aircraft; and photo-reconnaissance platform. The 13 mm (.51 in) fuselage guns were removed, and the cowling redesigned by omitting the gun troughs and simplifying to a flat profile. Fw 190F-9: Fw 190F-8 with turbocharged BMW 801TS engine. The aircraft was designated A-6/R1 (Rüstsatz; or field conversion model). The Messerschmitt concern fell on hard high-altitude version of the Butcher Bird; they featured test fits of the Milos Gazdic. subvariants, though it appears few pilots did so. larger wing as "Fw 190 V5g". Wurmheller, shot down seven Spitfires in one day over Dieppe. sub-assembly production among many different manufacturers, as well as cannon armament proved highly effective. 1939. He gave the machine the name "Wuerger (Butcher Focke-Wulf recorded that BMW had cleared C3 injection for use with the high blower gear as of 20.1.1944. provided engine sand filters and a survival kit for desert warfare. Fw 190 D-9 Flugzeug-Handbuch 1944, pp. In the Fw 190 F-8/R1 two ETC 50 bomb racks were installed under each wing, capable of holding one 50 kg bomb each. and the aircraft was rugged enough to take punishment as well as dish it out. Only a small number production standard. [63], Fw 190A-3 of Stab. The centerline weapons rack was changed to an ETC 504 with a simplified and much smaller mounting and fairing. ", This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 08:49. canopy to improve pilot vision, with the first of this series rolling off the [15] With the introduction of the new cannon, the Revi C12/C gunsight was upgraded to the new C12/D model. pilots were also enthusiastic about the new machine, stating that it handled Post 10:41 AM - Feb 11 #1 2020-02-11T10:41. Allied fighters, the Luftwaffe made fewer and fewer sorties, and with those performance fell off at altitudes above 6,000 meters (20,000 feet). When these fairings were used an additional small plate was fixed to the lower lip of the undercarriage leg fairings. [19] Neither of these subvariants got out of prototype evaluation. The Luftwaffe's fourth highest scoring pilot, Oberleutnant fitted with a Hirth 9-2281 turbocharger and four with a DVL TK-11 Armament was similar to the U3, however, and the ETC 501 was usually fitted with a 300 L (80 US gal) drop tank. [4], The Fw 190 V2, designated with the Stammkennzeichen alphabetic ID code of FL+OZ (later RM+CB) first flew on 31 October 1939 and was equipped from the outset with the new spinner and cooling fan. The bubble canopy design with the larger head armour was fitted as standard. Fighter).". The BMW 801 engine provided Home defense squadrons had been * Given the large number of Fw 190s built, unsurprisingly there were many odd Pilots would learn to taxi with a the "Fw 190C", with the DB 603 inline engine. Much of the airframe was strengthened and in order to balance the heavier engine, the cockpit was moved back in the fuselage and the engine mounted on longer struts. The canopy proved very difficult to jettison in an emergency at high It is believed the fuselage MG 17s were kept because their tracer rounds served as a targeting aid for the pilots. [48] * The "Fw 190B" and "Fw 190C" were experimental variants that did not reach New, stiffer undercarriage struts were introduced, along with larger diameter wheels. Those that did see action were Like the earlier G models, all but the two wing root mounted MG 151 cannons were removed. The Fw 190 F-4 to F-7 designations were used for some projects, two of them made it into production and were renamed into F-8/F-9 to unify the subversion with the A-series airframe they were based on. they were protected from Allied escort fighters by Bf 109Gs optimized for Tank was just being fussy. Traditionally, aircraft flight surfaces had been moved by a system of wires The F-8 was the most heavily better than the Bf 109. During the later years of the war, "composite" aircraft were often assembled. The gun throughs, which would be quite prominent on an armed A-8, have been faired over on this aircraft after the guns had been removed. Allied fighter-bombers, such as USAAF Thunderbolts firing HVAR rockets and Replacement of the wing-root machine guns with the Production totaled only 80 aircraft before the advent of the Fw 190A-8. event of 2016 that lasted from 22 July to 22 August after obtaining 18 pilot Marks of Distinction. The first two problems were quickly resolved, but the overheating troubles The next A-series subvariant, the "Fw 190A-2", replaced the MG 17 machine gun 4 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs (200 kg total) 3. 7.9-millimeter guns lacked killing power. According to Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports, at least 3,400 F-8s were built, and probably several hundred more were built in December 1944 and from February to May 1945. The V5 first flew in the early spring of 1940. that they were up against something much more formidable. with larger tailfin, MG 131 guns replacing the MG 17 guns in the cowling, After the British started Fw 190A-8: Similar to Fw 190A-7, but with option for GM-1 nitrous oxide The F-1 had reduced gun armament, with 75 Fw 190A-3s were supplied to Turkey in 1942:1943 as "Fw 190Aa-3s", the cannon in each wing, for a total of four guns. Several problems were encountered during the machine's flight and ground trials, mostly caused by the pressurization system for the cockpit, and for this reason the first B-series testbed airframe was retired from active service in late 1942. V18 followed, the first to feature the full high-altitude suite of features, including the pressurized cockpit, longer wings, a 603G engine driving a new four-blade propeller, and a Hirth 9-2281 turbocharger. The two F and G models had been BMW801-powered, the second becoming mainly fighter-bombers in which gun armament was cut down allowing (on the G-1) a single 3,968 lb (1.8 t) bomb, or on any other G models up to 2,205 lb (ca. These special units were known as Platzsicherungstaffel (airfield security squadrons). The BMW 801D-2 was the first really reliable radio, with more power and longer range. The Fw 190 D was a reengined and reengineered development of the widely-used Fw 190 A, the first Fw 190 production model. [42], Owing to the failure of multiple attempts to create an effective next-generation 190, as well as the comments of some Luftwaffe pilots, expectations of the Dora project were low. A total of 1,805 D-9s were produced. The Jumo 213A generated 1,750 PS (1,726 hp, 1,287 kW), and could produce 2,100 PS (2,071 hp, 1,545 kW) of emergency power with MW 50 injection, improving performance to 686 km/h (426 mph) at 6,600 m (21,700 ft). а детайлиране: Опаковка: Опакован в плик: Тема: Focke-Wulf Fw 190 … fuselage, giving the aircraft a wide, comfortable track for ground handling, [8] This new wing platform was to be used for all major production versions of the Fw 190. The result was the Fw 190D, which entered service in the winter of 1943–44 with a top speed of about 440 miles (710 km) per hour and an armament of two cowling-mounted machine guns and a pair of 20-mm cannons in the wing roots. One example of the D-13 version still exists today in the markings of "Yellow 10" of 6 Staffel/JG 26, and it has been restored to an airworthy condition[55] in the United States. formations from front to back also complicated the lives of American gunners. The rear portion of the fuselage was closed off with sheet metal. The Luftwaffe frequently changed between models on the production line, and it would not have been uncommon for an A5 variant to be converted into an A7 or A8 aircraft. The 12-blade cooling fan was initially changed to a 14-blade fan, but it consumed more power to operate and did not really improve cooling; thus BMW reverted to the 12-blade fan. * In fact, by the fall of 1944 the decline of the Luftwaffe was obvious. have an alternate fighter in case future improvement of the Bf 109 ran out of In 1945 the ETC 50 was replaced with the ETC 70, capable of holding 70 kg bombs. The RLM rejected these designs since they ministry awarded Focke-Wulf an initial contract for three prototypes, 64 A-5s and A-6s were built by the French SNCAC company after the war for [34], Tank started looking at ways to address the altitude performance problem early in the program. the target. dedication to point-blank attacks. The V5 became the first prototype with the new engine, being fitted with the 1,560 PS (1,539 hp, 1,147 kW) BMW 801 C-0. Prototypes only. I reserve all rights to my [47] While inferior to the A-series in roll rate, the "D" was superior in turn rate, climb, dive and horizontal speed. In contrast, the heavy This aircraft is one of the few existing Fw 190s with a provenance that can be traced continuously from its manufacture to the present time. tactics. Flame-dampening boxes were fitted over the exhaust exits. "[2] Flight tests soon showed that the expected benefits of Tank's cooling design did not materialize, so after the first few flights, this arrangement was replaced by a smaller, more conventional spinner that covered only the hub of the three-blade VDM propeller. the first flying in November 1944, the decision having been made to focus on got a little confused and landed his A-3 on an RAF airfield by mistake. German engineering is inclined to sophistication, sometimes to the detriment [36] This "pouch" led to the "Känguruh" (Kangaroo) nickname for these models. The FW-190 pilots tended to work in pairs, giving each other good tactical support in battle. details of which are a confusing subject. As it was based on the same BMW 801 engine as the A models, airframe modifications were relatively minor. aircraft was more than a match for the Spitfire V. British intelligence was For the U4 reconnaissance variant, 2 x RB 12.5 series camera were fitted to the rear fuselage, a gun camera added to the portside wing, and the airframe held provision for an external jettisonable fuel tank for extended operational ranges. Fw 190G-2: Similar to Fw 190G-1, but based on Fw 190A-5. Fw-190A-4/U1: was outfitted with an ETC 501 rack under the fuselage. Prototypes only. [12] The A-3 retained the same weaponry as the A-2. [40] From November 1944, a simplified methanol water (MW 50) system (Oldenburg) was fitted, which boosted output to 2,100 PS. The Fw 190 replaced the longer offered high reliability, greater horsepower in the long run, and was in with prototype construction moving on to a "V5" prototype with an air-cooled Anton, and almost certainly the best piston fighter to be fielded in numbers During a test flight, Tank carried out a loop at medium altitude. Fw 190A-9: Similar to Fw 190A-8, but with BMW 801F engine and possibly speeds, and so an ejection mechanism was designed to pop the canopy up into their side; each side possibly more worried about the Turks signing up The D-2 engine was moved forward another 15 cm (6 in) as had been tried out earlier on the service test A-3/U1 aircraft, moving the center of gravity forward to allow more weight to be carried aft. to permit ground clearance), and no propeller in the tail. as interceptors. vision. Focke-Wulf and BMW, threatened, then put their differences aside as best they In order to fit the new engine in the Fw 190 fuselage while maintaining proper balance, both the nose and the tail of the aircraft were lengthened, adding nearly 1.52 m (4.99 ft) to the fuselage, bringing the overall length to 10.192 m (33.438 ft) versus the 9.10 m (29.9 ft) of the late war A-9 series. The Fw 190 F-8 currently displayed at the National Air and Space Museum is one of these "composite" aircraft, built from the fuselage of a Fw 190 A-7. With a pair of 20 mm cannons in each wing and two machine guns in the nose, The FW-190 was lethal in the extreme. fuselage with the wing moved forward. The "Fw 190F-2" was a derivative of the A-5 and featured a new "bulged" subvariant, the "Fw 190D-9". effective for mediocre ones. final prototypes featured an elaborate turbocharger installation, with two 1,000 kg) of small-sized bombs, to be taken. conducted in July 1944 and proved devastating. A new outwardly bulged main canopy glazing format, more in the manner of a Malcolm hood rather than a bubble canopy, with greatly improved vision sideways and forward, had been developed for the F-2 ground attack model, but was often seen fitted at random on A-8s, F-8s and G-8s. ", "Modeller's guide to Focke-Wulf Fw 190 variants, radial engine versions - part II. Some A-5s were tested with the MW 50 installation: this was a mix of 50% methyl alcohol and 50% water, which could be injected into the engine to produce a short-term power boost to 2,000 PS (1,973 hp, 1,471 kW), but this system was not adopted for serial production, yet. only. Without load 2. simplify maintenance by permitting rapid replacement of aircraft assemblies result, following a collision with a ground vehicle in August 1940 that sent Further examples followed, but like the C models the development was stretched out. The first few models were shipped to the Erprobungsstaffel (formerly from II./JG 26 Schlageter) for further testing. apart by that time; there were few pilots, there was little fuel. world's first guided air-to-air missile. Allies courted the Turks, each side hoping to bring Turkey into the war on an Anton tweaked as battlefield close-support aircraft, or "Schlachtjaeger", Post Sep 19, 2016 #1 2016-09-19T13:43. Many of the early models were not equipped with methanol tanks for the MW 50 boost system, which was in very short supply in any event. The spinner fitted flush to the edge of the Nearly a dozen Rüstsätze kits were made available for the A-8, including the famous A-8/R2 and A-8/R8 Sturmbock models. a Jumo 213E engine with a three-speed supercharger and 1,400 kW (1,880 HP). stood for "grosser / bigger"). AIRPLANES, Zokeisha Publications, 1984. This gave the G-3/R1 a total of six 20 mm cannons. This reduced the pilot's work load to moving the throttle control only, with the rest of the associated inputs handled by the Kommandogerät. The RLM convinced Focke-Wulf and BMW to abandon the 139 engine in favor of the new engine. Hobbled by a lack of fuel and well-trained pilots, completely outnumbered by The flight control surfaces provided large area A fuel filler was added to the port side, below the rear canopy and a rectangular radio access hatch was added to starboard. Since the Fw 190B didn't quite have the high-altitude Many Luftwaffe pilots racked up large numbers of kills, particularly on the However, trials on other aircraft continued in early 1943, when the first few Fw 190 A-1s were modified into B-series testbeds. Despite the fact that Tank regarded the DB 603 as the best possible inline [22] A total of 976 A-4s were built between June 1942 and March 1943.[23]. with a long-barrel, high-velocity MK 103 cannon mounted in a fairing under created disruptive turbulence over the tail. It was armed with one Rheinmetall-Borsig 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 machine gun and one 13 mm (.51 in) synchronized MG 131 machine gun in each wing root.[4]. Deliveries of the A-2 However, to allow the 262s a clear run back to the airfield the 190s had to land before the jets, negating their protection. Even before the first flight of the Fw 190 V1, BMW was bench testing a larger, more powerful 14-cylinder two-row radial engine, the BMW 801. As a result, the designers had not invested much effort in producing high performance superchargers for it. The Dora-Nine proved to be a nasty handful for American Because the outer wing MG 151s were mounted lower than the MG/FFs, new, larger hatches incorporating bulges and cartridge discharge chutes, were incorporated into the wing lower surfaces. Some U3s used for night operations had a landing light mounted in the leading edge of the left wing-root. Armament was an MK 108 or MK 103 cannon aircraft using a joystick to direct the missile, which had flares mounted The Focke-Wulf Fw 190S was the designation given to a small number of dedicated two-man trainers produced to help convert pilots from two-seat bombers to the single seater Fw 190. During the first flight, the temperature reached 55 Â°C (131 Â°F), after which Focke Wulf's chief test pilot, Hans Sander commented, "It was like sitting with both feet in the fireplace. in the war. just not very many. Several of these aircraft were later modified for testing engines and special equipment. patches, with two white crescents set side-by-side, to indicate their The Fw 190 was designed in a modular fashion, to allow dispersal of The "Fw 190E" was to be a specialized reconnaissance "D-8" subvariant codes is a bit of a puzzle. ceased to be effective. In response, they developed a Fw 190D-0: Pre-production machines with Jumo-213A-1 engine, stretched Ta 152Hs were completed. This engine introduced a pioneering example of an engine management system called the Kommandogerät (command-device): in effect, an electro-mechanical computer which set mixture, propeller pitch (for the constant speed propeller), boost, and magneto timing. However, as the air war reached higher altitudes with the widespread introduction of turbocharged US bombers, the need for improved performance became pressing. They saw very limited combat, when fuel could be racks for bombs and external tanks, and the MG FF cannon in the outer [10] The A-1 models still suffered from the overheating that prototype Fw 190s had experienced during testing. A-5s, making him the high scorer with the type. similar to the development prototypes, but were based on Fw 190A-7 airframes. In Fw 190. The new German These aerials were fitted on all later Fw 190 variants. Armament consisted of two fuselage-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s, two wing root-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s - with all four MG 17s synchronized to fire through the propeller arc - and two outboard wing-mounted 20 mm MG FF/Ms. torpedo-bombers that courageously pressed their attack despite the odds. Changes introduced in the Fw 190 A-8 also included the C3-injection Erhöhte Notleistung emergency boost system to the fighter variant of the Fw 190 A (a similar system with less power had been fitted to some earlier Jabo variants of the 190 A), raising power to 1,980 PS (1,953 hp, 1,456 kW) for a short time. The introduction of the A-2 marked a shift in air supremacy from the British, with their Spitfire Mk V, to the Germans. modification kits. unmanned Ju 88 bomber that had been packed with explosives. "cavalry horse", built to endure rough field conditions, as opposed to other combat over the coast of northern France in September 1941. Following 811, no further Fw 190 B models were ordered. realized that the bombers were much more vulnerable to fire from the front, The annular radiator with its adjustable cooling gills resembled a radial engine installation, although the row of six short exhausts stacks on either side of the elongated engine cowling showed that the Jumo 213 was an inverted V12 engine. Each are armed with the … Performance and maneuverability of the "Anton", as Luftwaffe pilots called production engine for the Bf 109. The Fw 190 D-13 started with the construction of two prototypes (W.Nr 732053 and W.Nr 7322054), and the 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon was found to be quite suited for the aircraft and was already well known to be effective against allied bombers, as well as an effective ground support weapon. It was quickly followed by other units including I./JG 26 which flew its last operations on the A-8s on 19 November 1944.[49]. A-5 was fitted with factory upgrade kits, the focus for the A-6 was field For some unknown reason, production of the D-12 was cancelled in favor of the D-13 model. As this section was behind the pilot's seat, there was little visibility lost. landing gear. [38], Furthermore, the move to a V12 engine from a radial engine required more components to be factored into the design, most significantly the need for coolant radiators (radial engines are air-cooled). At the same time, the slower firing cannons represented a different armament concept from the fast firing machine gun packages of the American fighters. in on a bomber and then kill it with the MK 108 cannon, using tail-chase and pressurized cockpits. The FuG 25a IFF (identification friend/foe) was fitted on occasion as well as one of the various radio direction finders available at the time. In an attempt to increase airflow over the tightly cowled engine, a 10-blade fan was fitted at the front opening of the redesigned cowling and was geared to be driven at 3.12 times faster than the propeller shaft's speed. The A-5/U8 was another Jabo-Rei outfitted with SC-250 centerline-mounted bombs, under-wing 300-liter drop tanks and only two MG 151s; it later became the Fw 190 G-2. long-barreled cannon in the wing root position, consistent with the The A-6 was primarily designed for the battlefield For nearly a year, the Fw 190 was the unmatched champion of the air war in Europe. The FW-190 pilots tended to work in pairs, giving each other good tactical support in battle. guns in the cowling with 13-millimeter MG 131s, with a new gunsight provided The A-7 was equipped with the BMW 801 D-2 engine, again producing 1,700 PS (1,677 hp, 1,250 kW). There were several major Rüstsätze for the A-7, many including Werfer-Granate 21 WGr 21 rockets. The Fw 190F was essentially Fw 190. [citation needed], The Fw 190 G-2: The G-2 was based on the Fw 190 A-5/U8 aircraft. At low altitude, the top speed and acceleration of these examples were inferior to those of Allied fighters. [citation needed], The Fw 190 F-3 was based on the Fw 190 A-5/U17, which was outfitted with a centerline mounted ETC 501 bomb rack, and in the Fw 190 F-3/R1, with two ETC 50 bomb racks under each wing. The Fw 190 D-13 was the near pinnacle of German piston engine technology. in late 1942. Like the C models, the early examples of the D models were built primarily to test fit the Jumo 213 engine to the existing airframe, as the D-0, with plans to move on to definitive high-altitude models later, the D-1 and D-2. It was introduced during Update 1.61 "Road to Glory" in the "Operation S.U.M.M.E.R." Its standard armament was increased from four MG 151/20s to two of them with four more in two underwing cannon pods. SD-2 two-kilogram (4.4-pound) anti-personnel fragmentation "butterfly the top of each wing. A turbocharged "Ta 153" series was also considered, but The A-4/U1 was outfitted with an ETC 501 rack under the fuselage. cockpit and activated by a photoelectric cell system referred to as the variant, but modifications of Fw 190As proved adequate for this role, and the bombs", or SD-4 four-kilogram (8.8-pound) hollow-charge anti-armor bomblets. fighters built mostly with performance in mind, which he called "racehorses". Some Gs were field modified to carry 1,000 kg (2,210 lb), 1,600 kg (3,530 lb) and 1,800 kg (3,970 b) bombs. times in 1931, and so Tank left to join the Focke-Wulf company in Bremen, Because of the range added by two additional fuel tanks, the G-3's duration increased to two hours, 30 minutes. The D-13/R11 was fitted with all-weather flying equipment including the PKS12 and K-23 systems for steering and autopilot. with the other side. Post Sep 19, 2016 #1 2016-09-19T13:43. The Fw190 had an air-cooled radial engine. [30], A late-war attempt was made with the Fw 190 A-10, which was to have begun arriving in pilots' hands by March 1945 and was to be fitted with larger wings for better maneuverability at higher altitudes, which, due to internal space, could have allowed additional 30 mm (1.18 in) caliber, long-barreled MK 103 cannon to be fitted. In some instances, pilot-controllable engine cooling vents were fitted to the fuselage sides in place of the plain slots. position, for a total of four cannon, along with the MG 17 machine guns in front for the moment, since Luftwaffe fighter pilots had been intimidated by Ta 152C: Similar to Fw 190D-9, but with wing moved forward, and fitted The "Fw 190F" series did see service in numbers. In contrast, the Daimler-Benz DB 601 engines used on the Bf 109 featured an advanced fluid-coupled, single stage, variable speed supercharger that provided excellent boost across a wide range of altitudes. Two 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannons were installed in the outer wings to complement the 20 mm MG 151s in the inboard positions. support ("Schlacht") role, with outer wing cannon deleted and additional Modifications did see operational service The rest of the armament fit stayed the same as earlier versions; two wing root-mounted 20 mm MG 151s and two outer wing-mounted 20 mm MG 151s. contact me, and we can chat about it. As with the R1, the additional armor from the base G model were removed, as was the additional oil tank. The FW-190D-11-b a wing of two 20-mm and two 30-mm cannons. phallic shape. This is a list of variants of the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, with detailed descriptions. Many of the A-2s were fitted with an MG FF 20-millimeter cannon, a copy of separation. The same aircraft used for testing the pressurized cockpits were also used to test larger wings (20.3 m²/219 ft² versus the standard 18.3 m²/197 ft² wing). The rockets were inaccurate and more a The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft that was, along with the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, the backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force. was fitted with a Jumo 213A-1 engine providing 1,325 kW (1,775 HP), or 1,670 Many of the Fw 190 F-8/R15 - přeznačený Fw 190 F-8/U3 the Fw 190 F-8/R16 - přeznačený Fw 190 F-8/U2 Tests weapon systems: The Fw 190 F-8 was tested various armament, noting sure to stand the tests of guided missiles air-to-air X4 Ruhrstahl, the rocket was controlled by using wire with a diameter of 0.2 mm, the rockets were tested on the five planes. Fw 190A-3: BMW 801D-2 engine, two MG 17 machine guns, two MG 151/20 The A-4/U8 served as the model for the Fw 190 G-1. The first D-0 prototype was completed in October 1942, consisting of an A-5 airframe with the Jumo 213A engine. reduced armament, and gun armament reduced to the two MG 17 guns in the To further aid balance, the pilot's oxygen bottles were moved aft and located in the new bay. The weight increase with all of the modifications was substantial, about 635 kg (1,400 lb), leading to higher wing loading and a deterioration in handling. A few Wilde Sau night-fighters were actually fitted with "FuG 217 Neptun" One of the Fw 190A-0 pre-production aircraft was used for ejection-seat The R4 kit was a planned refit for the GM 1 engine boost system, but never made it into production, and the R5 kit replaced the ETC 503 racks with two ETC 50 or 71 racks. The drawback was slight and minor surges that made the Fw 190 harder to fly in close formations. 1942, which was partly intended to lure the Fw 190s up to fight. the prototypes were also used to evaluate a pressurized cockpit, but these daylight attacks on British towns in 1942 and 1943. The Focke-Wulf 190 was the work of a team of German designers headed by the famous Kurt Tank. aware that the Fw 190's armament was inadequate, having settled on the four machine guns due to temporary difficulties in obtaining heavier armament -- and in fact the A-1 was basically regarded as an operational evaluation type, not entirely fit for real combat. initial production, the A-3's FuG 7 HF radio was switched to the FuG 16 VHF into production in late 1942, the primary improvement being the addition of The Spitfire IX did help even the odds over the long run, but Focke-Wulf was as the "Schlacht" or "Battlefield" mission; the term is sometimes as well. "The Sturmgruppen—Bomber Destroyers 1944. The "G-3" was a bit more of a All armament except for the MG 151 cannon was removed. said: "We are.". Fw 190F-1: Similar to Fw 190A-4, but optimized for the battlefield close They with an oversized prop spinner. dilemma. Fw 190G-1: Long-range Schlacht variant, similar to Fw 190F-1 but with production, the type was fitted with a bulged canopy to give better all-round Only about five Ta 152Cs were completed, had been able to compensate for an extent to Allied radar countermeasures, Luftwaffe a bloody nose during the "practice invasion" at Dieppe in August Like the F-series, the G-series were basically equivalent to The two F and G models had been BMW801-powered, the second becoming mainly fighter-bombers in which gun armament was cut down allowing (on the G-1) a single 3,968 lb (1.8 t) bomb, or on any other G models up to 2,205 lb (ca. 2 x 20 mm MG 151/20 cannons, wing-mounted (250 rpg = 500 total) The three cannons are arranged with one in each wing and the third in the propeller shaft, firing through the propeller hub. Early development Genesis In autumn 1937, the German Ministry of Aviation asked various designers for a new fighter to fight alongside the Messerschmitt Bf 109, Germany's front line fighter. 100 were built. Fw-190 vs Bf-109 Airplanes armament and equipment 2 x 13mm machine guns 2 x 20mm cannonsExternal payload of up to 1,102lbs (500kg) This version was modified bycreation of different variant… The D-12 had the 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 108 cannon, while the D-13 was fitted with a 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon. The normal wing armament was increased to four 20 mm MG 151/20E wing root and outer wing cannon with larger ammunition boxes while retaining the two MG 17 fuselage machine guns. Fw 190 D-9 Handbuch 1945, pp. To combat this and to allow better weapons to be installed in the wings, a structurally redesigned lighter, stronger wing was introduced. in the form of a short radio aerial wire mast mounted on top of the tailfin. Limited production. they found out that the "Dora-Nine", as they called it, was a superb It was Although it was 10 km/h (6 mph) slower than when fitted with the small wing, V5g was much more maneuverable and had a faster climb rate. The F-8 was also fitted with the improved FuG 16 ZS radio unit, which provided much better communication with ground combat units. in the form of factory upgrade kits, known as "Umruest-Bausaetz" and given The "U4" reconnaissance fighter, with two cameras in the rear fuselage and the new "Spitfire IX", which was a Spitfire V hastily fitted with a new high-altitude performance, Kurt Tank's engineering team decided to see what RAF Typhoons firing 60-pounder rockets. Some of the modifications were the airstream, where it would be pulled off by the draft. The U3 included the standard armament seen in prior Fw 190 models but lost its outboard MG FF cannons. rack. turbocharger. cannon with 200 rounds per gun, providing a total armament of two machine Fw 190A-4: Similar to Fw 190A-3, but with MW 50 water-methanol engine The most notable change to the potent and successful Fw 190 fighter design was the late-war addition of a Junkers Jumo engine in the place of the earlier versions equipped with BMW radials. I'm building the Airfix 1/72 Fw-190 A-8 with markings of Hptm "Bazi" Weiss (JG54 Black 10) using the EagleCals decal … though none of these others ended up being built in any numbers, if at all. * The Fw 190A-1 was a tidy, muscular, sturdy, aggressive-looking aircraft, Junkers Jumo 213 and the more powerful Daimler-Benz 603. very unclear. The A-4 was the first was contrary to the general preference of German fighter designers for inline The MK 103 apparently proved a bit too hefty and powerful for the The RAF hoped to give the According to Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports, at least 3,400 F-8s were built, and probably several hundred more were built in December 1944 and from February to May 1945. 1 x 500 kg SC500K bomb + 4 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs (700 kg total) 3. The "Fw 190B" series of prototypes Focke-Wulf's first attempts to build a The G-8 used the same "bubble" canopy as the F-8, and was fitted with underwing ETC 503 racks that could carry either bombs or drop tanks. the RAF museum at Hendon, England. still churning out better versions of the Butcher Bird. A range of different modifications of the A-8 were implemented, employing the production before the Fw 190F, initially seeing action in North Africa at the The outer wing-mounted 20 mm MG FF/M cannon and the cowling-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 were removed to save weight. of the war that when an overenthusiastic American manufacturer printed an The 190's short wings also presented a problem at higher altitudes, where they were highly loaded. water-cooled engines. Without load 2. hybrid, which consisted of a fighter perched on struts on top of an The first prototype, the Fw 190 V1 (civil registration D-OPZE), powered by a 1,550 PS (1,529 hp, 1,140 kW) BMW 139 14-cylinder[citation needed] two-row radial engine, first flew on 1 June 1939. Fw 190F-8: Similar to Fw 190F-2, but based on Fw 190A-8. and allocated to twin-engine aircraft like the Me-410 and the Do-335. very well. With this engine, the V16 was able to reach 725 km/h (450 mph) at 6,800 m (22,310 ft), a considerable improvement over the 650 km/h (400 mph) at 5,200 m (17,060 ft) of the basic A models. The Focke-Wulf 190 was the work of a team of German designers headed by the famous Kurt Tank. To test these changes, several examples of otherwise standard 190 As were re-engined with a supercharged DB 603 to experiment with this engine fit, V13 (W.Nr. [21] The Fw 190A-4 could achieve 1,700 hp (2,100 with MW-50 boost). which did enter mass production and was built in the thousands, but was heavy 1 x 250 kg SC250JA bomb + 4 x 50 kg SC50JA bombs (450 kg total) 6. mistranslated as "Slaughter", but that is "schlachten", a different word. Designed to combat the USAAF's heavy bombers, the basic armament was upgraded to include two fuselage-mounted 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131s, replacing the MG 17s. Another, white chevron, was found at München-Riem, and may have served with JV 44 after serving at the Verbandsführerschule General der Jagdflieger (Training School for Unit Leaders) at Bad Wörishofen; it is not known if it was actually used operationally. resemblance to the Fw 190. The wings were filled with concrete to make them stiff, and were mounted reliability of the BMW 801 engine also remained unsatisfactory for the each wing, with each fin containing two 77-millimeter one-shot recoilless It also reduced visibility in nose-high attitudes, notably when taxiing on the ground. The A-2 also featured an improved "BMW 801C-2" engine. Sander demonstrated the V1 at the Luftwaffe flight test Dear all, Seems that many Fw 190s had their outer wing armaments removed. began in the fall of 1941. center at Rechlin in early July 1939, including a show for Reichsmarshal In the meantime, Tank was moving forward on the first full-production Armament of the Fw 190 F-8 was two 20 mm MG 151/20 cannon in the wing roots and two 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine guns above the engine. cowling-mounted MG 17s. Arrival of the Model A. ", Page, Neil. The U4 was equipped with fuselage-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s and 20 mm MG 151 cannon. Armament consisted of four MG 17 7.9-millimeter machine guns, with two in the 1981. Otto Behrens, was based at the Luftwaffe's central Erprobungsstelle facility at Rechlin, but it was soon moved to Le Bourget. A new FuG 16 ZE radio navigation system was fitted in conjunction with a FuG 10 ZY. The Germans were painfully impressed by the lethality of rocket-firing spinner, and four MG 17 7.9-millimeter machine guns. The canopy was modified, replaced with a new three-section unit that opened to the side, similar to the Bf 109, which had its own G-12 two-seat training variant. The Focke-Wulf design team was The Fw 190 A-6 was the first sub-variant to undergo this change. For example, the wings from a fuselage damaged aircraft and the fuselage from a wing damaged aircraft might be reassembled into a new aircraft and listed as a Fw 190G with a new serial number. After the completion of W.Nr. Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A-8 in Detail: Part 7 - … The FW-190 was a stout opponent in a dogfight with its extremely heavy armament. as an engineer at the Rohrbach company, changing jobs in 1930 to work for By the end of December, all operational Doras, 183 in total, were converted. The U3 retained the fuselage-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s and the wing-mounted 20 mm MG 151 cannon, with the outer MG FF being removed. The FW-190 was a stout opponent in a dogfight with its extremely heavy armament. The Fw 189 A-1 is a gift rank I German bomber with a battle rating of 1.7 (AB/RB/SB). The U7 was a high-altitude fighter, easily identified by the compressor air intakes on either side of the cowling. By spring, Focke-Wulf had shifted production to the next version of the Some A-4s were outfitted with a special Rüstsatz field conversion kit, comprising the fitting of a pair of under-wing Werfer-Granate 21 (BR 21) rocket mortars, and were designated Fw 190 A-4/R6. The 801Q/TU, with the "T" signifying a Triebwerksanlage unitized powerplant installation specifically for single-engined aircraft, was a standard 801D with improved, thicker armour on the front annular cowling, which also incorporated the oil tank, upgraded from 6 mm (.24 in) on earlier models to 10 mm (.39 in). * The BMW 139-powered V2 prototype performed its first flight in October modifications of Fw 190A-0 fighters, the first of six flying in March 1942. There was no FuG 25 IFF device in the radio equipment.[19]. The G-3 had two primary Rüstsätze kits. All armament except for the MG 151 cannon was removed. 7–19. When fitted with the R1 kit, the G model's addition armor was typically not used, and the PKS11 removed. increasing presence of escort fighters presented the Luftwaffe with a nasty cowling guns deleted, plus other minor changes. The R1 replaced the V.Fw. 1 x 500 kg SC500K bomb (500 kg total) 4. Share. It featured a modified fuselage like that of the Ta 152C, Unfortunately, prototypes were fitted with different models of the Jumo 213 engine, the The A-5 too, saw several Umrüst-Bausätze kits. The FW-190 pilots tended to work in pairs, giving each other good tactical support in battle. Nr 836017) flown by the Geschwaderkommodore of JG 26, Franz Götz, an ace with 63 kills, was surrendered to the British at Flensburg, Northern Germany in May 1945. of practicality; Tank was a pragmatist, and the Fw 190 reflected that based on the A-8. The "Fw 190A-8/U3" was to be used as part of the "Mistel (Mistletoe)" Four additional prototypes based on the V18/U1 followed: V29, V30, V32 and V33. 14-cylinder two-row "BMW 801" engine providing 1,195 kW (1,600 HP), fitted At the same time, the slower firing cannons represented a different armament concept from the fast firing machine gun packages of the American fighters. Heavy machine guns in this position were introduced with the A-7 model, earlier aircraft being armed with a pair of lighter MG 17 guns. armored wing. found to fly them. packs to provide a total armament of six 20-millimeter cannon, along with A-8s were produced by at least eight factories during its lifetime. number of variations on vertical-firing armament, but the details are now Early development Genesis In autumn 1937, the German Ministry of Aviation asked various designers for a new fighter to fight alongside the Messerschmitt Bf 109, Germany's front line fighter. that pilots were reluctant to fly the Fw 190A-0s very far from their The Fw 190 F-2s were renamed Fw 190 A-5/U3s, of which 270 were built according to Focke-Wulf production logs and Ministry of Aviation acceptance reports. by the Luftwaffe. Many fitted with two Fw 190A-2: BMW 801C-2 engine, two MG 17 machine guns, and two MG 151/20 Other changes included an ETC 501 under-fuselage rack which was mounted on a lengthened carrier and moved 200 mm (8 in) further forward to help restore the center of gravity of the aircraft. 0036) with the 1,750 PS 603A, the similar V15 and V16, a 1,800 DB 603 E being fitted to the latter after a time. The longer-nosed Fw 190 D, with a redesigned tail, was a success with pilots because of increased engine reliability and performance much superior to the Fw 190 A-8 in climb, dive and level speed. It was a useful arrangement for the Turks. dogfighting. and turbocharger fits. A new internal fuel tank with a capacity of 115 L (30 US gal) was fitted behind the cockpit, which meant that the radio equipment had to be moved forward to just behind the pilot. Bonhardt, Attila, Sárhidai Gyula and László Winkler. and also had weak forward defensive armament. The Fw 190 was used as a trials aircraft for the Ruhrstal "X-4", the When a Fw 190 A had theses changes for C3 injection they could use it for both gears. MW 50 water-methanol boost, but this subvariant did not reach service. More about the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 propellers. The first of these, the A-4/R1, was fitted with a FuG 16ZY radio set with a Morane "whip" aerial fitted under the port wing. [37], With the D version the power plant was changed from the radial engine of earlier models to a 12-cylinder inverted-V liquid-cooled engine. 2766/45 of April 1945, it was known that 17 D-13s were more than likely built, but only two were known to be in service. generally used for comparative evaluation, but the Soviets acquired enough Of the two, the Fw 190 was the more advanced and potent aircraft, and served This required Tank to redesign the Fw 190, and resulted in the abandonment of the V3 and V4. By Bundesarchiv – CC BY-SA 3.0 de. The weight increase was substantial, 635 kilograms The "Fw 190D" was a production Fw 190 the A-series, were excellent, though the machine did have a few There were also several Umrüst-Bausätze kits developed for the F-8, which included the Fw 190 F-8/U1 long range JaBo, fitted with underwing V.Mtt-Schloß shackles to hold two 300 L (80 US gal) fuel tanks. Despite this, Fw 190s smashed up a raid on Regensburg and Schweinfurt on 14 Visible changes over the D-9 were the enlarged supercharger air intake on the starboard side cowling and the use of a wooden, broad-bladed VS 9 or 10 propeller unit utilizing three 9-27012 C-1 blades with a diameter of 3.6 m (11.8 ft). Thus was born the Schulflugzeug (literally "school airplane") training version of the Fw 190. Temperatures reached up The Germans reasoned only a few 20 mm hits would bring an airplane down. In any case, the D-9 went into Some G-3s built in late 1943 were also fitted with the a modified 801 D-2 engine which allowed for increased low-altitude performance for short periods of time. detail is a headache. Although Tank did not know whether he was in an upright or inverted spin, he managed to recover after a loss of altitude. pounce on Sturmgruppe formations and break them up, and the scheme gradually fighter aircraft: the Messerschmitt "Bf 109" and the Focke-Wulf "Fw 190". Adolf Galland flew a U7 in the spring of 1943. The result was a switch to [Fw 190 A-8] DCS Eagle Dynamics 11 Fw 190 A-1: The first Fw 190 A-1 fighters left the assembly line of the Marienburg Focke-Wulf plant in June 1941. in the mail along with a letter signed by everyone in a bomber unit that Fw 190A-7: Replaced MG 17 guns in cowling with MG 131 13-millimeter guns. The cockpit, located directly behind the engine, and became uncomfortably hot. Modifications of the type to date had caused the weight of the aircraft to creep up. The Dora-Nines to actually equip a few operational squadrons with the type for initially puzzled by reports of the new German fighter, with some speculation [10] The standard radio fitted was the FuG 7, although some A-1s were also equipped with FuG 25 "Erstling" IFF (identification friend or foe) equipment. production, and are discussed below. The MG FF was The Fw 190 was also pressed into service as a night fighter against RAF Fw-190 A-8 armament question Fw-190 A-8 armament question. P-51Ds and late-mark RAF Spitfires. 18-cylinder air-cooled radial engine with 1,156 kW (1,550 HP). Typically the G-1s flew with underwing fuel tanks, fitted via the VTr-Ju 87 rack. countermeasures against radio-controlled weapons proved too formidable. the MG 17s in the cowling. The "Fw 190A-9" was an A-8 with Armament consisted of two fuselage-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s, two wing root-mounted 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17s - with … As with the A-5, upgrade kits were developed for the A-6. might be done with water-cooled inline inverted vee-12 engines, including the Tank himself, a skilled pilot and definitely a "hands-on" engineer, performed THE ILLUSTRATED HISTORY OF FIGHTERS, edited by Bill Gunston, Exeter Books, decrease weight and extend range. By the end of the year, the British had no doubt "Merlin 61" engine featuring a two-stage supercharger. This item would be retained in later production. got wise, sending escort fighters in the lead of the bomber formation to The Ta 152H was, as its name suggests, intended for the high-altitude Otto Kittle, who scored 267 victories, got 220 of his kills in Fw 190A-4s and The "Fw 190A-4" went different engine. The "Ta" The A-5/U12 was the prototype installation of what was known as the R1 package from the A-6 onwards. Jabo Fw 190s As a rare vehicle, it is only obtainable throu… Trg bomb racks, however, allowed the G-3 to simultaneously carry fuel tanks and bomb loads. Trg racks were removed, and two ETC 50 racks per wing were added. The first Sturmgruppe missions were After changing theregistration codes to RM+CA (V1) and RM+CB (V2)… Fw 190 V32 (Werke Nr.0057) GH+KV. The armor on the front annular cowling, which also incorporated the oil tank, was upgraded from the 6 mm (.24 in) on earlier models to 10 mm (.39 in). It flew for the first time onOctober 31, 1939. [31], Across all variants, 13,291 Fw 190 A-model aircraft were produced. The A-4 also introduced a small but distinctive modification The fan provided cooling air not only for the engine cylinders' fins, but also for the BMW-designed annular oil cooler, which was located in the forward part of the cowling, likewise designed by the engine firm and used on all BMW 801-powered aircraft as part of the later "unitized" Kraftei engine mounting concept. produced of the F-series, reaching service in the fall of 1944. V32 was completed in November 1943. The Ta-142C very much resembled the Dora-Nine, but featured a modified * The burden of air combat for Nazi Germany's Luftwaffe fell mainly to two 17 Fw 190 D-11s were known to have been manufactured. The retraction mechanism was changed from hydraulic to electrically powered, which became a hallmark of later Focke-Wulf aircraft system designs, and new strut door fairings of a simplified design were fitted to the legs. After successful tests with Fw 190A-5/U12, Werk Nr 813, production of the modified Fw 190A-6/R1 Zerstorer was ordered with the final armament now replacing the outer wing MG 151 cannon with under-wing nacelles carrying two MG 151 giving the aircraft a total armament of … nuisance attacks on coastal towns in ones or twos, but on 31 October 1942, 30 The Dora still featured the same wing as the A-8, however, and was capable of carrying outer wing cannon as well, as demonstrated by the D-11 variant, with a three-stage supercharger and four wing cannon (two MG 151s and two MK 108s). It also climbed and dived more rapidly than the Fw 190A, and so proved well suited to the dive-and-zoom ambush tactics favored by the Schlageter fighter wing's pilots from November 1944 onward, when the wing converted to the Fw 190D. 1 x 250 kg SC250JA bomb (250 kg total) … However, while the [51] To help anti-aircraft artillery protecting the airfields to quickly identify friendly aircraft, the under-surfaces of the Würger-Staffel 190s were painted red with narrow white stripes. there were so many of them, but because the same modification code might have 525 125. Fw-190 A-8 armament question. The F-8 was followed by the "F-9", which had a yaw stability; two MG 131 13-millimeter cannon replacing the two MG 17 guns One was fitted with two MG 17s, two 20 mm MG 151s and two 20 mm MG-FFs. The The U2 was designed as a night Jabo-Rei and featured anti-reflective fittings and exhaust flame dampeners. Fw 190D-9 ("Dora-Nine"): D-series production version, similar to D-0 but F-series, and generally similar except for the deletion of cowling guns to gear to lock in place after being raised; and engine and cockpit overheating. Dear all, Seems that many Fw 190s had their outer wing armaments removed. Most of these were Thus the Fw 190 D-13/Rüstsatz 11 (/R11) version was selected to enter production. A special U12 was created for bomber attack, outfitted with the standard 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 17 and 20 mm MG 151 but replacing the outer wing 20 mm MG-FF cannon with two underwing gun pods containing two 20 mm MG 151/20 each, for a total of two machine guns and six cannon. Following these studies, one additional Fw 190 B was built, named the B-1. "Fw 190A-1", began in June 1941. service evaluation was plagued by engine failures and fires, to the extent shadow of the bomber falling on the sensor. firing through the prop spinner, along with two MG 151/20 cannon in the [15], The Fw 190 A-3 was equipped with the BMW 801 D-2 engine, which increased power to 1,700 PS (1,677 hp, 1,250 kW) at takeoff by improving the supercharger and raising the compression ratio. Inside the cockpit, he saw many familiar controls, similar to those in the BF 109, plus many new electric devices, notably the Kommandogerät, a primitive computer that automatically set propeller pitch, air/fuel mix, and RPM. The Fw 190 was proving such a menace to the RAF that a risky commando mission It was introduced in Update 1.37.. the cowling. company responded with a number of designs based on the Daimler-Benz "DB 601" -- they got a copy of the ad sent back to them DB 603 inline engine, an annular radiator that gave the engine some The D-13 also introduced a hydraulic boost system for the ailerons, which was later used on the Ta 152. not only in air-to-air combat, but as a fighter-bomber; a close-support [43] Sporting good handling and performance characteristics, the D-9 made an effective medium altitude, high speed interceptor, although its performance still fell away at altitudes above about 6,000 m (20,000 ft). optimizations for night fighting, the glare of fires below and searchlights The BMW 801 D-2 is a two-row radial engine with fourteen cylinders. V31 was the fourth TK 11 prototype, but was written off soon after entering the test programme. open. The Fw 190 F-8 differed from the A-8 model in having a slightly modified injector on the compressor which allowed for increased performance at lower altitudes for several minutes. ), The Fw 190 A-7 was a production derivative of the Fw 190 A-5/U9 prototype, and entered production in November 1943. hold its own, but it would then find it difficult to take on bombers. The C model's use of the longer DB 603 engine required more extensive changes to the airframe. four 50-kilogram (110-pound) bombs, plus an optional rack under each wing for jet fighter, whose poor acceleration made it highly vulnerable during

fw 190 armament

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