Ivy has yellow-green flowers that are borne in clusters. Yes a tree with the crown covered in ivy fell 2 minutes from where I was walking. Ivy can be lovely and a problem at the same time. why is English Ivy successful outside of its native habitat? New research indicates that the glue is not the only factor involved. Some variations are shrub-like, while others produce an abundance of dark fruit and small green flowers. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 26, 2014: Thank you for the comment, vespawoolf. It would also be a good idea to go to the garden centre to find out exactly what variety of ivy you have (if you don’t already know) and discuss its inability to climb with them. VioletteRose from Atlanta on April 16, 2014: Great hub, you have shared so much of information about the plant here. Thank you very much, Devika! Sad, I heard ivy is even making some goats sick. It was labelled as English ivy under the climbers section and does look like any other climber ivy. Question: I planted an ivy in my garden (on a south facing wall) about two months ago. I didn't know rats mainly sought cover in ivy or about the health benefits or toxic effects. I can definitely see it providing cover for snakes and other critters. It can be very helpful for wildlife in its native habitat. English Ivy is the most commonly planted ivy plant in North America and Europe. English ivy sometimes seems to have a mind of its own! English Ivy is a beautiful plant with a long history. What I do say is that in one experiment with animals, a specific chemical found in ivy had benefits when it was eaten. Question: Can English ivy grow subterranean roots without using rooting hormone and plant the cutting as described in this article? Source: Joel Carnat. Here's wishing you a great day and voting up for sure. English Ivy . The name ivy especially denotes the commonly grown English ivy (H. helix), which climbs by aerial roots with adhering disks that develop on the stems.English ivy is frequently planted to clothe brick walls. How much area can one cover? It may even be useful medicinally. The fact that there has been such a drastic change in three different species of plants suggests an environmental change of some kind. Answer: I have English ivy (or common ivy) in my garden. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on September 23, 2016: Hi, Isabella. Question: I use English ivy for ground cover. My answer to a previous question about dying ivy might be helpful for you. It's a good idea to do some research before buying an ivy plant to grow indoors in order to discover the requirements for keeping the plant healthy and well behaved. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on June 21, 2019: Thanks so much for this information! Question: I have been successful and pleased with my English ivy, but recently I have had a competing plant/vine growing within the ivy. Blessings to you as well, Faith. Some people appreciate ivy as a ground cover in their garden, however. Juvenile leaves are also produced when the plant grows vertically, but at some point in its vertical life, it also produces adult leaves and flowers. Some types of ivy, such as Persian ivy, make a thick ground cover as well. I read that this is because the plant is dehydrated so I watered it more. Answer: I’m sorry that you have a significant problem in your garden. If a person chooses to fertilize the plant, it should be done sparingly. Experts often say that when trying to remove a large ivy vine, cuts should be made at shoulder height and at ankle height. Learn about a little known plugin that tells you if you're getting the best price on Amazon. These plants may also be grown indoors. Etymology. Too much or something. Many people are familiar with English ivy, also known as common ivy or by its species name, Hedera helix. Dee is especially interested in topics relating to medicine, legal issues, and home improvement, which are Bits of plaster may be removed with the ivy and pieces of root and ugly marks may be left behind. I know the ivy is something they want, but I don't understand it. Finding a dangerous snake in ivy would be very scary! The plant has been introduced to other parts of the world. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on June 15, 2014: This sounds like a great use for English ivy, Rolly! The Missouri Botanical Garden says that the vine can spread up to twenty-five feet or in some cases even further, so it’s important that the plant is managed properly. Answer: As far as I know, there isn’t currently an outbreak of an English ivy disease in southeastern Pennsylvania. Hi, ologsinquito. My family has used cedar to disguise the fence, but ivy would have worked, too. I agree - I think that English ivy is pretty, too. The nectar inside the flowers of English ivy is a food source for bees and butterflies in both Europe and North America. Chain link fences are useful, but they're certainly ugly! The mouse research is very interesting, but the discovery doesn't necessarily mean that falcarinol will have the same effect in humans. It may need pruning as guidance, though. her specialty when contributing to wiseGEEK. I have a black cement container for container gardening on both sides of the driveway near my house, and the Ivey that is growing on one side has grown up the wall and attached itself to the container. Question: Will groundhogs eat English ivy? Hi, Imogen. Planting Ivy at the base did the trick-- within a few years I had essentially a gorgeous. Bacterial leaf spot is caused by bacteria in the genus Xanthomonas. Photosynthesis is the process in which plants use light energy to produce their food. Its all over our forests and parks esp the Lagan tow path. I think that’s the safest plan for your English ivy, though. I would like to paint my foundation. The leaves are alternate, 50–100 mm (2–4 in) long, with a 15–20 mm (0.6–0.8 in) petiole; they are of two types, with palmately five-lobed juvenile leaves on creeping and climbing stems, and unlobed cordate adult leaves on fertile flowering stems exposed to full sun, usually high in … The fungus can affect many other types of plants besides English ivy. BS Thurner Hof, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 License. It always seemed like more work than it was worth. I find your comment very puzzling because it doesn't make sense in relation to the article. Answer: No. I water it once a week. Does anyone know the place I am talking about? Question: Could ivy ever be a food source? Hedera may thus be translated as "the clinging (plant)". It didn’t produce adult leaves or flowers for a long time, even when it was growing vertically, but now it flowers and produces fruit every year. In addition, since I mention that some people find English ivy annoying and discuss the fact that the plant spreads rapidly and can be invasive, you are agreeing with me in your first sentence. I mean can't they afford to get some weed killer and take care of that? The most common type of ivy is English ivy; other types are quite rare, such as Cyprus ivy. Answer: Saving the vine might be possible. Well I have Ivy on the front of my house from next door and it's very annoying. It sounds like something is seriously wrong with your plant, though. Whenever the soil is dry to a depth of around half an inch, you could try lightly watering the plant. That sounds about right with regards to my ivy. Bill De Giulio from Massachusetts on April 14, 2014: Thanks for the education Linda. It can be troublesome if its growth isn't controlled. Swedish Ivy. In a few years with all the organic fertilizers and water coming from the irrigated tee box and you have dense, lush green barrier both pleasing to the eye, a cheap alternative for course beautification and a privacy screen... works very well... Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 15, 2014: Deb Hirt from Stillwater, OK on May 15, 2014: Great information that I never knew about. After the experimental treatments were finished, the researchers examined lesions (damaged areas) in the animal's colons that typically enlarge and become tumours. I don’t know of any herbicide that will kill the competing vine (whatever species it is) without hurting the ivy. The climate and environment is suitable for English Ivy in many areas, which enables it to survive outside of its native habitat. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 03, 2018: Thank you very much, Nicole. Some people value ivy for its ability to form an attractive cover over walls and tree trunks. It’s sometimes said that in a suitable environment English ivy can potentially grow up to one or even several feet in height and width per year, however. Generally, ivy grows well outside, particularly in native soils. English Ivy can spread rapidly and aggressively. That being said, I have seen photos of wild ivy in North America that has smothered everything in its path, like you describe. Hi, VioletteRose. Until quite recently it was thought that the only factor joining the adventitious roots to the support was a glue produced by the roots. There are plants that certain animals are unlikely to eat, though. The lovely plant has a very interesting appearance and character. It's an interesting plant. English Ivy Goldchild ivy (variety of English ivy). Research suggests that the plant can absorb particles that are polluting the air. My pachysandra and aucubas also are doing very poorly. Question: I received my ivy in an arrangement with other plants about two months ago. English ivy is also a very popular indoor houseplant or for use in outdoor hanging baskets. Experts also say that a wide zone around the base of the tree trunk should be cleared of ivy to prevent or delay a new invasion. Thanks for sharing the interesting story, too! Perhaps a garden centre or the extension department of a college could help you or give you the name of someone who could help you. In one experiment, mice were fed freeze dried carrots containing falcarinol, corn starch to which an equivalent amount of falcarinol had been added, or corn starch on its own. We had ivy covering our brick home in the midwest. The leaves sometimes have an attractive variegated appearance consisting of two or more colours. Manda's Yellow ivy has interesting wavy leaves gracefully edged in golden yellow. Here in Canada I’ve had the plant in my garden for many years and keep it under control by trimming it regularly. English ivy is also said to trap water that increases the chance of plant disease, although as in the case of ivy growing on walls not everyone agrees with this idea. Before choosing this ivy, you better consider whether it's worth the trade off. In Canada I need to use the more specific name when talking to people, though! Pruning shears, loppers, or a saw are needed to cut the stems, depending on their thickness. Once the roots take hold, the evergreen vine needs very little water. Horizontal growth is vegetative and produces juvenile leaves. However I really like the look of it and it is great for birds that like to nest in it and eat the berries. English Ivy - Hedera helix - 18 Count Flat of Pint Pots. They say that if cracks are already present, ivy may cause further damage to the wall, whereas if the wall is in good condition the ivy is unlikely to cause any problems. Could this be a different type of ivy? Answer: I have to say yes because a hungry animal will eat almost anything in a garden. There is information on the Internet. Thank you very much for the comment and the vote. If there is a very dense growth of ivy it may damage trees indirectly. Thanks for any/all help & wise advice. :). Results of lab experiments in rodents sometimes apply to humans, but not always. Dermatitis is a condition in which the skin becomes inflamed, red, and itchy. Both irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis can be caused by ivy contact. The colours include dark green, light green, yellow, white, and red. It’s also helpful to obtain a cutting from a plant that is in the act of growing. Answer: I have never tried getting ivy remains off of cement. Ivy does have an interesting appearance. Answer: Your ivy sounds like it’s in bad shape. https://u.osu.edu/sheep/2010/06/23/common-poisonou... An English Heritage/University of Oxford report about the effects of. TotalHealth from Hermosa Beach, CA on April 16, 2014: Interesting hub! English Ivy looks really great, its sad that they are invasive and may cause damage to the walls. The petiole is about 0.6 to 0.8 inches. Imogen French from Southwest England on April 15, 2014: Very interesting, I have quite a lot of wild ivy in my garden growing up fences and walls, and it does have to be controlled to some extent as it can take over. It's important to realize that the plant can regrow from a piece of root or stem. They're both in separate pots so nutrient are not a concern. I certainly have experienced its rapid takeover of land, however. English ivy can be found in a cultivated form as well as a wild one. Another variety of English ivy ( Hedera helix) is Ivalace. Elizabeth Parker from Las Vegas, NV on April 16, 2014: Wow! English ivy, or Hedera helix, is an evergreen plant that is found in many parts of Canada and the United States. Secondly, will it grow back? I am no ivy fan. Question: The leaves of my English ivy are very dry and crispy. They say that the plant can protect walls from heat, cold, humidity, and pollution. I'm joking about the weed killer. Love the hub, voted up. Plant English ivy in a shady area with an organically rich soil. Generally, the various types of ivy are named after their native countries. Devika Primić from Dubrovnik, Croatia on April 15, 2014: The facts about English Ivy enlightened me more. i cant find any information with this description. I’ve never fertilized the soil around the plant because it grows very well without the addition of chemicals. Although there are hundreds of cultivars of English ivy, they are all evergreen. Interestingly, not everyone develops dermatitis after touching ivy. You could also try lightly misting the leaves on a regular basis. For example, Algerian ivy has red-colored stems, while Japanese ivy has purple stems. Do you think it will grow again or does this mean that its roots are dead and that it has no way of growing again? Kill it everywhere you see it get the saw and hatchet. Perhaps the situation depends on the local environment and the variety of English ivy that’s growing. Answer: I remove weeds by pulling them instead of using chemicals, so I don't have much experience with weed killers. Dee is a freelance writer based in Colorado. Ivy is often said to cause walls to break down as it sends its roots into crevices. However, some people recommend that the upper portion of the vine be left to die naturally and crumble (as it will do, since it no longer has a water supply) because pulling it down may damage the tree. What are some ways to eradicate it? Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on August 24, 2019: Thanks, Maren. It may change the environment around the aerial roots, or rootlets, to produce a firm attachment. They produce blue-black berries that don't ripen until late winter or early spring. No one should experiment with the berries to discover their effects, which may include the ones mentioned in my article. Far more European bird species feed on the berries, however. It’s believed that there’s at least 400 different types of ivy plants. I have English ivy as a house plant and I'm hoping it'll climb the walls :) If it interacts with other house plants will they suffer at all? As an Anglophile at heart, I cherish that plant! Generally, the various types of ivy are named after their native countries. A fungus called Rhizoctonia Solani causes root rot. Perhaps that's what happened in your case. It is commonly planted to provide quick cover for walls and buildings, and as ground cover in commercial landscapes. Like Hedera helix, it may become invasive. On a simplistic level, many people consider any evergreen plant that can climb to great heights to be a member of the ivy family. It's advisable to wear protective gloves when handling English ivy. While ivy doesn't like soggy soil, it doesn't like very dry soil either. However, it's potentially harmful to the environment. leafy living wall that gave me more privacy and a much better view. English ivy scientifically known as Hedera helix also known as European ivy or only ivy, is a native to Europe. I have never read any information indicating that groundhogs (also known as woodchucks) are especially attracted to English ivy, but this doesn't mean that they aren't. English Ivy is a beautiful plant. There is one around my garden to keep my dogs safe. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 16, 2019: I'm sorry that your ivy is having problems. But I'm not sure how well it would do, plus it would probably take over and I don't want to be responsible for another invasive species in Florida. In irritant contact dermatitis, the skin is damaged by touching a substance. Voted up. For example, it doesn't damage tree trunks directly. English ivy (Hedera helix) is an evergreen vine that is recognized as a serious, smothering invasive in much of southwestern BC. Like you, I think that English ivy is a lovely plant (as long as its growth is controlled), but not everyone agrees with us! For example, the leaves may be dark green or they may be variegated with white. Question: Will my outdoor ivy grow back after all the leaves were eaten by wildlife? I love English ivy, but I must admit that its growth can be a problem! Phytophthora is a water mold that can infect ivy. Without the natural checks and balances that often develop during their long occupation in their native habitat, introduced plants may become invasive and damage their surroundings. Some of these chemicals may be helpful for us. Thanks for the visit! Clumps of adventitious or aerial roots are located at intervals along the climbing stems. Amazon Doesn't Want You to Know About This Plugin. In Europe, English Ivy extracts are used as an expectorant. Bill Holland from Olympia, WA on April 14, 2014: I've never been a big fan of ivy. Seyit S Cihan from Ankara, Turkey on September 09, 2018: It wasn't in the article, I wonder when you cut a branch that has climbing-holding roots but not subterranean roots, do the climbing roots transform into subterranean roots if they placed under soil? You can make your own soilless medium as well with the help of this tutorial. Answer: According to the Smithsonian Institution, English ivy was introduced to North America in the early 1700s by European colonists. Thank you for the research. How much vegetation can it produce in a year? Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 14, 2014: Hi, Faith. No part of the plant can be safely eaten. The ivy that has the fruit, which I think is the Himalayan after reading this article, is very messy when the fruit starts to fall off, but the flowers really brighten up the yard when they are in bloom. English ivy seems to take as many chances as it can to spread to new areas. Answer: I can't say for certain without looking at the plant, but it certainly doesn't sound like English ivy. However, some researchers say that instead of causing crumbling, the plant often attaches to sections of walls that are already starting to crumble and have many crevices that the roots can enter. Has there been a sudden ivy disease? Very interesting Alicia and your obvious hard work certainly paid off here. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 17, 2014: Thanks for the comment and the vote, Eddy. As far as English ivy is concerned, I know of four situations involving parasites that can cause serious problems. I appreciate your votes and the share very much, too. Very interesting facts here my friend. The Pennsylvania Horticultural Society (phsonline.org) might be able to give you information and help, too. Thank you! It also produces root hairs that fit into crevices in the support. Question: After removing ivy from my cement foundation, I am left with trails of whatever substance keeps it attached. Thanks for the comment and for sharing the information about your ivy. Thank you. The subterranean roots extend into the soil, attaching the plant to the ground and absorbing water and nutrients from the soil. Voted up and shared. Only as a controlled groundcovers, I would speculate. There are also variegated cultivars with multicolored leaves like ‘Little Hermann,’ whose elongated, arrow-shaped leaves feature pale green to cream streaks, while ‘Nena,’ also known as variegated fan ivy, offers vines full of small green leaves in the classic ivy shape lined with white edging. Any idea what it is? Question: Per year what is the growth rate in kilograms for English Ivy? This may enable the vine to be unravelled from a tree trunk. Faith Reaper from southern USA on April 14, 2014: We have English Ivy growing along the brick walls of one side of our driveway leading up to the walkway to our front door. It has doubled in size but it is not sticking to the brick wall and it’s not growing the aerial roots. Question: Does English ivy have the ability to grow through a brick wall? The colonists appreciated the plant’s ability to create an evergreen cover over the ground and used it as an ornamental plant. A dense growth of ivy can affect not only the ivy grower's garden but also their neighborhood. it was just standing there dead anyhow. To grow many types of ivy, only a stem cutting is needed. For example; a 15-15-15 bag contains 15% nitrogen, 15% phosphorus, and 15% potassium. The ivy covers the walls in the outfield of Wrigley Field in Chicago. Ivy extract is approved for use by the German Commission E. This organization is a scientific advisory group that examines the safety and effectiveness of traditional herbal remedies. For example, Himalayan ivy is known for its clusters of small yellow flowers and yellowish fruit that eventually turns dark in color. The leaves are alternate and are heart-shaped with pointed lobes in young plants and broadly lanceolate in mature plants. The organization says that they would like to do more research in order to determine whether their discovery is applicable to other areas. I would make sure that I did this if I owned cows. This ivy plant is also capable of growing on the ground when there is no upright surface. The researchers concluded that the falcarinol had delayed or slowed the development of cancer. This was enjoyable and well-written. I put the plant in a larger pot but the leaves are still dry. The videos are all useful too. I spent hours trying to weed/pull it out. I appreciate your visit. Beentree, via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0 License, jeltovski, via morguefile.com, morgueFile free license. It definitely can't be used as food now or in the forseeable future. Yes, I can definitely see how gaining control over ivy could be considered "more work than it was worth"! This is such an interesting topic and you wrote it with excellence. :Please don't do as we Irish and English did and let this grow or it will kill everything and get beyond control. It is one of the most famous parks in baseball. It’s quite easy to stimulate an ivy cutting to produce new roots with the aid of rooting hormone, which can be bought in garden supply stores. Thanks for the comment! Once the ground is clear it should be covered with mulch. They are each specialized for their particular jobs. Good luck. It was a lovely summer day no wind nothing. In addition, a sheet of ivy may act like a sail and make the tree more susceptible to damage caused by windstorms. FlourishAnyway from USA on April 23, 2014: I learned so many things reading this. Linda Crampton is a writer and teacher with an honors degree in biology. Any ideas as to why? There are several hundred types of English ivy all with different color leaves. Can I drape the ivy branches over the established philodendron without harming it? The best that I can do is to share tips that I’ve read. I do develop a slight rash if I handle ivy too much. The ivy's weight may injure the tree. You should contact a gardening or pest expert in your area to see what information they can share about your local groundhogs. Will the ivy continue to follow these marks exactly? English ivy grows quickly in the sun and with proper moisture. I don't know of a weed killer that would be absolutely safe for your ivy. In Europe, the ivy on tree trunks provides a hiding place for a range of small mammals and a nesting site for birds. There is really no such thing as an animal-resistant plant. Mold can be a rather pesky part of nature. Should I only use one vine? Different kinds of English ivy feature different variegations, including dots and rings of cream, white, and other colors. Growing English Ivy Plants. It certainly has interesting growth habits. In that case, leaf spot may develop. I love its appearance, but it can be a big nuisance if it's not controlled. It doesn't seem like it would take some long term intricate test just that. Would they spread too far? There may be other factors controlling the outcome of the ivy growth, though. Algerian Ivy. I also suggest that you be careful with the cleaning solutions. In my experience, the growth of ivy is most rapid once the plant has become well established in a new area. I am considering getting rid of it as I really want a climber there! Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. English ivy, or Hedera helix, is the iconic ivy we see growing on walls and as ground cover outdoors. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 23, 2017: Thanks for the comment. Some people claim that the plant traps water next to the wall, increasing structural damage, while others say that the waxy covering on ivy leaves repels water from the wall instead. The suggestions that I’ve read include scrubbing the area with a dry brush that has stiff bristles, dipping the brush into diluted dish detergent before using it, dipping into diluted dish detergent plus borax before using it, and dipping it into diluted bleach before using it. Poor robins - especially the one that fell in the trash! It’s a very opportunistic plant. Species. According to reports that I’ve read from seemingly reliable sources, it may take ten years or more for the vine to flower, at least in the Pacific Northwest region of North America where I live. I prefer a green ivy that does not produce fruit, which attracts bugs and needs to be cleaned up. It can certainly be difficult to remove ivy from a wall once it's attached, since it clings to the wall very tightly. There are three to five lobes on each leaf. This is the plant that inspired the Ivy League colleges nickname. Hi, Bill. I think you need to seek expert advice from someone who can actually see the plant (or at least photos of it) and ask you questions about the situation. English ivy (Hedera helix) and its many cultivars belong to the ginseng family (Araliaceae). Ivy doesn’t overrule the local wild plants in my area, either. Answer: All the English ivy that I’ve had experience with has always climbed well. The aerial attachment roots and the subterranean roots have different structures and abilities. Great and informative article on this amazing plant! There seems to be some debate about the degree of toxicity, however. Also, thanks for pointing the health advantages associated with this plant. The topic is a controversial one. A standardized extract made from the English Ivy plant is generally safe, depending on how the extract is made. Growing it deliberately requires caution. Question: What am I doing wrong in trying to root English ivy? It does best in soil that is rich in organic matter and in an area with at least partial shade, though it can tolerate sun. My English ivy grows well in this environment. English ivy is poisonous, as I mentioned in the article. English ivy is poisonous to humans and pets — The leaves and berries of English ivy contain glycoside hederin, which can cause side effects that range from mild (diarrhea and dilated pupils) to severe (difficulty breathing, fever, and lack of coordination). Ivy does seem to have the ability to grow almost everywhere! This is a very well thought out and informative Hub. At no point in the article do I say that ivy can treat human cancer, however. A great companion piece to your 'English Ivy Symbolism, Traditions and Mythology'. Ingesting large amounts of the plant can cause breathing difficulties, muscle weakness, coordination problems, fever, hallucinations, and even coma. Question: A 30-foot ivy vine broke and became detached from the tree. If the soil became waterlogged and stayed that way, however, I would expect that the plants would be damaged and begin to die. Also, make sure that your plant has excellent drainage. It would be wonderful if new and safe cancer treatments were discovered. Jo Alexis-Hagues from Lincolnshire, U.K on December 06, 2014: Alicia, great informative hub. Answer: Some evidence suggests that English ivy is poisonous to cattle, at least when it’s eaten in large quantities. I think the ivy looks great when it is green, but during the early spring it is still brown and just looks like dead vines hanging on the wall. Falcarinol is found in carrots as well as English ivy. English ivy may have other health benefits for humans in addition to acting as an expectorant. This plant is an evergreen climbing ornamental vine and grown in gardens houses and on fences. Lots of ivy grows in my neighborhood, too, both in a cultivated and a wild form. Question: Our English ivy, established in a large area of the yard (on the ground) for many years, has for the first time lost most of its leaves in late winter/early spring. Greetings from NC where everything grows & grows & grows! Kitty Fields from Summerland on May 03, 2018: I love the look of English ivy, and have thought often of growing it in my Florida garden. Using Both Manual and Herbicides. I grew up in Britain, so I call the plant ivy, too. It has other benefits as well, even in North America, where it can sometimes be problematic. Some researchers say that the most important factor in determining the outcome of ivy growing on walls is the initial state of the wall. Thanks for the visit. The lesions in the mice that received falcarinol were significantly smaller than those in the mice that weren't given falcarinol. If there is existing damage to a wall before the ivy grows, however, the rootlets may penetrate the cracks and cause further harm. The plant may also smother wild flowers and ferns. Answer: It’s impossible to give an exact answer since growth rate depends on several factors. Question: Will English ivy live near an ocean beach? Good luck. This species grows so prolifically that it is considered a noxious weed in some parts of the United States. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on September 11, 2018: Hi, Seyit. The war against unwanted English ivy can be won with effort and persistence. The plant can climb as high as ninety feet if it has a good support. I think it's so pretty growing up the side of buildings. Question: I have ivy in a couple of different areas, totaling a couple of hundred square feet. Is Amazon actually giving you the best price? Answer: I don’t know whether the new ivy growth will follow the exact path of the old growth, but it’s possible. The four cultivars of English Ivy that have been shown to be the most invasive in the Pacific Northwest are Class C noxious weeds on the Washington State Noxious Weed List: Hedera helix 'Baltica', Hedera helix 'Pittsburgh', Hedera helix 'Star', Hedera hibernica 'Hibernica' (see below for pictures). Manda's Crested is a medium-growing variety that has dark green leaves and wavy edges. Our previous home was a cottage practically covered in ivy, quite a job yanking the strands to stop it climbing into the guttering and on to roof. Question: This is a 2 part question: All my ivy which is on the ground and has been established for over 40 years has died. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 04, 2014: Thank you very much, Dianna! It thrives in shade but also grows in sunny areas. You could take it to a plant expert or garden centre in your area to ask their advice (or take a photo of the plant if it can’t be transported). It’s easier to control inside homes compared to outside and can be encouraged to climb over a trellis. Many plants that climb are called ivy as well, even though they do not fall within the Hedera genus. You would think that in this time in history we would know more about ivy's affect on walls. There are many types of ivy, ranging from rampant climbers to tiny miniatures. It is a beautiful plant but it's rapid growth makes it a real problem. Answer: Powdered or liquid rooting hormone can be very useful in encouraging an English ivy stem to produce roots. Ivy is much easier to deal with when its stems are thin and relatively weak than when they are thick and strong. The majority of English ivy varieties and their close relatives climb vigorously and attach to vertical surfaces with rootlets. If climbing roots turn into subterranean roots, next time I will put extra care for that kind of cuttings rather than the cuttings that have neither kind of roots? I've actually learned quite a lot form you! Its leaves turn a beautiful red color in the autumn before they fall to the ground. The website is primarily about sheep, but it lists some serious effects of English ivy for "all species of livestock." However, its mat-forming growth habit allows it to smother out perennials and smaller shrubs in the landscape. Balls actually get lost in the plants. Ivy should not be kept in standing water or overly wet soil. I prefer to research before even thinking of attempting to ingest them, but I have found very little to no information whatsoever regarding this matter. In this article I'll discuss English ivy from a North American perspective. I suggest that you look for some at your local garden centre and read the instructions on the container carefully. Soil problems can sometimes stimulate parasite growth. Despite being in the hot desert, in my backyard I have a thriving, old, enormous English Ivy plant growing up against the drystone wall in the sunken garden. It's very interesting to hear that you have an English ivy plant growing in the desert, MJ. Excellent job as always. English ivy is very pretty. It seems to do very well as an introduced plant. It has a vigorous climbing habit, which means it is ideal for growing on unappealing structures that you might want to hide, such as the side of a garage or a fence. Plus the cancer information is most fascinating. The cultivated version of variegated ivy is a popular addition to plant containers and landscaped areas. That was what I was trying to find out when I read the article, otherwise I already knew the rest. English ivy plants typically have two-toned or variegated leaves that are attractive and ornamental. I've read that somewhat similar plants are sometimes called English ivy in stores and garden centres when they are actually a different plant. Although the plant isn't currently used for either of the following applications, it may be in the future. Answer: The answer is often no, but in certain circumstances English ivy can destroy brick. I appreciate your visit and comment. Some North American birds eat the berries. A "standardized" extract is one with a known concentration of the active substance. In the wild, the creeping form of ivy can prevent light from reaching seedlings, causing them to die. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on May 08, 2014: It is frustrating that the experts can't give us a definite answer about whether or not ivy damages walls. Answer: I haven’t grown the Baltic variety of Hedera helix, but it’s said to grow quickly and even aggressively. Answer: In my experience, ivy leaves that drop to turn brown and dry, shrivel up, and die. The new growth may follow the path of the old because that’s the best route for attachment. I can't remember which stadium the ivy is in, but it looks out of place on a professional ball field. These i… It is very beautiful but we do have to keep it cut down as it does take over. It grows and spreads rapidly when conditions are ideal. Ivy can certainly be annoying when it spreads. I’ve read that the plant often needs very little or no fertilizer, assuming it’s growing in soil containing organic matter. Scientific Name: Hedera helix . As is the case with lots of health information on the web, though, many people list benefits for the plant uncritically without looking at the evidence. I guess it depends on how much a person likes the plant. I’m glad you avoided the tree! I hope you have a great day, too! Please read articles carefully before you make comments such as the one that you posted. The English Heritage organization has studied the effect of English Ivy on walls. The cultivated version of variegated ivy is a popular addition to plant containers and landscaped areas. Variegated English ivy. In its native habitat the common name of this plant is Atlantic or Irish ivy. The plant is generally considered to be only mildly poisonous, but the dangers of plant ingestion increase with the amount that is eaten. Rolly A Chabot from Alberta Canada on June 15, 2014: Hi Alicia... over the years I have used English Ivy, Virginia Creeper and Clematis as a safety barrier on Golf Course where there may be a danger of a poorly hit golf ball could hit others. So considering all this is would say that the article is very misleading and evidently untrue. The main problem that gardeners face with ivy is overwatering. It is a very attractive plant but grows quickly and becomes invasive, clogging the gutters and there is a chance as it thickens it could dislodge the guttering from the house, so I am forever cutting it back. This ivy climber is distinguished from other ivy... Needlepoint ivy. Some people are sensitive to it, so it is a good idea to be cautious. Thank you very much for the comment! If you want to be very sure there aren’t any vines left, you can … It certainly needs to be managed well. Question: If ivy leaves fall to the ground, will they decompose or root? I didn't realize how difficult it can be to get rid of it. I have started it in several areas, and I absolutely love it. My first suspicion when I read your question was that it was a morning glory, which comes in varieties with purple flowers. Although some species of ivy are more susceptible to pests, fungi, and other issues, most are relatively hardy. English ivy plants (Hedera helix) are superb climbers, clinging to almost any surface by means of small roots that grow along the stems. The English ivy is a climbing plant that grows between 66 to 98 feet high. I don't know of a suitable book to read about Ivy's potential health benefits. Voting Up +++ and sharing. A few varieties need to be twined around a wire fence or trellis in order to grow vertically, though. Where I live rats hide out in ivy, but generally not snakes. It is known that the plant produces an adhesive to attach to a surface and that it follows a suitable path for growth, which is generally one with crevices. The flowers are generally produced in the fall in the part of North America where I live. Some kinds of ivy have flowers and fruit. This is a ratio that is often recommended for English ivy, though I have no experience in using it myself. Is there a book you recommend I purchase to learn more about these benefits? Wonderful hub. People with allergic contact dermatitis experience an allergic response after coming into contact with a substance that acts as an allergen. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 15, 2014: Thank you very much, Vellur! It's interesting that it may have some medicinal uses. Very interesting hub. Sometimes ivy is accused unfairly of crimes. If you try this, you should observe the plant underneath regularly and carefully to see how it does. it just fell The ivy got heavy on one side and pullled it over. What are the possibilities? There are only about a dozen different types of ivy that fall under the true genus name for ivy, Hedera. Like other plants, ivy contains many different chemicals in a wide range of concentrations. It is an avid climber, making it difficult to keep the plant in place. These categories include the following: Question: What fertilizer should I use for common ivy? It attaches to them with its adventitious roots, but these don't penetrate the trunk or absorb nutrients from the tree. Marie Hurt from New Orleans, LA on April 15, 2014: I think ivy is very pretty but it does tend to take over. Always, sometimes or never? The sensation similar to drunkenness that you mention (if it occurs) is very likely a collection of symptoms resulting from the poisoning. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on July 21, 2016: Hi, Natalie. Ivy may or may not damage walls. Mainly on tee off boxes, installing a chain link fence and simply planting your choice on either side a foot or so apart. a law degree. Others say that the plant actually protects walls. It's interesting and frustrating that ivy can be both beneficial and annoying! John Hansen from Queensland Australia on April 14, 2014: Very informative hub Alicia with great pics too. Question: Is English ivy poisonous to cattle? At this moment I'm thinking primarily of my philodendron that is growing around the kitchen, as neither will go outside in the summers because moving their long branches would probably stress them out, so they both have a permanent place to settle in. I did not know all of this interesting information as to its dangers too. English Ivy. The flowers have a tubular base and a flared tip. The Algerian Ivy, or Hedera algeriensis, is also called the Canary island or the North … Answer: English ivy produces adult leaves and flowers only when it grows vertically. We have English ivy growing on our woodshed. Yes, ivy can be useful, especially in its native habitat. Ivy is a complex plant! :). English Ivy. Some people confuse Boston ivy (Parthenocissus tricuspidata) with English ivy. In carrots it acts as a natural pesticide that fights fungi. Ivy makes good ground cover. My question is, after ten years, why has it never flowered? It just dies. The young plants may grow less vigorously than more mature ones. Hedera helix. I appreciate the reminder that it is toxic and can cause a skin reaction. hi i have a rather large indoor hedera helix and one of the stems has turned black and the parts thay were touching leaf stems wilted and i pruned them off. It's interesting that ivy may either be safe for walls or may damage them. English ivy (Hedera helix) is a very vigorous and aggressive woody evergreen vine.Outdoors, English ivy is used as an ornamental ground-cover or elegant green covering for stone or brick walls. The chemical reduced the size of colon lesions that typically become cancerous at some point in time (but were not yet cancerous). Ivy does look beautiful on buildings. It also provides a haven for snakes so that is a worry. I've heard about methods for removing the rootlets from brick, but I don't want to recommend them because I don't know whether they could damage the brick. She has a B.A. Question: Can too much rain cause English Ivy to die? Although the types of ivy may look similar, there are subtle differences between them. so please Americans don't ignore this enviromental diaster. Answer: Yes, it's possible, depending on where the ivy is planted. A root actually changes shape to anchor the plant. English ivy (Hedera helix) is a widely used indoor ivy plant type available in hundreds of cultivars that are diverse in color, shape and size. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on November 07, 2018: Thanks for sharing your experience and the warning. Linda Crampton (author) from British Columbia, Canada on April 23, 2014: Thank you very much for the visit and the comment, Flourish. An expectorant is a substance that relieves coughs by thinning mucus, enabling it to be coughed up easily. If the mortar holding the bricks together has been damaged and weakened by another factor or if the brick itself has cracks, is lose, or has started to crumble, ivy roots may penetrate the damaged area and make it worse. Four possibilities include contamination or alteration of the soil in some way (such as by the addition of a chemical contaminant or too much water), infection by parasites, attack by pests, or more than one of these problems. Answer: English ivy is said to be moderately salt tolerant, so it would probably grow near a beach. They also say that the rootlets cause no or very minor damage to walls. Personally, I wouldn't try to deliberately guide it over another plant, even though the ivy won't attach to it. A garden expert would need to examine your plants or soil in person (and perhaps in the lab) to identify the specific problem in your garden. There is a some evidence that English Ivy extracts help the coughs that develop in certain health conditions, but the extracts seem to work no better than other expectorants. Question: What will an English ivy grab hold of inside a home in order to "climb"? The vine will climb or form dense ground cover. I appreciate your visit! I suggest that you plant only one vine. I'm not an expert in ivy removal. It is all over the trees along the roads esp the minor roads. English ivy certainly needs to be controlled. What product or method could i use to get the rootlettes of English Ivy off the house brick? If fertilizer is required, garden experts recommend that it includes a balanced ratio of chemicals. Great job. Your comment is definitely food for thought. I appreciate it. I'm assuming it's fine as long as they both have access to sunlight? English Ivy is native to Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa. English ivy likes moist but well-drained soil. Answer: Yes, a cutting can produce roots without the use of rooting hormone, although the hormone increases the chance of success. Is there any way to save the vine? In some parts of North America it grows all year. Birds carry the seeds/are spreading the plant. Determining these factors is actually a harder job than it seems. A gardener will likely need to return to an ivy patch periodically to do more cutting, but the process usually becomes easier as the plant thins out. It grows anywhere and everywhere. Although ivy is well known for its ability to climb walls, trellises, and other structures, it can also grow well from hanging baskets and in large pots. I suggest that you contact a garden centre to see if they know of a safe and effective way to remove the rootlets. Ivy, any plant of the genus Hedera, with about five species of evergreen woody vines (rarely shrubs), in the ginseng family (Araliaceae). It is smothering new seedllings in ground ivy and any wild flowers have no chance. It doesn't matter if I try to root it in water or a really good seed starter mix. New list: Close Add to List. New growth usually sprouts here in late May, but it is looking pretty bad. An ivy for the ages, Millennium has rounded mid-green leaves edged in cream and white. Although I like the look of English ivy on structures, walls, and trees I would not, however, want to maintenance this growth or respond to the possible damage it can cause, as you highlighted so appropriately. The results of experimentation could be dangerous. You've done a sterling job of explaining the pros and cons of this plant. There is a baseball park in the Major Leagues that has ivy on the outfield wall. I also state that more research is needed to determine whether the chemical has the same effect in humans and that the chemical is not currently used as a medicine in relation to cancer. Others consider the plant to be an annoying weed that damages the environment and must be eradicated. Answer: Yes, everywhere that English ivy grows in North America (USDA Zones 5 to 9), the plant is evergreen. in English Literature, as well as Common Name: English Ivy . While English ivy can tolerate moist and dry soil both, it’s better to keep it on a balanced side. I stretched it out along the fence with the small roots on the ground. I bought it at my garden centre. Ivy is often referred to as a "noxious weed" instead of a valued part of its ecosystem. Not all of the health benefits of ivy are definite yet, but they are all interesting! Thank you very much for the vote and the share. An "invasive" plant spreads rapidly and hurts native organisms. With a brick wall, there is a danger of damaging the brick and the mortar when removing the ivy. Hedera hibernica is a similar plant that has also been introduced to North America and is often known as English ivy. Others grow on an indoor trellis or a wire frame provided by the homeowner. The task involves cutting the plant at frequent intervals (or all at once if the growth is small) and then digging out the roots. I've always loved ivy plants. Specific number sequences show the amount of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in a bag of fertilizer. Question: When did the English ivy come to North America? I don't know whether this is actually the vine in your ivy, though. I don't know how effective they are or how safe they are for surfaces. Unfortunately, in North America the "small mammals" that shelter in ivy seem to be mainly rats, especially the Norway rat, which is a pest.