→ The students are visiting the museum, aren’t they? Look at these statements: We make Yes/No questions by putting the first part of the verb in front of the subject: Where are the children? (“Can you feel the love tonight?”), You see them in movie titles. Yes/No questions To form a direct questions with a yes or no answer, we use auxiliary verbs, which are also called helping verbs. Give the full standard question form for these shortened yes/no questions… Since “Nathan” is a person, our wh- word is who. Questions are everywhere in English pop culture. “is not”). It’s simple: just attach a phrase like “Could you please tell me…” or “Do you know…” before the direct question. Where is Raul going? “is”), you need the negative version (e.g. You could also ask, “How do you cook this?” to get instructions for completing a recipe. Yes/No questions are the most basic type of question. It’s okay to make mistakes as long as you continue to practice and learn from them. A negative question can also show your surprise that something you expect to happen hasn’t happened yet. Polite requests, offers, complaints etc. How to Form 5 Essential Types of Questions in English Grammar 1. Notice also how the subject pronoun is used instead of the subject itself in the tag. Learning how to ask questions in English will take some time and practice. Generally, just add a question word/phrase to the beginning of a yes/no question. You may already recognize English questions when you see them. Let’s say we wanted to ask about the object in this sentence. (Download). Questions About The Song, "Desperado"? Must wego to the cinema tonight? A List Of Grammar Questions? FluentU is a fun tool to hear how real English speakers form and use questions. Once you’ve had more practice turning basic sentences into questions, you can skip the first step of starting with a sentence and go directly to forming the question. Microsoft Forms automatically provides charts to visualize your data as you collect responses in real time. Here’s how you can change this into an indirect question: Could you please tell me where the bookstore is? Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. To change this sentence into a question, simply move the verb to the beginning. What is the time? By using our site, you agree to our. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Nina plays the violin. 1. About the Book Author Edward Swick (Chicago, IL) has been a foreign language teacher for more than 30 years. We’ll usually need to invert the word order as well, but not always. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Start using FluentU on the website or download the FluentU app from the iTunes store or Google Play store. When using an indirect question, use an introductory phrase followed by the question itself in positive sentence structure. This is called inversion. However, just to make things trickier, there are actually other question words in this category too, like “how” and phrases that start with “how.” So you may also hear these referred to as “five W and H” questions or simply “wh-” questions. Pressing offers and invitations often assume the form of negative questions. When there’s no auxiliary verb, use the “do” verb form in the question tag. FluentU brings English to life with real-world videos. FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into language learning experiences. WH- questions (Question Words)There are two main types of questions: Yes/No questions and WH- question. (Notice the new form of “to play” to accommodate the new structure.). Good luck! Auxiliary Verbs in Object Questions. 3. Swipe left or right to see more examples for the word you’re learning. Instead of beginning with the subject, questions begin with a helping verb. % of people told us that this article helped them. Depending on the type of question you want to ask, you may need to move words around in the sentence. They ask the same as direct questions but are considered more formal. The sentence can be anything you like, as long as it is not too complicated. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. Questions can be a little difficult in English. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. If the sentence has an auxiliary or modal verb, that’s the one you’ll need to move. The basic formula is below. Questions with am - is - are - can - must - have got. When you feel ready for a challenge, try the interesting exercises at englisch-hilfen. Yes/No questions are the most basic type of question. If you’re not asking about the subject, there’ll be some word order inversion. Free with a Google account. Asking “Five W” Questions The students are visiting the museum. Here’s a list of common question words in this category and what each is used for: How? Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. In this case the speaker is surprised that something has not happened or is not happening. Questions with be as the main verb types of English questions you should know. music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks. Nina and Thomas play the violin. They are used as auxiliary verbs for negative statements or simple present questions. Few, Tag Questions? The “five Ws” are the question words who, what, when, where and why. This type of question is also made up of two parts, where the first part … Quickly create quizzes to measure student knowledge, evaluate class progress, and focus on subjects that need improvement. How often? Asking questions in English – direct questions There are four main categories of direct questions, depending on the kind of answer you expect: Yes/No questions, WH questions, alternative questions and tag questions. You can use them to ask for a simple yes or no answer. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos. wikiHow's. Again, let’s start with a basic sentence. If you understand how to form yes/no questions, then it’s very easy to form “wh-” questions. ¿Dónde está la biblioteca? Are they happy? (Literally: To … If we want to ask a question in English, the order is QWASM: Question word, Auxiliary verb, Subject, Main verb. The question word (what, ...) always comes first! → Does Nina play the violin? 2. George Grow was the editor. (“Who framed Roger Rabbit?”). What can you draw? Last Updated: March 29, 2019 Learn and practise all the question forms and question words in English, and find out about the most common mistakes. (to ask about the number or amount). Forming questions in English can be confusing. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Please check your email for further instructions. However, you can improve your ability to answer essay questions by learning how to understand the questions, form an answer, and stay focused. For an in-depth guide to five W questions with examples, see this lecture from Georgia State University. They usually begin with a verb, including auxiliary verbs (a “helping” verb that comes before the main verb) or modal verbs (such as can or would). Fortunately, we can use those same sentence-building skills to form questions in English, too. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. You can use them to ask for a simple... 2. Simple Grammar Questions? {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/6\/65\/Form-a-Question-in-English-Step-1.jpg\/v4-460px-Form-a-Question-in-English-Step-1.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/6\/65\/Form-a-Question-in-English-Step-1.jpg\/aid10334945-v4-728px-Form-a-Question-in-English-Step-1.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. These exercises will have you create the types of questions we’ll cover below in several different tenses. Auxiliary verbs are … For example, you might ask, “You are coming to dinner with me, aren’t you?” or “You want to go to the Chinese restaurant, don’t you?” if you are speaking directly to someone. [Negative verb contraction] + [subject] + [main verb] + [other information]? Who - asking for a person and animal: object: do, does, did. Thanks for subscribing! Questions with verbs - do, does When you’re asking about the subject (in this case, “Nathan”) forming a sentence is pretty easy. Now, you try it! In this post, we’ll show you five essential types of English questions you should know, plus grammar tips to form them correctly. In the direct question, the verb “is” comes before the subject “bookstore.” But in the indirect question, the verb is moved to the end. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. In each question, students are presented with a group of words. This would be a good situation to use an indirect question. [Auxiliary verb] + [subject] + not + [main verb] + [other information]? Tom helped in the garden.Who helped in the garden? It’s used to check or confirm that you’ve understood something correctly. You could also ask someone, “Where are you from?” as part of a conversation. (Information questions begin with a question word like ‘who’ or ‘what’ and then the helping verb.. T he subject comes after the helping verb. Questions. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Nathan is playing basketball in the park. → Is the boat sinking? The question would be, “Did Kyle play soccer yesterday? We replace “in the park” with where, then move where to the beginning of the sentence: Five W questions can get pretty confusing and can require lots of practice to master. Language Focus: An explanation of how to form Yes/No questions in English Grammar Worksheet : yes-no-questions-worksheet-esl.docx (scroll down to study the exercises online) Many students are good at answering questions, but poor at making their own questions … Click here to get a copy. Another option would be to say, “The dining room closes at 9:00pm, doesn’t it?”. Can you swim? Who - asking for a person and animal: subject: no do, does, did. Below you'll find our forming questions worksheets. The trick is to form a basic sentence, then invert the word order to create a question. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. [Sentence] + , + [opposite form of the same verb used in sentence] + [subject pronoun]? Don’t worry – I’m going to teach you a simple … Forming questions in English can be challenging when you are trying to learn the language! FluentU also keeps track of your learning, then suggests videos and examples perfect for you. Have you got a dog? Choose from a variety of pre-made themes or create your own. Start by writing a simple sentence in English. The Meaning Of "Simple" In "Simple Tense Form"? This is another good situation to use an indirect question. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. The lesson below shows you how to use do and does properly. Structure In the examples above, “father” becomes “he” and “the students” become “they.”. Your father isn’t working today. → Your father isn’t working today, is he? Keep trying if it doesn’t work out the first time. You just replace the subject with a wh- word. This is true for sentences with be, sentences that have auxiliary verbs (e.g. For example: You could also use it to confirm whether something you already know or think you know is true. Learning English becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Use an indirect question instead. Connect the two phrases with the question word or 'if' in the case the question is a yes/no question. It is raining now. For example, if you need to know the time, asking a stranger, “What time is it?” may sound a bit rude or abrupt. Plural Form=≫Different Meanings? Must theycome for dinner? If you’re at least a beginner English learner, you probably know how to form simple sentences (here’s a guide if you need a reminder). A negative question can also be used to ask for confirmation of a negative belief. The object is to put these words in the correct order to form a syntactically correct question. How many stickers have you got? They greet their teacher.Who do they greet? Here’s a very basic example: This is the formula we’ll be using throughout this post—we’ll show you how it’s done depending on the type of question you need. → Adam walks to class on Tuesdays, doesn’t he? In today’s blog post we are going to have a look at the differences in forming questions with “must” and “to have to” How do we make questions with “must”? So you ask: Didn’t you hear the news? The basic formula is below. → It is raining now, isn’t it? You could also ask, “Who will pick me up to go to the airport tomorrow?” to find out the name of the person. Almost all questions use the same structure. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. That's the way how to form Questions. ), it goes before the verb. For an in-depth guide to five W questions with examples, see this lecture from Georgia State University. Yes/No questions are questions which we answer with Yes or No. We can also use where to ask about the location. For example, you could ask, “How do you get to the university?” to get directions. A negative question is a question that contains the word not or a negative verb contraction like didn’t (did not), weren’t (were not), etc. For example, you could ask, “What is your favorite flavor of ice cream?” or “Which flavor is your favorite?”, Or, you could ask “What do you want to do today?” or “Which museum would you like to visit today?”, For example, you could ask, “Where do you want to meet for lunch?”. References. To form a tag question, you simply add the question tag using the opposite form of the verb/auxiliary or modal verb used in the sentence. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 22,232 times. Where is the library? The object is “basketball,” a thing, so our wh- word is what. ", In this case, you could just swap the first two words around to make the question "Are we on a family occasion?". Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. All Rights Reserved. There are many different types of videos, as you can see here: FluentU makes it easy to watch and understand native English videos with interactive captions. For example, to find out about cost you could ask, “How much does a haircut cost?” or “How much for a hot dog?”, To determine a quantity, you could ask, “How many cookies should I bake?” or “How many people will come to dinner?”. Questions with verbs in the simple present use the auxiliary verb “DO”. Disjunctive or Tag Questions. Alice Bryant wrote this story for Learning English. So if the verb in the sentence is positive (e.g. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Questions? We usually form wh- questions with wh- + an auxiliary verb (be, do or have) + subject + main verb or with wh- + a modal verb + subject + main verb: Without an auxiliary verb A brief PPT showing how to ask questions in English Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. In the example below, you’re pretty sure everyone has heard the news but you just want to confirm. Let’s look at a few more inversions to form yes/no questions: The boat is sinking. For example, if you say, “Dinner is served at 6:30pm,” you would add the tag question, “isn’t it?” to confirm this statement. Nina played the violin. Similar to question tags, you can use a negative question to confirm something you believe to be true. Questions: statement questions ( you’re over 18? ) But can you make your own sentences in English? As can be seen, the structure is very … When we want to be more polite we often use indirect question forms. Practice involves rewriting sentences. Asking Yes/No Questions But don’t worry, there’s a way you can sound more polite and friendly. The structure of a “wh- question” is usually like this: [“Wh-” Question Word/Phrase] + [Auxiliary Verb] + [Subject] + [Main Verb] + [Object or Other Information] + ? With some practice and patience, you will be asking all kinds of questions in English before you know it! Forming questions in English is not always very easy because sometimes we have to change the structure of the sentence. Question Forms and Reported Speech Word order Normal word order is used in reported questions, that is, the subject comes before the verb, and it is not necessary to use 'do' or 'did': For example, if you tap on the word “brought,” then you see this: You can learn any video’s vocabulary with FluentU’s fun quizzes. It’s been two hours. This article has been viewed 22,232 times. Sally won the marathon. http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/learningenglish/radio/specials/1837_aae/page45.shtml, https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/english-grammar/verbs-questions-and-negatives, https://www.englishgrammar.org/formation-questions-basic-rules/, https://learnenglish.britishcouncil.org/en/intermediate-grammar/question-tags, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow, For the sentence, “Charlie and Pam cook together often,” add “Do” to the beginning to ask, “Do Charlie and Pam cook together often?”. In more formal settings, you might use “not” instead of a contraction. (to ask about the way things happen or are done), How many? You can find the tests at the bottom of the page. Jane opened the door.Who opened the door? Present Simple Questions. Now we need to restructure the sentence like this: Notice how the subject also has to get moved in between the auxiliary verb and main verb for this type of sentence. Notice that we used the contractions “isn’t” instead of “is not” and “aren’t” instead of “are not.” Contractions are usually used in negative tags. If there is a question word (why, what, where, how, etc. _____ Practice. To make questions, we often put the verb before the subject. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. T he main verb follows the subject, and the rest of the sentence follows it.. Second, questions almost always need a helping verb along with the main verb. The sentence can be 1 that includes a form of the verb “to be,” or another simple sentence that expresses what you want to ask a question about. A tag question is simply a sentence with a question tag at the end. You may even have an idea of how questions are formed. For example, you could ask, “Could you please tell me how to get to the airport?” or “Do you know how to get to the airport?”, You could also ask, “Could you please tell me the time?” or “Do you know the time?”, For example, if you want to ask, “Where is the bus stop?” you could say, “Do you know where the bus stop is?”, To find out the time, you could ask, “Could you please tell me what time it is?”, For example, if you want to confirm when you need to head to the airport, you might say to your travel companion, “We need to leave for the airport at 7:00am tomorrow morning, don’t we?”, Or, you might confirm that a friend is picking you up at a certain time by saying, “You will be here to get me at 6:30pm tonight, won’t you?”, For example, if you want to confirm when dinner will be served, you might say, “Dinner is served at 6:30pm.”, To find out where you are meeting up with someone, you could say, “We are meeting at the fountain.”. The “five Ws” are the question words who , what , when , where and why.