However, concrete alone looks quite mundane. Glass stairs Arden introduces colour, light, and unexpected dimension to glass stairs. Cut along your mark making sure that you stop when you reach the corner of the notch. Nowadays, many modern homes and commercial spaces use glass staircases to create a contemporary vibe. Nail the second riser and screw on the two 2x6 bottom treads leaving a ¼ in gap between the boards. via And thus, a grandiose spiral staircase will be much costlier compared to its straight counterpart. Instead of a landing, which breaks the flow in the case of straight stairs, Winding Staircases have wedge-shaped treads. The stairs take a 90-degree turn in a Single Winder Staircase. Just take a look at the illustration below. Wood is strong and easy to work with providing an element of warmth in the home. Stair Material – Wood, Glass and Acrylic, Metal and Concrete the Pros and Cons. Boards 1.1.2. Each of these units is made of a tread and a riser. This paper is prepared keeping in mind the requirements of a B-Tech level and Diploma level student. From stair treads, stair railing and a complete From stair treads, stair railing and a complete selection of Stair Parts, Surewood-LNL has what you need to make your stairs beautiful. A stringer board or stringer is what provides support to the treads and risers of a standard staircase. One of the first to consider is the space available, type of material and budget. Needless to say, Winder Staircases do not need a landing. The following tools are the ones that you will probably need when building a new staircase in your construction project. Wooden stairs are the most traditional staircase material and the most affordable. HANDRAILS FOR COMMERCIAL STAIRS Since there are no turns, it is simpler to carry heavy items up the staircase. That is why they are the staircase of choice for buildings with multiple floors. Double Winder Stairs can be divided into two categories –  one with a smoother passage of winder treads from turn to turn and another with a more abrupt passage. This area can be used as a storage space as shown in the illustration below. In other words, the depth of the landing must be longer than the whole width of the tread of a single flight of stairs. Top-Down View Of A Double Winder Staircase Finally, we have Quarter Landing Stairs. Don’t believe us? Specify all the different types of materials. It takes time, knowledge and skills to build a perfect staircase. Juan Rodriguez is a former writer with The Balance who covered large-scale construction. A Straight Staircase With An Intermediate Landing Although we use staircases every day, we know little to nothing about them. They are quite similar in construction to the Quarter Landing Stairs featured above. Your email address will not be published. A Simple Straight Staircase Even if your plan does not require a landing, you should include one. Additionally, the space-saving structure often doesn’t pair well with larger spaces or more traditional décor. In case of the Single Winder Stairs, you have wedge-shaped treads, while the Quarter Landing Stairs has a landing. It is the part of the tread (if present) that protrudes over the riser beneath it. Find these two places and determine if you have enough space at both ends to be standing up safely, or at least have 24 inches available to use as the landing area. If you are still unclear about the balcony of a staircase, take a look at the illustration below. 3. IBC 2015 Section 1011.7 provides this information on the construction of stairs: 1011.7 Stairway construction. 41 in. In modern dwellings however it is usually desirable to open up t… Bricks 1.2.2. via All the basic details of Arched Stairs are curved. via What are the best materials for staircases? In this article we explain you the […] From timber clad in Blackbutt shiplap lining to the sheen of stainless steel, appropriate material selection defines mood and tone. A Luxurious Arched Wooden Staircase They are quite hard to climb and surely not suited for old people. Distinguishing Staircases According To Design, Types of Staircases With A Straight Flight, Spiral Staircases can be both simple and luxurious, Inspirational Statement Walls Ideas That Will Spice Up Your Living Space, 16 Super Interesting Facts About Las Vegas, Sin City. A staircase landing is a flat area which separates two flights of stairs. In this section, we will focus on the various materials which are commonly used to construct staircases. If you choose the 2 x 4 handrail, you can use a piece of 2 x material to create a 1 … The Surewood-LNL 44 in. Take the stringer or the 2x12 and put them on top of a sawhorse to layout the place where the riser and treads will be. When you start the project, make sure your work area is clean and well lighted. The code requires that stairways be built of materials that are consistent with the types of materials permitted for the type of construction of the building it serves. So, read along to find out everything you need to know about the different designs. It is limited to a maximum of 16 in a single flight. This staircase also has rules for the dimensions of the landing. Beams / Pillars 1.1.3. Stringer Layout Diagram For deck design and structural information, check out the Prescriptive Residential Wood Deck Construction Guide , by the American Wood Council. Such stairs are … Measure the horizontal projected distance from the top landing to the bottom landing to be sure you are correct. Your email address will not be published. Another potential downside to Winder Stairs is the cost to build it. Sure, some forms of glasses can be quite brittle, but new varieties of glass have emerged that are easily capable of holding a large amount of weight. Mark on the bottom landing where the stair will actually end. While they are not the staircase of choice for tall buildings, they make perfect sense in a house with two or three floors. A quarter turn stair is the one which changes its direction either to the right or to the left but where the turn being affected either by introducing a quarter space landing or by providing winders. Building Materials For Stairs. Compact Stairs are built with one thing in mind – minimizing space. So, what are the different kinds of staircases which fall under this category? So, what if the next floor is at a height where it is not possible to create 16 treads without making each tread unnaturally large? In case of commercial or assembly buildings, there is a requirement for the number of steps in a flight. Moreover, since each of these treads rise vertically, you save even more space. While some of these materials lean towards practicality and durability, others are more aesthetically pleasing. Just have a look at the image below if you are interested in these terms. Cut the top and bottom of the stringer with a circular saw. Building a staircase is no easy task. Construction of Stairs. Next up is the Half Landing Staircase. Next up is Double Winder Stairs. Multiply the number of treads by 10.25 inches wide, or the same as two 2x6s. For example, if you are building stairs to go up to a deck, and you measure 3 feet (0.91 m) from the ground to the top of the deck, then this is the total rise. Wood Boards / HP… An Arched Staircase With Balcony Measure the distance between the concrete footers and cut a pressure … Required fields are marked *. That will be the total stair rise measurement. This type of stairs creates a mesmerizing floating effect. In fact, it is surely the most functional and convenient to use. A Simple Spiral Staircase With A Central Vertical Post View all » 1.2. But if the vertical climb is not much, it makes perfect sense. Attach a 2x6, same width of the stringer, to the back of the stringer to provide additional support. The angle between both landings should be around 40 degrees, at a maximum. If the treads are wider than usual, then more stringers are added as necessary. Most metal structures have sharp edges that can cause serious injuries. via A Staircase With A Quarter Landing In case of Winder Stairs, there are some steps which are wedge-shaped. While Quarter Landings and Half Landings are where the staircase changes direction, another benefit is offering a place to rest. We believe that after going through this article, you will have enough knowledge to decide which staircase suits your home the best. When compared to the Winder Stairs featured earlier, these do not have any straight treads. In the previous case, the landing flowed along with the staircase. When it comes to the size of the landing, it is identical to that of the Half Landing Staircase. 1. Bob Vila and carpenter Bob Ryley demonstrate how to build a staircase. Now to find the number of treads, subtract one from the number of risers, as there’s always one fewer tread than risers. Staircase Materials Most staircases are constructed of wood. What is more, the construction of these stairs is not only economic but also time-saving. Primed Square Baluster From stair treads, stair railing and a complete From stair treads, stair railing and a complete selection of Stair Parts, Surewood-LNL has what you need to make your stairs beautiful. Add all risers and treads up to the top of the stairs. In that case, feel free to skip over to the ones you have not heard of. If the balcony is long enough, it might need multiple newel posts to support the length of the railing. A Luxurious Concrete Staircase With White Marble Treads Steel Sections / Pipes 1.3.4. Materials / Construction Systems 1.1. The Tread is the part you step on. Read along to find out. It will surely make things even more practical and convenient. If you observe the treads of a spiral staircase closely, you will notice that all of them, except for the last one, are wedge-shaped and uniform in size. You can play with this calculator trying out different options for the number of risers and run size. Fit the stringer into place and check the tread level. These staircases exude a premium feel, and you will find them in many high-end homes. Just take a look at the illustration below. The primary purpose of building stairs to create a comfortable, safe and attractive way to … 1 of 4. x 1-1/4 in. And thus, glass has gained a lot of popularity, especially in the 21st century. Lushome shares a collection of modern staircase design ideas which are inspiring and attractive. Building stairs with multiple landings and spiral stairs will take a considerable amount of design and planning. via Some of these compact staircases have unique treads like the ones featured in the illustration below. Of the two, the staircase with the smoother passage is surely the more convenient to use. Moreover, it is almost impossible to go up while carrying heavy items. We have already mentioned that a single flight of stairs cannot exceed 16 treads. Also, cut one piece of treated 2" x 4" lumber to 3' long. These steps help in changing the direction of the staircase. For the steps themselves, carpet and stone are popular traditional materials, while metal or … Just take a look at the illustration below. We will talk about them in a lot more detail. To combat this, install the treated 2" x 4" directly against the floor. If you have a middle stringer, reinforce it with additional 2x4 nailed to both sides of it. Stairs may be steep or gradual, narrow or wide, purely functional or grand and showy. Cut off the end of the bottom so it is about 5 inched high. Thankfully, metal stair components can be readily purchased for a low price. The look of your stairs should coordinate with the rest of your house, so don't try to mix two dramatically different styles, like traditional and modern. Spiral staircases cannot be ascended or descended as quickly as a traditional staircase due to the corkscrew design. You must already be familiar with this type of stairs. via Some floating staircases entirely omit the handrails for an even more dramatic effect. Spiral stairs. Vertical Rise for Stairs. Stairways shall be built of materials consistent with the types permitted for the type of construction of the building, except that wood handrails shall be permitted for all types of construction. Geometrical stairs. Do nosings have any benefits? A Simple Illustration Demonstrating The Tread Depth and Riser Height. Building a Staircase There are various pieces that go into creating the perfect staircase, ... the main pillar at the front of the staircase also essential to the support of a flight of stairs. Stairs cannot be continuous without have a landing or floor level that breaks up the flight of stairs. Metal is a more expensive construction material. via Stairs are constructed with any of the following materials. In some cases, there may be more than one stringer board present, but the number of stringers is always less compared to a standard staircase of the same width. via While some runners are directly nailed or stapled to the steps, others might be securely held in place by a stair rod. However, in this case, the landing changes the direction of the flight of stairs by 180 degrees. If you have any suggestions, do let us know in the comment section below. Stairs made from metal can create a lot of noise when they are used. So it is also called as L-stair. That makes the construction not only tedious but also quite costly. It looks stupendous, doesn’t it? Mark the left and right position of the skirts and mark horizontal lines to mark the top treads location. View all » 1.4. How to Build Stairs: Determine Number of Risers, How to Build Stairs: Determine Number of Treads, How to Build Stairs: Add the Risers/Steps, Handicap Ramp Slope, Handrail, and Landing Requirements, How to Prepare 1099-NEC Forms—Step by Step, Simple Steps for Building Office Partition Walls, The Best Pallet Dismantling Tools and Machinery, How the Pros Deal With Banging Plumbing Pipes, Helpful Tips on How to Solve Issues with Door Hinges, Learn Expert Tips for Hanging Drywall Like a Pro, How to Calculate the Land to Building Ratio, Learn How to Install a Door by following these Simple Steps, Step-By-Step Instructions How to Build a Concrete Block Wall, The 7 Best Standing Desk Converters of 2020, The Most Common Types of Copper Pipe Used in Construction, Easy Way to Estimate Drywall, Mud, Tape, and Screws, Quickest Way to Do a Wall Framing Takeoff, Factors to Consider Before Building Foundation Walls, The Balance Small Business is part of the. via When it comes to the construction, these types of staircases follow a simple rule – the number of treads must be less than 16 in a single straight flight of stairs. Although a Staircase Runner is not a structural part of the staircase, it not only elevates the safety but also adds a touch of luxury. Evaluate each option based on the design you want to follow. x 1/2 in. Whether you are an expert builder, aspiring architect or someone looking to remodel your home, we hope that this article has helped you in one way or another. This calculator will calculate the material needed for a set of stairs with closed risers and the cost of the wood part for these stairs. Sure, you can create a straight staircase with a quarter landing or half landing. Among all the different staircase designs, Spiral Stairs are surely the most photogenic. In case of half turn stairs its direction reversed, or changed for 180. These are most commonly found in apartment and tall office buildings. Although not a popular choice for commercial building interiors, metal staircases are often used in private homes. These staircases are most commonly found in tiny homes where saving space is of utmost importance. Let us now find out more about the different types of staircases with a straight flight. However, do not let its simple construction fool you. via Now, a nosing is a part that may or may not be present in a staircase. National Mfg. x 1-1/4 in. STAIRWAY CONSTRUCTION TYPE. One of the first to consider is the space available, type of material and budget. In fact, the only difference is where the flight of stairs bifurcates. You can think of this as a single unit of the staircase. Some of you might still feel that glass is not a sturdy material. These staircases are extremely popular in modern, minimalistic homes. Hence, there is no need to construct a landing of any sort in this case. Fir Square Baluster is primed and ready to finish with paint or stains. Metal 1.3.1. We would love to hear from you. This vertical post acts as a support for all the treads in the flight. Source Unknown. I am quite hopeful that this paper will fulfill all sorts of Mark the bottom of the stringer to remove the tread thickness. Concrete staircases can be installed quickly and are durable enough to last a lifetime. It seems as if the treads have nothing below them. Compared to the Straight Stairs, they take up less space and are almost as convenient to use. A Modern Glass Staircase With Stainless Steel Railings A support is typically required for the landing in a L type stair. View all » 1.3. A Floating Staircase With A Double Quarter Landing Moreover, it can be easily shaped to your desire. In this category, you will find the Standard Straight Stairs, Half Landing Stairs and, Quarter Landing Stairs. However, simplicity is not a bad thing. And that should ideally be equal to the step length and the depth of a single tread. Lay out the stairs by drawing on the outside of the framing square, sliding the square along until it meets the last mark. This tutorial covers basic instructions on how to build a wooden staircase. A Unique Storage Solution For The Spandrel via On the other hand, it turns by 180 degrees in a Double Winder Staircase. Needless to say, these types of staircases are really complicated to build and can only be done by experts. The 7 inch number represents the approximate step height, which sometimes is determined or regulated by the local building code. Just check the illustration below in case you are not familiar with Double Quarter Landing Stairs. via Now you know the pros and cons of some of the best building materials for stairs in homes. For more how to's, visit: The treads you see here are known as “goose steps.”, A Compact Staircase With Goose Steps However, none of the treads taper as much as the ones found at the junction of a Single or Double Winder Stairs. Moreover, they typically have a single stringer which provides support on one end of the tread. So, are you ready to begin your Staircase 101 class and learn everything you need to know about stairs? The more complicated the design, the more specialization it requires. Remove ¾ in from the top of the stringer to fit the missing top riser. The main downside of having a glass staircase is the maintenance cost. In fact, floating staircases do not have risers. For stairs with 4 or more risers, most codes require a handrail on at least one side. In this section, we will talk about the various designs of staircases, ranging from Straight Stairs, Half Landing Stairs to Single Winder Stairs, Spiral Stairs and more. Wood 1.1.1. Landing space requirements are determined by local building codes, so be sure to follow your local code regulations. Construction of concrete stairs includes steps such as designing, preparing foundation, building formwork, placement of reinforcement steel bars, concreting, finishing and curing. Although this section has almost every conceivable term relating to staircases, we are quite sure that most of you are already familiar with some of these. So, what exactly is a nosing? But, what if you want to keep it absolutely straight, with no bends? The number of steps in a flight is its length. Measure the total rise to the landing spot with a leveled 2 x 4. So, which of these materials will be perfect for your staircase? Brickwork / Masonry 1.2.1. A Contemporary Spiral Metal Staircase If you want the stairs to stop 3 inches (7.6 cm) from the top of the deck, however, count the total rise as 2.75 feet (0.84 m). Slabs / Plates / Sheets 1.3.2. In other words, it is quite easy to make a complicated arched or spiral staircase using concrete. Outline the pattern on the skirt board. Well, you can create an intermediate landing like the one featured in the illustration below. Since a picture is worth a thousand words; we will not give you boring definitions about Tread Depth and Riser Height. Winder or Winding Staircases generally comprise of Single Winder Stairs, Double Winder Stairs, Arched Stairs and last but not least, Spiral Stairs. Now, this impractical design philosophy cannot be implemented everywhere as building codes might not allow it. via Tack the skirts and screw the skirts to the top landing surface. As its name suggests, the flight of these stairs resembles an arch. That brings our Staircase 101 class to an end. Measure to determine the stringer and skirt length. In most situations, a staircase is an integral part of a home’s design and style. x 3-1/2 In. Half turn stairs. A Staircase With A Half Landing A Single Winder Staircase However, that is not entirely true. A single day of use can ruin the appearance, and thus, it must constantly be cleaned to keep it in tip-top condition. The concrete staircase topped off with marble treads looks mesmerizing, doesn’t it? National 1420 Handrail Bracket 2-Piece Although these stairs save a lot of space, they sacrifice convenience and practicality. In most cases, you will find three stringers. How to draw a detailed stair plan: 1. They are the simplest to construct and can save you a fair amount of cash compared to the more complex staircase designs. When it comes to materials for the stairs, it goes without saying that stairs can be made of different materials depending on your taste and requirements. A continuous series of steps which are not interrupted by a landing or a platform is known as a flight of stairs. He is an engineer with experience managing and overseeing large civil works construction. The result number of that division is the number of required risers. When it comes to practicality and versatility, concrete reigns supreme. How, you ask? Recheck all the measurements and if possible draw a simple sketch to be sure that you have the right number of treads and risers. Summary of Staircase Design Principles. Cut the Stringer Supports. Note: These stairs will rest on a bare concrete floor -- but untreated lumber will absorb moisture and rot from bare concrete. These Arched Double Stairs look stunning, don’t they? Now, do not be fooled by the affordability aspect of wood. Well, having the wedge-shaped treads earlier make it visible and thus make it more convenient to walk up, especially if you are moving a heavy object. via Moreover, they are more compact than the former. Unlike Arched Staircases, which are usually found in high-end homes, Spiral Staircases can be both simple and luxurious. For starters, it looks a lot cooler, wouldn’t you agree? If you want it more akin to a Half Landing Staircase, you simply need to add another quarter landing. Use a vertical 2 x 4 pressure-treated board with routed edges or an exterior-grade metal rail. These runners are nothing but carpeting for the staircase. The Surewood-LNL 41 in. Winder Stairs, as its name suggests, have a winding design. You have many choices for materials, shapes, colors and patterns when designing the stairs leading to your door. Finish the cut with a hand tool to prevent damaging the stringer. Attach the bottom riser into each stringer and check the squareness of the stair. Single Winder Stairs are staircases where the angle between the first flight and second flight is 90 degrees. This is especially useful if you are trying to move a heavy object up the stairs. via In fact, many staircases do not have even have this part. The first one when building new stairs is to determine where the stairs will start and where it will end. Carpet protection film with adhesive backing is a long-lasting, residue-free … Stair building can be expensive; you only want to purchase the materials once, so purchase and cut wisely. While the obvious downside is the convenience and practicality, this design concept surely has a few benefits.