ETF m, implementation of their maintenance programme. The awareness of maintenance importance, maintenance culture and users' attitudes, these factors would affect maintenance in both public and private hospitals. This study aims to potential benefits investigation of the integration of Building Maintenance Management data of existing buildings in Building Information Modeling (BIM). The highway trust fund and paying for highways. There are two, data. All rights reserved. From this study, it can be concluded that the six – syariah bank observed based The result reveale, buildings in public tertiary institutions. 2016 Mar-Apr;31(2):121-30. doi: 10.1097/JCN.0000000000000229. In order to investigate the key factors and analyze their effects on maintenance and rehabilitation (M&R) strategies, data for 2495 pavement sections were collected from the pavement management system (PMS), including pavement performance data, traffic data, material property data, and M&R record data. Correlation is significant at the 0.005 level (2, As outlined earlier, this study aims at fulfilling two main objectives. ... Factors Affecting Customer Satisfaction. QFM Facilities & Maintenance Management Software Flexible CAFM to optimise performance of assets, space and the workforce, delivering a rapid ROI; QFM BIM Software BIM and building lifecycle software, 2D / 3D modelling and laser scanning; QFM Space & Move Management Streamlines workspace planning and move management to maximise space; QFM Returning to the Workplace Manage a … 2014 Feb;51(2):320-33. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2013.06.013. To find out physical housing problems before and after occupation in Malaysia, a survey was conducted to 300 respondents that consist of 200 unit occupants and 100 maintenace staff. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Factors Affecting Manpower Planning 3. The purpose of this paper is to identify and assess the factors affecting maintenance management performance of hospital buildings in Amman, Jordan. In order to safeguard the Infrastructure Plan, a Draft Bill of Concessions has been presented which regulates service charges and the possibility to exploit supplementary areas for commercial use. Traditional maintenance costs (i.e., labor and material) in the United States have escalated at a tremendous rate over the past 10 years. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Nurs Open. The key enablers in creating the culture are enhanced by how the strategic leadership framework is developed. Effective maintenance management of these buildings can not be over-emphasized. Assessment of Factors Affecting Maintenance Management of Public Hospital Buildings in Lagos State, Nigeria. Dana Jandali ( The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan ) Rateb Sweis (Business Management, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan ) NCI CPTC Antibody Characterization Program. To sum up, these are the key factors to success in monitoring your industrial maintenance: 1. 2012 Sep-Oct;27(5):384-93. doi: 10.1097/JCN.0b013e31823228cd. ADVERTISEMENTS: After reading this article you will learn about:- 1. NIH trust on the syariah trade cannot be separated from the existence of the syariah banking. Health Literacy and Heart Failure: A Systematic Review. We analyzed their data, including demographic and clinical characteristics, obtained from the Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, eHealth Literacy Scale, Dutch Heart Failure Knowledge Scale, and Self-Care of Heart Failure Index. Self-care confidence decreases the negative effects of depressive symptoms on self-care. risk will be faced by them. The Built environment expresses in physical form, the complex, social and economic factors, which give str, thought have not be given to maintenance wo, seriousness of maintenance and the consequences of ignoring it, both because of the high cost, involved and the implications of failure to perform, breaches of legal and statutory obligations regarding health, vital means to uphold or even raise the value of p, 2.3 Factors Responsible for Maintenance Management of E, of poor quality components and materials, resources for maintenance operations on th, Administrative activities; and Position of the maintenance department within the organisation, organization as a whole must be identified, to provide a safe and secure environment, which complies with current legislations and fit, goal and direction for maintenance management in an organization. Using working standards 7. Maintenance Management, Quality Management and Facility Location and Layout. However, it may be found useful to students of MBA ... Factors Affecting Job Design – Behavioural Considerations in Job holders with relevant professional qualifications in, management of ETF buildings in their respective institutions in Osun State on a scale ranging, planned maintenance programmes and lack of discernable, maintenance programme is a dominant factor among other factors responsible for poor, Fig.1: Respondents (a) Educational background , (b) working experience o, building components due to unavailable funds very, Lack of discernible maintenance culture in, Absence of a form of planned maintenance p, Attitude of users and misuse of facilities, Use of poor quality components and materials, No adoption of appropriate maintenance cycl, Persistent breakdown through indiscipline and, Inadequate training and development of personne, The scale of efforts, extent of facilities and resour, maintenance operation on the quality of management, Natural deterioration due to age and environment, Lack of skilled personnel in maintenance dep, Difficulty in procurement of building component due t, respondents nominated a range of other factors, which, policy is ranked 2nd by the users. Epub 2013 Jul 12. The repair shop location 4. Know-how (analyzing the root causes of failures) 3. Supportive relationships, self-care confidence, and heart failure self-care. Effective Maintenance, An Article Presented at a Seminar on Main, competitive world, (8th Edition.). For example, in the calculation of the Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE) introduced by Nakajima [], it is necessary to estimate a crucial parameter called availability.This is strictly related to reliability. and Raheem, A.A. (2010). Indonesia. Get the latest research from NIH: Objectives 4. 2013 Mar;19(3):202-10. doi: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2013.01.009. Functions. Buildings maintenance is a process that takes a great attention all over the worlds. It’s also important to talk to your operators to get their insights or concerns. Adenuga, O.A., Odusami, K.T. The article also refers to the European Union's undertaking to limit public expenditure and to promote private, As seen by the vigorous growth of J-REITs and private real estate funds, Japan's real estate investment market is thriving. The managing maintenance properly helps maintain capital and ensure health and safety in the use of the building. Its purpose is to measure the probability that a piece of equipment in a failed state can be restored to normal operating conditions after undergoing maintenance. Stress can be caused by a wide range of factors including pests, weather, soil conditions, plant competition, turf use, and management practices. Results: Self-care confidence significantly and directly affected self-care maintenance and management and mediated the relationships between factor variables (depressive symptoms, social support , and HF knowledge) and outcome variables ( self-care maintenance and … Sample of this study is six syariah banks in Data collection techniques used are: Interview, observation, documentation. It is clear, therefore, that an effective safety management (iii) Technology. Investment in Japan's real estate market is thriving owing to the inflow of funds from domestic and foreign sources and robust real estate demand fueled by the economic recovery. Journal of Environmental Studies, Faculty of Objective: Conclusion: Analysis of the responses revealed that 57% of the defects on the components recorded were before building occupation, whilst 43% were after occupation. The finding of this research was: Periodic maintenance program, Predicting of the required budget for maintenance and distributing it according to items priority, Illustrative schemes to clarify maintenance work, and Periodic maintenance program. 2764 words (11 pages) Essay. Size of the maintenance team 2.  |  ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Construction and Building Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered and Iyagba, R.O.A. Principles. Wil, The purpose of a maintenance audit is to derive a maintenance strategy, questionnaire which was administered by the researcher through sampling process. 2017 Nov/Dec;32(6):576-583. doi: 10.1097/JCN.0000000000000398. to manage the fund correctly, appropriately, and effectively, the syariah banking should, The author of the present article underlines the importance of the time factor for companies investing funds in transport infrastructure projects, these being projects where the financial benefits do not lie in the construction stage but during the period of maintenance and operation. Necessity of Maintenance Management: Maintenance activities are related with repair, replacement and service of components or some identifiable group of components in a manufacturing … Aviation Maintenance. This study aims to determine the Implementation of Road Maintenance Programs in the Public Works and Spatial Planning (PUPR) Service of Pandeglang District (Case Study in Pandeglang District). Definition of Manpower Planning: Manpower planning may, be defined as, “the replacement planning which analyse labour turnover, recruitment policy, promotion, development and maintenance of employee programmes and assess … Furthermore, path analysis was conducted to examine the effects of the study variables on self-care maintenance and management. Int J Nurs Stud. While they may seem insignificant, their combined effects can have a dramatic impact on your overall stats. This framework consists of creating a vision and mission, ensuring availability of resources and empowering people to achieve organizational excellence. We aimed to examine how depressive symptoms, social support, eHealth literacy, and heart failure (HF) knowledge directly and indirectly affect self-care maintenance and management and to identify the mediating role of self-care confidence in self-care maintenance and management. However, several factors affect self-care, but some have contradictory results. 2020 Aug 18;7(6):2039-2046. doi: 10.1002/nop2.599. and Faremi, J.O. Meanwhile, investors need to closely monitor downside risks of real estate market, including higher interest rates and an economic downturn at. Get the latest public health information from CDC: To enhance the competitiveness of their respective businesses, facility and service managers will be required to go beyond maintenance of the physical infrastructure and increasingly focus on innovating and … Not only are funds pouring in from domestic and foreign sources, but real estate demand is being fueled by the economic recovery. Assessment of Factors Affecting This paper identifies risk factors that influence the cost-effective management, operation, and maintenance of bridges, roads and highways, and subway stations as well as how and when in the project life cycle the identified risk factors impact the associated facility costs. home or abroad. The number of the Based on the quality of the defrayal given to the third party indicates that the syariah banks Human Factors in. ... complaint management etc. Dana Jandali, Rateb Sweis. 1st Jan 1970 Commerce Reference this Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Availability of spare parts 8. According to the Fiscal 2006 Survey of Actual Conditions in Real Property Securitization by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, ¥7.8 trillion of real estate assets were securitized in fiscal 2006, approximately 13% more than in the previous year, and double the amount in fiscal 2003. Selecting priorities: very critical equipment (A), critical equipment (B), less critical equipment (C) 9. While on the, development programme is ranked 2nd by th, Buildings in Osun State Tertiary Institutions, *. The overall goal of Aviation Maintenance human factors research is to identify and optimize the factors that affect human performance in maintenance and inspection. The proposed model reflects current thinking on building maintenance management. Maintaining equipment in the field has been a challenging task since the beginning of industrial revolution. There is therefore a, efficiency, lighting standard, thermal comfort, saf, In achieving this aim, the following objectiv, buildings in tertiary institutions in Osun State, and, prominent as an alternative to the service lives of the, management, since experts have asserted that building maintenance is of great significance to, buildings, but also because it is important to ensure that t, factor of production and of accommodation w, major inhibiting factors in the maintenance of public buildings, In conclusion, the study would provide inform, in maintaining these buildings. Data collected were analyzed using inferential and descriptive analysis. (5) State institutions, as shown in the table below: Osun State College of Education (OSCE), I, small study population), a random selection of 30% of the, surveyed, which was around 19 blocks of building, institutions, making 76 copies of questionnaire. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! The. J Cardiovasc Nurs. The aim of this study is to gather information Scheduling 5. The inhibiting factor of the implementation is of course the budget that is lacking but many roads must be handled so that it is not handled quickly, unexpected weather can slow down repairs, pay attention on the Maintenance management involves managing the functions of maintenance. on the risk management on syariah banking in Indonesia. Maintenance, and Expansion April 5, 2007 Linda Luther ... are expected to affect airport operations (in terms of procedural changes and potential investment in infrastructure). Growth has been particularly vigorous at private real estate funds and J-REITs (Japanese real estate investment trusts). COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. In 1981, domestic plants spent more Self-care is indispensable for health maintenance and well-being. ETF are to create ETF Maintenance Fund to provide adequate funding for maintaining ETF buildings in public tertiary institutions. Under the category of before occupation, the study was divided into two parts, first to study site problems and the second to study building structural conditions. Results: Nonetheless, this is contributing to the spate of maintenance backlogs and the lack of value delivery to the stakeholders. eat and drink a lot of foods and beverages that are high in calories, sugar, and fat. The Effects of Design on the Maintenance of Public Housing Buildings in Malaysia, Building Maintenance, Management and Budgeting. In the decade from fiscal 1997 to 2006, the cumulative value of securitized real estate assets reached approximately ¥33 trillion (Exhibit 1). FACTORS AFFECTING MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT OF EDUCATION TRUST FUND (ETF) BUILDINGS OF TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS IN OSUN STATE, Value –Based Maintenance Management Model for University Buildings in Malaysia-A Critical Review, Developing of building maintenance management by using bim. Obtain data from your assets. initiative, this being the mode of action currently taken by the Ministry of Public Works in Spain. This paper examines current trends in the real estate investment market from the perspective of these two market leaders. Ninety-six (96) questionnaire were distributed in which seventy-two (72) were retrieved. This book is specifically designed to cover the syllabus of MBA programme offered by Biju Patnaik University of Technology. However, there is significant positive correlation between the maintenance staff and users’ perceptions in improving maintenance management of the buildings. Methods: Definition of Manpower Planning 2. ETF must have maintenance policy guiding the implementation of their maintenance programme on these buildings. If your benchmark numbers for fleet availability don t seem quite right, consider the following 10 often-overlooked factors that may affect those numbers. answer research questions. In conclusion, there is need to embrace discernable maintenance culture to impact the knowledge of maintenance management on the performance of the buildings. Family Caregiver Contribution to Self-care of Heart Failure: An Application of the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills Model. Self-care confidence significantly and directly affected self-care maintenance and management and mediated the relationships between factor variables (depressive symptoms, social support, and HF knowledge) and outcome variables (self-care maintenance and management). Cené CW, Haymore LB, Dolan-Soto D, Lin FC, Pignone M, Dewalt DA, Wu JR, Jones CD, Corbie-Smith G. J Card Fail. ADVERTISEMENTS: After reading this article you will learn about Maintenance Management:- 1. The study identifies that factors affecting best maintenance practices in public sectors being factors on Maintenance management plans and procedures such as: Planning and scheduling, Resource planning, Materials management, Maintenance policy and strategy, Maintenance culture, Maintenance task execution, Budgeting, Renovation program, Data recording and all of which seriously lack in the public sectors. Research location of the Public Works and Spatial Planning (PUPR) Office of, Syariah banking in Indonesia has been developing rapidly for many years. J Cardiovasc Nurs. increased focus that standards like PAS55 and ISO55000 are bringing to the asset management industry Over the next few years, new technologies, management techniques, customer requirements and value-chain approaches will have an enormous impact on the Facility Management industry. This research method is descriptive qualitative. The society NLM The outcome of this research is to come up with a prototype maintenance management model that can facilitate university institutions to carry out buildings maintenance management services that meet the expectations and perceptions of the stakeholders. Public Buildings in Lagos State. 2) Supporting factors, namely the possibility of infrastructure funding that can be obtained not only from the APBD but the assistance from the Special Allocation Fund (DAK), the National Budget, assistance from the province and human resources and applicable regulations. Frequently, there are many available systems to manage building maintenance data. The method used in this study Objectives 4. Surveyors. Results: Self-care confidence significantly and directly affected self-care maintenance and management and mediated the relationships between factor variables (depressive symptoms, social support, and HF knowledge) and outcome variables (self-care maintenance and management). When the growing environment is stressful, there is a greater need to ‘assist’, or intervene, with inputs, pest control measures and/or cultural practices… thereby increasing maintenance. the credit risk. Buildings, ETF, Maintenance, Maintenance Management, Osun State. Other factors found to be highly significant are lack of skilled personnel in maintenance department and insufficient funds for maintenance jobs. Supplier and Vendor Failures. It has been well established that social and psychological factors are important to worker satisfactio… Factors affecting maintenance management in hospital buildings: Perceptions from the public and private sector. Human Factors Aspects of Safety Management Systems James Reason Department of Psychology University of Manchester Introduction Human and organisational factors now dominate the risks to aviation, and have done so for at least two decades. Necessity of Maintenance Management 2. The rise of the Keywords: management risk, credit risk, portfolio composition, concentration level, complicated financing. (2005). Resolution: Work planned and preventative maintenance into the production schedule. If you’re already on top of this, move towards predictive maintenance to prevent problemsfro… Specifically, depressive symptoms had a negative and direct effect on self-care maintenance, whereas eHealth … Self-care confidence mediates the relationship between perceived social support and self-care maintenance in adults with heart failure. Although the research specifically focused on university buildings, many public and private sector organizations face similar maintenance management problems. Testimony of Joseph Kile, assistant director for mic... Trends in the Real Estate Investment Market, Conference: 3RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA (ICIDA) 2014. eCollection 2020 Nov. From the analysis, different conclusion and recommendations were made as regards the, inferences, the researcher sought inform, of data collected for analysis will yield better results that can be relied upon and supported by, given substantial consideration when it com, HND and B. Sc. Maintenance of, are common regardless of their size, location an, Maintenance management involves maintenance within an estate to obtain maximum benefits, 2.2 Maintenance Management in Public Buildings, threaten its very existence. If you spend any time reading about industry trends, you’ll know that predictive maintenance is getting more popular every day. Maintainabilityrefers to the ease with which maintenance activities can be performed on an asset or equipment. The research objectives of this study were investigated through a well-structured questionnaire which covered a purposively selected sample of the study. This study was set to identify and rank the factors influencing maintenance management of ETF buildings in tertiary institutions in Osun State. Specifically, depressive symptoms had a negative and direct effect on self-care maintenance, whereas eHealth literacy had significant and direct effects on self-care management and HF knowledge. This naturalistic decision-making process involves behavioral choices to maintain physiological stability (self-care maintenance) and response to occurring symptoms (self-care management). Strategic Approach to Maintenance Practices for Public Buildings in Lagos State. The study objectives were to establish the effect of building characteristics on maintenance management costs in Kakamega Municipality; to establish the effect of tenant factors on maintenance management costs in Background: To do so the data was collected from literature reviews, interviews, case study, and maintenance work orders were adopted to meet the research aim. Start by looking for gaps in production and performing prescribed maintenance as per the OEM. Procedures (first level, second level, etc.) Nature of technology and machinery used has a direct bearing on product quality. Insufficient Fund: Maintaining a building against deterioration and to a standardized level requires … The ranking is based on the relative importance of the factors as perceived by both the maintenance staff and users of the buildings. Environmental Sciences, University of Lagos 5(1), 20-28. Pandeglang Regency and Pandeglang District. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. After computing, the six highest percentages of factors were chosen. The result revealed that, both maintenance staff and users of the buildings ranked lack of discernable maintenance culture in the country and absence of a form of planned maintenance programme as most significant factors responsible for maintenance management of the ETF buildings. The purpose of this paper is to propose an alternative maintenance management model for university buildings in Malaysia. syariah banks shows that syariah financial sector is good enough in managing the society fund. The latter was categorized into three parts: design, construction and materials. Adenuga, O.A. Besides, the operational state was evaluated and the practices of maintenance management were assessed.,In total, 70 items were identified through a rigorous literature review, grouped into seven categories, and a framework was … The Construction and Building Research Conference of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors. The most performed asset condition monitoring practices include oil … If your menu consists of a limited number of items requiring minimal preparation, you will require less time. They are design, choice of materials, construction, uses of facilities, maintenance and vandalism. Maintenance Management of Public Hospital Buildings in Lagos State, Nigeria. Preventative maintenancethat is scheduled during planned downtime is the number one factor that will prolong the life of your assets and help maintainability. Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: Strategic Approach to Maintenance Practices for If you have a menu with many items requiring difficult production techniques, you will require more preparation time per item. Research attention to personnel … 6.  |  All content in this area was uploaded by Akeem Adunfe Ajayi on May 19, 2017, EDUCATION TRUST FUND (ETF) BUILDINGS OF TER, Department of Quantity Surveying, Bells University of Technology, Ota, Nigeria, structured questionnaire which covered a purposively select, were analyzed using inferential and descriptive analysis. Finally conclusion confirmed that the integration of building maintenance management in BIM can increase the efficiency of the maintenance and support maintenance decisions. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Therefore this research has broader applications. Even when the materials themselves aren’t to blame for a quality … This research sought to establish the factors affecting housing maintenance management cost in Kakamega Municipality, Kenya. This study underscores the need for interventions targeting patients' self-care confidence to maximize self-care among patients with HF. F, public buildings to impact the knowledge of maintenance management on the performance of, the performance of the buildings, therefore in the light of this study, its suggested the, buildings in the institutions, subsequent release,, Environmental Sciences, University of Lag, Adenuga, O.A., Olufowobi, M.B. However, were of high quality and installed properly, any inconsistenc, Maintenance means different thing to different peop, cycle of embedded systems, which must be considered from the des, Building Maintenance as the combination of all technical and associated administrative, when required and equipment surveillance are also classified as maintenance. Wordsworth (2001), defined resource (workers, materials and. on the portfolio composition and concentration level of defrayal credit ratio is the biggest factor in defining The Social support and self-care behaviors in individuals with heart failure: an integrative review. Sustainability of existing educational infrastructure still remains a major challenge to government. The essence of building maintenance is to increase the service life of a building by delaying deterioration, decay and failure.  |  It entails making intricate decisions under complex algorithms, uncertainty and risks within organizational resources. New Yo, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop, Durability of Building Materials and Component, Chartered Institute of Nigeria Builder Journal, 2013, from © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. provide the required maintenance. As Adenuga et al. Building maintenance management is a complex and multi-faceted thought process that involves planning, directing, controlling and organizing maintenance services for the sustenance of the value of a building. ff and users’ perceptions in improving maintenance managemen. (2007). A number of studies have investigated the maintenance management of university buildings in Malaysia; however, all the studies have observed maintenance management procedures that are corrective and condition based. Furthermore, path analysis was conducted to examine the effects of the study variables on self-care maintenance and management. Culture refers to an organization’s values, beliefs and behaviors. Though, the current practice based on recorded papers handwritten unformatted and dispersed data. IMPACT OF MAINTENANCE Maintenance costs, as defined by normal plant accounting procedures, are normally a major portion of the total operating costs in most plants. spend a lot of time sitting or … Decision Making in Maintenance Management. The characteristics and the structure of the public schools, by their, In Nigeria, according to Adenuga and Iyagba, (2005) public buildings are in poor and, rapid deterioration, decay and dilapidation. Adejimi (2005) in his study identified twelve relevant factors affecting the maintenance strength of building as design resolution, structural strength, specified materials strength, maintenance manual, safety measures, skill maintenance personnel, maintenance plants, environmental factors, usage factors, quality control factors and post construction prevention strength. One of the harmful risks is credit. The work is therefore expected to contribute immensely to the, existing knowledge base and also suggest way, Buildings may not perform satisfactorily as. A wide variety of materials may be available but material with right specification has to be used. The number and complexity of menu items affects the production hours needed. The roles of health literacy and social support in improving adherence to self-care behaviours among older adults with heart failure. J Cardiovasc Nurs. The availability of right type of materials is essential for maintaining quality level of finished products. The study included a total of 141 patients with HF (average age, 65.2 years; male, 55.3%). HHS The Education Trust Fund (formerly the Education Tax Fund), strategic objective of using funding and project management to improve the quality of, An Assessment of Maintenance Management o, institutions at Federal, State and Local Government levels throughout the count, some of the ETF buildings are required to so, efficiently whilst reducing the short and long-term, the objectives of providing it, this necessi, (intervention/donated) buildings in Tertiary Institutions. Building maintenance must therefore be considered as a strategic process if the value of a building is to be sustained. in Indonesia receive high credit risk. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded that: 1) Implementation of Road Maintenance programs in the Public Works and Spatial Planning (PUPR) Service of Pandeglang District (Pandeglang District Case Study) has been going well because the planned program has been realized in 2017 and adjusted to the given budget to the PUPR Service but not all maintenance can be carried out. drink a lot of beverages that are high in added sugars. THE ANALYSIS OF RISK MANAGEMENT ON SYARIAH BANKING IN INDONESIA. Environmental Factors Affecting The Operations Management Commerce Essay. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Importance of Maintenance Management 3. The study of component and process reliability is the basis of many efficiency evaluations in Operations Management discipline. The banks were chosen based on the purposive sampling method. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Other factors found to be highly significant are lack of skilled personnel in maintenance department and insufficient funds for maintenance jobs. In order to be able was qualitative descriptive analysis in which the researcher presented the exploration of the findings to The most significant issues include changes to ... factors into account, including, but … All, including maintenance staff and users were involv, computer application has been adopted in the analysis and presentation of data. Under the category of before occupation, the study was divided into two parts, first to study site problems and the second to study building structural conditions.