The Aconcagua in Argentina is the highest mountain in South America. Portuguese and Spanish are the primary languages of the continent. Andes mountain system in South America is the second highest mountain range in the world, next … Facts about American Culture 3: the language. This continent has its own culture that was fostered by the native people who were the original part and inhabitant of this great continent. Although Bolivar attempted to keep the Spanish-speaking parts of the continent politically unified, they rapidly became independent of one another. Location of South America and Topography. In southern Chile, below latitude 42° S, the Andes lose elevation and their summits become more … Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Long before the Europeans came to South America, the native populations figured out how to cultivate an incredible array of plants. French Guiana also has a large number of Protestants. This Euro… Other spoken languages include Chinese, French, Spanish, and German. Read more. Those produced in Mexico are the most dominant, while Argentine series cater chiefly to southern cone viewers. Variety shows are more popular than game shows or public interest shows on television. For centuries they lived uninterrupted from European invasion, creating exceptional architectural monuments and everyday objects by hand. Guyana and Suriname are exceptions, with three major religions: Christianity in general, Hinduism, and Islam. South America, fourth largest of the world’s continents. In the history book, America was discovered by Amerigo Vespucci, a French navigator and when he stepped on South America first in the 15th century he thought that this is a new world differentiated from India and the Old world -- Europe, and of course America was named after him. Boxing is also a popular spectator sport. Read more. 63 Interesting Argentina Facts. Political Map of South America With its roots in 1000 CE Italy, the carnival is typically held in February (just before Lent in the Christian calendar) and this South American version is related to other world-famous carnivals like the one held in Venice, Italy. Plant and Animal Facts. The rest of the world has become interested in the cuisine of South America, and new combinations of global cuisine will continue to emerge. The main language spoken by the people in America is English. Portuguese and Spanish are the primary languages of the continent. At 22,837ft, it is actually considered the second-highest mountain in the world – after Mount Everest in Asia. Present day Colombia and Peru were once the sites of the native civilizations of South America. South America is also full of stories and myths. A map showing the delineation of countries in South America. Houston is the largest city in the Southern United States. Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion (over 80%-70% in Hispanic countries, some 65% in Brazil). The combination of its unique history and the fact that many Southerners maintain—and even nurture—an identity separate from the rest of the country has led to it being the … Bahia state (in Brazil), is especially well known for its West African-influenced cuisine. Read more. The typical story lines portray heroines who are ready to defend their virtues against impulsive lovers. Because of South America's ethnic mix, South American cuisine takes on European, American Indian, and African influences. The continent’s borders were determined through reasons of culture, geography, logistics, and history. The majority of South Americans (more than 50%) speak Portuguese. Latin Americais a large region extending from Mexico in the north to Argentina in the south. It is used as the official language in more than 31 states in US. Learn about Argentina's rich culture and history, from the Tango to the first use of crime-solving fingerprinting with these interesting Argentina facts. Paraguay and Bolivia are South America’s only landlocked countries. Among other languages used by many South Americans are: South American nations have a rich variety of music. The American people are free to choose their religions. Although celebrations are hel… 58 Interesting Facts about Brazil. The highest mountain in South America is Argentina’s Aconcagua and stands at over 6,961metres high. Colombia and Venezuela both have coastlines on the Caribbean Sea and a history of Spanish colonization. Bullfights and cockfights, once very popular in Peru and Colombia, respectively, have lost appeal in the last decades. While in some rural cinemas Mexican country dramas are still popular, in the major cities of the continent, European and American movies are shown. Both groups spoke, and continue to speak, dialects descended from what scholars call the Eskimo-Aleut language family. However, most South American countries are Spanish-speaking, and nearly all of the continent's lusophones reside in Brazil. It has around 55,000 inhabitants. Although they are more country-specific because of national character traits, there has been some internationalization in a few of them, particularly when broadcast out of Miami. In Ecuador, for example, we have the legend of Cantuña, an architect who made a deal with the devil in order to finish building a church. South America, the fourth-largest continent, extends from the Gulf of Darién in the northwest to the Tierra del Fuego archipelago in the south. The longest land border in South America is shared by Chile and Argentina. The world’s most southerly city is located at the tip of Argentina and is called Ushuaia. In general, this artistic Eurocentrism began to fade in the early twentieth century, as South Americans began to acknowledge the uniqueness of their condition and started to follow their own path. Peru is especially well known for its ethnic mix influences like African, American Indian, European, Chinese, Japanese, and others. In lowland South America, as well as the Andes, animism and shamanism are common, as noted among the Urarina of Peruvian Amazonia. The majority of South Americans (more than 50%) speak Portuguese. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Some rhythms thrive in particular regions: salsa is popular in the countries bordering the Caribbean Sea; samba is exclusive to coastal Brazil; in the Andean countries ballads accompanied by guitar are preferred; while in the southern cone romantic songs with Spanish roots are dominant. These include the native cultures of the peoples that inhabited the continents prior to the arrival of the Europeans; European cultures, brought mainly by the Spanish, the Portuguese and the French; African cultures, whose presence derives from a long history of New World slavery; and the United States, particularly via mass culture such as cinema and TV. Their exquisite wor… South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Urarina Society, Cosmology, and History in Peruvian Amazonia", Forum for the Progress and Development of South America (FPDSA),, Articles needing additional references from December 2009, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 00:02. It is estimated that around 40% of the world’s plant and animal species are found in South America. They developed elaborate irrigation systems and terraced the steep Andean mountain slopes to make them more suitable for growing food. The Inca road system extended from Quito, Ecuador, through Cuzco, Peru, and as far south as Santiago, Chile. Their perfect conical shapes reflecting on the quiet waters in the Lake District provide some of the most splendid scenery in temperate South America. Sociological research indicates that Southern collective identity stems from political, demographic, and cultural distinctiveness from the rest of the United States. Traditional key ingredients in South American cooking were adapted and modified, and blended with the newly available foods from Europe, Asia and Africa. All of this combined to become the diverse and exciting cuisine that exists today. Caribbean South America is a region made up of Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, and French Guiana. Open Veins of Latin America: Five Centuries of the Pillage of a Continent by Eduardo Galeano. Colombia strongly reflects its history as a colony of Spain.It is often referred to as the most Roman Catholic of the South American countries, and most of its people are proud of the relative purity of their Spanish language.Its population is heavily mestizo (of mixed European and Indian descent) with substantial minorities of European and African ancestry. Posted 9:27 am by Sarah & filed under Art, Carribbean Islands, English, International Education, Languages, Latin America, Music and Dance, South America, Southeast America, Southwest America, Spanish.. Fun Facts about South America: The highest point in South America is Cerro Aconcagua in the Andes Mountains in the country of Argentina. ... (400 kilometers) south of Lima, Peru. The 7 Most Notorious Nazis Who Escaped to South America. South America culture is the combination of almost the half of the culture of this world. There are 12 countries in South America (see list on the right) and 3 dependencies with a total of … The rapid expansion of communications technology has brought the social, economic, and political happenings of urban life to formerly isolated rural communities and in the process has created a transnational South American culture. The culture of the Southern United States, or Southern culture, is a subculture of the United States. Some of the most famous genres include samba from Brazil, tango from Argentina & Uruguay, and cumbia from Colombia. Because it is such an inhospitable landscape, the Arctic’s population was comparatively small and scattered. Boxing is also a popular spectator sport. Lake Titicaca is the largest lake in South … Tribes of hunters and gatherers established cities where they developed the tools and resources to survive the elements while passing down incredible ancient traditions. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Along with the islands of Tierra del Fuego, the continent includes the Galápagos Islands (Ecuador), Easter Island (Chile), the Falkland Islands (United Kingdom), and the Chiloé and Juan Fernández archipelagos (Chile). Beyond the rich tradition of indigenous art, the development of South American visual art owed much to the influence of Spanish, Portuguese and French Baroque painting, which in turn often followed the trends of the Italian Masters. Of all the cultural festivities, anywhere on the continent, this is the one that attracts the most visitors from all over the world. Facts about American Culture 4: religion. The Spanish colonies won their independence in the first quarter of the 19th century, in the Spanish American wars of independence. The Maya civilization was one of the most dominant indigenous societies of Mesoamerica (a term used to describe Mexico and Central America before the 16th century Spanish conquest). The largest South American country in both size and population is Brazil. The Arctic culture area, a cold, flat, treeless region (actually a frozen desert) near the Arctic Circle in present-day Alaska, Canada and Greenland, was home to the Inuit and the Aleut. The largest city is Sao Paulo, Brazil, which is also one of the ten largest cities in the world. It included two parallel roadways, one along the…. Brazilians are the most frequent internet users on the continent Create a history and culture vacation for less than most premium group tours.; South America Tours; Custom History & Culture Tours in 3 Easy Steps. This culture had its own tradition and heritages. It is the southern portion of the landmass generally referred to as the New World, the Western Hemisphere, or simply the Americas. Strongly derived from the general Latino attitudes and values are the televised soap operas (telenovelas). Passion for football (soccer) is both a unifying and a dividing force in the continent. Some of its p… South America History & Culture Tours. Unlike other scattered indigenous populations of Mesoamerica, the Maya were centered in one geographical block covering all of the Yucatan Peninsula and modern-day Guatemala; Belize and parts of the Mexican states of Tabasco and Chiapas and the we… The culture of South America today stems from a diverse set of cultural traditions, dating back to those of pre-Columbian civilisations and indigenous tribes, which have mixed with those of African slaves as well as Asian and European immigrants. Bullfights and cockfights, once very popular in Peru and Colombia, respectively, have lost appeal in the last decades. The effects of this colonization are seen in the fact that most of the populations of these two countries speak Spanish and practice Catholicism. Simón Bolívar (Greater Colombia, Peru, Bolivia), José de San Martín (United Provinces of the River Plate, Chile, and Peru), and Bernardo O'Higgins (Chile) led their independence struggle. The Rio Carnival is undoubtedly the most famous party in the world and the most coveted event in the South American social calendar. It's full of diversity, culture, and traditions and is known for the hospitality and happiness of its people. Latinos are also famous for the sensuality of their dancing, for their varied and tasteful dishes, and their beautiful tropical landscapes. Until the 19th-century, most Latin-American countries were colonies of Spain and Portugal. Later the mainstream culture was influenced by the other cultures. Horse racing, and the associated betting, is still a favourite in Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Venezuela, and Chile. The American South is now among the fastest-growing areas in the United States. Movies made in Hollywood dominate everywhere. He was correct and he landed first in South America. South America. Across the Atlantic, the period witnessed the rise of another notable road-building empire, that of the Incas. Get started by adding destinations and activities to view South America tour ideas that match your interests. Seemingly endless competitions are followed with fervour, the most popular being the qualification matches for the world championships (held every four years) and the elimination games for the continental championship (Copa Libertadores de America; held every year). The culture of South America draws on diverse cultural traditions from the continent of South America. However, most South American countries are Spanish-speaking, and nearly all of the continent's lusophones reside in Brazil. Horse racing, and the associated betting, is still a favourite in Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Venezuela, and Chile. Folklore. Among other languages used by many South Americans are: The continent is compact and roughly triangular in shape, being broad in the north and tapering to a point— Cape Horn, Chile—in the south. Songs and dances spread rapidly through continental coverage of popular shows and through the celebration of annual pop music festivals in different parts of Latin America. Culture & Tradition in South America.