Like those syst… Like other algae species, kelps attach to the substrate using a holdfast. Off the east coast, before overfishing decimated their numbers, Atlantic cod were important urchin predators. Write the names of these adaptations. Area based management (e.g., designation of marine protected areas) is known to be an effective way to protect kelp forests from excessive use or harm by people. Giant kelp (Macrocystis) forests support some of the most species-rich communities on earth.With plants reported up to 60 m long growing from the seafloor and extending along the sea surface in lush canopies, these forests are true “biogenic engineers” that provide extensive vertical habitat in a largely two-dimensional seascape, alter the light environment, and dampen water motion. However, in MPAs, the greater abundance of kelp bass places higher predation stress on prey species such as BSP. The effects of a Macrocystis pyrifera forest on currents and turbulence were investigated in a controlled laboratory setting using a dynamically matched 1/25‐scale model. Kelp Forests are underwater ecosystems formed in shallow water by the dense growth of several different species known as kelps. Generally speaking, kelps live further from the tropics than coral reefs, mangrove forests, and warm-water seagrass beds, so kelp forests do not overlap with those systems. Some species rest on rocks at the bottom of the kelp forest, with creatures like sea cucumbers and abalone. These animals feed on the holdfasts that keep kelp anchored to the bottom of the ocean and algae … f. Give examples of producers, consumers (herbivores and carnivores) and scavengers in a kelp forest. Sign our petition to tell GrubHub to take shark fin off the menu now – before the ocean’s most iconic predators disappear. Kelp forests are highly productive and they quickly recycle nutrients so that most stay in the system. Kelp forests are a rather unique natural environment that serves as a home for a variety of aquatic creatures. Along the central California coast where the distribution of giant kelp and bull kelp overlap, giant kelp out competes bull kelp for light.Kelp survival is positively correlated with the strength of the substrate. Cabrillo Marine Aquarium: In our main exhibit hall, rocky shores, tidepool touch tank, kelp forests, sandy beaches and mudflats, open ocean and Channel Islands exhibit areas introduce the rich diversity and adaptations of our local sea life through a combination of aquaria, interpretive displays and … Kelp forests are characterized by extremely high rates of primary productivity, comprise the base of a complex food web, form a three-dimensional structure that provides physical shelter for many inhabitants, have large algal standing stocks within forests, and export substantial biomass as drift algae that support other coastal ecosystems (Graham et al., 2003; In the understory, amphipods, isopods, shrimps, and young crabs comprise the motile invertebrate community. We have already protected nearly 4 million square miles of ocean and innumerable sea life - but there is still more to be done. Worldwide in temperate to polar latitudes, Cold, shallow, nutrient-rich, medium-energy waters, Kelp, Sea urchins, Rockfishes, Sea otters, Seals. Kelp are not plants, but rather extremely large brown algae, and many different species of kelp make up kelp forests. These underwater towers of kelp provide food and shelter for thousands of fish, invertebrates, and marine mammal species. Theorists also suggest that the kelp forests would have helped these ancient colonists by providing a stable way of life and preventing them from having to adapt to new ecosystems and develop new survival methods even as they traveled thousands of miles. Of the following statements about kelp and kelp forests, which is/are true? Draw your favorite kelp forest animal. Occasionally, for reasons not well understood, populations explode and overgrazing leaves an empty patch covered only with diatoms, encrusting red algae, and filamentous green algae. Content on aquatic biomes added 2012-2015. Some kelp species can measure up to 150 feet (45 m) long. Write the names of these adaptations. with other organisms also affect where kelp grows. The kelp is a very large sea weed so its root system or the holdfasts are very strong so it can attach itself to the sea floor when large storms come through the area. Adaptations are body parts and behaviors that help the animal survive. Off the west coast of North America, sea otters are predators of sea urchins and abalones, which also graze living kelp. Sea Lion via flickr/NOAA Photo Library. In kelp forests, the most commonly found invertebrates are bristle worms, scud, prawn, snails, and brittle stars. A towering seaweed, it provides food and shelter for otters, invertebrates and over 100 fish species. The defensive adaptations of three species of Tegula that inhabit kelp forests along the central California coast were investigated. Urchins are merely a species taking advantage of a situation that happens to involve bulldozing the already-struggling bull kelp, making the living environment uninhabitable by other kelp forest tenants [4]. Though kelp forests can be as high as 200 feet, some seaweed live in shallow tidal pools. At least 50 years. × Kelp are not plants, but rather extremely large brown algae, and many different species of kelp make up kelp forests. Hundreds of species grow all over the world, but sea kelp is a special kind of ocean plant, the largest and the most critical plant to the survival of many endangered sea animals. 3 University of California, Santa Barbara. Kelp forests can be seen along much of the west coast of North America. Population sizes of many of these species (including some that are commercially important food species) depend on the success of kelp growth each year. Large predatory species of sharks and marine mammals are known to hunt in the long corridors that form in kelp forests between rows of individual plants. Kelp Forests By: Kent T. Pablo T. Samuel T. An area underwater with a high density of kelp, they are found in cool shallow open coastal waters up to 2-30m deep. The inhabitants of the kelp forests eat the blades for vital energy. Giant kelp is harvested from kelp forests and used as a binding agent in products like ice cream, cereal, ranch dressing, yogurt, toothpaste, lotion and more.3 4. These photos and the maps may be used without permission for educational purposes on websites and PowerPoints. Seasonally dry tropical forest pages and some site-specific pages added in 2019 by slw. Kelp Forests Locations/Climate Kelp Forests are located in cold, nutrient rich waters, usually with temperatures between 42 to 72 degrees (F). Sea ducks feed on invertebrates and small fish. Occasionally, for reasons not well understood, populations explode and overgrazing leaves an empty patch covered only with diatoms, encrusting red algae, and filamentous green algae. Pacific Coast Temperate Rainforests of North America, Major Environmental Factors in Marine Biomes, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License. a kelp forest. Reaching heights of more than 100 feet (30 m), the giant kelp is the largest seaweed and the largest of all marine algae. It is not a quick process! Terrestrial amphipods and isopods feed on the dead kelp. These kelp contain iodine, an element that the body needs to… First, kelp must compete with plants and animals. The Kelp Forest biome is an aquatic biome filled with numerous Kelp stalks stretching from the ocean floor. The bull kelp Durvillaea antarctica is thought to be the strongest kelp in the world and is able to withstand the massive seas that are characteristic of the Southern Ocean.. 2. Kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) is a plant, not an animal, but it’s crucial to the ecosystem of a kelp forest. Among the fronds in the kelp canopy live bryozoans, hydroids, mysids, amphipods, The kelp is a very large sea weed so its root system or the holdfasts are very strong so it can attach itself to the sea floor when large storms come through the area. Adaptation. This occurs because individuals with these traits are better ad… If living in ideal physical conditions, kelp can grow 18 inches (45 cm) a day. About 90 percent of the kelp produced in the forest each year ends up on the beach or in deep water. Many of these animals have adaptations. Profiles of mean velocities and turbulence statistics were measured using acoustic Doppler velocimeters. Kelps can be found at depths up to 130 ft and as far as 6 miles off the coast. Some types of seaweed have adapted to brief dry periods when the tide is low. Sea kelp beds are like an underwater forest, and there are many fascinating secrets lurking in this plant that lives under the ocean waters. Many different organisms live in this ecosystem, and compete with each other for space and resources. The water must be clear so that sunlight can reach the ocean floor where the kelp life begins. Make comparisons between kelp forests and land forests. Create and explain a food web found in each type of forest. Kelp forests comprise one the ocean’s most diverse ecosystems. Sargassum, a type of seaweed that lives in the Sargasso Sea, has no holdfast, it simply floats in the water. Kelp forests comprise one the ocean’s most diverse ecosystems. Sea Lion via flickr/NOAA Photo Library. The stipe or stem is a very strong stem which grows at a very high rate of speed. Kelp forests are highly productive and they quickly recycle nutrients so that most stay in the system. 3. nutrients circulating around the plant. Imagine a Kelp Forest. Kelp adaptations for survival help the plant thrive in the demanding ocean environment. SEASONS OF THE KELP FOREST • Like land habitats, a kelp forest goes through seasonal changes that effect the animals and plants within the community. The structure of kelp is very specific to the adaptations of kelp. 1. d. List organisms that live in a kelp forest. Sea lions are proof that not all marine animals of the kelp forest are fish or invertebrates. A kelp forest has a greater variety and higher density of plants and animals than almost any other ocean community. Here are just five marine animals of the kelp forest that contribute to the diversity of these habitats. At sea, sea urchins graze living kelp. There are many different kinds of kelp, so there are some variations in their adaptations. Sea urchins can destroy entire kelp forests at a rate of 30 feet (9 m) per month by moving in herds. 1. Sea plants grow in every color and often have weird names like sea lettuce and devils apron. The uppermost layer of the kelp forest is called the canopy. Article from ... Marine organisms and adaptations. In the kelp beds in the Gulf of Maine, the dominant kelps are horsetail help, sugar kelp, and sea colander. Students will explore the kelp forest ecosystem by conducting research and by writing imaginary narratives through an activity that integrates science and language arts. M. A. R. Koehl. All photos, unless otherwise noted, are by the author. Sign up today to get weekly updates and action alerts from Oceana. Plants like the kelp plant Adaptations are body parts and behaviors that help the animal survive. As a result of this incredible growth, kelp forests can develop very quickly in areas that they did not previously exist. 2. A Giant kelp is the largest and fastest growing of all seaweeds and forms the framework for the kelp forest community. Mechanical adaptations of a giant kelp. e. Name human activities that can harm a kelp forest ecosystem. Warmer than normal summers and seasonal changes to currents that bring fewer nutrients to kelp forests (both sometimes occurring naturally) combine to weaken kelps and threaten their survival in some years. Kelp is an enormous asset for mitigating climate change and its damaging effects on coastal communities, but these forests require clean, cool … (Currently searching for post-doctoral positions) Billie Beckley (2020) Understanding the mechanisms leading to recruitment inhibition of Macrocystis pyrifera by understory algae.MS Thesis. They flourish where the continental shelf has a gentle slope and where hard surfaces are available for the attachment of their holdfasts. Animal Adaptations-Key You met kelp forest animals at the aquarium. Kelps are large, rubbery brown algae that from in sense stands off sheltered to moderately exposed rocky coasts in cool (≤ 68° F) temperate waters of both hemispheres. Senoritas are beautiful, cigar-shaped fish common offshore to California. But both bull kelp and giant kelp are being threatened by marine heat waves and other climate change stressors.. Some species aggregate and spawn in kelp forests or utilize these areas as juvenile nursery habitat. Because kelp attaches to the seafloor and eventually grows to the waters surface and relies on sunlight to generate food and energy, kelp forests are always coastal and require shallow, relatively clear water. Giant kelp forests are foundational to ocean ecology and biodiversity, providing food, habitat and shelter for many fish, marine mammals and other sea life. In addition to being nutritious and mineral-rich, the growth and lifestyle habitats of sea kelp are … Kelp doesn't do well in warm waters, as can be seen during California's summer season. Though kelp forests can be as high as 200 feet, some seaweed live in shallow tidal pools. Kelp forest can be seen in along the west coast of the North America. It is not a quick process! The Red alga known as Irish moss is a major component of the understory. Anchored on the seafloor, individuals reach to the surface, where their blades rock on the waves. [61] Together they create a three dimensional habitat that hosts diverse animals. for space to settle and grow. Plants in the ocean can be hard, soft, slimy or even delicious. Kelp Beds: Forests of the Sea. Large gatherings of sea urchins (a primary herbivore in kelp forests) can prevent kelp plants from growing large enough to form forests. What does that mean for us? Some of these creatures are also food for bigger ones; for example, sea otters eat sea urchins, which in turn can eat an entire kelp forest if no otters are around to keep them under control. This is largely because its physically varied structure offers more kinds of homes than habitats with less variation, like beaches. Because of this, they must adapt to fluctuations in the temperature, currents and salinity of the water. The holdfast extends into a stem or trunk ending in broad, flat blades. Like trees of the rainforest, kelp forests support a dynamic range of animals found at the very bottom, and in layers all the way to the top canopy. c. List biotic and abiotic factors affecting a kelp forest. Kelp are large brown algae that live in cool, relatively shallow waters close to the shore. They are known as kelp beds where there is no surface canopy and kelp forests where they form a canopy. Kelp Forest. Author: Dr. Susan L. Woodward, Professor of Geography Emerita, Department of Geospatial Science, Radford University, Radford, Virginia. Many species of fish and marine mammals inhabit kelp forests for protection and food. Many fish species use kelp forests as nurseries for their young, while seabirds and marine mammals like sea lions, sea otters and even gray whales use them as shelter from predators and storms.1, 4. Describe a kelp forest. The cycle between these so called “urchin barrens” and well-developed kelp forests is a well-studied phenomenon in regions that are favorable for forest formation. 2. Longevity. Because kelp attaches to the seafloor and eventually grows to the water’s surface and relies on sunlight to generate food and energy, kelp forests are always coastal and require shallow, relatively clear water. If BSP are behaviorally adapted in their predatory avoidance behaviors, such as shyness, according to local predation regime, then fisheries management could have harmful implications for this species. The stipe or stem is a very strong stem which grows at a very high rate of speed. Modelling kelp forest primary production using in situ photosynthesis, biomass and light measurements Kirsten L. Rodgers*, Nick T. Shears Leigh Marine Laboratory, Institute of Marine Science, University of Auckland, PO Box 349, Warkworth 0941, New Zealand A look at the remarkable diversity of life found in the kelp forest. Here are just five marine animals of the kelp forest that contribute to the diversity of these habitats. The coloration of giant sea bass coloration helps them blend in with their surroundings in rocky reefs and the shadows of kelp forests, but their large size is their its primary protection. They normally can be found in the shallow open coastal waters with less than 20°C in temperature. Then we will demonstrate all Strong individual storms can wipe out large areas of kelp forest, by ripping the kelp plants from the seafloor. Describe the three main layers of a forest. They grow in dense groupings much like a forest on land. The organism posing the greatest threat to the kelp forest is the _____. Among those visiting the kelp beds are Red-breasted mergansers, Common Goldeneye, and Long-tailed Duck. As mentioned previously, Pacific kelp is a large species of brown algae. It lives in cold, clear waters where it forms large, dense kelp forests that provide habitat for thousands of other marine species. Kelp thrives in cold, nutrient-rich waters. We are restoring the world’s wild fish populations to serve as a sustainable source of protein for people. Each organism has unique adaptations that protect them and help ensure their survival. Click here or below to download hands-on marine science activities for kids. In other words, they can disappear and reappear based on the oceanographic conditions and the population sizes of their primary herbivores. Lab Alumni Scott Gabara (2020) Causes and Consequences of Kelp Forest Foundation Species Loss.PhD Dissertation. 2. Terrestrial amphipods and isopods feed on the dead kelp. Many of these animals have adaptations. Paralabrax clathratus, the kelp bass, bull bass or calico bass, is a species of marine ray-finned fish, a sea bass from the subfamily Serraninae, classified as part of the family Serranidae which includes the groupers and anthias.It is found in the eastern North Pacific Ocean where it is an important species for both recreational and commercial fisheries. Circle the adaptations the animal uses to get food. Sessile invertebrates include hydroids and tunicates that grow on the kelps and red algae. Kelp forests are also found Their ability to make their dark spots appear and disappear is a form of camouflage. It may take 4-6 years for the forest to recover. toward the surface, kelp … How species adapt. Dr. Andrew Foy, Associate Professor of Geospatial Science at Radford University, is web administrator for the site. It attracts and influences many other species of animals and plants within the forest. These kelp is the most beautiful and astonishing kelp among all. Then we will demonstrate all The larger and stronger the rock on which it is anchored, the greater the chance of kelp survival. Transition: Now we are going to do further research about an organism from the kelp forest and make presentations to the rest of the class. It can live for many years, growing up to 18 inches in a day and forming forests over 150 feet tall. b. plenty of light and enough water motion to keep. The current of the kelp forest can vary throughout the world, but generally there is a pretty quick current. Left: Anemone and starfish in kelp Forest (Wikipedia Commons); Right: Sea otter with young (Caleb Slemons, bugwood.org). Predators include lobsters, crabs, sea stars, and fish—including winter flounder, haddock, and wrasse. The forest layers help describe this complex ecosystem. Kelps grow throughout the cold temperate regions of the world. Kelp wrack at the Cape of Good Hope,  South Africa: Wrack along beach at Cape of Good Hope; close-up showing rubbery nature of kelp. You will be put into groups of five. Choose all that apply. Interactions. Aug 22, 2017 - Adaptation is an evolutionary process whereby an organism becomes increasingly well suited to living in a particular habitat. Watch: Behind-the-scenes peek reveals the high-tech world of ocean exploration. A gas-filled pneumatocyst is found beneath the blade, which floats the kelp at the surface. It is removed in 1.13.2 and 1.14.4, because vanilla Minecraft added kelp and dried kelp. Uprooted kelps drift out to sea or onto beaches, where they are stranded and become wrack. Because of this, they must adapt to fluctuations in the temperature, currents and salinity of the water. Kelp forests provide habitat for a variety of invertebrates, fish, marine mammals, and birds. Handle them carefully; their large chelipeds are good defensive adaptations. The Kelp Forest Ecosystem A host of invertebrates, fish, marine mammals, and birds exist in kelp forest environs. July 2020. Kelp forests grow best in nutrient-rich, clear waters whose temperatures are between 42–72 degrees F (5–20 degrees C). Kelp forests are characterized by extremely high rates of primary productivity, comprise the base of a complex food web, form a three-dimensional structure that provides physical shelter for many inhabitants, have large algal standing stocks within forests, and export substantial biomass as drift algae that support other coastal ecosystems (Graham et al., 2003; The fish is brightly colored with a metallic bronze sheen on the upper body and a … Kelp Forests Locations/Climate Kelp Forests are located in cold, nutrient rich waters, usually with temperatures between 42 to 72 degrees (F). Waves break off tips of blades and uproot kelps during storms, releasing DOM, which bacteria absorb and direct through the ever-important microbial loop. Kelp Forest. The Kelp Forest biome is an aquatic biome filled with numerous Kelp stalks stretching from the ocean floor. Though they look very much like plants, kelps are actually extremely large brown algae. Kelp-craving sea urchins may wreak havoc on precious real estate but they are not the villain in this ecosystem story. Sea Kelp Facts for Kids. They take up nutrients generated by the constantly moving … Draw your favorite kelp forest animal. Sea urchins most notably can burn through a kelp forest, eating their holdfasts, which attach the kelp to the sea floor. Natural selection over many generations results in helpful traits becoming more common in a population. a kelp forest. Like those systems, though, kelp forests provide important three-dimensional, underwater habitat that is home to hundreds or thousands of species of invertebrates, fishes, and other algae. Kelp Forests : The richest habitat along our Californian rocky shores is the kelp forest. Plants like the kelp plant Some kelp species can measure up to 150 feet (45 m) long. Task. From the holdfasts to the surface mats of kelp fronds, the array of habitats on the kelp itself may support thousands of invertebrate individuals, including polychaetes, amphipods, decapods, and … 3. In giant kelp forests, rockfish hover motionless under the kelp canopy, buoyed by their air bladders. Stinging cells, camouflage, and an inking response are adaptations to cope with which of the following adverse conditions of the rocky intertidal zone? They are known as kelp beds where there is no surface canopy and kelp forests where they form a canopy. Though it resembles a tall grass, giant kelp is not a plant. Aquarium of the Pacific/Ken Kurtis During the summer they nip off bits of brown algae such as kelp, rockweed, and sargassum, as well as several types of red algae. It can live for many years, growing up to 18 inches in a day and forming forests over 150 feet tall. understory, and forest floor. The average sea-floor depth is 40, usual for an ocean floor in Minecraft. Kelps are the largest of the marine plants found in Antarctic and sub-Antarctic waters. Along the California coast, the giant kelp is the main algae found in this layer. San Diego State University & UC Davis. Each of these natural alterations to kelp forest density or total area affects the community of invertebrates and fishes that live in this ecosystem. A look at the remarkable diversity of life found in the kelp forest. Content on terrestrial biomes was initially prepared in 1997 and later updated. A great way to get involved in protecting #oceans: Join Oceana as a Wavemaker & sound off on important issues! Then, as it grows. Besides these benefits, researchers believe that the kelp forests might have helped early boaters navigate, acting as a type of "kelp highway". It attracts and influences many other species of animals and plants within the forest. Corresponding Author. Transition: Now we are going to do further research about an organism from the kelp forest and make presentations to the rest of the class. Generally speaking, kelps live further from the tropics than coral reefs, mangrove forests, and warm-water seagrass beds, so kelp forests do not overlap with those systems. Kelp shelters a number of sea creatures, some of which are endangered. Adaptation is an evolutionary process whereby an organism becomes increasingly well suited to living in a particular habitat. (Students may use newspapers, journals, books, and the internet.) SEASONS OF THE KELP FOREST • Like land habitats, a kelp forest goes through seasonal changes that effect the animals and plants within the community. Kelp forests are a rather unique natural environment that serves as a home for a variety of aquatic creatures. Like trees of the rainforest, kelp forests support a dynamic range of animals found at the very bottom, and in layers all the way to the top canopy. It is removed in 1.13.2 and 1.14.4, because vanilla Minecraft added kelp and dried kelp. If living in ideal physical conditions, kelp can grow 18 inches (45 cm) a day. It may take 4-6 years for the forest to recover. Sea lions are proof that not all marine animals of the kelp forest are fish or invertebrates. Kelp Forests : The richest habitat along our Californian rocky shores is the kelp forest. Giant kelp (Macrocystis) forests support some of the most species-rich communities on earth.With plants reported up to 60 m long growing from the seafloor and extending along the sea surface in lush canopies, these forests are true “biogenic engineers” that provide extensive vertical habitat in a largely two-dimensional seascape, alter the light environment, and dampen water motion. The structure of kelp is very specific to the adaptations of kelp. A towering seaweed, it provides food and shelter for otters, invertebrates and over 100 fish species. 3. Kelp (Macrocystis pyrifera) is a plant, not an animal, but it’s crucial to the ecosystem of a kelp forest. Some species can reach heights (underwater) of 150 feet (45 m), and under ideal physical conditions, kelp can grow 18 inches (45 cm) in a single day! Destructive fishing practices, coastal pollution, and accidental damage caused by boat entanglement are known to negatively affect kelp forests. From chilly Alaska to the warm waters of Mexico, giant kelp forests grow amid a variety of temperatures. Oceana joined forces with Sailors for the Sea, an ocean conservation organization dedicated to educating and engaging the world’s boating community. At sea, sea urchins graze living kelp. Two kelp configurations with surface canopies and one without a surface canopy were considered. Although they do not occur in Oregon waters, they can be seen in the California Kelp Forest exhibit in our Coastal Waters gallery. … Though kelp forests are important ecosystems wherever they occur, they are more dynamic than the other systems mentioned above. Limpets and periwinkles, as well as sea urchins, feed on the kelps. Waves break off tips of blades and uproot kelps during storms, releasing DOM, which bacteria absorb and direct through the ever-important microbial loop. Beautiful and biologically complex kelp plants grow underwater and create underwater kelp forests in the rocky coastline areas of the world’s oceans. Watch: The oceans are acidifying. Some types of seaweed have adapted to brief dry periods when the tide is low. Sailors for the Sea developed the KELP (Kids Environmental Lesson Plans) program to create the next generation of ocean stewards. If the water is too warm (warmer than … They progress through seasonal cycles. Bacteria are consumed by zooplankters; or adhering to marine snow, they sink to the bottom, where filter-feeding benthic organisms such as tunicates, mussels, and sponges fed upon them. Smaller kelps and red algae form an understory. sea urchin. Only about 10 percent gets eaten within the kelp forest itself. g. Forest .. The current of the kelp forest can vary throughout the world, but generally there is a pretty quick current. Circle the adaptations the animal uses to get food. Others live on the deep seafloor or in the water column. Animal Adaptations-Key You met kelp forest animals at the aquarium. Kelp forests provide shelter, homes and safety to many different creatures that live in the ocean. Like the shore crabs, kelp crabs are herbivores most of the time. Sea otters play a key role in stabilizing sea urchin populations so that kelp forests may thrive.2, 5. The average sea-floor depth is 40, usual for an ocean floor in Minecraft. Some live on rocky reefs or seafloors in nearshore shallow waters. Giant kelp is the largest and fastest growing of all seaweeds and forms the framework for the kelp forest community. × Kelp Forest. http://ow.ly/HoEaH, Cephalopods, Crustaceans, & Other Shellfish, Watch: How marine heat waves harm animals, Watch: Upwelling is the secret ingredient to productive oceans. Materials: • Research materials containing information about kelp forests and land forests. Winter storms and high-energy environments easily uproot the kelp and can wash entire plants ashore.The kelp forests … Laminaria is one of seaweed types that is native to Japan. Off the coast of California, just beneath the water's surface lies a unique ecosystem: the kelp forest. In the United Kingdom, a plan known as “ Help Our Kelp ” aims to restore a 70-square-mile tract of historic kelp forest along the country’s southern Sussex Coast. Kelp thrives in cold, nutrient-rich waters.