This genus is accepted, and its native range is Hainan, Malesia to Pacific. IBRA Regions: Central Kimberley, Northern Kimberley. [4] This is an Australian ornamental tree, with some specimens of high visual appeal. Distribution and Ecology. (eds.) Altitudinal range in northern Australia from sea level to 800 m. Grows in open forest, monsoon forest and dry rain forest. Flora Australiensis Vol. Alphitonia excelsa ingår i släktet Alphitonia och familjen brakvedsväxter. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern New South Wales. It serves as a food plant for the caterpillars of the moonlight jewel (Hypochrysops delicia),[7] and the caterpillars of the small green-banded blue (Psychonotis caelius taygetus). Alphitonia excelsa [1] är en brakvedsväxtart som först beskrevs av Edward Fenzl, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av George Bentham. It has been isolated from Alphitonia excelsa. Genus: Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. (2007). A bark and wood decoction was used as a gargle for toothache, it was drunk as a tonic. Distribution: Australia. Reported at 74 Fraser Coast localities: Aldershot, Antigua, Bauple, Bauple Forest, Beaver Rock, Beelbi Creek, Bidwill, Boompa, Boonooroo Plains, Booral, Brooweena, Burrum Heads, Burrum River, Burrum Town, Cherwell, Craignish, Doongul, Duckinwilla, Dundathu, Dundowran, … A revision of Alphitonia (Rhamnaceae) for Australia Muelleria 28: 3-17. [8], Trees are quick growing in cultivation. var. It bears small greenish white flowers in late autumn and early winter, followed by globular dark fruit around 1.5 cm (0.5 in) in diameter,[4] which contain two seeds. Tree Size: 65-85 ft (20-25 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter. and Austromyrtus bidwillii (Benth.) Distribution and habitat: Alphitonia excelsa is a very widespread and common species, occurring in east ern New South Wales, thr oughout much of Queensland, IBRA Subregions: Mitchell, Pentecost. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis Small to medium scrubby tree, Alphitonia excelsa is a very useful plant because of its broad applicability. This species is favoured by disturbance and is a characteristic component of rain forest regrowth in lowland areas. [4] It may be used in amenity planting as a street tree providing shelter. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. COMMON NAMES: Alphitonia TRADITIONAL NAMES: Toi (RR); Other Polynesian - Toi (TON), Toi (SAM), Toi (TAH) GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION: NATIVE Vanuatu - Societies COOK ISLANDS STATUS: Native; Land, mountains (+) (Ridge forest) SIGNIFICANCE LIST:; Nationally endangered (seriously)Material (Wood) KEY FEATURES: A large spreadingTree to 25m. It has large glossy leaves, and had foliage to the ground if … Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. Link to Images on Flickr. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Alphitonia excelsa Fruit depressed-globose, 10–15 mm diam. It prefers sandy soils. Australia, Queensland Dufourq KFNP23 (BRI) KM896142 Alphitonia incana 1 (Roxb.) The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[ 338 Alphitonia excelsa can be naturally found growing in open eucalyptus forests and adjoining rainforests of New South Wales, Queensland, the Northern Territory and northern Western Australia. Distribution and Ecology. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Northern Territory, and Cochlospermum gillivraei Benth., and two evergreen species, Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzal) Benth. Common names. In Australia, they are … is a genus comprising around 15 species, and belonging to the family Rhamnaceae. 1. LEAVES: along the branches; alternate; green on top, silvery … ; buds and young shoots reddish brown hairy; branchlets prominently ribbed; stipules 1–2 mm long Alphitonia petriei Scientific Name: Alphitonia petriei. This species is accepted, and its native range is S. New Guinea to N. & E. Australia. ex Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. These are large trees or shrubs. [3] The Red Ash has a spreading shade-producing habit when a larger tree with an overall greyish green appearance. (AM AK32717).jpg 3,000 × 4,000; 2.17 MB. Factsheet - Alphitonia excelsa. Distribution: Australia. Altitudinal range from sea level to 300 m. Grows in well developed lowland rain forest. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl. It is endemic to Australia, being found in New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and the northeastern tip of Western Australia. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Bean, A.R. It is often seen performing well on lateritic substrates. [3][4] It can be a fodder plant for sheep and cattle, and is a useful pioneer species in bush regeneration. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern New South Wales. Flora of China 12: 1-534. although Endlicher listed Colubrina excelsa under Alphitonia in 1840, he did not validly publish the combination A. excelsa under Shenzhen ICN Art. It is endemic to Australia, being found in New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and the northeastern tip of Western Australia. The alternate leaves measure 5–14 cm (2–6 in) in length and 2–5 cm (1–2 in) wide and are dark glossy green above and silvery with fine hairs underneath, making an attractive contrast on windy days. This species is accepted, and its native range is S. New Guinea to N. & E. Australia. Bentham, G. & Mueller, F. 1863. Western Australia, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens Beard’s Provinces: Northern Province. Alphitonia excelsa, commonly known as the red ash or soap tree, is a species of tree in the family Rhamnaceae. Introduction Alphitonia Endl. Found also in dry and littoral rainforests. The Plant List includes a further 8 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Alphitonia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Janka Hardness: 1,890 lb f (8,400 N) Modulus of Rupture: 19,430 lb f /in 2 (134.0 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 2,755,000 lb f /in 2 (19.00 GPa) Scientific Name: Alphitonia excelsa. One of 20 species of the genus Alphitonia in Australia and the Pacific Islands, its specific epithet is derived from the Latin excelsus 'tall'. Preferred name: Alphitonia excelsa ; Authority: (Fenzl) Bentham ; Notes. Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System widely distributed on the coastal regions from north Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland, to coastal regions of south east New South Wales. ]. World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. Taxonomy. Alphitonin is a hydroxyaurone that is aurone substituted by hydroxy groups at positions 2, 4, 6, 3' and 4' respectively. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. It is used in bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting. acutifolia. Alphitonia zizyphoides (toi) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) doidoi, damu doi, selawa (Fiji) navasvas (Vanuatu) toi (Samoa, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, and Niue) toi, manee (French Polynesia) Lex A. J. fiomson and Randolph R. fiaman In brIef Distribution Widely distributed and moder-ately common in the South Pacific islands. Queensland, [9], "Soap tree" redirects here. [Cited as Alphitonia zizyphoides. Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. Australia, Queensland Kellermann 103 (MEL) HQ340157 HQ325600 Alphitonia excelsa 5 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. Name Language; leatherjacket: English (AU) red ash: English (AU) Propose photo. Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 1-2 ft (..3-6 m) trunk diameter. Distribution and Ecology. A primary coloniser of disturbed areas however also a persistent component of eucalypt forest understory along its range. excelsa, Comprehensive Catalogue of Queensland Plants: 837(1913). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis). It is used in bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting. Colubrina excelsa Fenzl. Also occurs in Malesia. Alphitonia excelsa, commonly known as the red ash or soap tree, is a species of tree in the family Rhamnaceae. An infusion of the leaves in warm water was used for bathing in cases of headache, and an infusion of the bark, root and wood as rubbed on the body as a liniment for body pains. [2] [3] Utöver nominatformen finns också underarten A. e. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions When young shoots are bruised, they give off a typical odour of sarsaparilla. A. Alphitonia excelsa; Media in category "Alphitonia excelsa" The following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. Average Dried Weight: 32.2 lbs/ft 3 (515 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.44, .52. Janka Hardness: 760 lb f (3,360 N)* *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity. It grows in eucalypt forests, eucalypt and acacia savannas, gallery forests and rainforests of NSW from Mount Gulaga (previously known as Mount Dromedary) northwards along the coast and inland to the Pilliga scrub, though Queensland and the Northern Territory and into the northwest of Western Australia. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from sea level to 800 m. ... Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Statistics. [Cited as Alphitonia incana. & Hong, D. ], Govaerts, R. (1995). This tree reaches a height of 7–25 metres (23–82 ft), by 5–10 metres (16–33 ft) across. • Alphitonia Excelsa is a small to medium size tree with a branching canopy formation • Reaches a height of 15m and width of 6m • The tree is commonly found in dry sclerophyll forest and rainforests • Favours well drained soils and is highly suitable for erosion control areas Australia, Queensland Costion 1657 (no voucher) KF496294 Alphitonia excelsa 6 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. Distribution and occurrence: On the margin of warmer rainforest on the coast north from Mt Dromedary, also in scrub and open forest, often in sheltered gullies or on steep slopes north from Denman and west to the Pilliga Scrub and Yetman district. Habitat information for Alphitonia excelsa. Burret., growing in a seasonally dry rainforest. It … New Guinea, Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. A. Terracc. All rights reserved. For the North American plant, see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alphitonia_excelsa&oldid=933791267, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2020, at 01:43. Red Ash Fl.Austral. New South Wales, This native tree is commonly known as soap tree. The Plant List includes 22 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Alphitonia.Of these 18 are accepted species names. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern Queensland. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Species information. 1:414 (1863) Conservation Code: Priority Two Naturalised Status: Native to Western Australia Name Status: Current Distribution. acutifolia Braid Ceanothus excelsa Steud. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss. It has also been identified growing in Brigalow scrub in the interior of NSW, in areas such as Narrabri. MIM, Deurne. Modulus of Rupture: 7,980 lb f /in 2 (55.0 MPa)* 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone [2] It has also been used in boat-building and cabinet making, its tough timber a light red or brown in colour. [2]Bildgalleri Teijsm. A. excelsa is widely distributed in the Eucalypt forests of the Northern Territory and Queensland and in the coastal regions from northern Queensland to the south coast of NSW, in or near rainforests. The trunk and larger branches bear fissured grey bark, while smaller branches have smoother grey or white bark. They occur in tropical regions of Southeast Asia, Oceania and Polynesia. [1] Other common names include Red Almond,[2] Silver Leaf,[2] Leatherjacket, White Leaf, White Myrtle, Sarsaparilla Tree, and Coopers Wood. It will grow to around twenty metres in warm moist areas, but will be smaller in cooler and drier areas. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Alphitonia excelsa var. Alphitonia excelsa Red Ash, Soap tree Used to apply leaves to sore eyes. References . Aspects of xylem anatomy and vulnerability to water stress-induced embolism were examined in stems of two drought-deciduous species, Brachychiton australis (Schott and Endl.) Alphitonia zizyphoides has a very wide distribution, large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. Common in open forests and drier scrubs. Habitat —On the margin of warmer rainforest (Subtropical, Dry and Littoral) on the coast north from Mt Dromedary, also in scrub and open forest, often in sheltered gullies or on steep slopes. Distribution — North from Denman and west to the Pilliga Scrub and Yetman district in New South Wales and into Queensland. XXXVI Rhamneae (409-445) p.414; USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Alphitonia is a genus of arborescent flowering plants comprising about 20 species, constituting part of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae). [5] The flowers are fragrant in the evening.[3]. Alphitonia excelsa 4 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. Australia, New Guinea. 35.2 Name Verified on: 15-Nov-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Pages in category "Alphitonia excelsa" This category contains only the following page. Alphitonia excelsa was first described by Eduard Fenzl and reclassified by George Bentham. Average Dried Weight: 45.2 lbs/ft 3 (725 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.62, .72.

alphitonia excelsa distribution

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