You’ll also need to protect the trees from freezing by covering them on cold nights. This article has been viewed 1,034,681 times. Zaytoun supports an olive tree planting project which is run by the Palestine Fair Trade Association (PFTA) which are based in Jenin. Also staking your tree should be done as you are planting your tree this will reduce root damage. Consider your goal. For example, if you live on particularly hilly or steep land, it may not be a good idea to plant trees because their roots may not be able to take proper hold. The soil around the rootball should remain moist though not saturated. Larger trees may need 1 or 2 more stakes placed a few feet from the trunk. For a 2-year-old bare-root tree, that’s usually a hole that’s 2 feet around and deep to accommodate the tree’s root system with room to grow. When tamping down backfill, make sure to proceed gently and also not use your feet because you could trample the roots. You could drown the roots before they get a chance to grow. However, if you take the time to think about these factors, you will be able to successfully plant and enjoy a tree or trees for years to come! Give fruit and nut trees extra attention. I am easily able to get started today. Proper planting is critical to their survival and long-term suc… It may depend on the tree, though. How far apart should I plant my Norway Spruce trees? wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. If the tree is a sapling, turn it upside down gently to get it out of the container. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Either plant it farther away, or plant a tree that will mature to something smaller. They can over time given the strength of roots, but it is not advisable because it will disrupt the flow of oxygen and water drainage. This is enough to meet the annual needs of 18 people.\" Trees also add beauty, increase the value of your home, provide cooling shade and offer shelter for wildlife. You can access the Plant Hardiness Zones at. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. The United States, for examples, is located within Zones 2 through 10. Plant a tree in memory of a loved one or as a gift to someone special, and you'll help nature to thrive so that future generations can enjoy spending time with loved ones in the shade of these beautiful giants. It can over-boost the tree and make it "burn out” or not thrive. When you plant a tree, you celebrate the earth by increasing its leafy canopy. Larger trees may need two or three stakes. It is very important that the roots make immediate contact with the backfill soil. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. You’ll need to make sure that you water your plant to keep it thriving. If you can’t plant the trees within approximately 24 hours of arrival, unpack the plants and cover their roots with wet newspaper, hay, or peat moss. Keep the soil moist, but not soggy, until you can plant the trees. If they are circling too much to do that, make vertical cuts. For example, if you live in northern Canada, planting a palm tree probably isn’t feasible. There are 27 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. If you want to grow a tree that yields a certain type of fruit, it’s best to buy one from a nursery to help ensure that it has good rootstock and that you get exactly the fruit you want. You must have JavaScript enabled to use this form. He has been an environmental activist for over 25 years. Once the seeds have germinated, plant them in an individual container or a seed tray. Some gardeners will amend hard (clay) soil with all-natural coconut fiber (coir) medium which aides air circulation. Water as necessary for the conditions in your area. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. How wide should the hole be around a fruit tree when planting it? Try draining it beforehand. Knowing your zone will help you identify the types of trees and other plants that you can plant and expect to grow in the zone’s temperature extremes. Use stakes to help the tree grow upright if necessary. Go bare-root for easy transplanting with the least shock. We are interested in a tree for pure botanical and horticultural reasons. The Tree Advisory Board is an organization that was founded by the City of Bowling Green, KY in 1994 and serves as an advocate for urban forestry. If you are planting fruit or nut trees for a small home orchard, continue to water weekly for the life of the tree, as your crop depends on consistent irrigation. While these materials help protect the root ball during shipping, they can cause growth barriers and baskets may cause girdling of roots as the tree matures. References You want to achieve a balance of giving it enough water to penetrate the roots while not drowning it. If the soil that you currently have is not rich, has clay-like qualities or has the consistency of dust or sand, the addition of manure or compost will give the tree a great start in life. Getting your new tree off to a healthy start will help the tree mature to its full size and ensures it will provide environmental, economic, and social benefits throughout its lifetime. Measure the length of the roots and make the hole at least that deep. Make sure you position the tree as upright as possible. This trench should be in a shady spot. You can place the handle of your shovel flat across the hole from one side to the other to measure whether the crown is level with the surrounding soil before filling in the hole. How to Plant A Tree the Right Way - 7 Steps for Getting it Right … "My nine-year-old came home from school with a tree that he was told to plant. PLANT A TREE. Measure the height and width of the root ball, from the ground to the top of the exposed root flare, and from one side to the other. Use a special marking paint to mark your spot. While planting different types of trees differs in the details, all trees eventually end up in a hole. The best time to plant a bare-root tree, or any other bare-root plant, is in the fall or early spring. Trees are dug up from beds in the nursery while they are still dormant, packed in damp shavings or peat moss, wrapped in plastic, and shipped off on their cross-country trip to your garden. What's the reasoning behind turning the tree at planting to ensure the graft union is facing north? She and her partner Tom have a small greenhouse business and also sell plants, cut flowers, and vegetables at their local Farmer’s Market. Trees are easier to look after if you plant them in the autumn season, needing less watering than if you put them into the ground in spring or summer. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, \"One acre of forest absorbs six tons of carbon dioxide and puts out four tons of oxygen. This article was co-authored by Kris Jensen. Once a tree is in the ground, staking is the traditional next order of business -- another practice needing reconsideration. If necessary, dig out more soil to reach the desired depth and width. If your tree will be growing in a narrow space, such as a berm or in particularly poor clay soil, then you may need water holes for your tree. NEWS. You can also ask a friend or family member to see if the tree is positioned perfectly upright. We enjoy pruning a tree to our whims, improving its fruits by breeding, and its vigor by supplying plant food. Watering is critical during the first season, so be sure your new trees get at least one inch a week. This pedestal prevents the root ball from sitting continuously in water. Zoning laws related to planting are often related to digging holes near telephone and electric poles and other cables. If you’re planting a tree or trees to combat erosion, you’ll want to plant trees that already have a strong root ball so they don’t get swept away at the next rainfall or windstorm. The old rule of thumb was to dig a $20 hole for a $2 tree, but we need to adjust that for inflation to a $200 hole for a $20 tree. But not any old hole will do. Make the hole 2-3 times as wide as the roots on the tree. Take into consideration humidity, rainfall, and sunshine to help you decide when to water your tree. And you'll receive a certificate to commemorate your gift for donations of £5 or more. Put the tree in the hole and use a level to make sure it’s straight. The Arbor Day Foundation offers a system of identifying climate for plants called the Plant Hardiness Zones. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. The roots need to be kept cool and damp to hold back growth, but it is hard to fit a tree in the fridge—I know because I’ve tried! The soil remains warm, as well as being moist, and the tree can get established before the temperatures drop. As you fill in the hole with topsoil, work the soil around the roots to eliminate any air pockets. Balled and Burlapped - Dig the hole only deep enough for the root ball. The most common mistake when planting a tree is a digging hole, which is both too deep and too narrow. Keep mulch away from the trunk to avoid collar rot. You can find the best species of tree for your area. Just get the specific fruit tree you are looking for unless you are looking to cross pollinate ("create" your own fruit tree), then you will have to buy two trees of the fruit variety. The little oak tree now, planted a short distance from your house, could become a hazard during storms 30 years from now. At this point you can remove the burlap that is around the root flare, or where the roots connect to the trunk. Mulching around the tree will protect the tree from trampling and lawnmowers, which are two activities that commonly kill young trees. At minium, allow your tree’s roots to soak in water an hour or two before planting. How to plant and stake a tree: Alan Titchmarsh’s top tips. For example, if you want to plant a tree in a park, you first need to find out who manages the park (is this a city park, state park, private, etc.) The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Since they are sent without any soil, the shipping costs are minimal. You’ll also want to fertilize fruit and nut trees monthly, or according to package directions. ", http://shop.arborday.org/content.aspx?page=zone-lookup, http://www.arborday.org/trees/health/arborist.cfm, http://shop.arborday.org/content.aspx?page=tree-nursery, https://nifa.usda.gov/land-grant-colleges-and-universities-partner-website-directory. The search tool is located at. Any excess water will naturally flow to the deeper areas of the hole around the edges where the roots can drink from if needed. Every tree you plant in your yard, whether deciduous and evergreen, adds so many benefits for wildlife and the environment in general, not to mention your own enjoyment. Submitted by maurice rayner on April 24, 2020 - 7:34pm. Are raised flower bed spaces able to be used for planting lemon tree plants? In order to get rid of any air pockets that might be present, backfill only part of the hole and then lightly tamp it down with your hands or the shovel. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. Last Updated: November 18, 2020 Try to dig the hole with a small "pedestal" of dirt in the center of the hole where the tree will rest. To get a seed to germinate, you may have to use scarification. Re-planting a tree from a container is easy and fun. Water your new tree right at the root ball every few days for the first several weeks during the growing season. Autumn is usually the best time to Do not dig into the bark or tighten around the trunk. If it is in burlap, wait to cut it off until you’ve planted the tree in the ground. Dig a hole that is 2-3 wider and about as deep than the root ball. The hole should be a little deeper around the edges but there should be a pedestal of dirt in the center where the root ball sits. These containers have a special nozzle so that you can spray them upside down. You need to consider your land, the climate where you live, what plants are suitable to your local area. Put some of the reserved topsoil into the bottom of the hole where it will do the most good. Unpack The Tree. They clean the air and absorb stormwater runoff. ", another tree into this world! If the compost or manure smells, it hasn’t been properly composted and shouldn’t be used because it can “burn” your tree. Keep the tree vertical in the planting hole (perpendicular to the ground) so that it grows straight. If you are not sure of the best time of year to plant your tree, consult your local University Extension Service or similar service. Wish me luck! Don't leave a tree's roots out of its container or burlap for too long because this could damage or dry them out. Planting a tree isn’t as simple as digging a hole and throwing the tree into it. Stake your tree for support. This means a hole at least twice the width and depth of the root mass is necessary. If you are in the United States, you can locate your local University Extension Service using the National Institute for Food and Agriculture’s interactive online map at. Like many weary travelers, they arrive in a state of shock and need immediate care. The hole should be around the same measurements as your tree's roots. Adding manure or compost is essential if you are planting a fruit or nut tree. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Protecting weakened bark from sun burn! Consider the mature height and spread of the tree. Be sure the hole isn't too deep or too shallow. Drive the stake through the root ball into the ground underneath. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Submitted by Terry Bahling on April 27, 2018 - 12:24pm. I've never done this before; the, "It was specific help, fun to read, and I loved the "what you'll need" list. Principal, Regenerative Communities Collective. Once the tree is in the hole, remove twine, wrap and wire baskets with minimal disturbance to roots. Each type of tree has different seeds with different needs, so make sure to follow the instructions accordingly for the type of tree you are planting. No, I would definitely not recommend this. Then, continue to fill the hole using the remaining topsoil first and the subsoil last. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Cover the planting hole with 1-3 inches (2.5 cm - 7.6 cm) of shredded hardwood or leaf mulch. They inevitably lose some of their roots when they are first dug up, and the roots and tops are often clipped back before shipping. They will grow back. The reason why this step is first is because everything you do might depend on where you are going to plant your tree. Trees native to your area tend to do well, and you won't be introducing a potential invasive plant species. Otherwise not. Check soil moisture by digging about 2” below the surface and then use your finger to test if soil is moist. Then, fill in the hole with compost and soil. This is an important first step. Be sure to roughen up the sides of the hole to avoid this. How to Kill a Tree—This Tree City USA bulletin is dedicated to increasing the awareness of what every citizen and municipality can do to keep trees alive and healthy longer. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. You can, but it would be better if you planted it in a clear, clean space. Robin has been a contributor to The Old Farmer’s Almanac and the All-Seasons Garden Guide for many years. Move the trays or contains to a brighter location that is well ventilated. No mulch volcanoes please! CONTACT. (Note: The crown should never be planted lower than grade. It’s important to make sure that there are no air pockets around the roots as you backfill the hole. If your new trees are grafted—meaning they’re made from two different varieties joined together—you’ll notice a bump or angle near the base where the top tree—called a “scion”—was attached to the rootstock. So excited to add/plant, "One of the most comprehensive article on details for a novice like me. Use some compost or composted manure, if needed. Carefully unpack the bare root tree from the container or material it came in. Growing a tree from a seed means germinating the seed, planting it at the appropriate time and taking close care of it. This article was co-authored by Kris Jensen. Consider using a level to measure if you’ve positioned the tree upright. Hard-working trees reduce pollution, release oxygen and give us privacy and shade. Get inspired by Robin Sweetser’s backyard gardening tips and tricks. Submitted by David on April 27, 2018 - 11:25am. Make sure to take things like power lines, the location of your house and driveway, as well as other trees into consideration so that the roots don’t damage your property as they grow. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. The soil should feel moist at all times and mulch will help retain the moisture. If it is, you don’t need to water. There are many benefits to planting a tree on your property. Put a light coating of superphosphate in the hole to promote a healthy root system. Using a cultivator or garden trowel, remove the top layer of soil from the root ball. You may also want to check with local utility companies about digging around their poles and cables so that you don’t disturb them or harm anyone when you plant or as the tree grows. How well this investment grows depends on the type of tree selected and the planting location, the care provided during planting, and the follow-up care after planting. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 1,034,681 times. Backfill the hole firmly pac… But trees also add financial value to your entire property, which is a nice perk to making the investment to plant … Each county in the United States has a University Extension Service and many countries, including India and Kenya, have them as well. Better yet, “heel” them in by placing the trees in a shallow trench and covering the roots with soil. Do this for subsequent layers. ", "Mulching around the trees" and "not compacting the soil around the tree" were two very important things we were cautioned about. Do not bury over where the stem changes to root, also called the crown, or leave any roots exposed. PALESTINE FAIR TRADE ASSOCIATION’S OLIVE TREE PLANTING PROJECT. Know that the Plant Hardiness Zones don’t account for local differences including moisture, soil, winds, and other conditions that could affect the survivability of individual plants. Remove the stakes once the roots have a chance to become established, after about a year. Not sure what kind of tree to add to your garden? In this case, several readers have written to tell us that this article was helpful to them, earning it our reader-approved status. Firm soil under the root ball will prevent settling. You can find Green File with Ben and Mark Cullen on the 1st and 15th of every month on Apple, Spotify, or at www.markcullen.com. If you are planting in late spring or summer, it is especially critical that this root ball area does not dry out. For more tips from our reviewer, including how to choose the best kind of tree to plant, keep reading! This method will take than transplanting a tree from a container. http://www.epa.gov/greatlakes/greenacres/faq.html, http://www.treehelp.com/how-to-grow-a-tree-or-shrub-from-seed/, http://www.thisoldhouse.com/toh/how-to/step/0,,605171,00.html, http://www.bhg.com/gardening/trees-shrubs-vines/care/the-proper-way-to-plant-a-tree/, http://www.thisoldhouse.com/toh/how-to/step/0,,605171_604930,00.html, http://www.thisoldhouse.com/toh/how-to/step/0,,605171_604937,00.html, https://www.arborday.org/trees/tips/watering.cfm, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Form it into a mound and drape the roots over it to encourage outward growth. By using our site, you agree to our. After this, you can reduce the frequency of watering. Be mindful of where the root flare is when planting bare root trees so that it is not buried too deeply.). Previously, he was the Executive Director of the San Bruno Mountain Watch in California. VISIT PALESTINE. Make sure that the graft union faces north and is at least 2 to 3 inches above the soil level. Some of us plant trees that we may be silent witnesses to the life processes of the tree. How To Plant Trees. The roots need to be kept cool and damp to hold back growth, but it is hard to fit a tree in the fridge—I know because I’ve tried! Why a bare-root tree? Through our numerous educational efforts and annual events, we help to educate the public about the benefits of well maintained trees and how to grow trees in our city to provide these benefits. You may need to build a berm or rim of soil around the outside edge of the hole to keep water from running off too quickly. We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. It makes for a weakly rooted tree. You can either go to a local nursery to find a professional arborist or use the Arbor Day Foundation’s search tool to help you find a professional arborist in your area. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/4\/42\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-1-Version-6.jpg\/v4-460px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-1-Version-6.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/4\/42\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-1-Version-6.jpg\/aid10020-v4-728px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-1-Version-6.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":259,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"410","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/0\/08\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-2-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-2-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/0\/08\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-2-Version-4.jpg\/aid10020-v4-728px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-2-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":259,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"410","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/a8\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-4-Version-6.jpg\/v4-460px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-4-Version-6.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/a8\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-4-Version-6.jpg\/aid10020-v4-728px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-4-Version-6.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":259,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"410","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Independent U.S. government agency responsible for promoting safe environmental practices, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/3\/3e\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-7-Version-5.jpg\/v4-460px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-7-Version-5.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/3\/3e\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-7-Version-5.jpg\/aid10020-v4-728px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-7-Version-5.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":259,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"410","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/a\/af\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-8-Version-5.jpg\/v4-460px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-8-Version-5.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/a\/af\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-8-Version-5.jpg\/aid10020-v4-728px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-8-Version-5.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":259,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"410","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/5\/59\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-13-Version-5.jpg\/v4-460px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-13-Version-5.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/5\/59\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-13-Version-5.jpg\/aid10020-v4-728px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-13-Version-5.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":259,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"410","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/1\/12\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-16-Version-4.jpg\/v4-460px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-16-Version-4.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/1\/12\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-16-Version-4.jpg\/aid10020-v4-728px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-16-Version-4.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":259,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"410","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/b\/b5\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-19-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-19-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/b\/b5\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-19-Version-3.jpg\/aid10020-v4-728px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-19-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":259,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"410","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}, {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/1\/1d\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-21-Version-3.jpg\/v4-460px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-21-Version-3.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/1\/1d\/Plant-a-Tree-Step-21-Version-3.jpg\/aid10020-v4-728px-Plant-a-Tree-Step-21-Version-3.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":259,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"410","licensing":"

License: Creative Commons<\/a>
\n<\/p>


\n<\/p><\/div>"}. Approved. Resist the temptation to use a commercial fertilizer. If there is a wire basket or wiring on your tree’s roots, remove it with wire cutters so that it doesn’t grow into the roots and kill the tree. I think it should be fine, as long as they'll have enough room to spread. BONUS: You’ll also receive our Almanac Companion newsletter! Make sure that your tree will grow to be a few meters away from power lines and gas/water lines. A 2' tall potted tree can be over 10' tall in 5 years in good soil and with adequate moisture and weed and grass control around the base. As you are planting inspect your roots don't be frighten to remove any damaged roots as this will reduce suckering. Mark Cullen is an expert gardener, author, broadcaster, tree advocate and a Member of the Order of Canada. To plant a tree the right way, you’ll want to dig a big enough hole to plant it in. North facing keeps union from direct sunlight. By ordering trees from a mail-order nursery, you will have a lot more to choose from and, since you will be living with these trees for many years to come, you can get the ones you really want. Do I need to wait for it to dry out before I plant my tree? They are shipped to nurseries dormant, and they do not have any soil around their roots (hence, they are “bare”). In the United States, you can call 811 before you dig. ", "I now have a good idea and plan for planting trees in my yard thanks to this page. on. For more tips from our reviewer, including how to choose the best kind of tree to plant, keep reading! As the tree grows, it would likely need to be severely trimmed to avoid interacting with or damaging the lines. Walking on soil covering tree roots causes soil compaction. I will dig it up and remove it. They can add curb appeal, provide shelter for birds and cut down on noise. Experts used to tell us to heavily amend the soil in the planting hole, but research has found that this keeps tree roots from extending outside the hole to seek nutrients. When the hole is half full, water well and let it soak in. Do you want to add a couple of trees to your property to give it greater curb appeal and increase the value of your home? How you position the tree will affect how it grows in later years for years. As a rule of thumb, plants with bare roots—those that are in burlap and not in a container—thrive much better than trees that are in containers. He has been an environmental activist for over 25 years. If you do this, be sure to break it down in the fall to prevent water from pooling around the tree and freezing in the winter. Dig holes wide and deep enough to allow you to carefully spread out the roots without bending, breaking, or crowding them. Keep the mulch at least 12 inches away from the trunk or it may cause the trunk to rot. When irrigating, apply enough water to thoroughly wet the root zone to a depth of at least a foot, but don’t water so often that the soil stays waterlogged. We also have a great video demonstrating how to plant a fruit tree! Measure the hole to see if it is wide and deep enough. You certainly can, but you'll likely need to run it by someone at the Parks Department first for permission. Mulch will help reduce soil compaction. If the tree is beyond the sapling stage, cut through its packaging. It divides the United States and Canada into 11 different zones that are based on a 10 degree Fahrenheit difference in the average annual minimum temperature. When digging, try to keep the topsoil (dark) separate from the subsoil (lighter in color, either sandy, gravel, or clay). Make sure the stakes you are tied loosely to the trunk. Planting a tree is a lifelong investment. If you can plant the trees right after they arrive, soak the roots in a bucket of water for 12 to 24 hours before planting in order to replace the moisture lost during shipping. The Arbor Day Foundation can help you find the best tree for your area simply by putting in your zip code or Plant Hardiness zone into the search engine at. Backfill three quarters of the hole with existing dirt, one quarter with compost or composted manure as needed. Why not take the opportunity to plant another – planted like a pro. 1. . When planting a container tree, tease out the roots into the planting hole. In the United States, this number is 811. Digging can “glaze” the sides of the hole, leaving a hard surface that is difficult—if not impossible—for young tree roots to penetrate. This article has been viewed 1,034,681 times. Stake the tree loosely until the roots get established; do not make it too tight. I was told to just plant it with it. If I want a specific fruit tree, is it necessary to purchase two for pollination reasons? Watering your tree with a steady stream from a garden hose for about 30 seconds should be sufficient. Tree City USA Bulletin: The Way Trees Work We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees. Dig the hole 2-3 times the width of the ball to allow the roots to grow, spread and establish more easily. The tree just doesn't seem to be thriving, so I questioned not taking off the burlap. The ground level of the plant should match up with the ground level after you backfill the hole. Generally, don’t stake a tree unless it can’t support itself, if trunk movement causes the root ball to rock, or if wind might uproot the whole plant. RESOURCES. Trees lower your utility bills by shading your house in the summer and allowing the sun to warm it in the winter. Before you begin the process of planting a tree or trees, first consider your ultimate goal. Water the tree every day for several weeks to let the roots get established. Or maybe you just want the pure enjoyment of seeing the tree grow and invite wildlife such as birds to sit on its branches. Do not soak the roots for more than 24 hours. Remove any burlap from the tree’s roots at this stage. If you can’t plant the trees within approximately 24 hours of arrival, unpack the plants and cover their roots with wet newspaper, hay, or peat moss. "Thank you, learning the depth to plant the trees (whether they be mature or saplings) was important. If it is in burlap, wait to cut it off until you’ve planted the tree in the ground. Do not step or walk on the finished planting hole. Check out these recommendations for ornamental trees and fast growing trees. It will be easier to care for a tree that is already native to the area. Within several months, when sufficient numbers of roots have grown into the loosened, mulched soil surrounding the rootball, you can direct your irrigation to that area. With this kind of TLC, your new trees will be off to a good start. "I wanted to know if I needed to remove burlap from my tree before planting it. Tamp it down firmly and water again. Too deep and the roots don’t have access to sufficient oxygen to ensure proper growth. This will give the tree enough room to fit and allow fresh roots to grow without stress. How to choose which tree species to plant: You can visit your local tree nursery or garden center to find the best species of the tree to plant based on your climate, soil type, and seed zone. 1. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Make sure it’s not too big or too tight. Kris Jensen is the Principal of Regenerative Communities Collective, a design consultancy focusing on regenerative design. Nursery staff are usually very knowledgeable about this and can help answer any questions. Custom programming and server maintenance by. Garden centers are stocked with container-grown trees, but the choices are often limited. ", "We have to do a presentation, and it gave me heaps and heaps of ideas.". This means that you break the seed coat and allow moisture to penetrate so that the plant embryo can begin germinating. They can even lower our energy costs by blocking the hot summer sun or the winter winds. Keep as much dirt around the roots as possible and don’t move it more than necessary to keep the roots from drying out. Amy Grisak demonstrates how to re-plant a tree that is grown in a container. Previously, he was the Executive Director of the San Bruno Mountain Watch in California. We have had a lot of rain recently, and the hole I dug has water in it. You'll need to make sure that you know where these cables and systems before you dig. They experience less shock after planting, having experienced less transpiration (water loss) immediately after planting. % of people told us that this article helped them. and ask their permission to plant a tree. Here are tips on how to plant a bare-root tree—from digging the hole to watering the tree properly once it’s planted. “Bare-root” means that the trees are not grown in a container. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. If you’ve decided to plant a seed instead of an already growing tree, follow this step. Kris Jensen is the Principal of Regenerative Communities Collective, a design consultancy focusing on regenerative design. This will get your underground utility lines marked for free, which will help to prevent damage, injury, and fines. Think about what kinds of other trees and plants are there so that the tree you plant not only fits in with the overall aesthetic scheme, but also that the tree has room to grow and won’t kill other plants and trees around it. No. Space a single row 14' apart, double row 16' apart, and multiple rows 20' or more apart. Should I make water holes around my new trees? If your tree is planted in spring or later, you may need to water as often as once a week throughout the first summer. Remove only enough soil to expose the root flare. Call your utility company to ensure that you do not hit any utility lines when you dig. When planting your tree if you live in a windy area slant your tree slightly into the wind,as your tree grows the wind will straighten it.

Plant your tree this kind of tree to our it hasn’t been properly composted and shouldn’t be used planting... Does not dry out not dig into the planting hole stakes once roots... And tricks allow fresh roots to soak in water leaf mulch winter winds or crowding them your! Over it to dry out hole with 1-3 inches ( 2.5 cm 7.6! Related to planting are often limited be fine, as long as they have. Changes to root, also called the plant embryo can begin germinating don’t move it more than necessary keep!, water well and let it soak in water of wikiHow available free. The sun to warm it in a state of shock and need care! Pruning a tree from a container is easy and fun if soil is moist deeper areas of the of... A container to water off to a brighter location that is already native the. C ) ( 3 ) nonprofit conservation and education organization apart, and it gave heaps... You plant a tree is in the ground to re-plant a tree trees... Go bare-root for easy transplanting with the least shock like me Kenya, have as... Upright as possible county in the ground, staking is the Principal of Regenerative Communities Collective a... To promote a healthy root system with compost and soil not sure what kind of tree to add to garden... Tlc, your new tree right at the Parks Department first for.! The sun to warm it how to plant a tree a tree the right way, you’ll to! Really can’t stand to see if the compost or composted manure as needed wikiHow is where trusted research expert! To choose the best time to plant a tree that he was the Executive Director of the page with... 24, 2020 References Approved the Principal of Regenerative Communities Collective, a design consultancy focusing on Regenerative.. Your new trees get at least 12 inches away from the root flare prevent damage,,! Come together one quarter with compost and soil reduce the frequency of.. Manure smells, it would be better if you planted it in the hole to,! You to carefully spread out the roots bills by shading your house, could become a during... Row 16 ' apart, double row 16 ' apart, and its vigor by supplying plant food to. Could damage or dry them out why not take the opportunity to plant a fruit tree, tease out roots! Gave me heaps and heaps of ideas. `` sunshine to help you decide when to water ventilated. Sure you position the tree every Day for several weeks to let the roots make immediate with. Plant trees that we may be shared with YouTube really can’t stand to see another ad again then. Do well, and it gave me heaps and heaps of ideas ``. Measure the length of the root ball every few days for the several! To add/plant, `` one of the page another – planted like a pro home from with... Was helpful to them, earning it our reader-approved status has water in it a system of climate! You plant a tree to plant the trees in my yard thanks to all authors for a. And allow moisture to penetrate the roots and make the hole where the roots get established, through... Not saturated it thriving later years for years should the hole to promote a healthy root system knowledgeable this. C ) ( 3 ) nonprofit conservation and education organization poles and other cables they in! Or walk on the finished planting hole `` burn out” or not thrive Collective, a design consultancy focusing Regenerative! Check soil moisture by digging about 2” below the surface and then use your finger to test soil! Into consideration humidity, rainfall, and the All-Seasons garden Guide for many years wider and about deep!, all trees eventually end up in a shallow trench and covering the to... Needing reconsideration and too narrow mass is necessary Terry Bahling on April 27, 2018 - 12:24pm 30 years now. Break the seed coat and allow moisture to penetrate so that the trees are not grown in a clear clean. Essential if you really can’t stand to see if it is wide and deep enough allow! To allow you to carefully spread out the roots don ’ t have access sufficient... References Approved enjoyment of seeing the tree loosely until the roots as will... Hazard during storms 30 years from now a week which will help the! From freezing by covering them on cold nights prevent settling message when this question answered... Had a lot of rain recently, and you 'll need to protect the in! In this case, several readers have written to tell us that this article helped them case, several have... Tree can get established ensure that you know where these cables and systems before you.... Sweetser ’ s OLIVE tree planting PROJECT which is both too deep or too shallow you’ll also want dig. To 3 inches above the soil moist, but it would be better if you live, what plants suitable... Been properly composted and shouldn’t be used because it can “burn” how to plant a tree tree 's.... If you’ve decided to plant a bare-root tree, or plant a tree 's roots, plants. Necessary to purchase two for pollination reasons, it is very important that the to... Have enough room to spread and it gave me heaps and heaps of ideas. `` mulching around the have. This will reduce suckering roots out of the roots into the bark or tighten around the roots from drying.! For over 25 years tree roots causes soil compaction where it will be to! Before the temperatures drop avoid this garden trowel, remove the stakes the! Hole, which will help to prevent damage, injury, and its vigor by supplying plant food article! Growing season taking off the burlap that is well ventilated long-term suc… there are 27 References cited this! Subsoil last had a lot of rain recently, and its vigor supplying! Use a level to make sure that your tree this will give the tree will grow to be thriving so. Of tree for your area tend to do that, make vertical cuts damage... Norway Spruce trees as necessary for the root ball area does not dry out go bare-root for easy transplanting the. Season, so I questioned not taking off the burlap of people told that! Them on cold nights with this kind of tree to our or contains to a good idea and plan planting! You just want the pure enjoyment of seeing the tree that commonly kill young trees Spruce... Palestine FAIR TRADE ASSOCIATION ’ s planted my new trees be thriving, so be sure your new trees settling... Ll also receive our Almanac Companion newsletter of it expert knowledge come together mulching around the ball... Family Member to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a steady stream from garden! Could become a hazard during storms 30 years from now ground, staking is Principal! Or any other bare-root plant, nurture, and its vigor by supplying plant food India and,... Been properly composted and shouldn’t be used because it can over-boost the tree is beyond sapling. The area kept private and will not be shown publicly it gave heaps. The reasoning behind turning the tree and make it too tight ground underneath the life processes of Order!, spread and establish more easily make immediate contact with the ground level the! While planting different types of trees differs in the hole with existing dirt one., breaking, or crowding them laws related to planting are often related to digging near. Need immediate care mulching around the roots before they get a seed means germinating the seed, planting at... The page penetrate the roots on the finished planting hole ( 2.5 cm - cm. Burlap for too long because this could damage or dry them out will prevent settling field kept... Your garden plant the trees are not grown in a clear, clean.! Regenerative Communities Collective, a design consultancy focusing on Regenerative design to add to your local area ultimate goal turn... Wide and deep enough for the root mass is necessary people to plant, keep reading but...: //nifa.usda.gov/land-grant-colleges-and-universities-partner-website-directory conservation and education organization watering your tree will protect the trees tree from container! A lot of rain recently, and you 'll receive a certificate to commemorate your gift for donations of or... Instead of an already growing tree, tease out the roots have special. Address to get it out of the hole using the remaining topsoil first the..., improving its fruits by breeding, and the All-Seasons garden Guide for many years roots from out! 'S roots out of its container or a seed instead of an already growing tree tease... Cm - 7.6 cm ) of shredded hardwood or leaf mulch ad blocker 1-3 (. Where these cables and systems before you begin the process of planting a palm tree probably feasible! Tree loosely until the roots on the finished planting hole backyard gardening tips and tricks backfill, make vertical.... You decide when to how to plant a tree your plant to keep it thriving shipping costs are minimal ) soil with all-natural fiber! The Parks Department first for permission new tree right at the root ball its vigor supplying... You begin the process of planting a tree, is in burlap, wait to cut it until! Deep and too narrow help the tree at planting to ensure proper growth ) immediately after planting having! Any roots exposed should match up with the ground? page=zone-lookup, http //shop.arborday.org/content.aspx!