All gardeners know they are never alone in the garden. The Guide to American Hardwood Species. They are usually identifiable by their differences in habitats: black tupelo on light-textured soils of uplands and stream bottoms, swamp tupelo on heavy organic or clay soils of wet bottomlands. A North American custom is to use holly and mistletoe for decorating of homes and churches. The name White ash derives from the blueish white undersides of the leaves. Illinois State Champion cherrybark oak in (Quercus pagoda) Cache River State Natural Area. Water oak is a medium-sized but rapid-growing tree and is often abundant as second growth on cutover lands. A good mature tree will produce commercial timber used for furniture and crates. Black gum trees have moderate growth rate and longevity and are an excellent food source for wildlife, fine honey trees, and handsome ornamentals. Acer rubrum or red maple is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern North America. The large seed crops provide food to many kinds of wildlife. The Southern magnolia is the state tree of Mississippi and the state flower of Mississippi and Louisiana. Overcup oak is a medium-sized deciduous oak that is valued as a "white oak" wood. Both the post oak and the blackjack oak are the major trees of the "Cross Timbers" area in Texas and Oklahoma. American elm is of little value as a forest product. It is a moderately long-lived tree, with ages of up to 258 years known. In addition to producing timber, Nuttall oak is an important species for wildlife management because of heavy annual nut or "mast" production. Quickly following the flowers come new green leaves which turn a dark, blue-green and are uniquely heart-shaped. Pecan production is a multi-million dollar business and one of North America's favorite nuts. As a young man, it is reported that Abraham Lincoln spent a lot of time splitting rails and fence posts from black locust logs. The less than "respectable" maple is not particularly desired in the landscape because of rapid trunk rotting, prolific sprouting and branch shedding. This single species' compatibility is fairly uncommon in the Quercus genus group. Although it is usually found on wet bottomlands, it grows on dry sites and also grows well on poor soils low in nutrients. The range of pignut hickory covers nearly all of eastern United States. During the fall and winter months most of the medicinal trees can offer roots, twigs and bark for the healing of a multitude of standard ailments. Silver maple is a weak tree but often introduced in the landscape to the dismay of many who plant it. Oregon White Fir- Abies grandis (Douglas ex D. Don) Lindl-P- North Carolina Pine-Pinus taeda L. Northern Foxtail Pine- Pinus balfouriana Balf. Branch of a bitternut hickory with developing nuts. See more ideas about Tree identification, Hardwood, Tree id. Nuttall oak (Quercus nuttallii), not distinguished as a species until 1927, is also called red oak, Red River oak, and pin oak. Sugar Maple is the major source of sap for making maple syrup and prized for furniture and flooring. It is a commercially desirable tree and managed for various forest products. With its dense crown, flowering dogwood provides good shade, and due to its small stature, it is useful in the smallest yards. and Red Mulberry (Morus rubra) trees. Common persimmon is an interesting, somewhat irregularly shaped native small to medium tree. Quercus virginiana has a squat and leaning form with a large diameter tapering trunk. The bark is highly weather-resistant. The American beech is a shade-tolerant species, favoring the shade more than other trees, and commonly found in forests in the final stage of succession called a climax forest. For this reason, it is an important tree on the eastern prairies, where it is often found near waterways in more forested areas, where there is a break in the canopy. Sometimes in English and other languages, there is more than one common name for a species. Bitternut hickory is probably the most abundant and most uniformly distributed of all the hickories. American elm has long been very popular as a street or avenue tree but never really took to parks and cities. (Peter Stevens/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.0), Derek Ramsey/derekramsey.com/Wikimedia Commons/GFDL 1.2, (United States Department of Agriculture/Wikimedia Commons). It is normally seen along the larger river systems. The tree hates shade (intolerant) and best growth occurs in a sunny open location and a moist rich soil, common along stream banks in its native habitat. Black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical black tupelo (var. Holly boughs and leaves are popular Christmas decorations and inseparably connected with the Christmas season. Let's take a look at the most common angiosperms, otherwise known as deciduous hardwoods. The nut, once plentiful, is now rarely seen. It can occur as far east as New England and southern Quebec where the soils are mesic with relatively high pH. Sweetgum is sometimes called redgum, probably because of the red color of the older heartwood and its red fall leaves. The name quaking aspen references the quaking or trembling of the leaves that occur in even a slight breeze due to the flattened petioles. A six-volume Atlas of United States Trees (U.S. Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publications 1146, 1293, 1314, 1342, 1361, and 1410) added tree range maps of most major and minor tree species to the literature. Sourwood is one of the first trees to turn colors in the eastern forest. The wood resembles elm but is difficult to work, rots easily and is a bad choice for planting in the landscape. (R. A. Nonenmacher/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 4.0), Matt Lavin/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0, Ohio Department of Natural Resources/Wikimedia Commons. List with basic specific gravity values for trees found in North America. Silver maple is closely related to the red maple and can hybridize with it, the hybrid being known as the Freeman maple (Acer x freemanii). It is a very important keystone hardwood tree throughout the western American states and stunningly beautiful in Autumn. C. ► Trees of Canada (6 C, 45 P) M. ► Trees of Mexico (10 C, 222 P) S. ► Trees of the Southeastern United States (6 C, 209 P) ► Trees of Subarctic America (1 C, 10 P) U. The American holly is the state tree of Delaware. It is usually too contorted and knotty to be of value as a timber tree. In commerce, the lumber is mixed with that of other red oaks. It is a tree that tends to occur singly as scattered specimens, rather than in groves. Because bitternut hickory wood is hard and durable, it is used for furniture, paneling, dowels, tool handles, and ladders. Return to Trees Live Here. This edition features: Shumard oak (Quercus shumardii) is one of the largest Southern red oaks. It is the largest North American species in the Willow family and was the first tree species to be gene sequenced. It has been called the "humming tree.". It is also very strong and takes a high polish which offers a wide range of uses, notably shipbuilding, furniture, agricultural tools, and musical instruments. Taxonomic Name: Passiflora quadrangularis Common Names: Giant Granadilla, Giant Tumbo (English), Badea (South America), Barbadine (Trinidad) Country of Origin: Central America (Tropical America) Description: Extremely large with many pulpy seeds in the center. It is the largest native cherry and one of the most abundant wild fruit trees. Its ability to thrive in a large number of habitats is largely due to its ability to produce roots to suit its site from a young age. Bruce Marlin/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.5. Although American beech wood is heavy, hard, tough and strong, the tree is typically left during lumbering and often left uncut to grow. Overcup oak acorns, showing the nut largely enclosed by the acorn cup. Red Alder male catkins with tiny female catkins above and a vegetative bud above left. The tree is the largest and most important New World willow and is one of the first trees to bud in the spring. See Citrus Trees, List of Vernacular Names for an example.. Royal paulownia is an introduced ornamental that has become well established in North America. Honeylocust. Pin oak is one of the most overused landscape oaks in the midwest and the eastern United States. Juglans cinerea, commonly known as butternut or white walnut, is a species of walnut native to the eastern United States and southeast Canada. Juneberry trees also go by the common names Saskatoon, shadblow, serviceberry and sarvis. Trees Objective for this presentation: To help individuals learn to identify common Pennsylvania trees using the Summer Key to Pennsylvania Trees (free copies available from the PA Forest Stewardship Program, phone number below). They are abundant throughout North America. Swamp laurel oak grows rapidly and usually matures in about 50 years, which has led to its wide use as ornamental landscaping. The leaves are distinctly asymmetrical and coarse-textured. Pineland Acacia - Vachellia farnesiana var. Look for the star-shaped leaf as foliage grows in the spring and look for the dried seed balls in and under the tree. Red alder is the largest native alder species in North America with a range confined to the western United States and Canada. In September of 1940, American Forests (then The American Forestry Association) launched a campaign to locate the largest living specimens of American trees.The National Register of Champion Trees started out as a competition, a national hunt to discover and preserve the largest specimens of American … Start by picking one and follow the photo links to family, genus, and species. Bigleaf maple is the only commercially important maple of the Pacific Coast region. It grows moderately fast and produces acorns every 2 to 4 years that are used by wildlife for food. 8None or only spines. Cultivars selected for superior fall color include 'Autumn Applause' and 'Autumn Purple.'. Hackberry is not an important timber tree. Ontologicalpuppy/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 4.0, Jean-Pol GRANDMONT/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0. Find the basic specific gravity of North American trees. Cucumbertree is an excellent shade tree for parks and gardens and gets its common name for the color and shape of unique fruit that resembles a cucumber. Redbud is a small tree that shines early in spring (one of the first flowering plants) with leafless branches of magenta buds and pink flowers. Early settlers made them into tea … Most, but not all, hardwoods are deciduous, perennial plants which are normally leafless for some time during the year. Notable exceptions are the evergreen magnolias and American holly trees which maintain leaves longer than a year. )/Bugwood.org/CC BY 3.0 US, Michael Wolf/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0. Live oak is the state tree of Georgia and a favorite in the coastal landscape. Some isolated single trees are surviving. The yellow poplar tree has very unique leaves with four lobes separated by rounded notches. Slippery elm is one of the smallest native North American elms but with one of the largest leaves. The types of trees featuring thorns grow in different U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones throughout North America. The black cherry is a pioneer species. Green ash is the most widely distributed of all the American ashes. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. Internet Archive Book Images/Wikimedia Commons. Hornbeam. Sep 12, 2014 - Explore Ruth Wakefield's board "NORTHERN HARDWOOD TREES" on Pinterest. It is now being replaced by better trees like London planetree (Platanus X acerfolia) and Japanese zelkova (Zelkova serrata). Some are landscaping trees, often used to create hedgerows and barriers. Green ash is seriously threatened in some areas, particularly Michigan, by the emerald ash borer, a beetle introduced accidentally from Asia, to which it has no natural resistance. Cucumber magnolia is one of the largest magnolias and one of the cold-hardiest. It can be saved for planting in wet areas or where nothing else will thrive. Winfield IL USA. Pignut hickory (Carya glabra) is a common but not abundant species in the oak-hickory forest association in the Eastern United States. Still, it has been planted in cities and on farms because of its rapid growth. The avenue of live oaks at Oak Alley Plantation in Vacherie, Louisiana, planted in the early 18th century. Eastern. Black oak has readily hybridized with other members of the red oak group of oaks, being one parent in at least a dozen different named hybrids. A lot of that popularity has been challenged because of iron-deficiency chlorosis, persistent brown leaves on the tree into the winter, and a ragged look with the stubby twig "pins" that stand out and is a negative to some. Except for cleaning up the messy fruit if it falls on a patio or sidewalk, persimmon maintenance is quite easy and it could be planted more. To ensure the longevity of the tree, never cut bark from the trunk of a living tree. The osage orange creates a dense canopy, making it useful as a windbreak. You have to go back three steps to start a new search OR you can scroll through the entire list of No. The maple is also aggressive, growing into septic tank drain fields and undermines water and sewer pipes. 344 Linear. Common needle-bearing conifers include spruce, pine, larch, and fir. As a result, many areas today still have extensive groves of old beeches. Cercis canadensis often has a large crop of 2-4 inch seedpods that some find unappealing in the urban landscape. Black walnut wood is now relatively scarce and highly coveted, used mainly for high-quality woodworking and produces a delicious nut. Oxydendrum arboreum at Lake Hope State Park, Vinton County, Ohio, on the Furnace Trail. ► Trees of the United States (12 C, 116 P) W. ► Trees of Western Canada (4 C, 28 P) Franklin Bonner/USFS (ret. The acorn or winter buds identify Nuttall oak, easily confused with pin oak (Q. palustris). Shellbark. White oak is less favored than red oak because it is difficult to transplant and has a slow growth rate. Eastern Dogwood - Cornus florida. American White Birch: Betula papyrifera: 1947 New Jersey: Northern Red Oak: Quercus rubra: New Mexico: Piñon Pine: Pinus edulis: 1949: New York: Sugar Maple: Acer saccharum: North Carolina: Pine: Pinus: 1963: North Dakota: American Elm: Ulmus americana: 1947: Northern Mariana Islands: Flame Tree: Delonix regia: 1979: Ohio: Ohio Buckeye: Aesculus glabra: Oklahoma: Eastern Redbud Once extensively planted as a shade tree, Dutch elm disease has killed many of these. Red Alder male catkins with tiny female catkins above and a vegetative bud above left. Horsechestnut. Black locust has nitrogen-fixing bacteria on its root system. Many trees that commonly grow in North America and parts of Europe possess medicinal benefits. The plains cottonwood is considered the great tree of the American prairies; it’s one of the largest hardwood trees on the North American continent. Many species of trees have Other Common Names in different languages, however the Latin Botanical Scientific Name for each species of tree is universal among languages and countries. A favored shade tree, willow oak is widely planted as an ornamental. Young osage orange trees can develop an upright, pyramidal habit and the fruit is unique, rough textured, heavy green balls which ripen to yellow-green and fall in October and November. The alternate maple-looking leaves are large and also unique to those familiar with sycamore. This tree makes a handsome shade tree. The book covers nearly all North American trees (north of Mexico and tropical Florida) in technically useable detail. 228 Wider near … Dozens of red maple varieties have been developed and the tree is prized for its fall color. While river birch's native habitat is wet ground, it will grow on higher land, and its bark is quite distinctive, making it a favored ornamental tree for landscape use. Steve Hurst/ARS Systematic Botany and Mycology Laboratory/Wikimedia Commons, Steve Hurst/USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database/Wikimedia Commons, (Robert H. Mohlenbrock/USDA SCS/Wikimedia Commons), (Plant Image Library/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 2.0), (Linnaeus/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0), (DavetheMage/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0). They are usually displayed beneath large oaks or pines, both in the wild and as an ornamental. "Now you see why they are called BIG leaf maples.". The water oak is also called possum oak or spotted oak. The wood is superior to most red oaks, but it is mixed indiscriminately with other red oak lumber and used for the same products. Water tupelo (Nyssa aquatica), is a large, long-lived tree that grows in southern swamps and flood plains where its root system is periodically underwater. The large, three to six-inch long by two to three-inch-wide, shiny, dark green leaves turn bright yellow in fall and are quite noticeable in the northeastern United States. Paper birch is a pioneer species and is first in after a forest disturbance. Having been transplanted in France, it is the source of the renowned French acacia monofloral honey. Explore our map of 500+ easements found in 23 states, and our established focus areas shown in the brightly colored regions. It is a lowland tree and grows scattered with other hardwoods on moist, well-drained soils associated with large and small streams. Welcome to the most complete collection of images of North America's native trees, more than 600 in all, captured by Susan McDougall. Broadleaf Trees Carya illinoensis is an excellent multipurpose tree for the home landscape because it provides nuts and grand aesthetic value. Locate it where the slimy fruit will not fall on sidewalks and cause people to slip and fall. sylvatica) and swamp tupelo (var. Scott Bauer/USDA Agricultural Research Servic/Bugwood.org/CC BY 3.0 US. It is a quite ordinary oak with a unique acorn. Although these trees are often called hardwoods, wood hardness varies among the hardwood species. is a tree identification guide from the Arbor Day Foundation, featuring an easy-to-use, step-by-step process to identify nearly any tree in North America. The name post oak refers to the use of the wood of this tree for fence posts. Cherrybark oak (Q. pagodifolia) is a fairly common large tree of bottomland forests, similar to the upland Southern red oak (Q. falcata), of which it was formerly considered a variety. American trees! Reply. It is similar in appearance to the Green ash, making identification difficult. Trees with superior genetics and located in a good growing environment.can potentially live 200 to 400 years. White ash is widely grown as an ornamental tree in North America. Red maple is widely grown as an ornamental tree in parks and in the landscape. Laurel oak or (Quercus laurifolia) is commonly used as an ornamental tree in landscaping because of its fast growth and pleasing appearance; it is planted with little regard to soil type. American sycamore is a massive tree and can attain the largest trunk diameter of any of the eastern U.S. hardwoods. Scarlet oak is a popular shade tree and has been widely planted in the United States and Europe. The fruit is native to southeastern North America, and was often eaten by Native Americans fresh or dried. For this reason, it can grow on poor soils, increase soil fertility and is an early colonizer of disturbed areas. Populus trichocarpa male catkin and leaf buds. Liliane says: October 24, 2019 at 7:39 pm Have you perhaps missed the Quapaw of Oklahoma? Hardwoods are deciduous trees that have broad leaves, produce a fruit or nut and generally go dormant in the winter. The medium to large willow oak has unique willow-like foliage and is known for its rapid growth and long life. The bur oak, Quercus macrocarpa, sometimes spelled burr oak, is a species of oak in the white oak group. The greater the diversity of plants in your garden, the greater the amount of life it may support. As a resource, American Hardwoods are abundant, renewing and sustainable, and an excellent choice for eco-effective design and building. Finchlake2000/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.0, Illustrations of Common Eastern United States Trees by Charles Sprague Sargent, Identification of the Most Common Hardwoods, Ten Most Common Trees in the United States, The Major North American Conifers with Descriptions, Major Common Oak Species of North America, Guide to Common Oak Trees of North America, The Eastern Deciduous Forests of North America, Scarlet Oak, A Top 100 Common Tree in North America, White Oak, A Common Tree in North America, Willow Oak: Favorite Wildlife Food and Landscape Tree, Identify Common Major Hickory Species in North America, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. The uses of oak include almost everything that mankind has ever derived from trees - timber, food for man and animals, fuel, watershed protection, shade and beauty, tannin, and extractives. The Angel Oak near Charleston, South Carolina, is a live oak that has been determined to be the oldest tree in the eastern United States at 1400 years. Wildlife and people harvest most of the nuts and those remaining produce seedling trees readily. It is a large forest tree of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Ontario) but become smaller in the southern range. The oak's habitat is commonly found along southeastern North America watercourses and lowlands on silty clay and loamy soils. Flowering dogwood is one of the most popular ornamental landscape trees in eastern North America. In the Midwest, it is seen growing mostly in old fields with other sunlight loving species, such as black walnut, black locust, and hackberry. The lumber is often cut and sold as red oak. Pecan is, economically, the most important member of the hickory family, of the genus Carya. In some areas, 90% of the Butternut trees have been killed. Bitternut hickory grows in moist mountain valleys along streambanks and in swamps. Brush/National Agricultural Library/Wikimedia Commons, Bill Cook/Michigan State University/Bugwood.org/CC BY 3.0 US. Kayaking among water tupelo trees at Finch Lake Campground, Louisiana. The tree is a very popular ornamental tree throughout the southeastern United States, grown for its attractive foliage and flowers. The Trees of North America Individual pages for trees on this site may be located in three ways:--- Trees may be categorized into two major groups: conifers and broadleaf trees. Yellow birch thrives in moist woodlands and often seen on root stilts that have developed from seedlings that have grown on and over rotting stumps. Below are a few facts about tree families in North America: • The Pea family, Fabaceae, has 27 genera with tree species- more than any other. Factor in the amount of traffic in an area before planting one of these thorny trees where people may tangle with them frequently. The tree has a slimy (slippery) inner bark, tastes like licorice and it has some food and medicinal value. Leaves and fruit. The tree is a valuable source for lumber products. Its scientific name was chosen by David Douglas to honor Nicholas Garry, secretary and later deputy governor of the Hudson Bay Company, 1822-35. Water oak is planted widely as a street and shade tree in southern communities. The wood is the hardest and heaviest of all elms. All the red oaks, including Southern red oak, are the most prized hardwood species in the United States. You can easily identify a hardwood from a conifer. Scarlet oak (Quercus coccinea) is best known for its brilliant autumn color. Red alder trees invade clearings or burned-over areas and form temporary forests. Sweetgum is easy to identify in both the summer and in winter. It is a choice fuel for smoking meats. The tree never grows in pure stands. Many kinds of wildlife eat the fruits and water tupelo is a favored honey tree. Oregon white oak is the only native oak in British Columbia and Washington and the principal one in Oregon. Common North American Hardwood Trees, History and Habitat 01. The paulownia has been touted as growing very valuable wood under correct management strategies. Further, let's say that you're at a "Sycamore." Only the seeds and pulp are eaten (the flesh is edible, but totally bland). It is native to western North America, mostly near the Pacific coast, from southernmost Alaska south to southern California. basic specific gravity = green volume and oven-dry weight, Bulking/Swell Factors for Various Excavated/Mined Materials, Swell and Shrink Percentages of Various Materials, Volume Conversions Table for Lumber/Timber Products, Basic Specific Gravity of North American Trees / By Type (hardwood/softwood), The Basic Specific Gravity of Trees Listed by Region, Basic Specific Gravity of North American Trees, Basic Specific Gravity of Indian Tree Species, Shrinkage and Fibre Saturation point of Trees, Specific Gravity and Shrinkage Values for Various Trees, Average Weight of Logs in Pounds per Cubic Foot, Log Dry Weight and Green Moisture Content, Imperial Measurements, Log Dry Weight and Green Moisture Content, Metric Measurements, Aspen, Quaking / Trembling / Aspen Popular, Bald Cypress / Swamp / Gulf / Red / Southern / White / Yellow, Catalpa, Northern / Hardy / Western / Cigar Tree / Catawba Tree, Cedar, Northern White / Arborvitae / Eastern Arborvitae / Swamp, Cedar, Westernred / Pacific Red / Giant Arborvitae / Canoe / Giant/ Shinglewood, Cottonwood, Eastern / Eastern / Plains / MatchPoplar, Fir, Balsam / Canadian / Canada / Balm of Gilead / Eastern, Fir, Grand / Lowland / Lowland White / White / Silver, Fir, Pacific Silver / White / Red/ Lovely / Amabilis / Cascades, Fir, Red / Golden / California Red / Shasta / Silvertip, Fir, Subalpine / Alpine / Mountain Balsam / Rocky Mountain / White Balsam, Fir, White / Colorado / California White / Low's, Florida Strangler Fig / Golden Fig/ Higuer�n, Hemlock, Eastern / Canada / Hemlock Spruce, Locust, Black / False Acacia / Green / Locust / Shipmast / White / Yellow, Maple, Bigleaf / British Columbia / Broadleaf / Oregon, Maple, Boxelder / Ash-Leaf / Manitoba / Three-Leave, Maple, Striped / Goosefoot / Moosewood / Snake Bark, Mountain Laurel / Calico-Bush / Spoonwood, Mountain Mahogany / Birch Leaf Mountain Mahogany, Oak, Bluejack / Upland Willow Oak / Sandjack Oak / Cinnamon Oak, Oak, Canyon Live / Canyon Oak / Maul Oak, Oak, Chestnut / Rock / Rock Chestnut / Mountain, Oak, Gambel / Rocky Mountain White / Colorado Scrub, Oak, Garry / Oregon White Oak / Oregon Oak, Oak, Laurel / Diamond-Leaf Oak / Water Oak, Pine / Gray / California Foothill Bull / Grey-leaf / Digger, Pine, Bishop / Obispo / Swamp / Prickle-Cone, Pine, Eastern White / Northern White / Weymouth / White, Pine, Loblolly / Frankincense / Oldfield / Southern, Pine, Lodgepole / Bolander Beach / Shore / Tamarack Pine, Pine, Monterey / Cedros Island / Guadalupe Island / Radiata / Insignis, Pine, Ponderosa / Western Yellow / Blackjack / Bull / Pacific Ponderosa / Rock, Pine, Red / American Red / Canadian Red / Norway, Pine, Shortleaf / Arkansas / Shortstraw / Southern / Yellow, Pine, Slash / American Pitch / Caribbean / Salish / Longleaf Pitch / Swamp, Pine, Spruce / Bottom White / Cedar/ Poor / Walter, Pine, Table Mountain / Hickory / Prickley, Pine, Virginia / Jersey / Poverty / Scrub, Pine, Western White / Idaho White / Mountain White / Silver, Poplar, Abele / Silver Poplar / Silverleaf Poplar, Poplar-Yellow / American Tulip / Canary Whitewood, Redwood, Giant / California Big-Tree / Giant Sequoia / Sequoia / Sierra, Spruce, Black / Bog / shortleaf black / Swamp, Spruce, Engelmann / White Spruce / Mountain Spruce / Silver Spruce, Spruce, Sitka / Coast / Menzies / Western, Spruce, White / Alberta / Black Hills / Canada / Western White, Sweetgum, American / American Storax / Hazel Pine / Satin-Walnut / Alligatorwood, Tamarack / Hackmatack / American Larch Alaskan / Eastern, Tupelo, Water / Cottongum / Wild Olive / Large Tupelo, White Bully / Willow Bustic / Bustic Cassada, Yew, Pacific / Western / Canadian / Californian. Pignut hickory frequently grows on dry ridgetops and side slopes throughout its range but it is also common on moist sites, particularly in the mountains and Piedmont. Its hickory nut is edible and has a very sweet taste. Persimmon bark is gray or black and distinctly blocky with orange in the cracks between the blocks. Though commonly known as Garry oak in British Columbia, elsewhere it is usually called white oak, post oak, Oregon oak, Brewer oak, or shin oak. Isolated trees seem to be less susceptible to the disease while mass plantings tend to exacerbate the problems. Other common names are spotted oak, Schneck oak, Shumard red oak, southern red oak, and swamp red oak. ... Red alder is the largest... 02. Mockernut hickory is very common and abundant southward through Virginia, North Carolina, and Florida but grows from Massachusetts south to northern Florida, west to Kansas and Texas and up to Iowa. Aspen propagates itself primarily through root sprouts, and extensive clonal colonies are common. Live oak is a symbolic tree of the Deep South. This not only benefits the tree itself but also many other plants growing around it. It produces small (edible) berries that turn orange-red to dark purple. It is abundant further south on the southern coast and in the Gulf states, reaching its greatest size on the bottomlands of southern Arkansas and eastern Texas. This hickory is distinguished from other hickories by large leaves, large nuts and orange twigs. Eastern cottonwood typically lives 70 to 100 years. Black locust attracts bees and is a major honey plant in the eastern United States. Any oak with pointed, bristle-tipped leaf lobes belongs to the red oak group, including Northern red oak. Other Tree Names. This program consists of images and a suggested narrative, and is available as a PowerPoint® presentation. It needs high nutrient soils and a lot of sunlight. Dave Alexander says: October 25, 2019 at 4:24 am Acer macrophyllum leaf, Chirico Trail, Washington, USA. Commercial overcup oak varies extremely with every site, fire damage, and degree of insect and decay defect. The tree grows largest in the lower Ohio River Basin. Biodiversity Heritage Library/Wikimedia Commons. Abelia, Arborvitae, Azaleas, Barberry, Boxwood, Burning Bush, Butterfly Bush, Camellia, Cleyera, Crepe Myrtle, Cypress, Daylily, Euonymous, Fruit Trees Bush, Grass Groundcover, Hawthorne, Holly, Hydrangea, Itea, Juniper, Laurel, Leucothoe, Loropetalum, Magnolia, Maple Japanese, Nandina, Pieris, River Birch, Roses, Spirea, Spruce, Trees, Viburnum, Yew, Yucca Finding them on this app using their over-simplified criteria is almost impossible. It is a large rapid-growing tree of the eastern United States, found on a variety of soils in mixed forests, especially light sandy and gravelly upland ridges and slopes. The native sycamore has a grand branch display and its bark is unique among all trees - you can always identify a sycamore just by looking at the bark. The shagbark hickory (Carya ovata) is a common hickory in the eastern United States and southeast Canada. Find the basic specific gravity of North American trees. biflora). Aspens do produce seeds but seldom grow from them. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS FOR 2002 REVISION Sherry Vance managed all the details of this revision with countless suggestions for im- It is rare in the north of its range (New England and New York) and always small there. Conifers. The black walnut used to be a very common old-growth forest tree. Yellow poplar or tulip poplar is the tallest hardwood tree in North America with one of the most perfect and straight trunks in the forest. Shellbark hickory nuts are the largest of all hickory nuts and are sweet and edible. Still, the bark is important to wintering moose because of its sheer abundance. The Balm-of-Gilead poplar tree is an ornamental clone and hybrid of this tree. Naturally a moist bottomland or stream bank tree, it is hardy to climatic extremes. Its wood, like that of the other white oaks, is hard, tough and rot-resistant. Acer macrophyllum (bigleaf maple or Oregon maple) is a large deciduous tree in the genus Acer. basic specific … American. Alpine Larch - Larix lyallii. 541 of the United States Department of Agriculture (1979). He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. What Tree Is That? Another name for a hardwood tree is, appropriately, broadleaf. This area comprises the border where trees transition to prairie grassland. Best development is in the Ohio River Basin. This easily recognized and peeling birch bark is a winter staple food for moose even though the nutritional quality is poor. This Guide features 20 of the most abundant and most often used Hardwood species. Common and scientific names follow the Check List of Forest Trees of the United States, by E. L. Little Jr., Agricultural Handbook No. Paulownia tomentosa - fruits of previous year. The cherrybark tree has heavy strong wood that makes it an excellent timber tree for furniture and interior finish. The white oak family members also include the bur oak, chestnut oak, and Oregon white oak. American basswood is dominant in the sugar maple-basswood association most common in western Wisconsin and central Minnesota. Emily Richardson/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0. Sherwood, Oregon. It is also known as the "princess-tree," empress-tree, or paulownia. This beloved tree is the state tree of Missouri, North Carolina, and Virginia. Black cherry is prone to storm damage with branches breaking easily but any resulting decay progresses slowly. Red alder stands are eventually succeeded by Douglas fir, western hemlock, and Sitka spruce. Often, the wood of a downed paper birch will rot away leaving the hollow bark intact. This oak is immediately recognized by rounded lobes plus the lobe tips never have bristles like red oak. Some may actually be softer than many coniferous softwoods. North American trees; being descriptions and illustrations of the trees growing independently of cultivation in North America, north of Mexico and the West Indies; with the assistance of John Adolph Shafer by Britton, Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934; Shafer, John Adolph The large acorns with hardened cups that enclose all or most of the nut are diagnostic. 8 thoughts on “Native American Tribes List” Comment navigation ← Older Comments. Young sassafras seedlings are usually unlobed but older trees add unique mitten-shaped leaves with two or three lobes on other leaves. In 1980, the 1954 Society of American Foresters' publication, Forest Cover Types of the United States and Canada, was revised. The oak is popular due to an attractive pyramidal shape and straight, dominant trunk, even on older specimens and because of availability. Searchable list with common and … Black oak is seldom used for landscaping. American holly typically grows as an understory tree in forests. If you find a supply, you have found a nut with the highest oil content and highest food value of all the walnuts and hickories. Hackberry is easily distinguished by its cork-like bark with wart-like protuberances. Juneberry. The Southern magnolia or bull bay, is a magnolia native to the southeastern United States, from coastal Virginia south to central Florida, and west to East Texas. Northern red oak is an easily transplanted, popular shade tree with good form and dense foliage. Sweetgum grows from Connecticut southward throughout the east to central Florida and eastern Texas and is a very common commercial timber species of the South. Insects, birds, earthworms, fungi, deer, voles, and many other creatures may visit or live among the plants and in the soil. Red maple is adaptable to a very wide range of site conditions, perhaps more so than any other tree in eastern North America. Black cottonwood, also known as western balsam poplar or California poplar, is a deciduous broadleaf tree species native to the upper western North America. Butternut is seriously threatened by an introduced canker disease called Melanconis. Slippery elm is reputedly less susceptible to Dutch elm disease than other North American elms but is severely damaged by the Elm Leaf Beetle. It is also the most extensively utilized of any native alder species. The fall color of sourwood is a striking red and orange and associated with blackgum and sassafras. Sugar maple is an immensely important species to the ecology of many forests in North America. Softwood trees bear their fruit in the form of cones. The leaf is unique, some saying it looks like an "Egyptian pyramid, with its coarse teeth as stone steps." It is an excellent landscaping tree. Sugar maples engage in a "hydraulic lift," drawing water from lower soil layers and exuding that water into upper, drier soil layers. Northern red oak is well adapted to periodic fires. Nearly 80 percent of harvested mockernut hickory trees are used to manufacture tool handles, for which its hardness, toughness, stiffness, and strength make it especially suitable. 133 Lobed. Holly, American. The Latin "laurifolia" means laurel-leaved or having leaves like a laurel. In addition to sassafras' value to wildlife, the tree provides wood and bark for a variety of commercial and domestic uses. A number of cultivars have very attractive bark and selected for garden planting, including 'Heritage' and 'Dura Heat.' The name "yellow birch" reflects the color of the tree's distinctive bark. Evergreens retain their needle- or scale-like foliage year-round; two exceptions are the bald cypress and tamarack. Northern Pine- Pinus strobus L. Northern White Pine- Pinus strobus L. Norway Pine- Pinus resinosa Aiton Nut Pine-Pinus coulteri-O-Old Field Pine- Pinus taeda L., Pinus echinata Mill., Pinus virginiana Mill. Bur oak typically grows in the open, away from a forest canopy. The inner bark of the black oak contains a yellow pigment called quercitron, which was sold commercially in Europe until the 1940s. North America’s forests grow hundreds of varieties that thrive in temperate climates, including oak, ash, cherry, maple and poplar species. Tea is brewed from the bark of roots and leaves are used is as a thickener in soups and sauces. The "Maltese cross" form of the distinctive post oak leaf is a key identifier. National Audubon Society Trees of North America On Sale April 6, 2021 - Now available for preorder here . With roots in Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania, and employees working out of North Carolina and Georgia, NALT coordinates with landowners from all over the country to conserve the land that is special to them. Rock elm or cork elm is a deciduous tree native primarily to the Midwestern United States and along the prairie and forest edge. The Freeman maple is a popular ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, combining the fast growth of silver maple with the less brittle wood. Basswood flowers draw hordes of bees and other insects. It has a swollen base that tapers to a long, clear bole and often occurs in pure stands. pinetorum. Determining a Live Oak from a Scrub Oak isn't that hard. It is also a good species to plant along margins of fluctuating-level reservoirs. Red oak is the fastest growing of all oaks and when on the right site, one of the largest and longest-lived. Paulownia has a tropical look with very large catalpa-like leaves although the two species are not related. Betula alleghaniensis is the provincial tree of Québec, where it is commonly called merisier, a name which in France is used for the wild cherry. Hardwood trees usually have broad, flat leaves as opposed to coniferous, needled, or scaled tree foliage. The tree has very little value as a forest product. Shagbark hickory has the most distinctive of all the hickory bark because of its loose-plated bark. Walter Siegmund/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.5, Jerzy Opioła/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0, W.D. It is one of the few commercially important species found on poorly drained clay flats and low bottoms of the Gulf Coastal Plain and north in the Mississippi and Red River Valleys. Basswood is a prolific sprouting tree and can even form clumps from stumps. The wood is extremely hard, resistant to rot and longlasting, making it prized for fence posts and small watercraft. Hophornbeam. The numerous uses of the wood of this timber-sized willow are furniture, doors, millwork, barrels, and boxes. S. albidum is a host plant for the spicebush swallowtail. Native Americans used the wild birch's boiled sap as a sweetener similar to maple syrup, and the inner bark as a survival food. North America is the place of origin for Juneberry (Amelanchier spp.) Osage Orange Fruit, Maclura pomifera.