Polygonum cuspidatum), an herbaceous perennial member of the buckwheat family, was introduced from East Asia in the late 1800s as an ornamental and to stabilize streambanks. Antioxidant Activity. An infusion of the leaves has been used to treat haemorrhages of blood from the mouth and to aid postpartum healing. Smartweed has a history of use in Peru to combat bacterial infections. Notes Smartweed is an annual that grows to about two feet in height, flowers from July to September and grows in shallow water and in areas that stay wet and occasionally hold standing water. Warfarin (Coumadin) is used to slow blood clotting. Pennsylvania smartweed, along with various other species of smartweed are a part of the buckwheat family. ; Does Snapshot 2.5 TG control Pennsylvania Smartweed? The entire plant is antidote, anti-inflammatory, blood tonic, depurative, diaphoretic, expectorant, febrifuge and hepatic. Ladysthumb (Lady’s Thumb) or Smartweed . Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica syn. HERB BLURB. Smartweed… Pale Smartweed is similar in appearance to another large-sized smartweed, Persicaria pennsylvanica (Pennsylvania Smartweed) – however, this latter species has cylindrical racemes that are held more or less erect, and its flowers are often pink. Ladysthumb / Smartweed. Pennsylvania Smartweed in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (9/24/2016). Leaves are alternate, lance-shaped with pointed tips and smooth margins, usually hairless and occasionally with a purple watermark. University of Michigan Press, page 129 View all documented uses for Polygonum pensylvanicum L. Perrenial herbaceous plant 15.2-30.4cm (6-24in) tall with red stem. Pennsylvania smartweed. The seeds were gathered and mixed with other items to enhance flavor as they have a sharp, peppery taste. I can remember my first taste of a smartweed leaf… kind of like ... Green Deane’s “Itemized” Plant Profile. Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat or Knotweed Family) Genus: Polygonum (some sources use persicaria for the genus) | Species: persicaria, vulgaris, and/or caespitosum (Most common member of this group, at least in the northeastern US, is called Pennsylvania Smartweed – Polygonum Pensylvanicum) H‰|TMsÚ0½ûWìQšÁƒ¿;ifÈ¡¦eç”éÁ`nŒÍX&”ß]ÙÂ@6‹¤}ûö½•Ù¬.«ºÚm`«*}(ß³ªXì6-ÀD1¤{Â2ÒÜbðÝé3¼>æshç1µŸ&`gpw7~š|B ÷÷S\{H)Ñ=+%)Û>†XK"–K?B According to some herbalists, man has ascribed a strange assortment of powers to the plant, but not a one of them contribute to intelligence. It also works well with wild millet since the two crops grow in the same conditions. It is used in the treatment of carbuncles, acute appendicitis, intestinal abscess, post-partum pain, dysmenorrhoea and endometriosis. Flowers are pinkish-purple and arranged in elongated clusters. Notes General Product Information: Item Number: POLPEN01 Species Type: Native Product Categories: Herbaceous Flowering Species, Pollinator Favorites, Riparian Sites, Wet Meadows & Wetlands, Wildlife Habitat & Food Plots This weed thrives off of moist soil. Smartweed: Nature’s Pepper and Pharmacy. The Benefits of Smartweed (Polygonum hydropiperoides) Support for Health. Pennsylvania Smartweed Chippewa - Drug, Anticonvulsive Use documented by: Gilmore, Melvin R., 1933, Some Chippewa Uses of Plants, Ann Arbor. The young leaves were eaten as a potherb and were used as seasoning as well. Leaves Knotweed is a highly successful invader of wetlands, stream corridors, forest edges, and drainage ditches across the country. Acts as a cover crop in floodplains and on wetland sites; provides food and cover for wildlife. Smartweed is an herb. The Pennsylvania Smartweed is an invasive weed. Leaf tea also used as a foot soak for pain in legs and feet. Five pale pink flowers at the tip of the plant is an easy way to identify it. Medicinal use of Smartweed: Smartweed has a long history of herbal use, both in Eastern and Western herbalism. Whole Plant They also use it to treat diarrhea. Uses and Parts Used. PENNSYLVANIA SMARTWEED Polygonum pensylvanicum L. Plant Symbol = POPE2 Contributed by: USDA NRCS Plant Materials Program Uses This plant is an excellent wildlife food plant, especially for waterfowl. Pennsylvania smartweed produces lots of pollen. ---Other Species---From the AMERICAN SMARTWEED (Polygonum, Linn. Pennsylvania Smartweed Characteristics. Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a annual which can reach 122cm in height (48inches). Pennsylvania smartweed grows naturally all across the United States and it’s an excellent crop for managed waterfowl properties, Rogers says. ), which possesses properties similar to those of the English species; a homoeopathic tincture is prepared from the fresh plant, which has been used with great advantage in diarrhoea and dysentery, in doses of 20 to 60 minims. ; Can Acclaim be used on Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)?Best herbicide to kill Pennsylvania Smartweed in turf during mid to late spring in Pennsylvania? It is a broadleaf weed that is both branched and unbranched with a ribbed stem. Found in waste places, this invasive alien is native to Europe. Whole Plant Whole plant poultice used for general pain, poison ivy rash, and insect repellent. Silver fleece vine (Polygonum aubertii) Also called silver lace vine, this bee plant is closely related to the smartweeds and knotweeds. Pennsylvania smartweed leaf. Polygonum pensylvanicum can reach heights of up to 6 feet. Location Reduces Redness and Swelling. Ranges throughout North America. The erect densely colored pink flowers of Pennsylvania Smartweed in Worcester Co., Maryland (9/13/2013). Will Tenacity Herbicide kill Pennsylvania smartweed? The stem is jointed and a sheath extends up the stem from the joint enclosing the stem for a short distance. Pennsylvania Smartweed, PA Ecotype. Leaves have also been used to treat hemorrhoids. Polygonaceae, Also Called It takes root easily in row crops and becomes harder to control as it matures. Pennsylvania smartweed is a competitor of commercial crops such as cereals, berries, and vegetables. It is not used very often, and is seen more as a domestic remedy being valued especially for its astringent properties which makes it useful in treating bleeding, skin problems, diarrhoea etc. Common names include Pennsylvania smartweed and pinkweed. GBHÅ!ÝX¯lVfUχ ÙœÛ«Kø³Ÿ³GɧßÙ¿¤”8¾ŽÌo°¯²È©çb¢HB$Ž”Dæ&VôË?u*¢ËN¯ˆ#'ꚝpŸÕU‹ï¦ÀלlÇmÁhEqÉr\€ù¥ø/?ã3ý?pûnO¸pq €‡¨.g ž0%;G2øYI Œ'cŒ†.ØèA éÔb³¦^5ÙæVûñu£ êJ»2‰ßKÂÿ*š|„Óàn:Q’ø÷E+}[¸Wù“Dx¼ž¸a—ŒÇK’Þ±tM3Yh|K!JŠ¢SÔ.g¨¿ôo¡ÊRuë¼óg_”yY,,ë:§k£Îœn‚rRœ,ò}òè•)¹hî¢ÈÊò€ )’µªYÖûҁs¤x@òú6}?énö´WU{ ½E,e:«—ïoztáŸCÆî1ú©!œ•RZ0æ4×f mÉö8´k To make effective use of this weed as a trap crop, make sure to kill the beetles regularly or you have provided them with food and shelter instead. Description Try to avoid overwatering, and make sure you’re picking up pet droppings as smartweed sometimes uses animal feces to grow. Smartweed contains large amounts of vitamin K. Vitamin K is used by the body to help blood clot. Also used against kidney stones. is a member of the buckwheat family. Pennsylvania Smartweed can be controlled by hand removal or frequent mowing. Leaf nodes are covered in papery, fringed sheaths. Leaf teas are often the preferred administration method. It also cannot live through any hoeing before it grows larger than ¼ inches tall. It affects crops such as corn, soybean, tobacco, and vegetables. Persicaria pensylvanica (syn. The leaves have been used as a wipe on the anus in treating bloody piles. The color of the flowers will be either white, pink or purple, depending on the species. The seeds of smartweed do adhere to the stem fairly well. Leaves are lance-shaped. Flowers are present June through October. Family Its close relative, giant knotweed (Fallopia sachalinensis), is very similar in app… Juice from this plant may cause dermatitis. Photo by Green Deane. Candidate for Fungal Cleansing. Another difference is the size of the seeds: Pale Smartweed has seeds up to 2 mm. Because of this extensive root system it can be a strong competitor with other plants and is often difficult to control. pinweed. Leaves that are lance-shaped is a common characteristic of this plant. Smartweed, Persicaria hydropiper, has a name that is deceiving. Photo by Bill Harms. Leaf Tea used for heart ailments, stomachaches, inflammation, sore throat, and as a diuretic. ; Will Ferti-Lome Broadleaf Weed Control with Gallery control Pennsylvania Smartweed? ¯«Ì®†Ë=àK :N8%S—û=Á‹CÿÚ¡7( [‹*éŠÚZIL.5’NLUanΗËôÇço“å%õäòãd[\:°¹Œ%V0']L¾fßçóY[Žþ@„æ:"%ÅnjƒkÆþ±îJˆê£¡ûÛÀXQÂ=ŒŠrKEìᯠ7“YÚ It has also been noted as an introduced species in parts of Europe and South America. Leaves Leaf Tea used for heart ailments, stomachaches, inflammation, sore throat, and as a diuretic. It is important that you till during the spring to trigger the germina… https://aquaplant.tamu.edu/management-options/smartweed-water-pepper The blossoms are hot and bitter. By this, they are a popular and reliable food source for many animals. Whole plant poultice used for general pain, poison ivy rash, and insect repellent. The entire plant is used to make medicine. Smartweed also prefers moist/damp environments, especially if there is disturbed ground. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. People take smartweed tea to stop bleeding from hemorrhoids, as well as menstrual bleeding and other uterine bleeding. Polygonum punctatum: Smartweed. Twenty species of ducks, geese, bobwhites, mourning doves, ring-necked pheasants, and four species of rails, as well as 30 nongame birds, eat the seeds. This noxious weed will move in and begin to take over an area. Smartweed was used by the Native Americans in a number of ways. Smartweed has been used medicinally for many ailments including diarrhea, cleaning wounds, heart ailments, stomach aches, sore throats and stopping bleeding. An infusion of the plant tops has been used in the treatment of epilepsy. The final cultural control method is planting your crops at a specific time. hóˆÐ. Native Americans used Pennsylvania smartweed for medicinal purposes. Swamp smartweed resembles Pennsylvania smartweed and ladysthumb in appearance; however, it is usually much larger and is a perennial that can reproduce by long, creeping, woody rhizomes. Flower colors vary in colors of white to pink, like Polygonum persicaria, Pennsylvania Smartweed (Polygonum pensylvanicum) Pennsylvania Smartweed is also known as Pink Knotweed and Pinkweed. Pennsylvania smartweed ochrea, or papery sheath, is less prominent than Lady's Thumb and also does not have the short fringed hairs. Try creating a bundle of flower stems, tie and hang upside down to dry for 1-2 weeks indoors. By restricting water and improving drainage, the weed will struggle to survive. The flower of Pennsylvania Smartweed including a couple of breeding pollinators. Heart's Ease, Lady's Thumb. Polygonum pensylvanicum) is a species of flowering plant in the buckwheat family, Polygonaceae.It is native to parts of North America, where it is widespread in Canada and the United States. It also has a very strange history. Q&A related to Pennsylvania Smartweed. Rotating your crops with varieties of small grain plants will reduce the growth of Pennsylvania Smartweed. Then either hang the bundles in the bird enclosures, or set bundles up in durable dry vases for the birds to forage the seed off the stem. Except for stems having sticky hair on them, overall Smartweed does not have hair anywhere else.. Leaf tea also used as a foot soak for pain in legs and feet. Photo by Jim Brighton. Cotyledons are narrow oval to lance-shaped with rounded tips. Ù4Dg =y½J_ZWß(àap-‰NR¼ð´7ˆ’„hBa¬ˆ^Ž­9u 7"ˆ–oC;R\ù1d3öd躣Ài`‘7›ªÌ÷5Œwf¦9Sw#„é»}®rF‡n+7sÕºæodÔîÈsŠœoipúE­¸÷9{l™$=“àB%2 >x4À Šû7²J.̔;RL]íœpêDS•ëÙ5Údœä´©)Of «|kO¢çÆƵÑZ}†qÿsžœŽÐ’C+¹.z(n HrèˆÒ«ìqLÈë¥æúà*éìÛÐ\M¸†‚V—ЁÍ2oÜ ÕaTù;XQ‹™Fö̬æpGڙâ`ƒ³¸©Œhœ»‰³sIN`¾3ñ¾AC´ßñ\¬ÝØA]Ø´šÓp뒰–k_XT5ÓtX5étÉ|xǬ„fß+®˜Žl•({p`aÆ{–ï Also used against kidney stones. Pennsylvania Smartweed in Anne Arundel Co., Maryland (10/7/2011). Smartweed (Polygonum sp.) endstream endobj 121 0 obj<> endobj 122 0 obj<> endobj 123 0 obj<>stream