What are mangroves? Mangroves play a critical role in our social, economic, and ecological resources, but there are gaps in our understanding of carbon accounting and management. Mangroves are plant species that are adapted to grow in tropical coastal zones (Kathiresan and Bingham 2001). Predation by fishes may reduce successful mosquito oviposition. Public and stakeholder awareness of both the beauty and importance of mangroves has in many places moved on from such misperceptions. 3 Importance of Mangrove in the Philippines ... (Kathiresan and Bingham 2001). Mangroves Environment ... Bringham and Kathiresan, 2001; Selvam et al., 2004). Harvested for durable, water-resistant wood, mangroves have been used in building houses, boats, pilings, and furniture. About 80% of fish catch is depended on the mangrove forest (Sandilyan and Kathiresan, 2012 ... the important services of mangroves are indirect, invisible, occur off-site, etc. Hence, mosquito populations are lower in A wide range of marine species are found in mangroves such as crabs, crocodile and different types of fish. Mangrove resources are promising for bioprospecting due to their biodiversity richness, structurally new chemicals to overcome harsh coastal conditions, and valuable genes for tolerating wind, salinity, and flood (Kathiresan et al., 2006b, Kathiresan and Ravikumar, 2010, Kathiresan, 2012, Kathiresan, 2015). Populations are often dense and species diversity can be high (eighteen species occur in the Pichavaram mangroves of south India alone; Thangam and Kathiresan, 1993b). In other parts of the world, people have utilized mangrove trees as a renewable resource. Mangroves are utilized in many parts of the world as a renewable resource. Mangrove forests are a national conservation priority in several countries, with ambitious protection targets announced in countries such as Sri Lanka 5 and Indonesia 6. According to Kathiresan (2011), mangrove forests have the functions as follows: 1. Mangrove forests provide long-lasting or temporary habitats for lots of marine and terrestrial species. Mangroves forest has an area of about 15 million hectares worldwide. In Maldives, a total number of 13 true mangrove species are present and fact sheet for each of these species is given in this book. This is why we use field and aerial observations to study mangroves. Abstract A study conducted after the 26th of December 2004 tsunami in 18 coastal hamlets along the south-east coast of India reiterates the importance of coastal mangrove vegetations and location characteristics of human inhabitation to protect lives and wealth from the fury of tsunami. Mangroves are important ecosystems for wildlife & human livelihoods, provide coastal protection from strong storms, and… Mangrove forests are one among the most productive ecosystems, lying between the land and sea in the tropical and sub-tropical latitudes (Kathiresan and Bingham 2001, Kathiresan 2002). Although they amount to only 1% of the total area of tropical forest, they are highly productive. mangrove habitats and may act as vectors for diseases of vertebrates.