Some of them form pairs too. The Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters: 10 vowels (а, е, ё, и, о, у, ы, э, ю, я), 21 consonants and 2 signs (hard and soft) that are not pronounced. On the other hand, there is an exception with the letter й which is called a semivowel. If you want to sound like a real Russian, you need to keep the basics in the following sections in mind. Russian Consonants. Some letters in the Russian language change the way they sound depending on their position in words and the surrounding letters. Pronunciation of the Russian consonants. Below you will find Russian pronunciation rules for vowels and consonants. Soft vowels (я, ё, ю, и, е) and the soft sign (ь) soften preceding consonants. The Russian alphabet uses the Cyrillic script. Phonetic details: Almost all consonants come in hard/soft pairs. Most consonants can be hard or soft (palatalized). Enunciating consonants correctly. Relaxing with consonants Exceptions are consonants that are always hard /t͡s/, /ʂ/, and /ʐ/; and consonants that are always soft /t͡ɕ/, /ɕɕ/, /ʑʑ/, and /j/.There is a marked tendency of Russian hard consonants to be velarized, though this … Notice that the center of the tongue is raised during and after the articulation of the consonant. The consonants Ж ( Zh ), Ш ( Sh ), and Ц ( Ts ) are always hard. Like Russian vowels, Russian consonants follow certain patterns and rules of pronunciation. We must keep in mind that the pronunciation of Russian consonants can vary according from region to region, hence this page will show you the key phonetics rules of the Russian language. Soft consonants Pronunciation--> Phonetics course--> Lesson 3. Pronunciation of consonants with 1 audio pronunciation, 15 translations, 5 sentences and more for consonants. Self study guide About us New Russian Textbook Russian Alphabet There are 33 letters in the Russian Alphabet: 10 vowels, 21 consonants, and 2 signs (ь, ъ). Russian is an Eastern Slavonic language closely related to Ukrainian and Belorussian with about 277 million speakers in … Examples: The consonants Й ( Y ), Ч ( Ch ), and Щ ( Shch ) are always soft. There are a few cases when Russian consonants are pronounced not as they are written: Russian voiced consonants are pronounced as their voiceless counterparts when they appear at the very end of the word. Russian Alphabet. To be able to read in Russian, you need to know these nuances. Learning the difference between soft and hard consonants is vital in mastering pronunciation in Russian grammar. Compare the differences in the pronunciation of the following consonants… Let's go over to the Russian consonants. The softness is marked by the letters that follow the consonant. Russian language has 21 consonants which are classified in Soft and hard. Say it, don’t spray it! There are 21 consonants in the Russian alphabet. Soft consonants The main purpose of this lesson is to demonstrate the phonetic difference between hard and soft consonant sounds in the Russian language. Some letters of the Russian alphabet look like and sound similar to …