The U.S. nevertheless claimed victory alone, excluding Cuban and Filipino rebels from the peace negotiations. Conflict and war erupted between the two nations. The Philippine Fight for Independence. In 1947, the Philippines and Spain established diplomatic relations. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. Spain gave the natives – a mix of Malay, Chinese, Indian and small indigenous tribes – a colonial government to rule by the sword and what was essentially a state religion, Spanish Catholicism, which ruled by the cross. Spain, as noted above, was in no sense prepared for war with a formidable power. The Philippines remained under the control of the Spanish until 1898. The U.S. Army was equally unprepared, but the outcome of the war was largely dependent on sea power, and in this element the United States completely outclassed its opponent. Philippine Revolution (1896–98), Filipino independence struggle that exposed the weakness of Spanish colonial rule but failed to evict Spain from the islands. Spanish-American War - Spanish-American War - Fighting in the Philippines and Cuba: The war thus begun was pathetically one-sided. Not knowing that the Spanish-American War had ended on Aug 13, 1898, that Spain ceded the Philippines to the US on Dec 10, 1898, and that the Filipinos were now battling the Americans, they held on, fighting the Filipinos and resisting several demands for surrender. Relations after Philippine Independence. The U.S. finally won the Philippine American War by introducing the same technique in the Philippines. Spain continued to send expeditions to the Philippines until 1564. The Philippines would be governed by the United States until 1946. Spain eventually took the Philippines by force in battle, one island at a time, until the whole country was conquered. The history of the Philippines from 1898 to 1946 describes the period of the American colonialization of the Philippines.It began with the outbreak of the Spanish–American War in April 1898, when the Philippines was still a colony of the Spanish East Indies, and concluded when the United States formally recognized the independence of the Republic of the Philippines on July 4, 1946. The Spanish-American War brought Spain’s rule in the Philippines to an end in 1898 but precipitated the Philippine-American War. They fought despite hunger, illnesses, and desertion from among their ranks. By mid-1901, the US won had generally won the Philippine war of independence, at the cost of its innocence. On May 1, 1898, at Manila Bay in the Philippines, the U.S. Asiatic Squadron destroyed the Spanish Pacific fleet in the first major battle of the Spanish-American War (April-August 1898). Philippines - Philippines - The Spanish period: Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. In the War of 1898, the U.S. fought Spanish forces in Cuba and the Philippines, siding with rebels fighting for national independence. During the Spanish Civil War, Filipino volunteers fought for both sides in the war. At the outbreak, the U.S. had only a small amount of troops in the Philippines compared to Aquinaldo’s 40,000 fighters. The United States’ drive to extend influence across the Pacific instigated a Philippine American War. Fighting broke out on Feb. 4, 1899, and eventually far exceeded that against Spain. The Philippines was a colony of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. Ironically, America had, in part gone to war because of the reconcentration camps introduced by the Spanish General, Weyler.