Use some compost or composted manure, if needed. Backfill the hole firmly pac… No. Do you want to add a couple of trees to your property to give it greater curb appeal and increase the value of your home? Zoning laws related to planting are often related to digging holes near telephone and electric poles and other cables. This will give the tree enough room to fit and allow fresh roots to grow without stress. If you want to grow a tree that yields a certain type of fruit, it’s best to buy one from a nursery to help ensure that it has good rootstock and that you get exactly the fruit you want. Submitted by Terry Bahling on April 27, 2018 - 12:24pm. Do I need to wait for it to dry out before I plant my tree? I will dig it up and remove it. No, I would definitely not recommend this. When planting your tree if you live in a windy area slant your tree slightly into the wind,as your tree grows the wind will straighten it. Within several months, when sufficient numbers of roots have grown into the loosened, mulched soil surrounding the rootball, you can direct your irrigation to that area. The search tool is located at. Planting a tree isn’t as simple as digging a hole and throwing the tree into it. Mulch will help reduce soil compaction. You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. Carefully unpack the bare root tree from the container or material it came in. If you are planting in late spring or summer, it is especially critical that this root ball area does not dry out. The soil should feel moist at all times and mulch will help retain the moisture. However, if you take the time to think about these factors, you will be able to successfully plant and enjoy a tree or trees for years to come! Hard-working trees reduce pollution, release oxygen and give us privacy and shade. She and her partner Tom have a small greenhouse business and also sell plants, cut flowers, and vegetables at their local Farmer’s Market. You may need to build a berm or rim of soil around the outside edge of the hole to keep water from running off too quickly. As you fill in the hole with topsoil, work the soil around the roots to eliminate any air pockets. . But not any old hole will do. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. No mulch volcanoes please! For more tips from our reviewer, including how to choose the best kind of tree to plant, keep reading! ", "We have to do a presentation, and it gave me heaps and heaps of ideas.". The roots need to be kept cool and damp to hold back growth, but it is hard to fit a tree in the fridge—I know because I’ve tried! You can also ask a friend or family member to see if the tree is positioned perfectly upright. The Arbor Day Foundation offers a system of identifying climate for plants called the Plant Hardiness Zones. They inevitably lose some of their roots when they are first dug up, and the roots and tops are often clipped back before shipping. Try to dig the hole with a small "pedestal" of dirt in the center of the hole where the tree will rest. Trees are dug up from beds in the nursery while they are still dormant, packed in damp shavings or peat moss, wrapped in plastic, and shipped off on their cross-country trip to your garden. The tree just doesn't seem to be thriving, so I questioned not taking off the burlap. "Thank you, learning the depth to plant the trees (whether they be mature or saplings) was important. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. You certainly can, but you'll likely need to run it by someone at the Parks Department first for permission. Make the hole 2-3 times as wide as the roots on the tree. For example, if you want to plant a tree in a park, you first need to find out who manages the park (is this a city park, state park, private, etc.) By using our site, you agree to our. Either plant it farther away, or plant a tree that will mature to something smaller. They will grow back. Remove any burlap from the tree’s roots at this stage. Do not dig into the bark or tighten around the trunk. The hole should be around the same measurements as your tree's roots. ", "I now have a good idea and plan for planting trees in my yard thanks to this page. The Arbor Day Foundation can help you find the best tree for your area simply by putting in your zip code or Plant Hardiness zone into the search engine at. Some of us plant trees that we may be silent witnesses to the life processes of the tree. You can, but it would be better if you planted it in a clear, clean space. “Bare-root” means that the trees are not grown in a container. Submitted by maurice rayner on April 24, 2020 - 7:34pm. http://www.epa.gov/greatlakes/greenacres/faq.html, http://www.treehelp.com/how-to-grow-a-tree-or-shrub-from-seed/, http://www.thisoldhouse.com/toh/how-to/step/0,,605171,00.html, http://www.bhg.com/gardening/trees-shrubs-vines/care/the-proper-way-to-plant-a-tree/, http://www.thisoldhouse.com/toh/how-to/step/0,,605171_604930,00.html, http://www.thisoldhouse.com/toh/how-to/step/0,,605171_604937,00.html, https://www.arborday.org/trees/tips/watering.cfm, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Water the tree every day for several weeks to let the roots get established. You need to consider your land, the climate where you live, what plants are suitable to your local area. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. After this, you can reduce the frequency of watering. Dig the hole 2-3 times the width of the ball to allow the roots to grow, spread and establish more easily. You'll need to make sure that you know where these cables and systems before you dig. Then, fill in the hole with compost and soil. 1. Give fruit and nut trees extra attention. What's the reasoning behind turning the tree at planting to ensure the graft union is facing north? If you are planting fruit or nut trees for a small home orchard, continue to water weekly for the life of the tree, as your crop depends on consistent irrigation. Approved. ", http://shop.arborday.org/content.aspx?page=zone-lookup, http://www.arborday.org/trees/health/arborist.cfm, http://shop.arborday.org/content.aspx?page=tree-nursery, https://nifa.usda.gov/land-grant-colleges-and-universities-partner-website-directory. This article has been viewed 1,034,681 times. Every tree you plant in your yard, whether deciduous and evergreen, adds so many benefits for wildlife and the environment in general, not to mention your own enjoyment. They can over time given the strength of roots, but it is not advisable because it will disrupt the flow of oxygen and water drainage. Why not take the opportunity to plant another – planted like a pro. If you can’t plant the trees within approximately 24 hours of arrival, unpack the plants and cover their roots with wet newspaper, hay, or peat moss. In the United States, this number is 811. You can find the best species of tree for your area. Getting your new tree off to a healthy start will help the tree mature to its full size and ensures it will provide environmental, economic, and social benefits throughout its lifetime. If your tree will be growing in a narrow space, such as a berm or in particularly poor clay soil, then you may need water holes for your tree. Resist the temptation to use a commercial fertilizer. Mark Cullen is an expert gardener, author, broadcaster, tree advocate and a Member of the Order of Canada. NEWS. Growing a tree from a seed means germinating the seed, planting it at the appropriate time and taking close care of it. For example, if you live in northern Canada, planting a palm tree probably isn’t feasible. You can place the handle of your shovel flat across the hole from one side to the other to measure whether the crown is level with the surrounding soil before filling in the hole. The soil around the rootball should remain moist though not saturated. Water your new tree right at the root ball every few days for the first several weeks during the growing season. Know that the Plant Hardiness Zones don’t account for local differences including moisture, soil, winds, and other conditions that could affect the survivability of individual plants. Last Updated: November 18, 2020 Larger trees may need two or three stakes. CONTACT. Water as necessary for the conditions in your area. Proper planting is critical to their survival and long-term suc… It can over-boost the tree and make it "burn out” or not thrive. Make sure to take things like power lines, the location of your house and driveway, as well as other trees into consideration so that the roots don’t damage your property as they grow. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Also staking your tree should be done as you are planting your tree this will reduce root damage. Wish me luck! According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, \"One acre of forest absorbs six tons of carbon dioxide and puts out four tons of oxygen. Nursery staff are usually very knowledgeable about this and can help answer any questions. Check soil moisture by digging about 2” below the surface and then use your finger to test if soil is moist. These containers have a special nozzle so that you can spray them upside down. If you are in the United States, you can locate your local University Extension Service using the National Institute for Food and Agriculture’s interactive online map at. Some gardeners will amend hard (clay) soil with all-natural coconut fiber (coir) medium which aides air circulation. Watering your tree with a steady stream from a garden hose for about 30 seconds should be sufficient. Use stakes to help the tree grow upright if necessary. Make sure it’s not too big or too tight. and ask their permission to plant a tree. VISIT PALESTINE. As you are planting inspect your roots don't be frighten to remove any damaged roots as this will reduce suckering. The Tree Advisory Board is an organization that was founded by the City of Bowling Green, KY in 1994 and serves as an advocate for urban forestry. This method will take than transplanting a tree from a container. It is very important that the roots make immediate contact with the backfill soil. The hole should be a little deeper around the edges but there should be a pedestal of dirt in the center where the root ball sits. I've never done this before; the, "It was specific help, fun to read, and I loved the "what you'll need" list. And you'll receive a certificate to commemorate your gift for donations of £5 or more. Plant a tree in memory of a loved one or as a gift to someone special, and you'll help nature to thrive so that future generations can enjoy spending time with loved ones in the shade of these beautiful giants. Principal, Regenerative Communities Collective. Keep the mulch at least 12 inches away from the trunk or it may cause the trunk to rot. Zaytoun supports an olive tree planting project which is run by the Palestine Fair Trade Association (PFTA) which are based in Jenin. They clean the air and absorb stormwater runoff. It will be easier to care for a tree that is already native to the area. Do not step or walk on the finished planting hole. The best time to plant a bare-root tree, or any other bare-root plant, is in the fall or early spring. It may depend on the tree, though. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/42\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-1-Version-6.jpg\/v4-460px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-1-Version-6.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/42\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-1-Version-6.jpg\/aid10020-v4-728px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-1-Version-6.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":259,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"410","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}. How To Plant Trees. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Be sure the hole isn't too deep or too shallow. We also have a great video demonstrating how to plant a fruit tree! Make sure that the graft union faces north and is at least 2 to 3 inches above the soil level. Put the tree in the hole and use a level to make sure it’s straight. Stake the tree loosely until the roots get established; do not make it too tight. Measure the length of the roots and make the hole at least that deep. They are shipped to nurseries dormant, and they do not have any soil around their roots (hence, they are “bare”). Tamp it down firmly and water again. Better yet, “heel” them in by placing the trees in a shallow trench and covering the roots with soil. Do not soak the roots for more than 24 hours. Do this for subsequent layers. Keep the soil moist, but not soggy, until you can plant the trees. Call your utility company to ensure that you do not hit any utility lines when you dig. The United States, for examples, is located within Zones 2 through 10. Keep mulch away from the trunk to avoid collar rot. Use a special marking paint to mark your spot. If your new trees are grafted—meaning they’re made from two different varieties joined together—you’ll notice a bump or angle near the base where the top tree—called a “scion”—was attached to the rootstock. In this case, several readers have written to tell us that this article was helpful to them, earning it our reader-approved status. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Experts used to tell us to heavily amend the soil in the planting hole, but research has found that this keeps tree roots from extending outside the hole to seek nutrients. Protecting weakened bark from sun burn! How to Kill a Tree—This Tree City USA bulletin is dedicated to increasing the awareness of what every citizen and municipality can do to keep trees alive and healthy longer. This means a hole at least twice the width and depth of the root mass is necessary. Like many weary travelers, they arrive in a state of shock and need immediate care. Trees are easier to look after if you plant them in the autumn season, needing less watering than if you put them into the ground in spring or summer. Cover the planting hole with 1-3 inches (2.5 cm - 7.6 cm) of shredded hardwood or leaf mulch. Any excess water will naturally flow to the deeper areas of the hole around the edges where the roots can drink from if needed. How you position the tree will affect how it grows in later years for years. As the tree grows, it would likely need to be severely trimmed to avoid interacting with or damaging the lines. Or maybe you just want the pure enjoyment of seeing the tree grow and invite wildlife such as birds to sit on its branches. He has been an environmental activist for over 25 years. "I wanted to know if I needed to remove burlap from my tree before planting it. Be mindful of where the root flare is when planting bare root trees so that it is not buried too deeply.). If it is in burlap, wait to cut it off until you’ve planted the tree in the ground. % of people told us that this article helped them. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. If you are not sure of the best time of year to plant your tree, consult your local University Extension Service or similar service. Stake your tree for support. Previously, he was the Executive Director of the San Bruno Mountain Watch in California. We enjoy pruning a tree to our whims, improving its fruits by breeding, and its vigor by supplying plant food. Tree City USA Bulletin: The Way Trees Work We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. This is an important first step. Just get the specific fruit tree you are looking for unless you are looking to cross pollinate ("create" your own fruit tree), then you will have to buy two trees of the fruit variety. Generally, don’t stake a tree unless it can’t support itself, if trunk movement causes the root ball to rock, or if wind might uproot the whole plant. Try draining it beforehand. If you can’t plant the trees within approximately 24 hours of arrival, unpack the plants and cover their roots with wet newspaper, hay, or peat moss. Think about what kinds of other trees and plants are there so that the tree you plant not only fits in with the overall aesthetic scheme, but also that the tree has room to grow and won’t kill other plants and trees around it. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. For a 2-year-old bare-root tree, that’s usually a hole that’s 2 feet around and deep to accommodate the tree’s root system with room to grow. In order to get rid of any air pockets that might be present, backfill only part of the hole and then lightly tamp it down with your hands or the shovel. Each type of tree has different seeds with different needs, so make sure to follow the instructions accordingly for the type of tree you are planting. There are 27 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This is enough to meet the annual needs of 18 people.\" Trees also add beauty, increase the value of your home, provide cooling shade and offer shelter for wildlife. Consider the mature height and spread of the tree. How to choose which tree species to plant: You can visit your local tree nursery or garden center to find the best species of the tree to plant based on your climate, soil type, and seed zone. Consider your goal. Kris Jensen is the Principal of Regenerative Communities Collective, a design consultancy focusing on regenerative design. As a rule of thumb, plants with bare roots—those that are in burlap and not in a container—thrive much better than trees that are in containers. If the tree is beyond the sapling stage, cut through its packaging. Make sure the stakes you are tied loosely to the trunk. If there is a wire basket or wiring on your tree’s roots, remove it with wire cutters so that it doesn’t grow into the roots and kill the tree. Not sure what kind of tree to add to your garden? While planting different types of trees differs in the details, all trees eventually end up in a hole. Otherwise not. How well this investment grows depends on the type of tree selected and the planting location, the care provided during planting, and the follow-up care after planting. We have had a lot of rain recently, and the hole I dug has water in it. To get a seed to germinate, you may have to use scarification. BONUS: You’ll also receive our Almanac Companion newsletter! Measure the height and width of the root ball, from the ground to the top of the exposed root flare, and from one side to the other. You can either go to a local nursery to find a professional arborist or use the Arbor Day Foundation’s search tool to help you find a professional arborist in your area. Firm soil under the root ball will prevent settling. Trees lower your utility bills by shading your house in the summer and allowing the sun to warm it in the winter. ", "Mulching around the trees" and "not compacting the soil around the tree" were two very important things we were cautioned about. The roots need to be kept cool and damp to hold back growth, but it is hard to fit a tree in the fridge—I know because I’ve tried! Backfill three quarters of the hole with existing dirt, one quarter with compost or composted manure as needed. Why a bare-root tree? How wide should the hole be around a fruit tree when planting it? Larger trees may need 1 or 2 more stakes placed a few feet from the trunk. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. When planting a container tree, tease out the roots into the planting hole. Balled and Burlapped - Dig the hole only deep enough for the root ball. Are raised flower bed spaces able to be used for planting lemon tree plants? RESOURCES. Too deep and the roots don’t have access to sufficient oxygen to ensure proper growth. Make sure you position the tree as upright as possible. Don't leave a tree's roots out of its container or burlap for too long because this could damage or dry them out. They can even lower our energy costs by blocking the hot summer sun or the winter winds. This trench should be in a shady spot. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. You’ll need to make sure that you water your plant to keep it thriving. How to Plant A Tree the Right Way - 7 Steps for Getting it Right … Once a tree is in the ground, staking is the traditional next order of business -- another practice needing reconsideration. This means that you break the seed coat and allow moisture to penetrate so that the plant embryo can begin germinating. Do not bury over where the stem changes to root, also called the crown, or leave any roots exposed. Move the trays or contains to a brighter location that is well ventilated. In the United States, you can call 811 before you dig. If the soil that you currently have is not rich, has clay-like qualities or has the consistency of dust or sand, the addition of manure or compost will give the tree a great start in life. So excited to add/plant, "One of the most comprehensive article on details for a novice like me. When the hole is half full, water well and let it soak in. The old rule of thumb was to dig a $20 hole for a $2 tree, but we need to adjust that for inflation to a $200 hole for a $20 tree. But trees also add financial value to your entire property, which is a nice perk to making the investment to plant … This article has been viewed 1,034,681 times. They can add curb appeal, provide shelter for birds and cut down on noise. Knowing your zone will help you identify the types of trees and other plants that you can plant and expect to grow in the zone’s temperature extremes. Drive the stake through the root ball into the ground underneath. Remove only enough soil to expose the root flare. This pedestal prevents the root ball from sitting continuously in water. If you’re planting a tree or trees to combat erosion, you’ll want to plant trees that already have a strong root ball so they don’t get swept away at the next rainfall or windstorm. The reason why this step is first is because everything you do might depend on where you are going to plant your tree. Walking on soil covering tree roots causes soil compaction. We are interested in a tree for pure botanical and horticultural reasons. Planting a tree is a lifelong investment. Watering is critical during the first season, so be sure your new trees get at least one inch a week. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Should I make water holes around my new trees? Get inspired by Robin Sweetser’s backyard gardening tips and tricks. Then, continue to fill the hole using the remaining topsoil first and the subsoil last. Using a cultivator or garden trowel, remove the top layer of soil from the root ball. "My nine-year-old came home from school with a tree that he was told to plant. Unpack The Tree. Before you begin the process of planting a tree or trees, first consider your ultimate goal. Adding manure or compost is essential if you are planting a fruit or nut tree. on. PLANT A TREE. He has been an environmental activist for over 25 years. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. I was told to just plant it with it. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 1,034,681 times. When tamping down backfill, make sure to proceed gently and also not use your feet because you could trample the roots. ", another tree into this world! Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Autumn is usually the best time to Go bare-root for easy transplanting with the least shock. Mulching around the tree will protect the tree from trampling and lawnmowers, which are two activities that commonly kill young trees. This article was co-authored by Kris Jensen. They experience less shock after planting, having experienced less transpiration (water loss) immediately after planting. The little oak tree now, planted a short distance from your house, could become a hazard during storms 30 years from now. Through our numerous educational efforts and annual events, we help to educate the public about the benefits of well maintained trees and how to grow trees in our city to provide these benefits. Submitted by David on April 27, 2018 - 11:25am. If you’ve decided to plant a seed instead of an already growing tree, follow this step. Once the tree is in the hole, remove twine, wrap and wire baskets with minimal disturbance to roots. Be sure to roughen up the sides of the hole to avoid this. It’s important to make sure that there are no air pockets around the roots as you backfill the hole. Amy Grisak demonstrates how to re-plant a tree that is grown in a container. Re-planting a tree from a container is easy and fun. Dig holes wide and deep enough to allow you to carefully spread out the roots without bending, breaking, or crowding them. I think it should be fine, as long as they'll have enough room to spread. Once the seeds have germinated, plant them in an individual container or a seed tray. The soil remains warm, as well as being moist, and the tree can get established before the temperatures drop. Garden centers are stocked with container-grown trees, but the choices are often limited. If the tree is a sapling, turn it upside down gently to get it out of the container. North facing keeps union from direct sunlight. The ground level of the plant should match up with the ground level after you backfill the hole. If you can plant the trees right after they arrive, soak the roots in a bucket of water for 12 to 24 hours before planting in order to replace the moisture lost during shipping. Previously, he was the Executive Director of the San Bruno Mountain Watch in California. You could drown the roots before they get a chance to grow. A 2' tall potted tree can be over 10' tall in 5 years in good soil and with adequate moisture and weed and grass control around the base. How far apart should I plant my Norway Spruce trees? If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Trees native to your area tend to do well, and you won't be introducing a potential invasive plant species. If they are circling too much to do that, make vertical cuts. By ordering trees from a mail-order nursery, you will have a lot more to choose from and, since you will be living with these trees for many years to come, you can get the ones you really want. Take into consideration humidity, rainfall, and sunshine to help you decide when to water your tree. When digging, try to keep the topsoil (dark) separate from the subsoil (lighter in color, either sandy, gravel, or clay). We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. Robin has been a contributor to The Old Farmer’s Almanac and the All-Seasons Garden Guide for many years. Each county in the United States has a University Extension Service and many countries, including India and Kenya, have them as well. If the compost or manure smells, it hasn’t been properly composted and shouldn’t be used because it can “burn” your tree. You want to achieve a balance of giving it enough water to penetrate the roots while not drowning it. Put a light coating of superphosphate in the hole to promote a healthy root system. You’ll also need to protect the trees from freezing by covering them on cold nights. Check out these recommendations for ornamental trees and fast growing trees. If it is in burlap, wait to cut it off until you’ve planted the tree in the ground. You can access the Plant Hardiness Zones at. This article was co-authored by Kris Jensen. Since they are sent without any soil, the shipping costs are minimal. Dig a hole that is 2-3 wider and about as deep than the root ball. Measure the hole to see if it is wide and deep enough. Digging can “glaze” the sides of the hole, leaving a hard surface that is difficult—if not impossible—for young tree roots to penetrate. The most common mistake when planting a tree is a digging hole, which is both too deep and too narrow. Put some of the reserved topsoil into the bottom of the hole where it will do the most good. You’ll also want to fertilize fruit and nut trees monthly, or according to package directions. It makes for a weakly rooted tree. (Note: The crown should never be planted lower than grade. Consider using a level to measure if you’ve positioned the tree upright. If your tree is planted in spring or later, you may need to water as often as once a week throughout the first summer. For more tips from our reviewer, including how to choose the best kind of tree to plant, keep reading! This will get your underground utility lines marked for free, which will help to prevent damage, injury, and fines. References Make sure that your tree will grow to be a few meters away from power lines and gas/water lines. With this kind of TLC, your new trees will be off to a good start. Form it into a mound and drape the roots over it to encourage outward growth. PALESTINE FAIR TRADE ASSOCIATION’S OLIVE TREE PLANTING PROJECT. 1. Remove the stakes once the roots have a chance to become established, after about a year. Keep as much dirt around the roots as possible and don’t move it more than necessary to keep the roots from drying out. At minium, allow your tree’s roots to soak in water an hour or two before planting. At this point you can remove the burlap that is around the root flare, or where the roots connect to the trunk. While these materials help protect the root ball during shipping, they can cause growth barriers and baskets may cause girdling of roots as the tree matures. Here are tips on how to plant a bare-root tree—from digging the hole to watering the tree properly once it’s planted. It divides the United States and Canada into 11 different zones that are based on a 10 degree Fahrenheit difference in the average annual minimum temperature. There are many benefits to planting a tree on your property. For example, if you live on particularly hilly or steep land, it may not be a good idea to plant trees because their roots may not be able to take proper hold. To plant a tree the right way, you’ll want to dig a big enough hole to plant it in. If necessary, dig out more soil to reach the desired depth and width. You may also want to check with local utility companies about digging around their poles and cables so that you don’t disturb them or harm anyone when you plant or as the tree grows. When you plant a tree, you celebrate the earth by increasing its leafy canopy. Custom programming and server maintenance by. When irrigating, apply enough water to thoroughly wet the root zone to a depth of at least a foot, but don’t water so often that the soil stays waterlogged. Kris Jensen is the Principal of Regenerative Communities Collective, a design consultancy focusing on regenerative design. Keep the tree vertical in the planting hole (perpendicular to the ground) so that it grows straight. How to plant and stake a tree: Alan Titchmarsh’s top tips. You can find Green File with Ben and Mark Cullen on the 1st and 15th of every month on Apple, Spotify, or at www.markcullen.com. Space a single row 14' apart, double row 16' apart, and multiple rows 20' or more apart. If you do this, be sure to break it down in the fall to prevent water from pooling around the tree and freezing in the winter. If it is, you don’t need to water. If I want a specific fruit tree, is it necessary to purchase two for pollination reasons? I am easily able to get started today.