaeagnus species have quite large seeds. Inconspicuous silvery flowers, with an intense fragrance, appear in October, followed by red fruit. It is also a good source of essential fatty acids, which is fairly unusual for a fruit. This happens most frequently when the plants are grafted onto the deciduous E. multiflora, so make sure that any plants you buy are grown on their own roots from cuttings. Cuttings can also be taken of half-ripe wood, 7 - 10cm long with a heel, as soon as fresh growth is available during the early summer. Oleaster hedge (Elaeagnus × ebbingei hedge plants) description A spectacular evergreen, Elaeagnus hedging is admired for its fragrant, bell-shaped, small white flowers and orange berries which, unusually, are produced in the spring as opposed to the autumn, against bronze coloured stems. Saponins have the ability to lather up in water and can be used as soap substitutes -for which reason one of these species has a common name of soap berry. The Royal Horticultural Society has given it … A. Elaeagnus varieties can be deciduous or evergreen depending on the climate. More >>>. The very best fruiting forms have been growing under stress, usually caused by poor soil or a site heavily polluted by vehicles etc. Both the hybrid and 'Gilt Edge' have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. ... Elaeagnus ebbingei – another evergreen with silvery foliage and scented flowers. [2] The alternate leaves and the shoots are usually covered with tiny silvery to brownish scales, giving the plants a whitish to grey-brown colour from a distance. It is said to flower more freely than the type and to have more strongly scented flowers. Trimming. There is research that indicates that consumption of the fruit greatly reduces the incidence of cancer in humans; also that the compounds in the fruit are possibly capable of slowing or even reversing the growth of cancers that are already in the body. E. x ebbingei is an evergreen shrub growing perhaps 5 metres high and eventually about the same wide. There are two possible problems here. It is possible to produce a hedge 1.5 metres tall and only 45cm wide, though this is a bit extreme and  allowing at least 1 metre width would produce a better hedge. This is one of those species that is extremely resistant to maritime exposure and salt-laden winds. COASTAL GOLD This variegated form has been seen bearing a few fruits on a number of occasions and might be a good pollinator for E. x ebbingei. They are red with a very attractive silver marbling effect. I have seen this form with a heavy crop of fruit on a number of occasions and we are recommending it for growing, especially as a pollinator.. We have a row of Oleaster (Elaeagnus x ebbingei) at the front of our garden which we planted last year. When planted under trees it will adopt a semi-climbing habit … Elaeagnus × ebbingei, commonly called oleaster or Ebbing's silverberry, is a cross between Elaeagnus macrophylla × Elaeagnus pungens. Elaeagnus species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Coleophora elaeagnisella and the Gothic moths. It far prefers a well-drained soil, is capable of growing in very poor soils and, once established, is very drought resistant and will succeed in quite dry soils. Not only does it have a very acceptable and nutritious edible fruit and seed, it also has many other uses in the garden and farm - as a good companion, shelter provider, ornamental etc. This species is rather similar in appearance to E. x ebbingei (which is not surprising, since it is one of the parents). Cuttings are the simplest way, and mature wood of the current year’s growth gives the best results. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. There still needs to be quite a lot of research carried out into these plants, they certainly do not fruit well every year, and some plants never seem to fruit. Elaeagnus hedging grows relatively quickly and is ideal for making a small to medium size hedge up to 6ft (180cm) in height. Plants have also been successfully established on the top of Cornish drystone walls (these are made with two walls of stone plus a sandwich of soil between them) and then provide a very good wind protection. This species has shown promise as another fruit crop, and it is probably also the best pollinator for E. x ebbingei. Elaeagnus ‘Quicksilver’ is a large, deciduous shrub with silvery, willow-like leaves. Elaeagnus x ebbingei. All the species have a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria. GILT EDGE This cultivar has bright yellow streaking in the leaves. Elaeagnus x ebbingei is an evergreen Shrub growing to 5 m (16ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a medium rate. Flowering when they do, it is quite possible that the flowers and/or pollen can be damaged by cold weather. The Diseases of Elaeagnus.