Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). J Integr Med. Both spiny and edible amaranths (Amaranthus spinosus and A. tricolor) are exotic annuals in China that produce numerous small seeds every year. Astringent for the mucous membranes; Up to 66% of weed species are said to be edible. spiny amaranthus. Amaranthus spinosus . While “edible” and “digestible” may not always be the samething, young A. viridus and A. spinosus … Simply: there are MUCH nicer amaranths out there that are also edible, beneficial and nutritious. Nutrition Value of Amaranthus spinosus. Its small green flowers are in dense spikes at stem tips and upper leaf axils. 2013;11(3):206-12. 23,330) Spiny amaranth, sometimes called spiny pigweed, is a troublesome weed of vegetables, row crops, and pasture in warm climates. Amaranthus spinosus common name is spiny amaranth and it is belong to amaranthaceae family. Samples from soil and some edible vegetables were collected from fields around two abattoirs in Umuahia, Abia State Nigeria, in August - September, 2014. ... Non-edible parts. Compositios of dry weight leaves in grams (g) or miligrams (mg) per 100g of food Toxicity: It is suspected as a poison for cattle or even for human beings, if … Amaranthus species. Amaranth, (genus Amaranthus), genus of 60–70 species of flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. Both spiny and edible amaranths (Amaranthus spinosus and A.tricolor) are exotic annuals in China that produce numerous small seeds every year.Spiny amaranth has become a successful invader and a troublesome weed in Xishuangbanna, but edible amaranth has not, although it … 22,329) Thorny Pigweed Latin Name: Amaranthus spinosus Audubon Society Flowers (pg. Amaranthus spinosus originates probably from lowland tropical South and Central America and was introduced into other warmer parts of the world from about 1700 AD onwards. Amaranthus spinosus originates probably from lowland tropical South and Central America and was introduced into other warmer parts of the world from about 1700 AD onwards. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed.It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. Positive: On Aug 25, 2007, Lamiaceae from Granville, OH (Zone 6a) wrote: Native to tropical regions of the New World, Amaranthus spinosus is now an introduced weed in many areas far outside its original range. Spiny amaranth has become a successful invader and a troublesome weed in Xishuangbanna, but edible amaranth has not, although it is widely grown as a vegetable there. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Spiny amaranth, or spiny pigweed, (Amaranthus spinosus) is an annual pigweed species that’s critical to control as it has been linked to nitrate toxicity in livestock. ex Bercht. Amaranthus caudatus is a ANNUAL growing to 2 m (6ft) by 0.5 m (1ft 8in). At present it occurs in all tropical and subtropical regions, including tropical Africa, often gregariously and as a weed. It is sometimes found in temperate zones as well. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Shade is disadvantageous except in cases of drought. A. spinosus and A. viridus are used almost interchangeably, with A. viridus preferred as it has no spines. The nutritional value of Amaranthus spinosus is comparable to that of other vegetable amaranths.Amaranthus leaves contain per 100 g edible portion: water 84.0 g, energy 176 kJ (42 kcal), protein 4.6 g, fat 0.2 g, carbohydrate 8.3 g, fibre 1.8 g, Ca 410 mg, P 103 mg and Fe 8.9 mg (Leung, W.-T.W., Busson, F. & Jardin, C., 1968). Photograph courtesy Roque Reyes. Introduction. A. caudatus L, Amaranthus quitensis L., Amaranthus edulis L., Amaranthus powellii L., and Amaranthus retroflexus L.) or n = 17 (Amaranthus tricolor L. and Amaranthus spinosus L.). A. spinosus is edible and is best picked as a young plant. Leaves alternate and are a dull green. Other cultivated varieties with green leaves are sometimes cultivated as a potherb. General Information Amaranthus dubius is a vigorous, erect, annual plant with a branched stem, growing from 30 - 150cm tall spiny amaranth. Amaranthus tricolor is a rapidly growing annual, widely cultivated as a garden plant for its showy, often variegated, distal leaves of striking colours---red, scarlet, maroon, purple, yellow, cream, and green. Amaranthus, a cosmopolitan genus including endangered species, restricted endemics and widespread weeds, is often difficult to characterize taxonomically and thus has generally been considered by systematists as a “difficult” genus. There are 5 edible parts of the plants which are shoots and stem, leaves, seeds, and dye. View abstract. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. Spiny Amaranth (Amaranthus spinosus) eOrganic author: Dr. Mark Schonbeck, Virginia Association for Biological Farming. This paper reports the genetic diversity of three species of Amaranthus (A. hybridus L., A. viridis L. and A. spinosus L.) in Rivers state of Nigeria. Amaranthus spinosus L. Accepted Name Prickly Amaranth Plantae > Tracheophyta > Equisetopsida C. Agardh > Caryophyllales Juss. In Fiji, the edible variety (Indian spinach or chauraiya) is Amaranthus viridis. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. It can be a serious weed of rice cultivation in Asia. Herbal medicine: Medicinal properties amenorrheic Medicinal parts Aerial parts Has medicinal uses yes Do not self-administer no Do no use if pregnant no Legally restricted no Toxicity precautions Medicinal notes Amaranthus spinosus may have beneficial uses as an amenorrheic.Herbal remedies are only prepared from the aerial parts. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. Other hosts of Hypolixus species are Amaranthus spinosus, a noxious weed in more than 40 countries, and the many Amaranthus species referred as "pigweeds". The edible vegetables included; Vernonia amydalina, Telfera occidendalis and Amaranthus spinosus. Stems. The tetraploid species as Amaranthus dubius L. have 4n = 64 chromosomes. 6 Health Benefits of Amaranthus Spinosus - The Healthiest vegetables. Amaranth is a broad-leafed, edible plant that some say may hold the answer to improving diet in the world's most obese country—Mexico. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual … It has rough, erect stems and grows up to 6 feet tall. Amaranth is rich in antioxidants, , proteins, vitamins and minerals which make it the healthy food by preventing the chronic diseases, enhancing immune system, stimulating repair and growth, lowering inflammation and blood pressure, lessening varicose veins, and promoting the strength of bones and others. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). The stout spines at the nodes are diagnostic. Folks usually add shoots and stem in soups or cook with other vegetables, leaves may be eaten as salads, while its seed could be eaten raw. Although several species are often considered ... Amaranthus spinosus, Amaranthus viridis, Amaran-thus retroﬂexus, Amaranthus graecizans, Amaranthus dubius, and Amaranthus hybridus. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. Amaranthus. The origin of amaranth domestication is unknown; diverse tropical and subtropical climates possess indigenous amaranth species, which have facilitated amaranth cultivation around the world, both before and during domestication. Amaranthus spinosus, commonly known as the spiny amaranth, spiny pigweed, prickly amaranth or thorny amaranth, is a plant is native to the tropical Americas, but is present on most continents as an introduced species and sometimes a noxious weed. It is multi branched, smooth, angled with longitudinal lines and brownish- green in colour. Older plants become fairly stout and have a woody texture. 17 species with edible leaves and three grain ama-ranths grown for their seeds (Grubben and Denton 2004). Amaranth is an edible plant that has been used by humans for over 4000 years. Amaranthus spinosus is an erect, much-branched annual plant growing up to 100cm tall. Health Benefits of Amaranth. Soil samples were collected at different depth using soil augar and labeled A 1,A Spiny Amaranth, Spiny Pigweed, Thorny Pigweed, Needle Burr Amaranthus spinosus am-uh-RANTH-us spy-NO-sus Synonyms of Amaranthus spinosus: Amaranthus caracasanus Kunth, Amaranthus coracanus Mart., Amaranthus diacanthus Raf., Amaranthus spinosus f. inermis Lauterb. The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant) and is pollinated by Wind. It is in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Cultivated as a grain for 8,000 years, today, Amaranth is gaining popularity as a crop of the future. Amaranthus hypochondriacus as a vegetable amaranth grows well at day temperatures above 25°C and night temperatures not lower than 15°C, but it is grown as a grain crop up to 2000 m altitude in the Himalayas. In general, plants in the genus Amaranthus are difficult to identify to species, but this one is an exception to the rule. At present it occurs in all tropical and subtropical regions, including tropical Africa, often gregariously and as a weed. Latin Name: Amaranthus retroflxus Audubon Society Flowers (pg.