Station Data.  Fort Madison was defeated by British-supported Indigenous people in 1813 during the War of 1812, and Fort Shelby in Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, also fell to the British. Other notable scientists who worked or were born in Iowa include astronomer and space pioneer James A.  William Labov and colleagues, in the monumental Atlas of North American English found the English spoken in Iowa divides into multiple linguistic regions. July is the hottest month for Ames with an average high temperature of 84.1°, which ranks it as about average compared to other places in Iowa. Low °C. Sioux City is the largest city in western Iowa and is found on the convergence of the Missouri, Floyd, and Big Sioux Rivers. Month. The State Fair has been held annually since then, except for a few exceptions: 1898 due to the Spanish–American War and the World's Fair being held in nearby Omaha, Nebraska; from 1942 to 1945, due to World War II, as the fairgrounds were being used as an army supply depot; and in 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. I-380 is an auxiliary Interstate Highway, which travels from I-80 near Iowa City through Cedar Rapids ending in Waterloo and is part of the Avenue of the Saints highway. Average temperatures for January at cities, towns and lakes throughout Iowa are listed below in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius.  In 2002 the impact of the indirect role of agriculture in Iowa's economy, including agriculture-affiliated business, was calculated at 16.4% in terms of value added and 24.3% in terms of total output.  Racial discrimination at public businesses was not deemed illegal until 1949, when the court ruled in State of Iowa v. Katz that businesses had to serve customers regardless of race; the case began when Edna Griffin was denied service at a Des Moines drugstore.  A survey from the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA) in 2010 found that the largest Protestant denominations were the United Methodist Church with 235,190 adherents and the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America with 229,557. Averages are for Davenport Municipal Airport, which is 6 miles from Davenport.  Before European settlement, 4 to 6 million acres of the state was covered with wetlands, about 95% of these wetlands have been drained. In colonial times, Iowa was a part of French Louisiana and Spanish Louisiana; its state flag is patterned after the flag of France.  Many Iowa communities hold farmers' markets during warmer months; these are typically weekly events, but larger cities can host multiple markets. , The Iowa Board of Regents is composed of nine citizen volunteers appointed by the governor to provide policymaking, coordination, and oversight of the state's three public universities, two special K–12 schools, and affiliated centers.. Average winters in the state have been known to drop well below freezing, even dropping below −18 °F (−28 °C). It has crossed the state on various routes each year since 1973.  There were no battles in the state, although the Battle of Athens, Missouri, 1861, was fought just across the Des Moines River from Croton, Iowa, and shots from the battle landed in Iowa.  Teacher pay is ranked 22nd, with the average salary being $55,647. Iowa allows its residents to deduct their federal income taxes from their state income taxes.  In 2008, twelve people were killed by tornadoes in Iowa, making it the deadliest year since 1968 and also the second most tornadoes in a year with 105, matching the total from 2001. Average temperatures for July at cities, towns and lakes throughout Iowa are listed below in degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius.  Property tax is levied on the taxable value of real property. According to the AMA annual report from 2007 Wellmark Blue Cross Blue Shield had provided 71% of the state's health insurance.  Urban counties in Iowa grew 8.5% from 2000 to 2008, while rural counties declined by 4.2%. Fort Atkinson State Preserve in Fort Atkinson has the remains of an original 1840s Dragoon fortification.  The shift from rural to urban has caused population increases in more urbanized counties such as Dallas, Johnson, Linn, Polk, and Scott, at the expense of more rural counties. Along with the New Hampshire primary the following week, Iowa's caucuses have become the starting points for choosing the two major-party candidates for president.  The state did away with racial barriers to marriage in 1851, more than 100 years before the U.S. Supreme Court would ban miscegenation statutes nationwide. Climate is the average of weather over time. Multiple resorts and other tourist attractions are found in and around these towns surrounding the popular lakes. Snow cover seldom remains throughout the winter months; however, heavy snowfalls have occurred in Iowa in late autumn and early spring. This poorly situated stockade was similarly attacked by hundreds of Indigenous people in 1813, but was successfully defended and later abandoned until settlers returned to the area in the mid-1830s. Modeled after Iowa Data Center Map.  Iowa has 333 school districts, 1,329 school buildings and has the 14th lowest student-to-teacher ratio of 14.2. Low °C.  As of 2005[update] Iowa ranked 49th of U.S. states in public land holdings. Black Hawk took part in the siege of Fort Madison. On December 28, 1846, Iowa became the 29th state in the Union when President James K. Polk signed Iowa's admission bill into law. , Much of Iowa's support for the Union can be attributed to Samuel J. Kirkwood, its first wartime governor.  The Libertarian Party obtained official political party status in 2017 as a result of presidential candidate Gary Johnson receiving 3.8% of the Iowa vote in the 2016 general election. Iowa Department of Revenue, Iowa Local Option Tax Information. In northwest Iowa, Cretaceous bedrock can be 74 million years old; in eastern Iowa Cambrian bedrock dates to c. 500 million years ago. In Des Moines, roughly in the center of the state, over two-thirds of the 34.72 inches (88.2 cm) of rain falls from April through September, and about half the average annual precipitation falls from May through August, peaking in June. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers controls all the major dams in the state. In July the average temperature is in the mid-80s F Iowa - Iowa - Climate: Iowa has a four-season climate, reflecting the state’s position deep in the interior of the continent. , Iowa summers are known for heat and humidity, with daytime temperatures sometimes near 90 °F (32 °C) and occasionally exceeding 100 °F (38 °C). A climate chart for your city, indicating the monthly high temperatures and rainfall. "The Equality of Right: Alexander Clark and the Desegregation of Iowa's Public Schools, 1834–1875", "Iowa and the 19th Amendment (U.S. National Park Service)", 1857 CONSTITUTION OF THE STATE OF IOWA—CODIFIED, "The nation's strictest abortion ban is now law.  The population density of the state is 52.7 people per square mile. , Amtrak's California Zephyr serves the south of Iowa with stops at Burlington, Mount Pleasant, Ottumwa, Osceola, and Creston on its daily route between Chicago and Emeryville, California. You can jump to a separate table for each region of the state: Eastern, Central and Western Iowa.  Third parties, officially termed "nonparty political organizations", can appear on the ballot as well. Northeast Iowa, part of the Driftless Area, has led the state in development of its regional food system and grows and consumes more local food than any other region in Iowa. About Climate Data.  The Cedar Rapids Titans play in the Indoor Football League at the U.S. Cellular Center. , The first American settlers officially moved to Iowa in June 1833. The largest non-Protestant religion was Catholicism with 503,080 adherents. RAGBRAI, the Register's Annual Great Bike Ride Across Iowa, attracts thousands of bicyclists and support personnel. Low °C. , Iowa has 99 counties, but 100 county seats because Lee County has two. Average Weather in October in Iowa City Iowa, United States. A barge transporting cars to dry roads during severe flooding in Iowa in 1993. , Iowa is bordered by the Mississippi River on the east and the Missouri River and the Big Sioux River on the west.  Monthly: 1981-2010 normals History: 2007-2017 (Iowa 2009) (Publication to N.W.2d pending as of April 9, 2009. Place.  Iowa's schools are credited with the highest graduation rate in the nation as of 2019. The state has four major college teams playing in NCAA Division I for all sports. , Ethanol production consumes about a third of Iowa's corn production, and renewable fuels account for eight percent of the state's gross domestic product. Statistics of the Population", "Florida is about to ban sanctuary cities.  As of the 2010 Census, the center of population of Iowa is in Marshall County, near Melbourne. Besides processed food, industrial outputs include machinery, electric equipment, chemical products, publishing, and primary metals. , Manufacturing is the largest sector of Iowa's economy, with $20.8 billion (21%) of Iowa's 2003 gross state product. 53. , Iowa imposes taxes on net state income of individuals, estates, and trusts. Twenty-seven Iowans have been awarded the Medal of Honor, the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government, which was first awarded in the Civil War.  Iowa troops fought at Wilson's Creek in Missouri, Pea Ridge in Arkansas, Forts Henry and Donelson, Shiloh, Chattanooga, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, and Rossville Gap as well as Vicksburg, Iuka, and Corinth. Annual Weather Averages Near Dubuque. Waterloo is home of the Grout Museum and is headquarters of the Silos & Smokestacks National Heritage Area. Some smaller communities, such as Denison and Storm Lake, have mitigated this population loss through gains in immigrant laborers. Station Data. Males made up approximately 49.6% of the population. , The Sauk and Meskwaki sold their land in the Mississippi Valley during 1832 in the Black Hawk Purchase and sold their remaining land in Iowa in 1842, most of them moving to a reservation in Kansas. The January low is 10.  In 1992, Corey Taylor future co-founder of Slipknot formed Stone Sour in Des Moines. Precipitation. The most pleasant months of the year for Iowa are June, September and August. Iowa has experienced severe flooding as a result of rapid snow melt and heavy summer rainstorms. High °F. Some of the most dramatic scenery in Iowa is found in the unique Loess Hills which are found along Iowa's western border. Climate is the average of weather over time. Other western communities with vibrant historic downtown areas include Storm Lake, Spencer, Glenwood, Carroll, Harlan, Atlantic, Red Oak, Denison, Creston, Mount Ayr, Sac City, and Walnut. , Most fought in the great campaigns in the Mississippi Valley and in the South. Central Iowa. Once admitted to the Union, the state's boundary issues resolved, and most of its land purchased from Natives, Iowa set its direction to development and organized campaigns for settlers and investors, boasting the young frontier state's rich farmlands, fine citizens, free and open society, and good government. In 1894 women were given "partial suffrage", which allowed them to vote on issues, but not for candidates. Our comfort index, which is based on humidity during the hot months, is a 42 out of 100, where higher is more comfortable.  The largest nongovernmental seed bank of its kind in the United States, Seed Savers Exchange safeguards more than 20,000 varieties of rare, heirloom seeds. Sioux City boasts a revitalized downtown and includes attractions such as the Hard Rock Hotel and Casino, Sergeant Floyd Monument, Sergeant Floyd River Museum, the Tyson Events Center, Southern Hills Mall, the Orpheum Theater, and more. So find on this website the historical weather averages in other cities in United States of America and climate and forecast data for all other countries in the world.  The Court heard Coger v. The North Western Union Packet Co. in 1873, ruling against racial discrimination in public accommodations 91 years before the U.S. Supreme Court reached the same decision. The climate of Waterloo (Iowa - United States of America) Waterloo is a city located centrally in the northeastern part of Iowa in Black Hawk County.  In addition to the three state universities, Iowa has multiple private colleges and universities. , As of 2007, the direct production and sale of conventional agricultural commodities contributed only about 3.5% of Iowa's gross state product. , Several natural lakes exist, most notably Spirit Lake, West Okoboji Lake, and East Okoboji Lake in northwest Iowa (see Iowa Great Lakes). The table below shows the racial composition of Iowa's population as of 2018. You can jump to a separate table for each region of the state: Eastern, Central and Western Iowa. The tables give the normals for maximum and minimum temperatures based on weather data collected from 1981 to 2010 by the US National Climatic Data Center. President Martin Van Buren appointed Robert Lucas governor of the territory, which at the time had 22 counties and a population of 23,242. Monthly averages Davenport Longitude: -90.5776, Latitude: 41.5236 Average weather Davenport, IA - 52801. The Iowa Speedway oval track has hosted auto racing championships such as the IndyCar Series, NASCAR Nationwide Series and NASCAR Truck Series since 2006. The annual average rainfall ranges from less than 26 inches (660 mm) in the northwest to more than 38 inches (965 mm) in the southeast. , Iowa is generally not flat; most of the state consists of rolling hills. Iowa has a humid continental climate throughout the state (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with extremes of both heat and cold. Historically, religious sects and orders who desired to live apart from the rest of society established themselves in Iowa, such as the Amish and Mennonite near Kalona and in other parts of eastern Iowa such as Davis County and Buchanan County. , As of 2014, there were 16 organizations offering health insurance products in Iowa, per the State of Iowa Insurance Division.  The third-most-common language is German, spoken by 17,000 people in Iowa; two notable German dialects used in Iowa include Amana German spoken around the Amana Colonies, and Pennsylvania German, spoken among the Amish in Iowa.  They include Principal Financial, Rockwell Collins, and American Equity Investment. Notable writers, artists, and news personalities from Iowa include Bill Bryson, George Gallup, Susan Glaspell, Mauricio Lasansky, Tomas Lasansky, Harry Reasoner, and Grant Wood. The Iowa Great Lakes is made up of multiple small towns, such as Spirit Lake, Arnolds Park, Milford, and Okoboji. , After the war, the U.S. re-established control of the region through the construction of Fort Armstrong, Fort Snelling in Minnesota, and Fort Atkinson in Nebraska. Climate in Iowa. Iowa sent large supplies of food to the armies and the eastern cities. King represented the old fifth congressional district.  The national and international media give Iowa and New Hampshire extensive attention, which gives Iowa voters leverage.  Lieutenant Governor Kim Reynolds succeeded him on May 24, 2017, following Branstad's appointment as U.S. 60, page 315, Iowa Official Register, Volume No. "Changing the climate is likely to increase the frequency of floods in Iowa. Five Nobel Prize winners hail from Iowa: Norman Borlaug, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize; Thomas Cech, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry; Alan J. Heeger, also a recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry; John Mott, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize; and Stanley B. Prusiner, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.  Endangered or threatened plants include western prairie fringed orchid, eastern prairie fringed orchid, Mead's milkweed, prairie bush clover, and northern wild monkshood.. In 2008, the 92,600 farms in Iowa produced 19% of the nation's corn, 17% of the soybeans, 30% of the hogs, and 14% of the eggs. In the first decision of the Iowa Supreme Court—In Re the Matter of Ralph, decided July 1839—the Court rejected slavery in a decision that found a slave named Ralph became free when he stepped on Iowa soil, 26 years before the end of the Civil War. , English is the most common language in Iowa, used by 94% of the population. This causes the landscape in Iowa to be hilly. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. , If the economy is measured by gross domestic product, in 2005 Iowa's GDP was about $124 billion. The tables give the normals for maximum and minimum temperatures based on weather data collected from 1981 to 2010 by the US National Climatic Data Center. , Des Moines is home to the Iowa Cubs, a Class AAA team in the Pacific Coast League and affiliate of the Chicago Cubs. The Sioux City Hornets play in the American Basketball Association. , The Iowa Insurance Division "Annual report to the Iowa Governor and the Iowa Legislature" from November 2014 looked at the 95% of health insurers by premium, which are 10 companies. The tables give the normals for maximum and minimum temperatures based on weather data collected from 1981 to 2010 by the US National Climatic Data Center.  Several attempts to grant full voting rights to Iowa women were defeated between 1870 and 1919. , The U.S. encouraged settlement of the east side of the Mississippi and removal of Indians to the west. Most property is taxed by more than one taxing authority. Iowa's Threatened and Endangered Species Program, Pike (1965): The expeditions of Zebulon Montgomery Pike to headwaters of the, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (. U.S. Census Bureau State and County Quick Facts.  The state sales tax rate is 6%, with non-prepared food having no tax. A 2014 survey by Pew Research Center found 60% of Iowans are Protestant, while 18% are Catholic, and 1% are of non-Christian religions.  Social and housing discrimination continued against Blacks at state universities until the 1950s. Eastern Iowa.  The Research Park hosts about 50 companies, among them NewLink Genetics, which develops cancer immunotherapeutics, and the U.S. animal health division of Boehringer Ingelheim, Vetmedica. The state's capital, most populous city, and largest metropolitan area fully located within the state is Des Moines. , Iowa supported the Union during the Civil War, voting heavily for Abraham Lincoln, though there was an antiwar "Copperhead" movement in the state, caused partially by a drop in crop prices caused by the war. Average annual temperatures. Frank Gotch was a World Heavyweight Wrestling Champion, Zach Johnson won the 2007 Masters Golf Tournament and the 2015 British Open, and Jeremy Hellickson won the 2011 American League Rookie of the Year award pitching for the Tampa Bay Rays. In Iowa, there are 5 comfortable months with high temperatures in the range of 70-85°. , The state's oldest functioning school building is located in Bellevue in the historic Jackson County Courthouse which has been in continuous use as a school since 1848. , Following the Civil War, Iowa's population continued to grow dramatically, from 674,913 people in 1860 to 1,624,615 in 1880. The Iowa Wolves, an NBA G League team that plays in Des Moines, is owned and affiliated with the Minnesota Timberwolves of the NBA. Although some states have a variety of climate zones, the entire state of Iowa is classified as a cold climate zone. There were numerous Indian tribes living in Iowa at the time of early European exploration.  The pattern of precipitation across Iowa is seasonal, with more rain falling in the summer months. High °C.  Both Iowa State University and The University of Iowa are research universities and members of the prestigious Association of American Universities. , The four-year graduation rate for high schoolers was 91.3% in 2017. Le Mars is in the northeastern part of the Sioux City Metropolitan Area and is the self-proclaimed "Ice Cream Capital of the World". Other statewide elected officials are: The Code of Iowa contains Iowa's statutory laws. The state has a great number of Reformed denominations. For the University of Northern Iowa, see, Early colonization, exploitation and trade, 1673–1808, Depression, World War II and manufacturing, 1930–1985, Reemergence as a mixed economy, 1985–present. Station Data. Along Interstate 80 near Walcott lies the world's largest truck stop, Iowa 80. Iowa is the birthplace of U.S. President Herbert Hoover, Vice President Henry A. Wallace, and two first ladies, Lou Henry Hoover and Mamie Eisenhower. , Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are formed almost entirely by rivers. The Clint Eastwood movie The Bridges of Madison County, based on the popular novel of the same name, took place and was filmed in Madison County.  However, in contrast to the unprecidented act of the Iowa Legislature, the United States Federal Government, through the use of Treaties, forced the Ho-Chunk from Iowa in 1848, and forced the Dakota from Iowa by 1858. More careful agricultural practices and animal husbandry, along with outright bans on DDT, a synthetic insecticide, has helped to rejuvenate Iowa’s wildlife. High °C. , Food processing is the largest component of manufacturing. This made Iowa the third state in the U.S. and first in the Midwest to permit same-sex marriage. Arnolds Park, one of the oldest amusement parks in the country, is located on Lake Okoboji in Arnolds Park. Nearby attractions include Adventureland and Prairie Meadows Racetrack Casino in Altoona, Living History Farms in Urbandale, Trainland USA in Colfax, and the Iowa Speedway and Valle Drive-In in Newton. Climate can mean the average weather for a particular region and time period taken over 30 years.  Major producers of turbines and components in Iowa include Acciona Energy of West Branch, TPI Composites of Newton, and Siemens Energy of Fort Madison. His new job is leading Iowa Interfaith Power and Light, a faith-based organization committed to addressing climate change. The Great Depression and World War II accelerated the shift away from smallholder farming to larger farms, and began a trend of urbanization. The first and second Iowa State Fairs were held in the more developed eastern part of the state at Fairfield. During the Archaic period (10,500 to 2,800 years ago), American Indians adapted to local environments and ecosystems, slowly becoming more sedentary as populations increased. Human Rights Campaign", "USA Today, Iowa Court Upholds Gay Marriage", Why the United States Led in Education: Lessons from Secondary School Expansion, 1910 to 1940, "Lawmakers Scrounge Up Bus Money for Rural School Districts", "Bellevue school board sets referendum for $16 million bond issuance", "Carnegie Classifications | Standard Listings", "Our Members | Association of American Universities (AAU)", "WEDDINGS; Susan B. Titman, Peter S. Hedges", 2018 National College Football Attendance, "Division I Attendance for the 2018–19 Season", "By the numbers: Hawkeye wrestling's regular season success", "Big 12 Conference | American athletic conference", "Iowa Corn Assumes Lead for Cy-Hawk Series", "The PFL - About the PFL - Pioneer Football League Official Site", "The Official Site of the Pacific Coast League", "Teams | North American Tier III Hockey League | NA3HL", "Des Moines Menace finding new home digs, 'new' league for 2019 season", "Drake University Athletics - Men's Soccer - Drake University", "Drake University Athletics - Women's Soccer - Drake University", "Famous People From Iowa, Famous Natives Sons - Worldatlas.com", Energy Data & Statistics for Iowa—U.S. As of February 1, 2016, there were 2,095,639 registered voters. , Iowa had several brigadier generals and four major generals—Grenville Mellen Dodge, Samuel R. Curtis, Francis J. Herron, and Frederick Steele—and saw many of its generals go on to state and national prominence following the war. Van Allen, climate scientist James Hansen, ecologist Aldo Leopold, computer pioneer John Vincent Atanasoff, geochemist Clair Cameron Patterson, and Intel co-founder Robert Noyce. A flooded street in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in June 2008. The Sanford Museum and Planetarium in Cherokee, Grotto of the Redemption in West Bend, The Danish Immigrant Museum in Elk Horn, and the Fort Museum and Frontier Village in Fort Dodge are other regional destinations. According to the 2016 American Community Survey, 5.6% of Iowa's population were of Hispanic or Latino origin (of any race): Mexican (4.3%), Puerto Rican (0.2%), Cuban (0.1%), and other Hispanic or Latino origin (1.0%). Maquoketa Caves State Park, near Maquoketa, contains more caves than any other state park. Iowa is a hotbed of wrestling in the United States. Climate can mean the average weather for a particular region and time period taken over 30 years. Averages are for Dubuque Regional Airport, which is 7 miles from Dubuque. All the following teams are NCAA Division I football, basketball, or wrestling teams:, The state has four NCAA Division I college teams. Of a total population of 675,000, about 116,000 men were subjected to military duty. 77. Hedges was born in West Des Moines.. It is periodically updated by the Iowa Legislative Service Bureau, with a new edition published in odd-numbered years and a supplement published in even-numbered years. The subsequent Woodland period saw an increased reliance on agriculture and social complexity, with increased use of mounds, ceramics, and specialized subsistence. Slipknot, a heavy metal band, was formed in Des Moines in 1995. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The French, before their impending defeat in the French and Indian War, transferred ownership to their ally, Spain. A Climate Denier’s Arrival Raises Fears the Agency’s Climate Mission Is Under Attack | InsideClimate News The article claims that summer 2020 was the hottest on record in the US, when in fact the measured NOAA data shows it was just about average, and three degrees cooler than 1936. 23.9% of the population were under the age of 18; 61.2% were between the ages of 18 and 64; and 14.9% were 65 years of age or older..  What's Eating Gilbert Grape, based on the Peter Hedges novel of the same name, is set in the fictional Iowa town of Endora. In 2016, there were approximately 732 organic farms in the state, an increase of about 5% from the previous year, and 103,136 organic acres, an increase of 9,429 from the previous year. Iowa Climate graph // Weather by Month Winters are cold, with January temperatures averaging about 14 °F (−10 °C) in the northwestern section of the state and in the low 20s F (about −6 °C) in the southeast. Iowa's all-time hottest temperature of 118 °F (48 °C) was recorded at Keokuk on July 20, 1934, during a nationwide heat wave; the all-time lowest temperature of −47 °F (−44 °C) was recorded at Washta on January 12, 1912. Iowa averages about 50 days of thunderstorm activity per year. Metropolitan Area and a hub of southwest Iowa, sits at the base of the Loess Hills National Scenic Byway. Musicians, actors, and entertainers from Iowa include Tom Arnold, Julia Michaels, Bix Beiderbecke, Johnny Carson, Buffalo Bill Cody, Simon Estes, Nathan Jonas Jordison, Corey Taylor, Shawn Crahan, William Frawley, Charlie Haden, Ashton Kutcher, Cloris Leachman, Glenn Miller, Kate Mulgrew, Eric Christian Olsen, Donna Reed, George Reeves, Brandon Routh, Jean Seberg, John Wayne, Brooks Wheelan, Andy Williams, Meredith Willson, Elijah Wood and Jason Momoa. The state averages 166 days of full sunshine and 199 cloudy or partly cloudy days. This page provides general information about climate data and measures developed by the Iowa Public Health Tracking program. The climate conditions data used in the Tracking Network were obtained through the Iowa State University Climate Science Program and includes data from the Iowa Environmental Mesonet.. In Iowa, the term "political party" refers to political organizations which have received two percent or more of the votes cast for president or governor in the "last preceding general election". The Driftless Area of northeast Iowa has many steep hills and deep valleys, checkered with forest and terraced fields.  The American Civil War briefly brought higher profits..  Western Iowa around modern Council Bluffs was used as an Indian Reservation for members of the Council of Three Fires. Fort Dodge is home of The Fort historical museum and the Blanden Art Museum, and host Frontiers Days which celebrate the town history. Tribes which arrived in Iowa in the late prehistoric or protohistoric periods include the Illiniwek, Meskwaki, Omaha, and Sauk. Iowa has a strong financial and insurance sector, with approximately 6,100 firms, including AEGON, Nationwide Group, Aviva USA, Farm Bureau Financial Services, Voya Financial, Marsh Affinity Group, MetLife, Principal Financial Group, Principal Capital Management, Wells Fargo, and University of Iowa Community Credit Union. Iowans still flocking to cities, census stats show. However, the courts chose to narrowly apply this act, allowing de facto discrimination to continue. And what can it possibly mean? The first fair was held October 25–27, 1854, at a cost of around $323. Iowa officials tout credit rating, argue it shows state's finances are strong. Iowa (/ˈaɪəwə/ (listen)) is a state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. , Fort Madison was built to control trade and establish U.S. dominance over the Upper Mississippi, but it was poorly designed and disliked by the Sauk and Fox, many of whom allied with the British, who had not abandoned claims to the territory. Other communities with vibrant historic downtown areas include Newton, Indianola, Pella, Knoxville, Marshalltown, Perry, and Story City. Station Data. Winters are cold, with January temperatures averaging about 14 °F (−10 °C) in the northwestern section of the state and in the low 20s F (about −6 °C) in the southeast. In July, the warmest month, the average day time temperature rises to 86.0°F. “A picture is worth a thousand words” – – –… , As of 2015[update] transportation spending is a significant part of the budgets of rural school districts as many are geographically large and must transport students across vast distances. For farmers, the change was significant. Man-made lakes include Lake Odessa, Saylorville Lake, Lake Red Rock, Coralville Lake, Lake MacBride, and Rathbun Lake. Ames is the home of Iowa State University, the Iowa State Center, and Reiman Gardens. The Des Moines Golf and Country Club hosted the 1999 U.S. Senior Open and the 2017 Solheim Cup. Also in Madison County is the John Wayne Birthplace Museum is in Winterset. , Iowa has a relatively smooth gradient of varying precipitation across the state, with areas in the southeast of the state receiving an average of over 38 inches (97 cm) of rain annually, and the northwest of the state receiving less than 28 inches (71 cm).  Many Meskwaki later returned to Iowa and settled near Tama, Iowa; the Meskwaki Settlement remains to this day. , Iowa, in common with other Midwestern states (especially Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota), is feeling the brunt of rural flight, although Iowa has been gaining population since approximately 1990. In previous elections, climate change was essentially a nonissue.  Although Iowa supported the Federal Equal Rights Amendment, in 1980 and 1992 Iowa voters rejected an Equal Rights Amendment to the state constitution. The only indigenous language used regularly in Iowa is Meskwaki, used around the Meskwaki Settlement.. , Another demographic problem for Iowa is the brain drain, in which educated young adults leave the state in search of better prospects in higher education or employment. Bass, trout, pike, and carp are found in Iowa’s rivers and streams.  Snowfall is common, with Des Moines getting about 26 days of snowfall a year, and other places, such as Shenandoah getting about 11 days of snowfall in a year. The Rathbun Dam on the Chariton River, the Red Rock and Saylorville dams on the Des Moines River, and the Coralville Dam on the Iowa River were built to protect against flooding, but they are also important for recreation, particularly boating. , Iowa has ten official partner jurisdictions:, Iowa was one of the leading states in the high school movement, and continues to be among the top educational performers today.  Primarily, they were families from Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, Indiana, Kentucky, and Virginia who settled along the western banks of the Mississippi River, founding the modern day cities of Dubuque and Bellevue.  In 1869, Iowa became the first state in the union to admit women to the practice of law, with the Court ruling women may not be denied the right to practice law in Iowa and admitting Arabella A. Mansfield to the practice of law. Smaller airports in the state include the Davenport Municipal Airport (Iowa), Dubuque Regional Airport, Fort Dodge Regional Airport, Mason City Municipal Airport, Sioux Gateway Airport, Southeast Iowa Regional Airport, and Waterloo Regional Airport. Average Weather in March in Des Moines Iowa, United States. Madison County is known for its covered bridges. The state was again hit with disastrous floods in 2008, and thousands of people had to be evacuated from rising waters. , After bottoming out in the 1980s, Iowa's economy began to become increasingly less dependent on agriculture. Kim Reynolds signs 'fetal heartbeat' bill", "Iowa's 'fetal heartbeat' abortion restriction declared unconstitutional", "Iowa Civil Rights Act—Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity", "Iowa Supreme Court: Same-sex couples can marry " Iowa Independent", "BREAKING: Iowa Supreme Court rules in favor of marriage equality! " The gender makeup of the state was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.  The Sioux City Explorers are part of the American Association of Independent Professional Baseball. Iowa Gov.  Iowa has four Class A minor league teams in the Midwest League: the Burlington Bees, Cedar Rapids Kernels, Clinton LumberKings, and the Quad Cities River Bandits. 60, pages 315–316. Monthly averages Winterset Longitude: -94.0211, Latitude: 41.3628 Average weather Winterset, IA - 50273. Low °F. Dubuque is a regional tourist destination with attractions such as the National Mississippi River Museum and Aquarium and the Port of Dubuque. , Iowa's population is more urban than rural, with 61 percent living in urban areas in 2000, a trend that began in the early 20th century. , The first known European explorers to document Iowa were Jacques Marquette and Louis Jolliet who traveled the Mississippi River in 1673 documenting several Indigenous villages on the Iowa side.  Iowa added the word "women" to the Iowa Constitution in 1998. This reduces the amount of money spent on other aspects of the districts. I-74 begins at I-80 just northeast of Davenport. Incumbent Democratic governor Chet Culver was defeated in 2010 by Republican Terry Branstad, who had served as governor from 1983 to 1999.  In fact, covered manure storage in modern barns prevent that manure from washing away into surface water, as it does in open lots as snow melts and thunderstorms occur. Iowa is among the few jurisdictions where municipalities install speed cameras on interstate highways providing a substantial revenue source from out of state drivers.