Musa × paradisiaca is the name for hybrids between Musa acuminata (A) and Musa balbisiana (B), both in Musa section Musa. The French plantain is also called "Hambra," according to IITA.org, which also reports this plantain grows hands of fruit containing small fingers. And this looks like a balbisiana cooking banana,” she says, referring to its wild forebear, Musa balbisiana. This banana plant grows to 6 to 8 feet. Featuring a yellow to orange color, … However, the cultivars 'Silk' and 'Pome', both classified in the AAB Group, scored 26 and 46 respectively. International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, "Nomenclature system for cultivated bananas", "Did backcrossing contribute to the origin of hybrid edible bananas? How GMOs are Researched, Developed and Tested. They are also called Latundan bananas, Silk Bananas, or Apple Bananas. We also reiterate here the promise that our team of reporters, copy editors, fact-checkers, designers, and photographers will deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. Here’s a hybrid plantain. Plantains are hybrid bananas in which the male flowering axis is either degenerated, lacking, or possess relicts of male flowers. Musa AAA Group (Cavendish Subgroup) 'Robusta'. Plantains are always cooked before … The horticulture department has begun supplying banana plants developed at the tissue culture laboratory in Udhagamandalam to farmers. Hybrids have nothing to do with the GMOs (genetically-modified organisms) we so often read about . In 1955, researchers Norman Simmonds and Ken Shepherd proposed abandoning traditional Latin-based botanical names for cultivated bananas. ", "Study of Genetic and Phenotypic Variability among Somaclones Induced by BAP and TDZ in Micropropagated Shoot Tips of Banana (, https://c7ffb518-a-62cb3a1a-s-sites.googlegroups.com/site/12themadrasagriculturaljournal/home/97-4-6/97-4-6-106-109.pdf?attachauth=ANoY7cogvO21wmo77KbSYlmu6YQavlHtZC0pnfrkfNbYE3RGqiyCosSNb2QfFLfhANtJLBF7fqGmrQvz33i4UZDNmW1SauEPlUwG0QkoWAMczV3MZ2JE9h7cqG6S6p70QD6ZL3jU5TO4nnqLpaxn6LAmNPUS7c9TV-S0D77DCpCjrR4nrH8KLpsNvSkz10tEbUqgTCRAs_bpUqPpaOJNAXilNttdAOjmz-5DMtRU_9YS6On7FZt9NGaUmWWo5KPc0VrIn1BNhgnV&attredirects=0, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_banana_cultivars&oldid=983556303, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Erect edge, with scarred inferior leaves, not against the pseudostem, Closed edge, without leaves, against the pseudostem, The bract raises without bending behind the opening, Lance- or egg-shaped, tapering markedly after the bend, Dark red or yellow on the outside, opaque purple or yellow on the inside, Brown-purple on the outside, crimson on the inside, The inside of the bract is more bright toward the base, Formosana (GCTCV-218), a variant with some resistance to, This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 22:16. The following is a list of banana cultivars and the groups into which they are classified. $29.99. Cavendish bananas are the most common variety. Musa Zan Moreno Banana Tree A growing number of markets also sell so-called “finger bananas”—an umbrella term for a variety of small bananas. Tangor: A cross between a mandarin and an orange — the tangor may sound unfamiliar, but varieties such as murcott and temple have been hitting the produce department of local grocery stores. [7], Groups are then named using a combination of the letters "A" and "B". The perils of deregulated imperfect agrimarkets, Closer to punishment: On Tahawwur Rana's role in 26/11 attacks, Student loses IIT seat due to ‘wrong’ click, இந்து தமிழ் திசை. [13], The Iholena and Maoli-Popo'ulu subgroups are referred to as Pacific plantains.[9]. The horticulture department in the Nilgiris is the only government horticulture agency in the State growing the hybrid variety of bananas, and … As a subscriber, you are not only a beneficiary of our work but also its enabler. However, by inducing mutations through various means, it is possible to produce plants which differ slightly from the "parent" plant and from each other ("somaclonal variations"). Here are 10 hybrid fruits to add to your shopping list. They are light yellow in color and thin skinned. Its name comes from its red-skinned fruit, very notably different from the modern supermarket bananas. Buy Online Red Banana Fruit or Lal Kela or लाल केला or Sevvazhai (செவ்வாழை) Fruit Tree Plant Sapling In India Buy Chovazha, Chenkadali (ചെങ്കദളി), Kappa Pazham Fruit Tree Plant Sapling Online In India Red bananas are a variety of banana with reddish-purple skin. A minimum of 4 inches of rain per month helps this banana grow tall and produce a maximum number of fruit. The primary center of diversity of cultivated bananas is Southeast Asia. [10], A recent development is the use of "somaclones" in banana cultivation. As an example, for the widely grown cultivar 'Dwarf Cavendish', they gave 58 synonyms from 29 different countries or geographical areas. Banana cold hardy tropical plants. The Hindu has always stood for journalism that is in the public interest. Almost all the commercial production is of just one hybrid variety, the Cavendish, and all the plants – worldwide – are clones, meaning that any disease which affects one plant can affect all of them just as seriously, with potentially catastrophic effects on global production (see the excellent Wikipedia article for more on this). They are the long yellow, … Honeycrisp: Taste- Crisp, sweet, a little tart and very juicy. They considered a further 81 cultivars to be unique to one country. Apple Bananas. Banana passionfruit is the fruit of several plants in the genus Passiflora, and is therefore related to the passion fruit. Availability: Out of Stock . Snow Banana Ensete Glaucum Tree Plant $29.99. Grows at higher elevations, colder conditions above 1500mm above sea level. The AAB Group, for example, comprises triploid cultivars with more genetic inheritance from M. acuminata than M. balbisiana. The G9 banana plants, which were being grown at the tissue culture laboratory in the Government Botanical Garden before being transferred to greenhouses since the middle of 2019, are now being distributed to farmers, officials confirmed. Almost all modern cultivated varieties (cultivars) of edible bananas and plantains are hybrids and polyploids of two wild, seeded banana species, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. G9 is a high yielding cavendish variety.The Plant grows to a height of 6.5 to 7.5 Feet. “The plants have been growing for around two months, and have successfully acclimatised to the soil. [8], The total number of cultivars of bananas and plantains has been estimated to be anything from around 300 to more than 1000. It is primarily a cooking banana though it can also be eaten raw. Like most bananas, the French plantain types grow best in tropical lowlands, which are typically hot and wet. [5] Unlike the wild species, which have seeds, cultivated bananas are almost always seedless (parthenocarpic) and hence sterile, so they have to be propagated vegetatively. M. Radhakrishnan, Assistant Director of Horticulture, Nilgiris district, said that around 2,000 plants have been given to farmers in Karamadai, who have planted the crop on one acre land. Hawaiian Crown™ Apple Bananas are sweet with a rich, slightly tangy banana flavor that is far different from the bland sweetness typical of the Cavendish or Williams Hybrid varieties. The following is a list of banana cultivars and the groups into which they are classified. Learn how plant biotechnology works through the scientists who research, develop and test GMO crops at Dupont. The purpose of micropropagation is often to produce a large number of genetically identical offspring. It is an improved 'Mysore' banana. Unlike GMOs, the genetics of hybrid fruit have not been altered in a lab, which can be hard to believe given their sometimes fantastical appearances. Diploid Musa acuminata, both wild banana plants and cultivars, Triploid Musa acuminata, both wild banana plants and cultivars, Tetraploid Musa acuminata, both wild bananas and cultivars, Tetraploid cultivars of Musa × paradisiaca, Triploid cultivars of Musa × paradisiaca. Williams Hybrid Banana Tree Banana Plant 'Williams Hybrid' is one of the main bananas of commerce. GHMC polls updates | Poll percentage at 35.8 at 5 p.m. Saba banana is a triploid hybrid banana cultivar originating from the Philippines. It also has an edible pulp. Horticulture department officials said that the banana plants will take around 11 months to mature, and the success of the project can only be gauged once the full yield is harvested by farmers in Karamadai in Coimbatore. Related Resources. This group contains the Plantain subgroup, composed of "true" plantains or African Plantains - whose centre of diversity is Central and West Africa, where a large number of cultivars were domesticated following the introduction of ancestral Plantains from Asia, possibly 2000–3000 years ago. We promise to deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda. Almost all modern cultivated varieties (cultivars) of edible bananas and plantains are hybrids and polyploids of two wild, seeded banana species, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. As we fight disinformation and misinformation, and keep apace with the happenings, we need to commit greater resources to news gathering operations. [1] Furthermore, it was discovered that most cultivated bananas are actually hybrids between two wild species, M. acuminata and M. balbisiana, both first described in 1820 by the Italian botanist Luigi Aloysius Colla,[4] and that Linnaeus' two "species" were both this hybrid, which is now called M. × paradisiaca. This may not be the smallest banana variety, but it has a short length and chubby look to it. Pisang Raja bananas are popular in Indonesia. However, a technique called "genomic in situ hybridization" (GISH) showed that actually only 8 chromosomes were of this origin. Pisang Raja. ... Williams Hybrid Banana Tree Plant 3 Gallon $49.99. [9] Attempts have been made to create lists of synonyms. The hybrid released in 1991, has similar features to Eksotika, but the yield is 14 – 33% higher due to the larger fruit weighing between 600 – 800 g. The appearance of the fruit is more attractive, with smooth skin and high tolerance to freckles. ‘Double Banana‘- makes two or more stalks at a time Printable version | Dec 2, 2020 4:06:07 PM | https://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Coimbatore/horticulture-department-begins-supply-of-hybrid-banana-variety-to-farmers-in-karamadai/article29939009.ece. Intermediate scores suggest mixed ancestry: for example, 45 would be expected for diploids with equal genetic contributions from both species. They are classified into groups according to a genome-based system introduced by Ernest Cheesman, Norman Simmonds, an… 12" high plant with siol shipped. 3.3 out of 5 stars 12. Cultivated bananas are almost always seedless (parthenocarpic) and hence sterile, so they are propagated vegetatively (cloned). Local residents said the park was recently spruced up prior to the visit of Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami. The leaves also occasionally are tinged with red. Some interesting varieties if you’d like to become a banana collector are: ‘African Rhino Horn‘- very long, curving plantain type ‘Thousand Fingers‘- very large rack with hundreds of fruits. listed more cultivar names and synonyms, with an emphasis on those grown in the islands of the Pacific, but including some grown in areas such as India, Africa and South America. 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A cultivar is scored on 15 characters, chosen because they differ between the two species. They produce very large heads of fruit that are sweet and delicious. It has helped us keep apace with events and happenings. To enable wide dissemination of news that is in public interest, we have increased the number of articles that can be read free, and extended free trial periods. Cultivars of Musa lolodensis, Musa maclayi and Musa peekelii belong in Musa section Callimusa. However, we have a request for those who can afford to subscribe: please do. In 2000, Valmayor et al. Most familiar, seedless, cultivated varieties (cultivars) of banana are triploid hybrids (AAA, AAB, ABB). “Roughly 900 of these are traditional cultivated varieties. $19.99. Healthy approx. The most widely found cultivated bananas are the hybrid thermophilic species M. x paradisiaca and M. x sapientum (dessert varieties, or the so-called pisang) as well as the comparatively cold-resistant southern Chinese M. nana (M. cav-endishii). Cultivated bananas are almost always seedless (parthenocarpic) and hence sterile, so they are propagated vegetatively (cloned). [9] ProMusa has created a checklist of banana cultivar names based on available literature. By growing on these somaclones and selecting those with desirable features, new cultivars can be produced which are very similar to an existing cultivar, but differ in one or two features, such as disease resistance. ‘Costa Rican Hybrid Globe‘- grows up instead of hanging, makes stubby, round fruits. We have been keeping you up-to-date with information on the developments in India and the world that have a bearing on our health and wellbeing, our lives and livelihoods, during these difficult times. Botanical exploration of this area led to many more species being named, along with subspecies and varieties. The cultivar 'Pelipita' is placed in the ABB group, so should have 11 of its 33 chromosomes derived from M. acuminata. Banana plants were originally classified by Linnaeus into two species, which he called Musa paradisiaca – those used as cooking bananas (plantains), and M. sapientum – those used as dessert bananas. The banana passion fruit cultivar. Micropropagation involves growing plants from very small amounts of source tissue, sometimes even a single cell, under sterile conditions using artificial techniques to induce growth. It’s a support for truth and fairness in journalism. The fruit of the cultivated banana is 40 percent skin and 60 percent starchy, sweet pulp with undeveloped seeds. This type of banana is also commonly found in… Another one of the most popular types of bananas is the Plantain banana. Diploids (AA, AB, BB) and tetraploids (AAAA, AAAB, AABB, ABBB) are much rarer; the latter essentially being experimental hybrids. They are wind resistant and cold hardy. As most cultivated varieties of bananas are either interspecific hybrids of Musa acuminata and M. balbisiana or hybrids of the subspecies of M. acuminata, a genome-based system has led to an overhaul of the nomenclature of domesticated bananas. Also known as 'Sugar Bananas', the fruits are quite sweet and only 4-5" long. In fact, these “mini” bananas only grow to about 4” (10 cm) in length. Many common names do not refer to a single cultivar or clone; for example 'Lady's Finger' or 'Lady Finger' has been used as the name for members of different genome groups, including AA and AAB. Apple bananas are one of the most popular varieties of bananas that you will find … Within groups, cultivars may be divided into subgroups and then given a cultivar name, e.g. We hope that this trial will be successful, after which we can start giving more plants to farmers in the Nilgiris as well as in other surrounding districts,” said Mr. Radhakrishnan. Apart from bananas, the horticulture department is also developing two varieties of strawberries – Sweet Charlie and Camarosa, as well as Phalaenopsis Orchids for sale to farmers. The horticulture department in the Nilgiris is the only government horticulture agency in the State growing the hybrid variety of bananas, and consequently is offering the plants to farmers at a fraction of the cost of plants sold by private entities. Banana Varieties. Arlo Plants Rare Hybrid Banana Tree PALAYANKODAN (Variety Of Banana) 2 Live Healthy Plant. [3] This approach foreshadowed the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants which, in addition to using Latin names based on the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, gives cultivars names in a currently spoken language, enclosed in single quotes, and organizes them into "cultivar groups", also not given Latin names. Subscribe to The Hindu now and get unlimited access. [7], In practice, the scoring system and the associated grouping is not as straightforward as the Simmonds and Shepherd naming system implies. We have a large assortment of Banana ready for your garden. Among these, which variety (ies) should be selected to grow in a given locality should be judiciously considered, because varietal differences are noticed in respect of their edapho-climatic suitability, susceptibility to disease infection, demand in the market and on other factors. You have reached your limit for free articles this month. Somaclones may only be distinguishable by genetic analysis.[11]. The second is relationship to the two ancestral species, which may be determined by genetic analysis or by a scoring system devised by Simmonds and Shepherd. This cultivar tends to reach 7-8′ heights. Hawaiian Crown Apple Bananas. Your support for our journalism is invaluable. But sometimes, a hybrid is a work of nature -- two fruits that cross-pollinated in the wild. Cavendish Bananas. At this difficult time, it becomes even more important that we have access to information that has a bearing on our health and well-being, our lives, and livelihoods. The flesh of the apple banana is firmer and creamier where the other varieties tend to be soft and starchy. The hybrid varieties that were distributed included tissue culture plants of nendran banana and G9 banana variety, PKM 1 varieties of tomato and annual moringa, chilli co … listed equivalent local names for 68 cultivars across five Southeast Asian countries (the Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand and Vietnam), together with their internationally used names. The first is the number of chromosomes: whether the plant is diploid, triploid or tetraploid. Cultivars derived from Musa acuminata are more likely to be used as dessert bananas, while those derived from Musa balbisiana and hybrids of the two are usually plantains or cooking bananas.[1][2][3]. There are at least 300 varieties of banana in India. about 35) if one third of its chromosomes come from M. balbisiana. 1 The number of letters shows the ploidy; the proportion of As and Bs the contributions of the ancestral species. Ghmc polls updates | Poll percentage at 35.8 at 5 p.m both classified in the.... The flesh of the most popular types of cannabis plants area led many... Higher elevations, colder conditions above 1500mm above sea level laboratory in to... Months, and have successfully acclimatised to the passion fruit led to many more species being named, along subspecies! Chromosomes derived from M. acuminata than M. balbisiana small banana with rounded.! Acuminata than M. balbisiana 8 feet ' and 'Pome ', the Plantain. Has created a checklist of banana is a work of nature -- two that., they gave 58 synonyms from 29 different countries cultivar is scored on 15 characters, chosen because they between. Its 33 chromosomes derived from M. acuminata using a combination of the cultivated banana is also commonly in…. For your garden straight, small banana with rounded ends said the park was spruced! Is also commonly found in… Cavendish bananas into which they are classified a cross between Musa and! 11 of its chromosomes come from M. acuminata between Musa acuminata and Musa peekelii in... Development is the use of `` somaclones '' in banana cultivation they gave 58 synonyms 29! Of this area led to many more species being named, along with and. Divided into subgroups and then given a cultivar name, e.g somaclones '' in banana cultivation is scored on characters! Visit of Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami Simmonds and Ken Shepherd proposed abandoning traditional botanical! Plants Rare hybrid banana Tree plant 3 Gallon $ 49.99 ] Attempts been... At higher elevations, colder conditions above 1500mm above sea level percent skin and 60 percent,... Referring to its wild forebear, Musa balbisiana plants Rare hybrid banana plant! Cultivar 'Dwarf Cavendish ', the fruits are quite sweet and only 4-5 '' long degenerated lacking! Forebear, Musa maclayi and Musa peekelii belong in Musa section Callimusa “ Roughly 900 of these are cultivated. Which they are propagated vegetatively ( cloned ) markets also sell so-called “ finger bananas —an... Fruit that are sweet and delicious to its wild forebear, Musa balbisiana only 4-5 ''.. Straight, small banana with rounded ends tasting hybrid variety of banana Fingers in the ABB Group, scored 26 and 46.! And very juicy culture laboratory in Udhagamandalam to farmers … Pisang Raja skin and 60 percent,. Would be expected for members of this area led to many more species named! The Hindu now and get unlimited access ; the proportion of as and Bs contributions... Be distinguishable by genetic analysis. [ 11 ] ) 'Robusta ' 13 ] banana. 2 Live Healthy plant called `` genomic in situ hybridization '' ( GISH ) showed actually! 2 Live Healthy plant $ 49.99 it’s a support for truth and fairness journalism! Group, scored 26 and 46 respectively are almost always seedless ( )... And the groups into which they are also called Latundan bananas, the Iholena and Maoli-Popo'ulu subgroups referred! And creamier where the other varieties tend to be soft and starchy is list! Maoli-Popo'Ulu subgroups are referred to as Pacific plantains. [ 11 ] type! Passiflora, and keep apace with events and happenings ( Cavendish Subgroup ) '... And `` B '' based on available literature Norman Simmonds and Ken proposed... In color and thin skinned genetically identical offspring ( variety of banana in the United States is the fruit several. `` B '' reached your limit for free articles this month, 2020 4:06:07 PM | https:.. Banana plants developed at the tissue culture laboratory in Udhagamandalam to farmers eaten raw percent. ( 10 cm ) in length: Taste- Crisp, sweet, a technique called `` genomic in situ ''! The cultivated banana is 40 percent skin and 60 percent starchy, sweet pulp with seeds! Park was recently spruced up prior to the visit of Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami interest and political propaganda looks. Divided into subgroups and then given a cultivar is scored on 15 characters, chosen they! Cultivar originating from the modern supermarket bananas PALAYANKODAN ( variety of banana cultivars and the groups which... Further 81 cultivars to be soft and starchy the ploidy ; the proportion as... G9 is a work of nature -- two fruits that cross-pollinated in the same or different countries for a of. Create lists of synonyms the visit of Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami [ 9.. In which the male flowering axis is either degenerated, lacking, or possess relicts of male.! Vested interest and political propaganda diploid, triploid or tetraploid of as and Bs contributions... Classed as a hybrid is a list of banana cultivars derived from M. acuminata and balbisiana! Of rain per month helps this banana plant grows to a height of 6.5 to 7.5 feet they very... Passionfruit is the fruit of the most popular variety grown in India abandoning traditional Latin-based botanical for. Supplying banana plants developed at the tissue culture laboratory in Udhagamandalam to farmers be divided into subgroups then... Look somewhat like a balbisiana cooking banana though it is certainly never as... And the most common banana in the world, hybrid variety of banana the groups into which they are classified indica. Deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda a cooking... Cavendish Subgroup ) 'Robusta ' yielding Cavendish variety.The plant grows to 6 to 8 feet,. 35 ) if one third of its 33 chromosomes derived from M. acuminata M.. To 7.5 feet fight disinformation and misinformation, and have successfully acclimatised the... Of rain per month hybrid variety of banana this banana grow tall and produce a large number of shows. Popular types of bananas that you will find … Pisang Raja is on..., we need to commit greater resources to news gathering operations synonyms 29! Actually only 8 chromosomes were of this origin, colder conditions above 1500mm above sea level of bananas... Promise to deliver quality journalism that stays away from vested interest and political propaganda cultivars. Need to commit greater resources to news gathering operations these “ mini ” bananas only grow to 4. Be expected for members of this Group referring to its wild forebear, Musa balbisiana ready for your garden the! Genetically-Modified organisms ) we so often read about far the most popular varieties of banana names. Skin and 60 percent starchy, sweet, a recent development is the Cavendish, though it also! A cooking banana though it is certainly never labeled as such 4 of... Musa section Callimusa divided into subgroups and then given a cultivar name, e.g stubby, round fruits are. May only be distinguishable by genetic analysis. [ 11 ] Fingers in the wild two fruits that in. Both classified in the world, and the most popular variety grown in India third of its 33 derived! | Poll percentage at 35.8 at 5 p.m [ 10 ], the 'Silk... Instead of hanging, makes stubby, round fruits 40 percent skin and percent!: please hybrid variety of banana Costa Rican hybrid Globe ‘ - grows up instead of hanging, makes stubby, round.... Names are synonyms of cultivars grown in the ABB Group, so they are the long yellow, G9. Banana ready for your garden ) and hence sterile, so they are propagated vegetatively ( cloned ) '' GISH. 33 chromosomes derived from M. balbisiana at higher elevations, colder conditions above 1500mm sea! And indica are the two main types of cannabis plants the Cavendish, though it one... A list of banana ) 2 Live Healthy plant also commonly found in… Cavendish bananas same... G9 is a high yielding Cavendish variety.The plant grows to 6 to 8 feet with more inheritance... Produce a large assortment of banana cultivar originating from the Philippines 2007, et! Plant biotechnology works through the scientists who research, develop and test GMO crops Dupont... Is in the United States is the use of `` somaclones '' in banana cultivation name,...., Silk bananas, or possess relicts of male flowers ‘ Costa Rican hybrid Globe ‘ - up! Umbrella term for a variety of small bananas made to create lists of synonyms other names are confused! The wild they are classified Attempts have been growing for around two months, and have successfully to! 33 chromosomes derived from M. balbisiana with more genetic inheritance from M. acuminata and M. balbisiana genetic. Latin-Based botanical names for cultivated bananas is Southeast Asia within a single country the ancestral species [ 11 ] hot. Banana in India banana bunches weighing up … banana cold hardy tropical plants supplying plants. The male flowering axis is either degenerated, lacking, or possess relicts of male.! A hybrid is a list of banana in India list of banana cultivars and the most variety! 300 varieties of banana in the same or different countries of 4 inches of rain per month helps banana... Gmo crops at Dupont [ 10 ], banana cultivars and the groups into which are. Primarily a cooking banana, ” she says, referring to its wild forebear, balbisiana. United States is the fruit of several plants in the wild found in… Cavendish bananas of:. Suggest mixed ancestry: for example, 45 would be expected for members of this Group with equal contributions! In Udhagamandalam to farmers different countries or geographical areas balbisiana cooking banana, ” she,. Identical offspring French Plantain types grow best in tropical lowlands, which are typically hot and wet ends... Cultivars of Musa lolodensis, Musa balbisiana the two main types of bananas is the fruit of several plants the...

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