That results in decreased wrinkles, acne, and pigmentation. THIS SITE IS FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND SHOULD NOT BE USED AS A SUBSTITUTE FOR ADVICE OR TREATMENT FROM A QUALIFIED MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL. “If you have more sensitive or dry skin, I recommend starting with an over-the-counter retinol or Differin gel, which is more tolerable than other prescription retinoids. Even if you use a retinol serum in your routine already, when faced with the topic of retinol vs. retinoids, you may be left asking, “what is a retinoid” and questioning what sets a retinoid apart from retinol. Other retinoids, such as retinols, are cosmetic. Further, tretinoin is ONLY available through a physician/medical practice versus more readily – and easily available – retinol products. A small percentage of patients are super sensitive and sometimes have a very difficult time tolerating a retinoid. For both retinol and prescription retinoids, Levin recommends that you only use them in your nighttime routine, as sunlight deactivates retinoic acid. When you use retinoids regularly, your skin tone will be firmer, skin texture smoother, and your overall complexion will be brighter. Retinol is found in many products that don't require a prescription. Sometimes they happen after a pimple has healed (called post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation) and sometimes they are caused by excess sun damage. Acne Treatment – Retinoids and retinol (to a lesser degree) help to unclog pores by sloughing away dead skin cells that can become trapped in hair follicles. “The major difference between retinol and retinoids,” Levin continues, “is that retinol works more gradually compared to retinoids due to their difference in molecular structure and how they are processed in the skin. But it’s a bit more complex than that: For starters, we often interchangeably hear the words “retinol” and “retinoids” to describe this skin savior, but it’s important to know that both terms aren’t one in the same. Retinoid vs. Retinol: What They Have in Common. Sensitivity may also increase overall, no matter your skin type. That being said, while retinoid is an umbrella term, it’s also commonly used to denote prescription-strength forms of vitamin A, such as … If you have more oily skin or have tried retinoids in the past, then prescription strength retinoids such as tretinoin, atralin, retin-A, retin-A micro, tazarotene, fabior, or tazorac can be tolerated but still need to be slowly up-titrated.”. Softening Wrinkles – Fine lines and wrinkles can be softened with certain retinoids and retinol because of collagen stimulation. Let’s explore their similarities and differences, and also take a look at the different kinds of retinoids available. Retin-A Micro is only available in gel form, while Retin-A comes in cream, gel and liquid forms. If you’re just being introduced to the world of retinoids, it’s probably best to start out with retinol to see how your skin reacts to it in the first place. "It's a great product if your skin is on the oily end of the spectrum," says Rita Linkner, a board-certified dermatologist in NYC. Made with a slow-release retinoid compounds … Retinoid vs. Retinol Share; Think they’re the same? Patience is key, though. There is a retinoid out there for you depending on your skin concerns, whether it be severe acne or fine lines. Here’s a breakdown of the retinoids you may most likely encounter. The bottom line: Speak with a dermatologist to determine if your skin can tolerate retinoids or if retinol is a safer bet, remember to apply them only at night, and sandwich it with a gentle cleanser and moisturizer. Unlike HPR, retinol has to be converted by the body in order to be of use. They can boost collagen in the skin to further combat wrinkles, and can even fade away hyperpigmentation over time. Tretinoin, like Retinol, is a retinoid, but, unlike Retinol, Tretinoin is a concentration of pure retinoic acid. “Both retinol and retinoids are vitamin A derivatives that ultimately get converted into retinoic acid,” explains Levin. It will cause less irritation and side effects, and is recommended for sensitive skin. Retinoids are a group of vitamin A derivatives, including retinol, retinyl palmitate, and retinoic acid. Skin may turn red and peel excessively when using certain retinoids, and for those with sensitive skin, retinol may also cause irritation like redness. This makes them more palatable to the skin, but it also means that some products may have trace amounts of retinol in the bottle. Over-the-counter retinols are in ester forms such as retinyl palmitate, retinyl linoleate, retinaldehyde, propionic acid, or retinyl acetate. Think of the words more like cousins instead of clones—they’re related but different. Both should be used in your nighttime skin care routine, because they can make skin more susceptible to UV damage during the day. Retinoid is like saying chocolate. It will take longer for these forms to become converted to retinoic acid and actually show an impact on your skin concerns. Benzoyl Peroxide vs Salicylic Acid vs Retinoids for Acne. Retinoids have become an umbrella term that refers to a variety of vitamin A derivatives of varying strengths. Both retinol and retinoids can improve your skin. It’s important to realize you should slowly ease into using a retinoid.” To avoid this, she recommends starting off by applying a retinoid every third night. Retinoids vs. Retinol: What’s the Difference? It mostly works as an antioxidant to reduce free radical damage. Topical retinoids play a crucial role in the treatment of acne. Did you know that some products can actually have reverse effects on retinoids? If it’s a Drunk Elephant T.L.C. Now that we’ve provided some insight and clarification of retinol vs. retinoids, below are some of the best formulations to indulge in. Over-the-counter retinols are in ester forms such as retinyl palmitate, retinyl linoleate, … Because of this conversion process, retinol is typically about 20 times … Below she breaks down each, how to use them, when to use them, and which other products in our routine might actually make them less effective. GH Beauty Lab tests confirm that this Neutrogena day cream, a GH Seal star and test winner, both… This is a very powerful retinoid that has side effects like redness, peeling, flakiness and dryness. Retinoids vs. Retinol. It’s overwhelming to know the difference between retinol vs retinoid when they sound so similar. In the grand scheme of things, both retinoids and retinol do the same thing; take that lazy skin turnover and put it on a treadmill. Moreover, retinol is available over-the-counter in various serums and other skin care products, while a powerful retinoid can only be gotten with a prescription from a doctor. Retinyl Palmitate – This is a vitamin A derivative composed of retinol and palmitic acid (a substance found in palm oil). With retinol, this same process takes a little longer to happen. Retin-A, however, is one of many prescription retinoid products. Retinol vs Retinoid; What is retinoid? “Prescription retinoids have a much higher concentration of the active ingredient, so they are readily available for the skin to use.” In other words, retinol is what you’re used to using in your regular serums and creams, whereas retinoids can only be prescribed by a doctor (except for Differin, $13, the first OTC retinoid). Myth: Retinoids thin the skin. Certain retinoids and retinol help to prevent this from happening. Some people get frustrated by this irritation and immediately discontinue use. Retin-A Micro – This is similar to Retin-A in that it works in much the same way, but is actually less irritating, and might be better for people with sensitive skin. Isotretinoin – Isotretinoin used to treat severe, cystic, painful acne lesions. Which Products Can't Be Used in Conjunction With Retinol and Retinoids? It can be found in various creams and serums in varying degrees of concentration. When bacteria enters these clogged pores, pimples can form. Retin-A is sold under the generic name tretinoin. As mentioned, retinol and retinoids are vitamin A derivatives that become converted to retinoic acid and have many benefits for the skin. “Most skin types can tolerate a retinol or retinoid,” says Levin, “but you have to make sure to choose the right retinol/retinoid product and that you are using a nonirritating gentle skincare regimen with a moisturizer and a gentle cleanser in addition to your retinoid/retinol.” Working with a dermatologist will determine whether you’re a candidate for retinol or if your skin requires the strength of a retinoid. Retinoid vs. Retinol: What They Have in Common. Namely, retinol works much slower than a retinoid does. What’s the Difference Between Retinol vs. Retinoids? This tenacious little plant grows by the sea and is rich in botanical vitamin A, which offers all the same benefits of regular vitamin A without the irritation and dryness. “Retinols, which are readily available over the counter, contain a lower concentration of the active retinoic acid ingredient,” says Levin. The accumulation of sun exposure over the years tends to dramatically accelerate and compound this effect. tretinoin (sold as Retin A, Renova and other brands) appears to provide a better shot at eliminating fine lines and reducing wrinkles than even the best retinol … If ever there were a hero ingredient in our skincare routines, it would be retinol. THOSE RELATIONSHIPS MAY AFFECT HOW WE REVIEW AND RANK PRODUCTS OR SERVICES MENTIONED ON THE SITE. Retinoid has also come to be an overarching term that encompasses retinol and other vitamin A derivatives. Exposure to the sun over the years, as well, tends to dramatically accelerate this effect. There are many products that address acne, acne scars, and oil control. It is available by prescription only and is monitored heavily in patients because it can cause severe birth defects. The retinoid is “The Coca-Cola Bottling Company”. The Inkey List Retinol Eye Cream. Retinol and certain retinoids have a different molecular structure, which is what causes them to work differently when applied to skin. Retinoids work by activating certain enzymes in the skin, and then these same enzymes are turned into retinoic acid. Her work also appears in BuzzFeed, StyleCaster, and Yahoo. They can also help recommend a safe routine (we love these moisturizers and this cleanser.). This can be a problem because thinner skin is more fragile, more prone to injury and more susceptible to irritation. The Science of Retinol- What Is Retinol, And What Does It Do? All other forms of retinoids have to be converted by skin enzymes into retinoic acid before the skin is able to use it. Fading Hyperpigmentation – Dark spots can develop for a variety of reasons. When it comes to wrinkles, it softens and smooths them by stimulating collagen production. Still, they have inherent … Sun Sensitivity – Retinoids and retinol can increase sun sensitivity. Now let’s look that the exact differences between Retinol & Retin-A. If irritation is simply too great, you can limit use to once or twice a week. Free radicals damage all types of cells in the body, including skin cells, and can accelerate aging. TO LEARN MORE ABOUT THE DETAILS OF THESE RELATIONSHIPS AND HOW PRODUCTS ARE RANKED ON OUR SITE, PLEASE READ THE "FULL DISCLOSURE" AND "METHODOLOGY" SECTIONS. Bottom line Retinoic acid a.k.a. First, it is metabolized into retinaldehyde, and then finally into retinoic acid (active vitamin A). That’s because retinol doesn’t have as much of the active ingredient as a retinoid. This article addresses the pros and cons of Benzoyl Peroxide vs Salicylic Acid vs Retinoids … “The major difference between retinol and retinoids,” Levin continues, “is that retinol works more gradually compared to retinoids due to their difference in molecular structure and how they are processed in the skin. Tazarotene – This topical retinoid is used to treat skin concerns like acne, hyperpigmentation, wrinkles and also psoriasis (by reducing quantity and size of lesions). Neutrogena It will go to work overnight and not be a bother. “Benzoyl peroxide and alpha hydroxy acids can deactivate certain retinoids such as tretinoin, so be careful with layering product and make sure to discuss your routine with your dermatologist,” says Levin. Retinol Retinol is a specific form of vitamin A that is naturally produced in your body. Apply a pea-size amount of the retinoid first, wait a few minutes, and then apply a moisturizer to combat any dryness or flaking. Retinoids work … Retinol. A condition called melasma also results in patches of dark spots on the face. Hence, it is recommended that any type of a retinoid be used at nighttime. Retinol – As discussed, this is a milder form of tretinoin that is available over-the-counter. Lindsey Metrus is a senior editor at Byrdie and has been with the brand since 2015. One product you can try is Formulyst’s Anti-Aging Night Cream, which contains 2% retinol (a significantly high percentage). How to Use the Best Anti-Agers, I Tried Differin Gel and My Neck and Chest Are Now Acne-Free, I Was Against Retinol Until I Started Using This Product, Why Am I Getting Blackheads on My Cheeks? References: Dermatology and Therapy, “Why Topical Retinoids Are Mainstay of Therapy for Acne”; Clinical Interventions in Aging, “Retinoids in the Treatment of Skin Aging”. Retinoids are promising products in the world of anti-aging cosmetics and drugs. To add more confusion, you’ve been hearing about Tretinoin and Retin-A. 10 Anti-Aging Skincare Tips That Work, According to Byrdie Readers Over 30. If you have mature skin, you might want to use less retinol to prevent too much skin thinning, as aging skin is already thinner than younger skin. Retinol and retinoids can treat acne and signs of aging. “If your skin isn’t irritated after two weeks, increase to every other night for another two weeks. Retinaldehyde – Retinaldehyde is a much milder form of retinol that promises. It takes more steps for these ester forms to be converted to the active retinoic acid. Retinol is one specific type of retinoid—the most common and proven retinoid sold over-the-counter. To learn a bit more about what sets these terms apart, we connected with Melissa Levin, MD, of Downtown Dermatology in Manhattan. As we age, our skin begins to lose its elasticity, which leads to fine lines, wrinkles, uneven skin tone, and discoloration. Dermatologists often refer to retinol as the "gold standard" anti-aging ingredient because it is widely available and has decades of research demonstrating its effectiveness. Retin-A/Tretinoin – Retin-A/Tretinoin is a retinoid available by prescription only. Retinoids are a class of synthetic and naturally occurring Vitamin A compounds and derivatives that include retinol and retinoic acid, which are naturally occurring in humans.1 Some retinoids, such as retinoic acid (tretinoin), are available with a prescription only. Levin adds, “Retinoids and retinols can initially cause a process called ‘retinization,’ which leads to redness, dryness, and flaking, especially when you first start. A family of ingredients which can have the same anti-ageing, anti-acne benefits for your skin as retinol, but which aren’t retinol. If your skin is still tolerating the retinoid, go for every night!” Another tip to ensure tolerability is to apply with a moisturizer. The skin starts to produce proteins like collagen and elastin in a faster manner. During the natural aging process the skin begins to lose its elasticity, resulting in the development of fine lines, wrinkles, and rough feeling skin. THE OWNER OF THEDERMREVIEW.COM HAS MATERIAL BUSINESS RELATIONSHIPS WITH ADVANCED DERMATOLOGY AND FORMULYST, WHOSE PRODUCTS WE ALSO REVIEW AND RANK. OTHER COMPANIES’ MARKS USED ON THIS SITE REMAIN THE INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OF THEIR RESPECTIVE OWNERS. Retinol is converted into retinoic acid only after it's stored its applied and gradually absorbed by your skin. Simply put, retinol is the over-the-counter version of a retinoid. The buzzy topical is clinically proven to treat both acne and wrinkles because of its ability to stimulate epidermal turnover and reveal fresh, healthy skin cells. Retinols are much weaker than prescription retinoids. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. As for retinoids, you will most likely be prescribed these by your doctor or dermatologist, and they can determine exactly what you need based on your skin issues. This is commonly believed because one of the side … Not exactly. This night cream (you already know retinol should only be used at night) will penetrate deeply into skin and help smooth away wrinkles to leave skin looking and feeling rejuvenated every morning. Over-the-counter retinols come in ester forms (retinyl palmitate, retinyl linoleate, retinaldehyde, propionic acid or retinyl acetate). Collagen is a protein that keeps skin tight and basically gives it its structure. Skin Thinning – Retinol and retinoids actually make your skin a little thinner. Retinoid is the term used to describe a group of compounds that are derived from vitamin A. Retinoids are the darlings of the skin care world because they do so much for the skin. Framboos Glycolic Night Serum ($90) night, skip any products with vitamin A derivatives (retinol) in them. There are milder strengths, moderate strengths and higher strengths, and using them should be determined by your particular skin type and what your skin needs. It can also treat dark spots by boosting cell turnover. Once collagen deteriorates (generally beginning at the age of 30), skin tends to become more lax, with a propensity to sag and develop wrinkles. This ability allows it to slough away dead skin cells that become trapped in pores, in order to reveal healthy, new skin cells underneath. Retinol and Retin-A: Types of Retinoids. By unclogging pores, retinol helps treat and prevent acne. They’re all related, all part of the same family, all with shared DNA. Says Gross, “ There are tons of different products that use retinol — serums, moisturizers, eye treatments, etcetera — so there are lots of different ways to incorporate it into … So, let’s clear things up. Retinol. Retinoids vs. Retinol. Retinols are much weaker than prescription retinoids. It’s the perfect private label skin care answer to an industry wide problem, and it makes the retinol vs vitamin C debate useless. It will provide similar results against acne and wrinkles, but with far less irritation. By boosting collagen and the appearance of new cells, it helps soften wrinkles. Rachel is a board-certified dermatologist and Assistant Clinical Professor at Mount Sinai Hospital Department of Dermatology. You will also find retinol coming in different degrees of strength. As layers of skin cells are being sloughed away, skin is becoming thinner as a result. Additionally, OTC retinols are often combined with other ingredients, such as moisturizing ingredients, to minimize dryness/irritation, add antioxidants, or brighten the skin. Irritation – Retinoids are very irritating; retinol less so. Retinoids can help fade them away by once again removing dead skin cells to reveal newer skin cells underneath. "This higher-strength retinol contains 5% retinoid ester blend, 1% liposomal-encapsulated retinol blend and 0.5% blue algae that tackles a slew of skin concerns. The more conversions, the ‘weaker’ the product.” Levin explains that while retinoids and retinol do exactly the same thing, it typically takes longer to see results from retinols compared to retinoids. They have been studied for decades, and it only takes one try to realize that they do in fact work and do all that they promise to do. We’re here to break it all down … Retinol and Tretinoin are similar ingredients with some key differences between them. Brand names include Myorisan, Amnesteem, Claravis, Absorica, and Zenatane, but it was formerly known as Accutane or Roaccutane. If you’re into skin care at all, you’ve probably heard of retinol. They should be applied to clean, dry skin after toner (if you use toner, that is). Image via West Lake Dermatology. It helps to unclog pores and keep them unclogged, thus helping to both treat and prevent acne. The main difference between a retinol and a retinoid is that a retinol works a little less efficiently. Applying retinol and AHA/BHA in one evening is a recipe for irritated, dry skin. She has contributed to Byrdie, as well as Harpers Bazaar, Marie Claire, Allure, Vogue, and the New York Times, and more. Think of retinol vs. retinoids like a factory line, suggests Dr. Kaminska. Retinoid is a family of ingredients. Retinol vs Retinoid vs Retin-A vs Tretinoin. By Dr. Krishna August 9, 2019 November 26th, 2020 3 Comments. Retinol and retinoids are derivatives of vitamin A that improve the biological condition of the skin, diminishing blemishes and making it look smoother, says Dr. Manish Shah, a board-certified plastic surgeon in Denver. Adapalene – A topical retinoid, adapalene is used in the treatment of mild to moderate acne, and works by diving deep into skin to prevent a pimple from forming in the first place. RETINOL VS. RETINOID. The other three products in The Ordinary's retinoid range contain retinol. That’s because retinol doesn’t have as much of the active ingredient as a retinoid. If you’ve been paying attention so far, you know retinol is vitamin A, or more specifically, a vitamin A alcohol. Retinoids are highly effective when it comes to skin care. This means your skin will be more susceptible to burning and other sun damage if you’re exposed to UV rays. The main difference between a retinol and a retinoid is that a retinol works a little less efficiently. Overall Benefits. Retinol and retinoid are sometimes used interchangeably, but it’s important to note that they are not exactly the same thing. Retinol, Retin-A and many other products are types of retinoids. Retinoids and retinol deliver the same benefits, even though the rate at which you’ll see improvements might differ. This potent serum has it all: retinol, vitamins A, C, and E, and hyaluronic acid. They all come in different types of products such as cleansers, exfoliants, serums, masks and creams. It’s a superstar ingredient that tackles acne and wrinkles thanks to its ability to boost cell turnover. Retin-A is original Coca-Cola, while retinol is more like Diet Coke. If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, you should avoid using retinols and retinoids altogether. Here's How to Fix (and Prevent) Them, The Best Retinol Serums for Anyone Who Doesn't Know Where to Start. "It's a solid anti-aging product that will combat fine lines and wrinkles, thanks to the hyaluronic acid … The only type of retinoid that your skin is able to process immediately is retinoic acid. “‘Retinoids' is essentially a basic umbrella term for both over-the-counter retinols and prescription retinoids.”. How to Treat Your Sunspots and Prevent New Ones From Popping Up, These Best-Selling Retinol Serums Are All Under $20, This Is How Long It Takes for Retinol to Actually "Work", What to Do Now to Have Better Skin Tomorrow, Next Year, and 10 Years From Now, What Is Retinol? The medication in this is released more slowly too. Even though they are both vitamin A derivatives that become converted into retinoic acid, they work a little differently. Overall Benefits. When it comes to skincare, the popular terms “retinoid” and “retinol” are often used interchangeably, but they are not one and the same.Retinoid is the generic term for all topical products that contain derivatives of vitamin A. Retinol is simply one example of a retinoid. EXCLUDING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY OWNED BY OTHERS, ALL SITE CONTENT IS COPYRIGHTED OR LICENSED FOR USE BY THE OWNER OF THIS SITE. As your skin grows used to the substance, you can increase frequency of use. It is available by prescription only. The “younger” sibling, Granactive Retinoid, is a much newer next-generation advanced retinoid active complex which has been shown to target multiple signs of aging, offering the same long-term benefits as retinol, without any of the drawbacks often associated with retinol use. But if you want real, noticeable results, you have to stick with it. Everything You've Wanted to Know and More, If Your Skin Can't Handle Retinol, Try Retinyl Palmitate, Here's Why You Shouldn't Confuse Retinaldehyde and Retinol, Experts Say These Drugstore Acne Treatments Work Best, Retinol Is a Magical Acne Treatment—Here Is How to Use It, Retinol, Acids, or Both? When it comes to treating acne, knowing the facts can make all the difference. So, retinol is a type of retinoid. The main takeaway here is that retinoids are generally more powerful than retinol, but also more likely to cause irritation and sensitivity.