The more open the woods, the more plants. There are 4 or 5 sepals, 0 petals and 4 to 5 stamens. ), please check the links and invasive species pages for additional resources. But like stinging nettle, wood-nettle packs an uncomfortable sting. I am told they taste better than stinging nettles. Pick an image for a larger view. I stepped in it this morning and have lovely boils to show for it. HOW TO IDENTIFY STINGING NETTLE Stinging nettle is native to Europe, Asia, northern Africa, and western North America, and has also been introduced to other areas. Compare this leaf to some of the older leaves in this image from the USDA, which are more distinctly heart shaped: Next, the stem. Have you seen this plant in Minnesota, or have any other comments about it? Nettle Identification Both stinging nettle ( Urtica dioica ) and wood nettle ( Laportea canadensis ) are tasty and nutritious spring-time wild edibles, but how do you tell them apart? See Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Leaves are oval to egg-shaped, to 6 inches long and 4 inches wide, with serrated edges, a sharply pointed tip and a long stalk. Leaves alternate, broadly ovate, sharply toothed, 3-6" long, per Wildflowers of Tennessee. in 20 years). Wood Nettle tends to grow in pretty sizable patches and can be a painful plant, though the stinging doesn't last long. Also covers those considered historical (not seen For details, please check with your state. Comment (max 1000 characters): Note: Comments or information about plants outside of Minnesota and neighboring states may not be posted because I’d like to keep the focus of this web site centered on Minnesota. The male and female flowers are on the same plant with the female flowers in clusters near the top of the plant and the male flowers below. Take a look at the entire plant. The plant can spread vegetatively with its yellow creeping rhizomes and often forms dense colonies. The stem is unbranched and variously covered in stinging hairs. See the glossary for icon descriptions. Look at the stems. Canadian Wood Nettle: Family: Urticaceae: USDA hardiness: Coming soon: Known Hazards: The leaves have stinging hairs, much like stinging nettles to which they are related. Identification Stinging nettle (Urtica genus) is a European native plant that has become naturalized throughout the United States. There is quite a bit of this plant to be found there. CT, MA, ME, If you know and love stinging nettle like I do, you’re going to love wood nettle or Laportea canadensis, for a couple different reasons I’ll get into, not least of which is their flavor. populations both exist in a county, only native status image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. False Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica) is another similar species, but it is hairless, its flower clusters are unbranched, and its leaves are also opposite. It, too, is prized by foragers as food and medicine. Watch the below video to learn how to identify both plants, how to handle them, what to use for cooking, and how to use as fertilizer. The stem of a stinging nettle, just like the leaves, is covered in small, barb-like, stinging thorns or hairs. The toothed leaves are borne oppositely along the stem, and both the stems and leaves are covered with numerous stinging and non-stinging trichomes (plant hairs). Floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forests, Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally in non-wetlands. to exist in the county by To reuse an Stinging nettle rash presents as raised bumps or hives that are often light in color and up to a centimeter in diameter. All Characteristics, there are two or more ways to evenly divide the flower (the flower is radially symmetrical), there is only one way to evenly divide the flower (the flower is bilaterally symmetrical), there are five petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, there are four petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, there are three petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, there are two petals, sepals, or tepals in the flower, there are two or more ways to evenly divide the calyx (the calyx is radially symmetrical), there is only one way to evenly divide the calyx (the calyx is bilaterally symmetrical), the carpel is solitary or (if 2 or more) the carpels are not fused to one another, the filament is smooth, with no hairs or scales, the sepals are pressed against the corolla, or jutting stiffly upward, the sepals are slightly curved outwards from the corolla, the sepal tip is acute (is sharply pointed), the sepal tip is obtuse (is bluntly pointed), one or more of the sepals is much narrower or shorter than the others, the plant has a rhizome (a horizontal underground stem with roots growing from it), the plant has one or more swollen storage organs underground, such as bulbs, tubers or corms, there are only slender roots on the plant, the underside of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the underside of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the upper side of the leaf is fuzzy or hairy, the upper side of the leaf is not hairy, or it has very few hairs, the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the base of the leaf blade is truncate (ends abruptly in a more or less straight line as though cut off), the leaf blade has hairs with glands at their tips, the leaf blade has simple hairs with no glands, and not tangled or wooly. Show Wood nettle (Laportea canadensis) Less well known is wood nettle ( Laportea canadensis) which is native to the eastern half of North America. you. Discover thousands of New England plants. Weddell It's native and part of the woodland ecosystem. Help support this site ~ Information for sponsor opportunities. (Wetland indicator code: Your email address: (required) And the leaves attach to the stem opposite one another. There are separate male and female flowers on the same plant. It is found growing in open woods with moist rich soils and along streams and in drainages. N. Canada wood-nettle. (L.) Nearby cities include Kitchener, Woolwich and Cambridge. 1.  This stuff has taken over our fern garden on the north side of our house. Urtica canadensis L.; It is very common in moist woods and was likely a dominant species in your woods pre-buckthorn. The third plant to review in the nettle family is clearweed ( Pilea pumila) — … Wood Nettle Way has 1 postings presently on the market, while … Thanks for your understanding. Laportea canadensis We harvested some before bloom, cooked and froze them to use as a vegetable this winter. Very invasive. Identifying Stinging Nettle 1. The male flowers are in loose branching clusters that arise from the leaf axils starting about midway up the plant. A single plant you may... 3. The skin surrounding the hives may be red. In the Baycliffe neighborhoods, with deeply shade lots, the streets are lined with huge growths. unintentionally); has become naturalized. West Indian Wood Nettle Here are some closer views of the False nettle inflorescence. Tall Nettle (Urtica procera) Wood Nettle (Laportea canadensis) THUMBNAILS : … is shown on the map. post Copyright: various copyright holders. As trees have fallen and some sun is filtering in, these plants have spread a lot. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust The burning or itching sensation caused by brushing up against a wood nettle subsides within an hour, usually within a few minutes, but can be irritating. Stalks are sparsely covered in stinging hairs and leaf surfaces may also have sparse, stinging hairs. Wood Nettle is not to be confused with Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica), which has narrower leaves oppositely attached. Habitats: Rich, moist, deciduous forests, often along seepages and streams from sea level to 2000 metres[270]. The leaves are alternate and have a saw-toothed margin. Canada wood-nettle grows as tall as 150 cm from tuberous roots. Francis. More importantly, how do you distinguish them from non-edible look alikes? This is a viewer requested video that is necessary to tell the difference apart from these two plants. Web design and content copyright © 2006-2020 MinnesotaWildflowers.info. For info on subjects other than plant identification (gardening, invasive species control, edible plants, etc. The greenish or brownish flowers are mostly unisexual with male and female flowers on the same or different plants. RI, ©Thomas G. Barnes. Although not all side effects are known, nettle is thought to be possibly safe when taken for a … You've simply released the seed bank. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Note: when native and non-native those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). But they don't seem to be as virulent as those of Stinging Nettle. 2020 Canada wood-nettle is a native species, unlike the rather similar stinging nettle (Urica dioica). Laportea canadensis, Canada Wood-nettle. Members of the Stinging Nettle family are herbs with simple, usually opposite leaves and occasionally squarish, usually hairy stems. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within I’d like to control the spread. Map of native plant purveyors in the upper midwest. But Canada wood-nettle has alternate leaves while stinging nettle's leaves are opposite. Urticastrum divaricatum (L.) Kuntze We depend on But Canada wood-nettle has alternate leaves while stinging nettle's leaves are opposite. There are curently 102 Waterloo houses for sale. Attachment is alternate. Other photos courtesy Peter M. Dziuk. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Stinging nettles aren’t the only nettles I know of, there’s also wood nettle (Laportea canadensis) that has leaves that are more round than the pointed leaves of stinging nettles, both are good and give great results as long as you harvest them young. Individual flowers are less than 1/8 inch across, white to greenish with 5 tiny petals. a sighting. Note that some flowers are above the top leaves, and others are below. Flowers in terminal & axillary panicles: the upper female, lower male, per Guide to the Wildflowers of SC. Wood Nettle (Laportea canadensis) Wood Nettle also has stinging hairs along its stem. I made the mistake of walking through a bunch of it with shorts on one time. Also covers Your Name: It harbors native pollinators, but should I allow it to overtake acres of woodland containing sedge, jack-in-the-pulpit, bloodroot, etc.? Description : Wood nettle, or stinging nettle, is a perennial nonwoody plant with a single, slightly zigzag stem and armed with stinging hairs. 2004. Wood Nettle is not to be confused with Stinging Nettle (Urtica dioica), which has narrower leaves oppositely attached. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky.University Press of Kentucky. Going wild with fresh! If you want to see wood nettle growing in the wild near the Twin Cities, just visit the historic Sibley and Faribault house in Mendota and take a walk through the tunnel onto the Dakota trail of the Fort Snelling State Park. Nasty stuff in the garden. Nettles grow 2 to 5 feet tall and have opposite leaves. Wood Nettle flowers. The wood nettle is often confused with stinging nettle, because of their stinging hairs, but the wood nettle has alternate leaves while the stinging nettle has opposite leaves. Your help is appreciated. We’ve lived here 30-plus years and it must have been just a few plants in our woods at one time. Spreads both by seed, and rapidly growing rhysomes. Urtica dioica, often known as common nettle, stinging nettle (although not all plants of this species sting) or nettle leaf, or just a nettle or stinger, is a herbaceous perennial flowering plant in the family Urticaceae.Originally native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa, it is now found worldwide, including New Zealand and North America. FACW). Wood Nettle Laportea canadensis Nettle family (Urticaceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is about 2-4' tall and either branched or unbranched. Stinging nettle grows from the early spring through summer and can grow to be … About 559 Wood Nettle Way, Waterloo. All rights reserved. There are masses of a plant that looks like this wood nettle all through the floodplain forest. Don’t want to lose other native vegetation. One thing to know is that wood nettles will cause more intense dermatitis if they happen to touch you though. Usage Requirements. It actually makes a nice understory in the woods there. Stinging nettle is an herbaceous plant and often grows to about 2 metres (6.5 feet) in height. Speckled Wood butterfly on a nettle. Range Our lower property in extreme SE Dakota county is in a 100 year flood plane. in part by the National Science Foundation. The trail is wide enough that you don't have to brush past vegetation. Funding provided by the Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund as recommended by the Legislative-Citizen Commission on Minnesota Resources. First though, I think it’s interesting to know some of the different characteristics that differentiate it from the nettle most people know: stinging nettle, or Urtica dioica. It's considered an aggressive invasive and has become established and common in certain areas. Where in Minnesota? Inflammation is your body’s way of healing itself and fighting infections. at least some of the hairs on the stem have glands, the hairs on the stem are plain, without glands or branches, and not tangled. ID'ed it with the help of Heather Holm, a landscape designer in the TC area. The beautiful red admiral butterfly eats this so its definitely worth having around. All images and text © Across the road from the park, there is a nice quiet trail. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. The stem and leaves have both stinging and non-stinging hairs. This plant has pushed out almost every other plant not grown in a garden! White Snakeroot and Wood Nettle comparison. Wood Nettle Farm is a small scale mixed farm offering wholesome premium food products through direct marketing in the Kingston and Eastern Ontario region using organic and biodynamic production principles. An email address is required, but will not be posted—it will only be used for information exchange between the 2 of us (if needed) and will never be given to a 3rd party without your express permission. (intentionally or The understory is almost solid wood nettles. This plant is everywhere in Crosby Park in st. paul. nettle leaf Mealy bugs on Wood Nettle (Laportea canadensis) urticating hairs, Fairmount Park, Wissahickon, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA, May. Nettle side effects. Wood Nettle is a host plant for a number of insects and butterflies and it is not unusual to see small egg-shaped or round, berry-like galls on the leaves or flower clusters. VT. Rich, mesic forests, riparian forests. She graciously offered some recommendations of other native species to introduce to offer some variety and competition to it to restore some balance to what is a very unruly patch of it that had taken over in my plot of woods: Large leaved aster, poke milkweed, tall bellflower (Campanula americana), fireweed, Canada anemone, obedient plant. Picking young wood nettles is easy – simply cut or break the nettle stalk with bare hands – but as they mature, their sting intensifies, so gloves are definitely called for! Finally, the sting. Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.. Minnesota Environment and Natural Resources Trust Fund, part shade, shade; moist woods, floodplains. This stuff is so nasty and almost impossible to get rid of. Photos by K. Chayka taken in Anoka, Chisago and Ramsey counties. The Meskwaki, a Native American people originally from the Great Lakes region, used the inner bark of the wood nettle to make a nettle thread that was used in the making of cattail mats. False Nettle may look similar to Stinging Nettle or Wood Nettle, but does not have stinging hairs. They are in erect or flat branching clusters at the top of the plant. Cooking or drying them denatures the sting. NH, May Reduce Inflammation. I've never found any ticks crawling on me after visiting those trails either in 10 years, so explore away! A fiber obtained from the stem is used for making nets and cordage and … Non-native: introduced 559 Wood Nettle Way is in the city of Waterloo, Ontario. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). Take a photo and Wood Nettle is native to Eastern and Central North America whereas Stinging Nettle was introduced. Identification. state. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Canada wood-nettle is a native species, unlike the rather similar stinging nettle (Urica dioica). The stems are light to medium green and abundantly covered with stiff white hairs that have the capacity to sting when they are rubbed against. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Wood nettle (Laportea canadensis) The fourth nettle (the left-most image in the four-across groupings above) is called False nettle. Thomas, I wouldn't call wood nettle invasive, though it can be abundant in favorable conditions. In this video we talk a bit about Canadian Wood Nettle, a common relative to stinging nettle that many say is a better tasting edible. The female flowers are green with 4 sepals of unequal size and look more like tiny curly leaves with feathery edges than flowers. If you touch a plant that looks like nettle and gives you a noticeable sting, it is probably … The Go Botany project is supported The inflorescence shape is reflected in its scientific name — Boehmeria cylindrica — as the flowers are grouped in cylindrical shapes along the stem. Wood Nettle Leaves in Springtime. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. The leaves are edible at any stage of the plants’ growth. Can you please help us? County documented: documented Note: All comments are moderated before posting to keep the riff-raff out. "Sowing the liberating seeds of sovereignty, sustainability and re-connection through co-creative food, farm and nature experiences." Stinging nettle is primarily single-stalked, and a perennial. There is an abrupt change in appearance of the leaves from the base (or near the base) of the plant to those from further up on the stem, with the basal leaves of conspicuously different shape or form than those slightly higher up. Flowers are small, light green, in small clusters arranged in panicles, arising from the leaf axils; clusters of staminate flowers … State documented: documented But like stinging nettle, wood-nettle packs an uncomfortable sting. the state. • False Nettle (Boehmeria cylindrica) is another similar species, but it is hairless, its flower clusters are unbranched, and its leaves are also opposite. Found it growing like mad in my small back woods here in town. The latter name will give... 2. One of the keys to identification, aside from being in the right habitat, is that wood nettles rise up on a tall slender stalk, and have alternate, somewhat oval leaves. Found this plant? Do an image and information search on the Internet for "Stinging Nettle" or Urtica dioica. Laportea canadensis, commonly called Canada nettle or wood-nettle, is an annual or perennial herbaceous plant of the nettle family Urticaceae, native to eastern and central North America.