The zone is completely submerged by the tide once or twice every day. Students will record and dentify characteristic features of different plant and invertebrate groups. Under certain conditions, such as those at Morecambe Bay, quicksand may form.[2]. The intertidal zone or “littoral zone” is the term used to describe the seashore which is covered during high tide and exposed during low tide, revealing a unique biome which survives under such fluctuating conditions (see below). Abiotic Factors - This environment can be harsh to most organisms because of the fast tides constantly crashing on rocks. Most of the Intertidal Zones are scattered in the Temperate Zone. The intertidal zone is defined as the area between the high tide and low tide mark. Organisms that live in this zone have to deal with difficult environmental conditions, being both submerged in sea water and exposed to the air. The high intertidal zone borders on the swash zone (the region above the highest still-tide level, but which receives wave splash). The area can be a narrow strip, as in Pacific islands that have only a narrow tidal range, or can include a much wider expanse of shoreline where a shallow beach slope interacts with wider tidal range. In coastal environments, such as on the beach or shore, the littoral zone includes land up to the high water mark, which is often exposed to the air, and is often interchangeable with the term intertidal zone.In marine biology, the littoral zone includes areas of ocean extending to the ends of the continental shelf, and can be subdivided into three smaller zones based on areas of tidal action. Depending on the substratum and topography of the shore, additional features may be noticed. ... How a Landform Diagram Describes the Geological Progression of a Landscape 7:59 This makes it relatively simple to study species across their entire cross-shore range, something that can be extremely difficult in, for instance, terrestrial habitats that can stretch thousands of kilometres. Simplified feeding relationships are shown in this diagram.There are two main feeding pathways. High intertidal zone: floods during the peaks of daily high tides but remains dry for long stretches between high tides. The intertidal zone is the home of seasonal variation and alternations linked to tidal cycles, making it a particularly inhospitable environment. Take the Trail by following 9 discovery points along a mapped walking trail and read from a … A characteristic that improves an individual's ability to survive and reproduce in a particular environment. [1] Sometimes it is referred to as the littoral zone, although that can be defined as a wider region. Many intertidal zones can be found along the eastern coast of Australia and the Pacific Grove next to California. Communities on wave-swept shores also have high turnover due to disturbance, so it is possible to watch ecological succession over years rather than decades. Below the littoral fringe is the most diverse and interesting area of the rocky shore, the intertidal zone. In many regions of the United States harvesting or collection of tide pool animals and plants, for any kind of use, is regulated. Food webs - Intertidal rocky shores The aim of this activity is to observe and consider feeding relationships between species living in the intertidal zone of a coastal region, i.e. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The intertidal zone is an open ecosystem rich in organic matter and plays an important role in global biogeochemical cycles. This complex marine ecosystem is found along coastlines worldwide. Students continue to construct a bulletin board diagram or individual rocky shore zone diagram by creating the upper intertidal zone using art supplies. A tidal cycle of one high tide and one low tide per day. An area above water at low tide and under water at high tide. Indicator species derived from the information statistic programme are listed in Table 3. Mussels in the intertidal zone in Cornwall, England. The intertidal zone is one of a number of marine biomes or habitats, including estuary, neritic, surface, and deep zones. Students continue to construct a bulletin board diagram or individual rocky shore zone diagram by creating the upper intertidal zone using art supplies. intertidal zone is only covered by the highest of the high tides, and spends much of its time as terrestrial habitat. The subtidal zone is the region of the neritic zone which is below the intertidal zone, therefore never exposed to the atmosphere. Intertidal Zone Definition. Physical characteristics [ edit ] The neritic zone is covered with generally well- oxygenated water, receives plenty of sunlight , is relatively stable temperature , has low water pressure and stable salinity levels, making it highly suitable for photosynthetic life. The intertidal zone is the area of the ocean between the high tide line and low tide line. The intertidal zone -- the area between high and low tides -- is a harsh and unforgiving habitat, subject to the rigors of both the sea and the land. Unexplained crumbs of sand that appear to have been deposited around stone by escaping air. The intertidal zone (sometimes referred to as the littoral zone) is the area that is exposed to the air at low tide and underwater at high tide (the area between the low and high tide lines). The intertidal zone is the zone between the high tide and low tide, also referred to as the foreshore, seashore, or littoral zone. The littoral zone in an aquatic ecosystem (river, lake, sea) can be defined by the presence of sunlight at the sediment level, and the corresponding growth of partially-submerged to fully-submerged aquatic plants. The intertidal zone experiences two different states: one at low tide when it is exposed to the air and the other at high tide when it is submerged in seawater. The mid intertidal zone is regularly exposed and submerged by average tides. about the upper intertidal zone’s names, characteristics, common algae life and common animal life. mixed semidiurnal tide. dimensional ordination diagrams shown in Fig. Above is a food web of the intertidal biome. intertidal Zone travels. The intertidal zone is defined as the area between the high tidal mark and the low tidal mark. The present research was carried out in the silty intertidal zone of Changyi City, which is located at the southern part of Laizhou Bay. This area can include several types of habitats with various species of life, such as seastars, sea urchins, and many species of coral. "Foreshore" redirects here. It is rich in nutrients and oxygen and is home to a variety of organisms. The intertidal zone is hence an environment where seawater and air are interchanged repeatedly from the constant breaking and receding of waves. a diagram of the four key zones Lower intertidal zone - dry only during the lowest tides and contains the highest biodiversity within the inter tidal zone. Created by. They also have an “operculum” or openable covering made of two movable shell plates. Physical Description of the Rocky Intertidal Zone Intertidal zones are transitional coastal regions. Species found within the supralittoral zone must be tolerant to high levels of salt caused from wave spray. intertidal zone. It was previously considered that methane was mainly removed by sulfate-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation (sulfate–AOM) process in marine ecosystems while other anaerobic methane oxidation processes were ignored. Title: Animals In The Intertidal Zones 1 Animals In The Intertidal Zones Of The North-West ByPeter V and Claudia M 2 The Intertidal Zones There are four intertidal zones The Splash and Spray Zone, the High Tide Zone, Mid Tide zone, and the Low Tide Zone. Intertidal zone. The rocky intertidal zone, or the band of rocky coastline that is flooded by high tides and exposed during low tides, is home to a wealth of colorful seaweeds and uniquely adapted invertebrates. Upper intertidal zone - covered by water during high tide so it experiences dry periods daily. This area can include several types of habitats with various species of life, such as seastars, sea urchins, and many species of coral. The intertidal zone, also known as the foreshore or seashore, is the area above water level at low tide and underwater at high tide (in other words, the area within the tidal range). For the area in Cape Town, South Africa, see, Learn how and when to remove this template message, New Zealand foreshore and seabed controversy, https://www.mass.gov/service-details/public-rights-along-the-shoreline, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Intertidal_zone&oldid=990868822, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking in-text citations from June 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 23:55. Adaptations to a harsh life; 2 Definition of Intertidal. Here plants and animals are used to living above the water surface. Use this lesson plan to introduce students to the intertidal zone. It has four distinct physical subdivisions based on the amount of exposure each gets -- the spray zone, and the high, middle, and lower intertidal zones. One recent example is the New Zealand foreshore and seabed controversy. The intertidal area (also called the littoral zone) is where the land and sea meet, between the high and low tide zones. Rob Campbell explains with lots of diagrams. The Hinsby Beach Discovery Trail can be enjoyed by individuals, or led by a teacher/guide. A consumer is anything living that cannot produce their own food. The intertidal zone is also home to several species from different phyla (Porifera, Annelida, Coelenterata, Mollusca, Arthropoda, etc.). It has four distinct physical subdivisions based on the amount of exposure each gets -- the spray zone, and the high, middle, and lower intertidal zones. Instruct students on the names, features, algae, and animal life of the lower intertidal zone, having each student record facts you provide them with in their Rocky Shore Zones Table. Also known as the littoral zone ; The area between the high water mark and the low water mark ; Where the land meets the ocean ; Sometimes dry sometimes wet; 3. Objectives Students will be able to: Indicate that the rocky shore can be divided into zones As with the dry sand part of a beach, legal and political disputes can arise over the ownership and use of the foreshore. A tidal pool in the intertidal zone during low tide, Sunrise-on-Sea, South Africa. On rocky shores, tide pools form in depressions that fill with water as the tide rises. The upper limit is often controlled by physiological limits on species tolerance of temperature and drying. 4 Physical Characteristics-3 Zones. The high intertidal zone borders on the swash zone (the region above the highest still-tide level, but which receives wave splash). In Southern California, Cabrillo National Monument and Channel Islands National Park both protect rocky intertidal habitat to the delight of curious visitors young and old. Learn. Some of the organisms in this area are abalone, sea anemones, brown seaweed, chitons, crabs, green algae, hydroids, isopods, limpets, mussels, nudibranchs, sculpin, sea cucumber, sea lettuce, sea palms, starfish, sea urchins, shrimp, snails, sponges, surf grass, tube worms, and whelks. The influence of the tides results in zones of different lifeforms on a sea shore. The water is shallow enough to allow plenty of sunlight to reach the vegetation to allow substantial photosynthetic activity, and the salinity is at almost normal levels. If the Intertidal Zone is in the Artic then it would be in the Polar zone. - The soil type can vary as well, sand, small rocks, big rocks, glass, and rare types of dirt. - The Intertidal Zone is the warmest of the Ocean Zones, this is due to the sun hitting it. Portion of the shoreline that lies between the high and low tide lines-rocky and soft bottom-large human impact. The burrowing invertebrates that make up large portions of sandy beach ecosystems are known to travel relatively great distances in cross-shore directions as beaches change on the order of days, semilunar cycles, seasons, or years. The intertidal zone is defined as the area between the high tidal mark and the low tidal mark. Portion of the shoreline that lies between the high and low tide lines. A short description of what are intertidal zonation with an example using barnacles The intertidal region is an important model system for the study of ecology, especially on wave-swept rocky shores. The intertidal zone -- the area between high and low tides -- is a harsh and unforgiving habitat, subject to the rigors of both the sea and the land. The well-known area also includes steep rocky cliffs, sandy beaches, or wetlands (e.g., vast mudflats). In some regions, long stretches of rocky habitat dominate the shoreline, while in others (south-ern california, in particular) small rocky outcroppings are separated by long expanses of sandy beaches. Match. Rocks in intertidal zone completely covered by mussels, at Bangchuidao Scenic Area, Dalian, Liaoning Province, China. intertidal zone. They also have an “operculum” or openable covering made of two movable shell plates. Intertidal Zones. In Southern California, Cabrillo National Monument and Channel Islands National Park both protect rocky intertidal habitat to the delight of curious visitors young and old. Organisms in the intertidal zone are adapted to an environment of harsh extremes. Isostasy. Students will watch a video lesson, discuss the intertidal zone, and further explore the intertidal zone of a selected area on Earth. 3 High tidal-zone 4 Lined Shore Crab Pachygrapsus crassipes. Middle intertidal zone - regularly covered with sea water. Explore the intertidal zone to discover, extreme diversity, amazing adaptations, and hidden secrets all in one short walk. The area can be a narrow strip, as in Pacific islands that have only a narrow tidal range, or can include many meters of shoreline where shallow beach slopes interact with high tidal excursion. Each subzone has a characteristic and distinct biological community. The intertidal area (also called the littoral zone) is where the land and sea meet, between the high and low tide zones. More about zonation. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Marine biologists divide the intertidal region into three zones (low, middle, and high), based on the overall average exposure of the zone. Organisms in this zone generally are not well adapted to periods of dryness and temperature extremes. A short description of what are intertidal zonation with an example using barnacles It has four distinct physical subdivisions based on the amount of exposure each gets -- the spray zone, and the high, middle, and lower intertidal zones. This area is teeming with life;[1] the most notable difference between this subregion and the other three is that there is much more marine vegetation, especially seaweeds. It is inhabited by hardy sea life that can withstand pounding waves, such as barnacles, marine snails, mussels, limpets, shore crabs, and hermit crabs. They have to bear the great physical impact of waves, desiccation, and sunlight. The intertidal zone, also known as the foreshore or seashore, is the area above water level at low tide and underwater at high tide (in other words, the area within the tidal range). 5. Hazards include being smashed or carried away by rough waves, exposure to dangerously high temperatures, and desiccation. A state in which opposing forces or influences are balanced. Creatures in this area can grow to larger sizes because there is more available energy in the localized ecosystem. All animals are consumers, since we are unable to make our own food. Since the foreshore is alternately covered by the sea and exposed to the air, organisms living in this environment must have adaptions for both wet and dry conditions. On shores exposed to heavy wave action, the intertidal zone will be influenced by waves, as the spray from breaking waves will extend the intertidal zone. In most adult barnacles, the sides and back of the animal are protected by five or six calcareous plates. Intertidal Zone. Fig. - The Irish Moss Zone (or Lower Zone) - The Kelp Zone (or Subtidal Zone) - The climate zones can vary as well. The high tide zone is technically above the water level (when it is not flooded by high tides), therefore it is considered as a drier and warmer environment. Find intertidal zone stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. The intertidal zone is often busier after the sun sets, when it's cool and dark. A Diagram Of The Intertidal Zone Spanning The Full Tidal Aquatic Biomes Course Hero Littoral Zone Wikipedia Tidal Zones Tide Pools Splash Zone Worksheets Intertidal Zone Fishing Restrictions Vfa Laga S Water Ecology Oc Geo 103 Lecture Habitats The Alphabet Soup Of Vertical Datums Why Mhhw Is Mmm Mmm Course Mrs Wiggin S Marine Biology 2017 2018 Intertidal Rocky Shore Zoning Introduction To … Rocky intertidal shores occur along the entire length of the california coastline. Write. Mid Intertidal Zone. In legal discussions, the foreshore is often referred to as the wet-sand area. STUDY. Estuary food webs begin with the conversion of the sun’s energy to food energy by plants and plankton. As human populations continue to increase along coastlines, more people have access to the intertidal zone, impacting many of the plants and animals that rely upon this habitat. Objectives Students will be able to: Indicate that the rocky shore can be divided into zones Identify the lower intertidal zone and its features identify producers and first, second and third order consumers. Intertidal zone. Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com.Click to see the original works with their full license. Above is a food web of the intertidal biome. Equilibrium. The peritidal zone is similar but somewhat wider, extending from above the highest tide level to below the lowest. Within it are a variety of different species, which all obtain their food in different ways. A tidal cycle of two high tides and two low tides each lunar day, with the high tides of nearly equal height. These littoral areas are located between the high and low tide marks. Instruct students on the names, features, algae, and animal life of the lower intertidal zone, having each student record facts you provide them with in their Rocky Shore Zones Table. The modified legs (cirri) of the barnacle extend out of … Start studying The intertidal zone. The shore (or intertidal zone) marks the transition between the sea and land, with water moving up and down daily at the rhythm of the tides (which can be different depending on which part of the world you are in). intertidal zones. With the intertidal zone's high exposure to sunlight, the temperature can range from very hot with full sunshine to near freezing in colder climates. In most adult barnacles, the sides and back of the animal are protected by five or six calcareous plates. If The Intertidal Zone is around a Rainforest it is mostly likely in a Tropical zone. Students will record and dentify characteristic features of different plant and invertebrate groups. 5. In summer, at low tide, the temperature can rise significantly in the pools of water that remain behind, exposed to the sun, while at the same time melting glaciers bring fresh water, thus decreasing their salinity. Also known as the littoral zone ; ... Our new CrystalGraphics Chart and Diagram Slides for PowerPoint is a collection of over 1000 impressively designed data-driven chart and editable diagram s … Click to enlarge. On shores exposed to heavy wave action, the intertidal zone will be influenced by waves, as the Intertidal zonation has long been of interest to marine biologists since the intertidal zone is firstly the most accessible marine environ­ ment and, secondly, forms the interface between the marine and terrestrial environments into which organisms originating from both of these have migrated and adapted. Organisms living within the intertidal must be hardy and adaptable to tolerate conditions underwater as well as exposure to air. Life in the Intertidal Zone. Typical inhabitants of the intertidal rocky shore include urchins, sea anemones, barnacles, chitons, crabs, isopods, mussels, starfish, and many marine gastropod molluscs such as limpets and whelks. The density of plant and animal communities in the intertidal zone are often very high. It is a highly saline zone, making life for most aquatic plants difficult. Incorporate the ‘Rock Pool Detective’ and ‘Exploring Seashell Fauna’ activities to engage students further in this outdoor classroom. This subregion is mostly submerged – it is only exposed at the point of low tide and for a longer period of time during extremely low tides. Salinity. Precipitation. semidiurnal tide. Salinity: Depending on rainfall, the water in the intertidal zone may be more or less salty, and tide pool organisms must adapt to increases or decreases in salt throughout the day. A consumer is anything living that cannot produce their own food. Niche. Home; Where Are We? period, Factors that determine the degree of variation of these effects, -upper limits are determined by abiotic factors (tolerance to dehydration), Survival strategies during emersion by intertidal organisms, -moving to moist, shady, or sheltered areas, replacement of communities of organisms in an area through time. Tidepools appear when it is low tide. We will be taking a closer look at the rocky intertidal region. This area is also protected from large predators such as fish because of the wave action and the relatively shallow water. Measure of all the salts dissolved in water. The Intertidal Zone Littoral Zone Animal Printouts. A tidal cycle of two high tides and two low tides each lunar day, with the high tides of nearly equal height. Click to enlarge. It is also generally characterized by abundant dissolved oxygen, nutrients, water motion, and alternating intervals of submergence and exposure. Barnacles and limpets in the intertidal zone near Newquay, Cornwall, England. A schematic diagram of a rocky shore in the British Isles, showing the basic ‘zones’ and how environmental conditions change with height up the shore. They can be found along rocky shores or sandy beaches. Organisms living within the intertidal must be hardy and adaptable to tolerate conditions underwater as well as exposure to air. Gravity. Food webs - Intertidal rocky shores The aim of this activity is to observe and consider feeding relationships between species living in the intertidal zone of a coastal region, i.e. The foreshore zone, a part of the exceptions of the law, is public, and permanent constructions are not allowed on it. Spray zone: dampened by ocean spray and high waves and is submerged only during very high tides or severe storms. The high intertidal zone borders on the splash zone (the region above the highest still-tide level, but which receives wave splash). PLAY. [4] Other states such as California use the high-water mark. You can edit this Venn Diagram using Creately diagramming tool and include in your report/presentation/website. Organisms living in tide pools and intertidal zones are crushed by unaware humans. Adaptation in the littoral zone allows the use of nutrients supplied in high volume on a regular basis from the sea, which is actively moved to the zone by tides. The intertidal zone, also known as the foreshore or seashore, is the area above water level at low tide and underwater at high tide (in other words, the area within the tidal range).This area can include several types of habitats with various species of life, such as seastars, sea urchins, and many species of coral. Within it are a variety of different species, which all obtain their food in different ways. Middle Intertidal Zone: This region is submerged under water most of the day, except during low tide. Along most shores, the intertidal zone can be clearly separated into the following subzones: high tide zone, middle tide zone, and low tide zone. The shore (or intertidal zone) marks the transition between the sea and land, with water moving up and down daily at the rhythm of the tides (which can be different depending on which part of the world you are in). Spell. All analyses were carried out using R 3.5.2 (Team 2012), with all β-diversity analysis conducted with functions from the vegan package (Oksanen et al. The Intertidal Zone Littoral Zone Animal Printouts. A schematic diagram of a rocky shore in the British Isles, showing the basic ‘zones’ and how environmental conditions change with height up the shore. when one high tide is higher than the other high tide and one low tide is lower than the other low tide in a 24 hr. The intertidal zone or “littoral zone” is the term used to describe the seashore which is covered during high tide and exposed during low tide, revealing a unique biome which survives under such fluctuating conditions (see below). Higher Intertidal Zone: This zone is submerged during high tides, especially during the peaks, and is left dry during the remainder of the day. They are areas between high tide and low tide zones found along coasts, like the previous pictures show. Above the intertidal zone sits the supralittoral zone which is virtually a terrestrial environment. stephanie_ayzner TEACHER. A Venn Diagram showing Intertidal Zone vs The Oceanic Zone vs The Neritic Zone. A typical rocky shore can be divided into a spray zone or splash zone (also known as the supratidal zone), which is above the spring high-tide line and is covered by water only during storms, and an intertidal zone, which lies between the high and low tidal extremes. intertidal zone is only covered by the highest of the high tides, and spends much of its time as terrestrial habitat. The intertidal zone or littoral zone is the shoreward fringe of the sea bed between the highest and lowest limit of the tides. It is rich in nutrients and oxygen and is home to a variety of organisms. Objectives Students will be able to: Indicate that the rocky shore can be divided into zones The cycling of the tides influences these regions. The resistivity data were converted to salinity change ratio data. The intertidal zone. tidal zone. The intertidal zone covers three major areas: high tide zone, middle tide zone and low tide zone. This ecosystem is rife with research opportunities for marine researchers like National Geographic grantee Swapnale Gole, who studies the behavior of sea … The intertidal zone -- the area between high and low tides -- is a harsh and unforgiving habitat, subject to the rigors of both the sea and the land. 6. The modified legs (cirri) of the barnacle extend out of this opening to snag their tiny planktonic food. In this intertidal zones lesson, 6th graders analyze an illustration of an organism and a class diagram of the intertidal zones. Edges of habitats, in this case land and sea, are themselves often significant ecologies, and the littoral zone is a prime example. In the United Kingdom, the foreshore is generally deemed to be owned by the Crown although there are notable exceptions, especially what are termed several fisheries, which can be historic deeds to title, dating back to King John's time or earlier, and the Udal Law, which applies generally in Orkney and Shetland. Some microclimates in the littoral zone are moderated by local features and larger plants such as mangroves. Flashcards. The high intertidal zone is flooded during the peaks of the once or twice daily high tides, and out of the water for long stretches of time in between. Adaptations; Food Web and Symbiotic Relationships ; Bibliography; Food Web. For privately owned beaches in the United States, some states such as Massachusetts use the low-water mark as the dividing line between the property of the State and that of the beach owner; however the public still has fishing, fowling, and navigation rights to the zone between low and high water. [1] The low intertidal zone, which borders on the shallow subtidal zone, is only exposed to air at the lowest of low tides and is primarily marine in character. Littoral Zone Definition. intertidal zones. Water is available regularly with the tides, but varies from fresh with rain to highly saline and dry salt, with drying between tidal inundations. 2 to 4, clearly separate species numbers and distributions into four distinct zones corresponding to those proposed by Salvat (1964). High Intertidal Zone. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (32) Adaptation. In Greece, according to the L. 2971/01, the foreshore zone is defined as the area of the coast that might be reached by the maximum climbing of the waves on the coast (maximum wave run-up on the coast) in their maximum capacity (maximum referring to the "usually maximum winter waves" and of course not to exceptional cases, such as tsunamis etc.). The time series ERT method was used to monitor the resistivity distribution of the shallow-water multi-layer coastal aquifer during a tidal cycle. The Intertidal Zone was used as a title for Stephen Hillenburg's old comic strip. Test. to construct a bulletin board diagram or individual rocky shore zone diagram by creating the lower intertidal zone using art supplies. During low tide explore the exposed reef and rock pools to appreciate the diversity of life in the intertidal zone. Oysters living in the intertidal zone attach and feed on planktonic microalgae, ... Venn diagrams based on the Jaccard dissimilarity (presence/absence of OTUs) gave access to shared or specific OTUs of the different intertidal levels. The region contains a high diversity of species, and the zonation created by the tides causes species ranges to be compressed into very narrow bands. Intertidal Zone Definition. There is also a great biodiversity. identify producers and first, second and third order consumers. [3] The distribution of some species has been found to correlate strongly with geomorphic datums such as the high tide strand and the water table outcrop.[3]. diurnal tide. Organisms in the int… Temperature: As the tide goes out, tide pools and shallow areas in the intertidal become more vulnerable to temperature changes that could occur from increased sunlight or colder weather. Equilibrium that exists between parts of the earth's crust. intertidal zone. This area can include many different types of habitats, including steep rocky cliffs, sandy beaches, or wetlands. Adaptations to a harsh life; 2 Definition of Intertidal. A tidal cycle of one high tide and one low tide per day. about the upper intertidal zone’s names, characteristics, common algae life and common animal life. Title: Intertidal Zone 1 Intertidal Zone. The subtidal zone is the region of the neritic zone which is below the intertidal zone, therefore never exposed to the atmosphere. The high intertidal zone is only covered by the highest of the high tides, and spends much of its time as terrestrial habitat. 6. Wave splash can dislodge residents from the littoral zone. The comic strip starred "Bob The Sponge", who became SpongeBob SquarePants. Sometimes it is referred to as the littoral zone, although that can be defined as a wider region. Diagrams; 3 Intertidal Zone Locations. Physical characteristics [ edit ] The neritic zone is covered with generally well- oxygenated water, receives plenty of sunlight , is relatively stable temperature , has low water pressure and stable salinity levels, making it highly suitable for photosynthetic life. Sixth graders predict intertidal zones for organisms. The regular covering and uncovering of the shore by the waves provides a regular income of food and nutrients for plants and animals. The littoral/intertidal zone can be divided into different zones across the rocky shore that each have similar environments. Title: Intertidal Zone 1 Intertidal Zone.